Web

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web is included as keyword or extra keyword in 0 datasets, 0 tools and 15 publications.

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Publications

Title Author(s) Published in Language DateThis property is a special property in this wiki. Abstract R C
La connaissance est un réseau: Perspective sur l’organisation archivistique et encyclopédique Martin Grandjean Les Cahiers du Numérique French 2014 Network analysis is not revolutionizing our objects of study, it revolutionizes the perspective of the researcher on the latter. Organized as a network, information becomes relational. It makes potentially possible the creation of new information, as with an encyclopedia which links between records weave a web which can be analyzed in terms of structural characteristics or with an archive directory which sees its hierarchy fundamentally altered by an index recomposing the information exchange network within a group of people. On the basis of two examples of management, conservation and knowledge enhancement tools, the online encyclopedia Wikipedia and the archives of the Intellectual Cooperation of the League of Nations, this paper discusses the relationship between the researcher and its object understood as a whole.

[Preprint version available].

Abstract (french)

L’analyse de réseau ne transforme pas nos objets d’étude, elle transforme le regard que le chercheur porte sur ceux-ci. Organisée en réseau, l’information devient relationnelle. Elle rend possible en puissance la création d’une nouvelle connaissance, à l’image d’une encyclopédie dont les liens entre les notices tissent une toile dont on peut analyser les caractéristiques structurelles ou d’un répertoire d’archives qui voit sa hiérarchie bouleversée par un index qui recompose le réseau d’échange d’information à l’intérieur d’un groupe de personnes. Sur la base de deux exemples d’outils de gestion, conservation et valorisation de la connaissance, l’encyclopédie en ligne Wikipédia et les archives de la coopération intellectuelle de la Société des Nations, cet article questionne le rapport entre le chercheur et son objet compris dans sa globalité. [Version preprint disponible].
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ResourceSync: Leveraging sitemaps for resource synchronization Haslhofer B.
Warner S.
Lagoze C.
Max Klein
Sanderson R.
Nelson M.L.
Van De Sompel H.
WWW 2013 Companion - Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on World Wide Web English 2013 Many applications need up-to-date copies of collections of changing Web resources. Such synchronization is currently achieved using ad-hoc or proprietary solutions. We propose ResourceSync, a general Web resource synchronization pro- tocol that leverages XML Sitemaps. It provides a set of capabilities that can be combined in a modular manner to meet local or community requirements. We report on work to implement this protocol for arXiv.org and also provide an experimental prototype for the English Wikipedia as well as a client API. 0 0
Where's the bio? Databases, Wikipedia, and the web Soules A. New Library World English 2012 Purpose: This paper aims to compare biographical content for literary authors writing in English among Biography Reference Bank, Contemporary Authors Online, Wikipedia, and the web. Design/methodology/approach: A sample of 500 names was gathered from curricula and textbooks used in English courses and searched in the Contemporary Authors Online portion of Literature Resource Center, Biography Reference Bank, Wikipedia, and the web; the results and content were compared. Findings: Each source has core content plus its own unique offerings and specific challenges, as evidenced in searching, evaluative techniques such as authority and currency, and content. Research limitations/implications: This study can only offer a small part of the picture of what information resides where and a single snapshot in time. Practical implications: This study will help librarians decide whether to subscribe to a biographical database. It also reinforces the need for evidence-based practice in librarianship. Originality/value: While the study is only a small part of the picture, it still makes use of a significant sample size to validate/refute assumptions about the availability of biographical information and the sources studied. 0 0
Exploring linguistic points of view of Wikipedia Paolo Massa
Federico Scrinzi
WikiSym English 2011 The 3 million articles of the English Wikipedia has been written since 2011 by more than 14 million volunteers. On each article, the community of editors strive to reach a neutral point of view, representing all significant views fairly, proportionately, and without bias. However, beside the English one, there are more than 270 Wikipedias in different languages and their relatively isolated communities of editors are not forced by the platform to discuss and negotiate their points of view. So the empirical question is: do communities on different languages editions of Wikipedia develop their own diverse Linguistic Points of View (LPOV)? To answer this question we created Manypedia, a web tool whose goal is to ease cross-cultural comparisons of Wikipedia language communities by analyzing their different representations of the same topic. 0 1
WikiTrip: animated visualization over time of gender and geo-location of wikipedians who edited a page Paolo Massa
Maurizio Napolitano
Federico Scrinzi
English 2011 0 1
Young adults' credibility assessment of Wikipedia Menchen-Trevino E.
Hargittai E.
