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Wiki-Surgery? Internal validity of Wikipedia as a medical and surgical reference
Abstract With the burgeoning popularity of the inteWith the burgeoning popularity of the internet, patients are increasingly using web-based search engines to learn about their medical and surgical problems. Wikipedia® is the world’s 12th most popular website and the most widely read of such sources. Despite Wikipedia®’s popularity, little is known about the accuracy of its health-related content. We identified Wikipedia® entries for the most commonly performed inpatient procedures in the U.S., as defined by the National Center for Health Statistics. Each article was evaluated by two independent reviewers to determine quantitative metrics of quality (number of edits, unique editors, and references) and evidence of qualitative rigor (accuracy, completeness, discussion of indications and risks, and suitability for patients). Statistical analysis was performed using STATA 9.0. Thirty-nine procedures were identified, of which 89.7% (n=35) were indexed on Wikipedia®. The vast majority of Wikipedia® articles (85.7%, n=30) were deemed appropriate for patients. Overall, 100% (n=35) presented accurate content, although only 62.9% (n=22) were free of critical omissions. Most entries addressed procedure indications (97.1%, n=34), while significantly fewer discussed risks (62.9%, n=22). Interestingly, there was a correlation between an entry’s quality and how often it was edited. Wikipedia® is an accurate though often incomplete medical reference, with a remarkably high level of internal validity. Given the correlation between the quality of a Wikipedia® entry and its editorial frequency, the participation of medical and surgical professionals in authoring Wikipedia® entries may improve their quality and keep patients more informed.r quality and keep patients more informed.
Abstractsub With the burgeoning popularity of the inteWith the burgeoning popularity of the internet, patients are increasingly using web-based search engines to learn about their medical and surgical problems. Wikipedia® is the world’s 12th most popular website and the most widely read of such sources. Despite Wikipedia®’s popularity, little is known about the accuracy of its health-related content. We identified Wikipedia® entries for the most commonly performed inpatient procedures in the U.S., as defined by the National Center for Health Statistics. Each article was evaluated by two independent reviewers to determine quantitative metrics of quality (number of edits, unique editors, and references) and evidence of qualitative rigor (accuracy, completeness, discussion of indications and risks, and suitability for patients). Statistical analysis was performed using STATA 9.0. Thirty-nine procedures were identified, of which 89.7% (n=35) were indexed on Wikipedia®. The vast majority of Wikipedia® articles (85.7%, n=30) were deemed appropriate for patients. Overall, 100% (n=35) presented accurate content, although only 62.9% (n=22) were free of critical omissions. Most entries addressed procedure indications (97.1%, n=34), while significantly fewer discussed risks (62.9%, n=22). Interestingly, there was a correlation between an entry’s quality and how often it was edited. Wikipedia® is an accurate though often incomplete medical reference, with a remarkably high level of internal validity. Given the correlation between the quality of a Wikipedia® entry and its editorial frequency, the participation of medical and surgical professionals in authoring Wikipedia® entries may improve their quality and keep patients more informed.r quality and keep patients more informed.
Bibtextype article  +
Doi 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2007.06.190  +
Has author Lara Devgan + , Neil Powe + , Brittony Blakey + , Martin Makary + , L Devgan + , N Powe + , B Blakey + , M Makary +
Has extra keyword Medical +
Has remote mirror http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1072751507009520  +
Issue 3  +
Language English +
Number of citations by publication 4  +
Number of references by publication 0  +
Pages S76-S77  +
Peer-reviewed Yes  +
Published in Journal of the American College of Surgeons + , Journal of the American College of Surgeons, , Issue 3, Supplement 1, September 2007, Pages S76-S77 +
Title Wiki-Surgery? Internal validity of Wikipedia as a medical and surgical reference +
Type journal article  +
Volume 205  +
Year 2007 +
Creation dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 8 January 2013 19:19:25  +
Categories Publications without keywords parameter  + , Publications without license parameter  + , Publications without remote mirror parameter  + , Publications without archive mirror parameter  + , Publications without paywall mirror parameter  + , Journal articles  + , Publications without abstract parameter  + , Publications without references parameter  + , Publications  + , Publications without language parameter  + , Publications without DOI parameter  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 20 September 2014 17:50:17  +
DateThis property is a special property in this wiki. September 2007  + , 2007  +
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Assessing the accuracy and quality of Wikipedia entries compared to popular online encyclopaedias + , Putting Wikipedia to the Test: A Case Study + , What We Know About Wikipedia: A Review of the Literature Analyzing the Project(s) + , Wikipedia as a Data Source for Political Scientists: Accuracy and Completeness of Coverage + Has reference
Wiki-Surgery? Internal validity of Wikipedia as a medical and surgical reference + Title
 

 

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