Using Wikipedia and Wiktionary in domain-specific information retrieval
Using Wikipedia and Wiktionary in domain-specific information retrieval is a 2009 conference paper written in English by Muller C., Gurevych I. and published in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics).
The main objective of our experiments in the domain-specific track at CLEF 2008 is utilizing semantic knowledge from collaborative knowledge bases such as Wikipedia and Wiktionary to improve the effectiveness of information retrieval. While Wikipedia has already been used in IR, the application of Wiktionary in this task is new. We evaluate two retrieval models, i.e. SR-Text and SR-Word, based on semantic relatedness by comparing their performance to a statistical model as implemented by Lucene. We refer to Wikipedia article titles and Wiktionary word entries as concepts and map query and document terms to concept vectors which are then used to compute the document relevance. In the bilingual task, we translate the English topics into the document language, i.e. German, by using machine translation. For SR-Text, we alternatively perform the translation process by using cross-language links in Wikipedia, whereby the terms are directly mapped to concept vectors in the target language. The evaluation shows that the latter approach especially improves the retrieval performance in cases where the machine translation system incorrectly translates query terms.
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