Information Communication and Society English 2011 Wikipedia, a publicly edited online encyclopedia, is accessed by millions of users for answers to questions from trivial to high-stakes topics like health information. This new type of information resource may pose novel challenges for readers when it comes to evaluating the quality of content, yet very little is known about how Wikipedia readers understand and interpret the material they find on the site. Do people know that anyone can edit the site? And if so, what does this fact lead them to believe about the reliability of Wikipedia or particular articles therein? This study analyzes the information-seeking behavior of a diverse group of 210 college students from two Midwestern US universities as a first step towards addressing these questions. This paper found that a few students demonstrated in-depth knowledge of the Wikipedia editing process, while most had some understanding of how the site functions and a few lacked even such basic knowledge as the fact that anyone can edit the site. Although many study participants had been advised by their instructors not to cite Wikipedia articles in their schoolwork, students nonetheless often use it in their everyday lives. This paper lays the groundwork for further research to determine the extent of Wikipedia knowledge in the broader population and in additional diverse contexts. 0 0
The entanglement of trust and knowledge on the Web Simon J. Ethics and Information Technology English 2010 In this paper I use philosophical accounts on the relationship between trust and knowledge in science to apprehend this relationship on the Web. I argue that trust and knowledge are fundamentally entangled in our epistemic practices. Yet despite this fundamental entanglement, we do not trust blindly. Instead we make use of knowledge to rationally place or withdraw trust. We use knowledge about the sources of epistemic content as well as general background knowledge to assess epistemic claims. Hence, although we may have a default to trust, we remain and should remain epistemically vigilant; we look out and need to look out for signs of insincerity and dishonesty in our attempts to know. A fundamental requirement for such vigilance is transparency: in order to critically assess epistemic agents, content and processes, we need to be able to access and address them. On the Web, this request for transparency becomes particularly pressing if (a) trust is placed in unknown human epistemic agents and (b) if it is placed in non-human agents, such as algorithms. I give examples of the entanglement between knowledge and trust on the Web and draw conclusions about the forms of transparency needed in such systems to support epistemically vigilant behaviour, which empowers users to become responsible and accountable knowers. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 0 0
Extremal dependencies and rank correlations in power law networks Yana Volkovich
Litvak N.
Zwart B.
Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering English 2009 We analyze dependencies in complex networks characterized by power laws (Web sample, Wikipedia sample and a preferential attachment graph) using statistical techniques from the extreme value theory and the theory of multivariate regular variation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first attempt to apply this well developed methodology to comprehensive graph data. The new insights this yields are striking: the three above-mentioned data sets are shown to have a totally different dependence structure between graph parameters, such as in-degree and PageRank. Based on the proposed approach, we suggest a new measure for rank correlations. Unlike most known methods, this measure is especially sensitive to rank permutations for top-ranked nodes. Using the new correlation measure, we demonstrate that the PageRank ranking is not sensitive to moderate changes in the damping factor. 0 0
Measuring extremal dependencies in Web graphs Yana Volkovich
Litvak N.
Zwart B.
Proceeding of the 17th International Conference on World Wide Web 2008, WWW'08 English 2008 We analyze dependencies in power law graph data (Web sample, Wikipedia sample and a preferential attachment graph) using statistical inference for multivariate regular variation. The well developed theory of regular variation is widely applied in extreme value theory, telecommunications and mathematical finance, and it provides a natural mathematical formalism for analyzing dependencies between variables with power laws. However, most of the proposed methods have never been used in the Web graph data mining. The present work fills this gap. The new insights this yields are striking: the three above-mentioned data sets are shown to have a totally different dependence structure between different graph parameters, such as in-degree and Page Rank. 0 0
Social selected learning content out of web lectures Ketterl M.
Emden J.
Brunstein J.
HYPERTEXT'08: Proceedings of the 19th ACM Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia, HT'08 with Creating'08 and WebScience'08 English 2008 Virtpresenter is a system for recording lectures and for re-using recorded contents in other didactic scenarios. Here we demonstrate how the interaction of earlier visitors in form of footprints can be used for extracting relevant passages in time based media. We illustrate how to extract online web lecture snippets for enriching static contents of a course wiki page or student blogs. 0 0
Tagpedia: A semantic reference to describe and search for Web resources Francesco Ronzano
Andrea Marchetti
Maurizio Tesconi
