WikiSym 2007

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WikiSym 2007 is a conference.

Publications

Title Author(s) Keyword(s) Language Abstract R C
A Framework for Studying the Use of Wikis in Knowledge Work Using Client-Side Access Data Uri Dekel English While measurements of wiki usage typically focus on the active contribution of content, information on the passive use of existing content can be valuable for a range of commercial and research purposes. In particular, such data is necessary for reconstructing the context or tracing the flow of information in settings where wikis are used as collaboration platforms in knowledge work that relies on specialized tools, such as software development.

Meeting these needs requires detailed knowledge of user behavior, such as the duration for which a page was read and the sections visible at each point. This data cannot be collected by present wiki implementations and must be collected from the client-side, which presents a range of technical and privacy problems. In addition, this data must be correlated with traces of interaction with other tools.

In this paper we present an approach for solving these problems in which scripts embedded by the wiki server are executed by the client browser, and report on the user’s interaction with that document along with relevant structural information. These reports are relayed to a comprehensive framework for storing and accessing interaction and context data from the wiki and from additional tools used in knowledge work. This framework can be used to correlate these traces to obtain a complete view of the user’s work across tools, or to approximate his context at specific points in time.
0 0
AniAniWeb: A Wiki Approach to Personal Home Pages Jochen Rick English This article reports on my dissertation research on personal home pages. It focuses on the design of AniAniWeb, a server-based system for authoring personal home pages. AniAniWeb builds on a wiki foundation to address many of the limitations of static technologies used to author personal home pages. This article motivates the technical hypotheses behind AniAniWeb and reflects on these hypotheses, based on a two year study of adopters using AniAniWeb in academia, a prominent vocational setting where personal home pages are important. In particular, I reflect on two broad categories: 1) the usefulness of wiki features (wiki authoring, wiki mark-up, and interaction / collaboration) to authoring personal home pages; 2) the other features (structure, designing looks, and access control) needed to make a wiki approach to personal home pages viable. 0 0
Building Collaborative Capacities in Learners: The M/Cyclopedia Project, Revisited Axel Bruns
Sal Humphreys
Wiki
Tertiary education
Pedagogy
Produsage
Social constructivism
English In this paper we trace the evolution of a project using a wiki-based learning environment in a tertiary education setting. The project has the pedagogical goal of building learners’ capacities to work effectively in the networked, collaborative, creative environments of the knowledge economy. The paper explores the four key characteristics of a ‘produsage’ environment and identifies four strategic capacities that need to be developed in learners to be effective ‘produsers’ (user/producers). A case study is presented of our experiences with the subject New Media Technologies, run at Queensland University of Technology. This progress report updates our observations made at the 2005 WikiSym conference. 0 0
Constructing text: Wiki as a toolkit for (collaborative?) learning Andrea Forte
Amy Bruckman
Collaboration
Constructionism
Education
Knowledge building
Open content
Wiki
English Writing a book from which others can learn is itself a powerful learning experience. Based on this proposition, we have launched Science Online, a wiki to support learning in high school science classrooms through the collaborative production of an online science resource. Our approach to designing educational uses of technology is based on an approach to education called constructionism, which advocates learning by working on personally meaningful projects. Our research examines the ways that constructionism connects to collective models of knowledge production and learning such as Knowledge Building. In this paper, we explore ways that collaboration using wiki tools fits into the constructionist approach, we examine learning goals for youth growing up in a read-write culture, and we discuss preliminary findings in an ongoing year-long study of Science Online in the classroom. Despite the radically open collaboration afforded by wiki, we observe that many factors conspired to stymie collaborative writing on the site. We expected to find cultural barriers to wiki adoption in schools. Unexpectedly, we are also finding that the design of the wiki tool itself contributed barriers to collaborative writing in the classroom. 0 2
Cooperation and Quality in Wikipedia Dennis M. Wilkinson
Bernardo A. Huberman
English The rise of the Internet has enabled collaboration and cooperation on anunprecedentedly large scale. The online encyclopedia Wikipedia, which presently comprises 7.2 million articles created by 7.04 million distinct editors, provides a consummate example. We examined all 50 million edits made tothe 1.5 million English-language Wikipedia articles and found that the high-quality articles are distinguished by a marked increase in number of edits, number of editors, and intensity of cooperative behavior, as compared to other articles of similar visibility and age. This is significant because in other domains, fruitful cooperation has proven to be difficult to sustain as the size of the collaboration increases. Furthermore, in spite of the vagaries of human behavior, we show that Wikipedia articles accrete edits according to a simple stochastic mechanism in which edits beget edits. Topics of high interest or relevance are thus naturally brought to the forefront of quality. 0 2