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English 2008 Nowadays the Web represents a growing collection of an enormous amount of contents where the need for better ways to find and organize the available data is becoming a fundamental issue, in order to deal with information overload. Keyword based Web searches are actually the preferred mean to seek for contents related to a specific topic. Search engines and collaborative tagging systems make possible the search for information thanks to the association of descriptive keywords to Web resources. All of them show problems of inconsistency and consequent reduction of recall and precision of searches, due to polysemy, synonymy and in general all the different lexical forms that can be used to refer to a particular meaning. A possible way to face or at least reduce these problems is represented by the introduction of semantics to characterize the contents of Web resources: each resource is described by one or more concepts instead of simple and often ambiguous keywords. To support these task the availability of a global semantic resource of reference is fundamental. On the basis of our past experience with the semantic tagging of Web resources and the SemKey Project, we are developing Tagpedia, a general-domain "encyclopedia" of tags, semantically structured for generating semantic descriptions of contents over the Web, created by mining Wikipedia. In this paper, starting from an analysis of the weak points of non-semantic keyword based Web searches, we introduce our idea of semantic characterization of Web resources describing the structure and organization of Tagpedia. We introduce our first realization of Tagpedia, suggesting all the possible improvements that can be carried out in order to exploit its full potential. 0 0
Mass spectrometry and Web 2.0 Murray K.K. Journal of Mass Spectrometry English 2007 The term Web 2.0 is a convenient shorthand for a new era in the Internet in which users themselves are both generating and modifying existing web content. Several types of tools can be used. With social bookmarking, users assign a keyword to a web resource and the collection of the keyword 'tags' from multiple users form the classification of these resources. Blogs are a form of diary or news report published on the web in reverse chronological order and are a popular form of information sharing. A wiki is a website that can be edited using a web browser and can be used for collaborative creation of information on the site. This article is a tutorial that describes how these new ways of creating, modifying, and sharing information on the Web are being used for on-line mass spectrometry resources. Copyright 0 0
Expanding communication mechanisms: They're not just E-mailing anymore Murnan C.A. Proceedings of the 34th Annual ACM SIGUCCS Fall 2006 Conference, SIGUCCS '06 English 2006 Students are walking around with cell phones, making calls and text-messaging. For many, this has now become their main communication mechanism with friends and family. College faculty and staff still count on e-mail as the main communication tool, amongst themselves and with students. Student demand for email accounts from new students before they even arrive on campus has increased exponentially in the past couple of years. Web pages are used to provide information to the outside community and internally, across campus. Web pages have often become the main mechanism for providing step-by-step documentation. Meanwhile, wikis, blogs and MySpace® have entered the online communication world. Students look at our web pages, but how often? They all have college-provided e-mail accounts, but do they use them? What is the best mechanism these days to get the word out, and what will be the mechanism in the future? This paper will explore the mechanisms and approaches that students, and others on campus, are using to communicate now, and will present thoughts on where we're going in the future and the impact that will have on user services. Copyright 2005 ACM. 0 0
Expanding communication mechanisms: they're not just e-mailing anymore Murnan C.A. Proceedings ACM SIGUCCS User Services Conference English 2006 Students are walking around with cell phones, making calls and text-messaging. For many, this has now become their main communication mechanism with friends and family. College faculty and staff still count on e-mail as the main communication tool, amongst themselves and with students. Student demand for e-mail accounts from new students before they even arrive on campus has increased exponentially in the past couple of years. Web pages are used to provide information to the outside community and internally, across campus. Web pages have often become the main mechanism for providing step-by-step documentation. Meanwhile, wikis, blogs and MySpace have entered the online communication world. Students look at our web pages, but how often? They all have college-provided e-mail accounts, but do they use them? What is the best mechanism these days to get the word out, and what will be the mechanism in the future? This paper will explore the mechanisms and approaches that students, and others on campus, are using to communicate now, and will present thoughts on where we're going in the future and the impact that will have on user services. Copyright 2006 ACM. 0 0
They want control of your media Shipside S. Newspaper Techniques English 2006 Newspapers websites all over the world demonstrated the difficulty to follow the growing trend of citizen journalism in the form of audience participation techniques such as wikis and blogs and Really Simple Syndication (RSS). Publishing media is moving to a world, where people want to challenge and engage with traditional media like never before. The cost of implementing the likes of RSS is relatively low, and proving a cost effective and targeted syndication tool. The new wave of participatory journalism is a powerful addition to the content mix on online publications, but this hype should not affect the traditional journalism. 0 0