DistriWiki: A Distributed Peer-to-Peer Wiki Joseph C. Morris Collaborative publishing
Peer-to-peer networks
Wiki
English 0 0
Do As I Do: Authorial Leadership in Wikipedia Joseph M. Reagle English 0 0
New method using Wikis and forums to evaluate individual contributions in cooperative work while promoting experiential learning: results from preliminary experience Xavier de Pedro Puente Tikiwiki CMS/Groupware
Action log
Assessment
Computer supported cooperative learning (CSCL)
Experiential-reflective learning
Individual contributions
Knowledge building
English 0 4
On-line Collaborative Software Development via Wiki Wenpeng Xiao
Changyan Chi
Min Yang
English Wiki is a collaborative authoring system for collective intelligence which is quickly gaining popularity in content publication. In software development communities, especially open source and global software development teams, wiki is already widely used for documentation and coordination purpose but not programming purpose. This paper presents a new programming approach based on wiki technology by which developers are able to experience "writing wiki page is wring source code". Moreover, developers are able to compile, execute and debug programs in wiki pages too. A prototype of such on-line collaborative software development environment, Galaxy Wiki, is developed in this environment iteratively in order to prove the concept. 0 1
Quantitative Analysis of the Wikipedia Community of Users Felipe Ortega
Jesús M. González-Barahona
English Many activities of editors in Wikipedia can be traced using its database dumps, which register detailed information about every single change to every article. Several researchers have used this information to gain knowledge about the production process of articles, and about activity patterns of authors. In this analysis, we have focused on one of those previous works, by Kittur et al. First, we have followed the same methodology with more recent and comprehensive data. Then, we have extended this methodology to precisely identify which fraction of authors are producing most of the changes in Wikipedia's articles, and how the behaviour of these authors evolves over time. This enabled us not only to validate some of the previous results, but also to find new interesting evidences. We have found that the analysis of sysops is not a good method for estimating different levels of contributions, since it is dependent on the policy for electing them (which changes over time and for each language). Moreover, we have found new activity patterns classifying authors by their contributions during specific periods of time, instead of using their total number of contributions over the whole life of Wikipedia. Finally, we present a tool that automates this extended methodology, implementing a quick and complete quantitative analysis ofevery language edition in Wikipedia. 0 6
Structuring Wiki Revision History Mikalai Sabel English Revision history of a wiki page is traditionally maintained as a linear chronological sequence. We propose to represent revision history as a tree of versions. Every edge in the tree is given a weight, called adoption coefficient, indicating similarity between the two corresponding page versions. The same coefficients are used to build the tree. In the implementation described, adoption coefficients are derived from comparing texts of the versions, similarly to computing edit distance. The tree structure reflects actual evolution of page content, revealing reverts, vandalism, and edit wars, which is demonstrated on Wikipedia examples. The tree representation is useful for both human editors and automated algorithms, including trust and reputation schemes for wiki. 0 1
Viable wikis: struggle for life in the wikisphere Camille Roth Collaborative work
Online community
User incentives
Viability
Wikipedia
Wiki
Wikisphere
English 0 1
Wiki-based process framework for blended learning Marija Cubric English With few exceptions, currently published research on theeducational use of wikis does not include how the learningactivities should be shaped, planned or enforced in a wiki. Inthis paper we aim to fill that gap by providing a framework forlearning and teaching processes supported by the use of wikis. Aninstance of that process framework ("feedback-driven" process) wasformulated and implemented through a series of trials performed atUniversity of Hertfordshire Business School during the course ofthe last two academic years to 2006/7. The results of the trialhave been collected and analyzed using the quantitative andqualitative methods and have led to the conclusion that studentsengagement with wiki-based learning activities is directlyproportional to the quality and frequency of tutors feedback andthe clarity of the underlying learning and teaching process. 0 1
WikiCreole: A Common Wiki Markup Christoph Sauer
Chuck Smith
Tomas Benz
English In this paper, we describe the wiki markup language WikiCreole, how it was developed, and related work. Creole does not replace existing markup, but instead enables wiki users to transfer content seamlessly across wikis, and for novice users to contribute more easily. In proposing a subset of markup elements that is as non-controversial as possible, this markup has evolved from existing wiki markup, hence the name Creole: a stable language that originated from a non-trivial combination of two or more languages. 0 0
Wikis in Education: Is Public Better? Sarah Guth Blended course development
Collective authoring
Public wiki
English 0 1