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Hackers, Cyborgs, and Wikipedians: The Political Economy and Cultural History of Wikipedia
Abstract This dissertation explores the political eThis dissertation explores the political economy and cultural history of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It demonstrates how Wikipedia, an influential and popular site of knowledge production and distribution, was influenced by its heritage from the hacker communities of the late twentieth century. More specifically, Wikipedia was shaped by an ideal I call, “the cyborg individual,” which held that the production of knowledge was best entrusted to a widely distributed network of individual human subjects and individually owned computers. I trace how this ideal emerged from hacker culture in response to anxieties hackers experienced due to their intimate relationships with machines. I go on to demonstrate how this ideal influenced how Wikipedia was understood both those involved in the early history of the site, and those writing about it. In particular, legal scholar Yochai Benkler seems to base his understanding of Wikipedia and its strengths on the cyborg individual ideal. Having established this, I then move on to show how the cyborg individual ideal misunderstands Wikipedia's actual method of production. Most importantly, it overlooks the importance of how the boundaries drawn around communities and shared technological resources shape Wikipedia's content. I then proceed to begin the process of building what I believe is a better way of understanding Wikipedia, by tracing how communities and shared resources shape the production of recent Wikipedia articles.e production of recent Wikipedia articles.
Abstractsub This dissertation explores the political eThis dissertation explores the political economy and cultural history of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It demonstrates how Wikipedia, an influential and popular site of knowledge production and distribution, was influenced by its heritage from the hacker communities of the late twentieth century. More specifically, Wikipedia was shaped by an ideal I call, “the cyborg individual,” which held that the production of knowledge was best entrusted to a widely distributed network of individual human subjects and individually owned computers. I trace how this ideal emerged from hacker culture in response to anxieties hackers experienced due to their intimate relationships with machines. I go on to demonstrate how this ideal influenced how Wikipedia was understood both those involved in the early history of the site, and those writing about it. In particular, legal scholar Yochai Benkler seems to base his understanding of Wikipedia and its strengths on the cyborg individual ideal. Having established this, I then move on to show how the cyborg individual ideal misunderstands Wikipedia's actual method of production. Most importantly, it overlooks the importance of how the boundaries drawn around communities and shared technological resources shape Wikipedia's content. I then proceed to begin the process of building what I believe is a better way of understanding Wikipedia, by tracing how communities and shared resources shape the production of recent Wikipedia articles.e production of recent Wikipedia articles.
Bibtextype phdthesis  +
Has author Andrew A. Famiglietti +
Has keyword Wikipedia + , Peer Production + , Cultural Studies + , New Media + , Political Economy +
Has reference Volunteers log off as wikipedia ages + , The wealth of networks: how social production transforms markets and freedom + , Wiki-Philosophizing in a Marketplace of Ideas: Evaluating Wikipedia’s Entries on Seven Great Minds + , Techtalk: wikis and collaborative knowledge construction + , Sleeping with the enemy: wikipedia in the college classroom + , An empirical examination of wikipedia's credibility + , Phantom authority, self-selective recruitment and retention of members in virtual communities: the case of wikipedia + , The wikipedia story that's being missed + , A history department bans citing wikipedia as a research source + , The social construction of freedom in free and open source software: hackers, ethics, and the liberal tradition + , Puppy smoothies: improving the reliability of open, collaborative wikis + , Wikipedia risks + , Wikipedia’s criterion: google + , Collaboration in context: comparing article evolution among subject disciplines in wikipedia + , Inside, wikipedia is more like a sweatshop than santa's workshop + , Scaling Consensus: Increasing Decentralization in Wikipedia Governance + , Map projections in wikipedia + , Wikipedia survey - first results + , Wikipedia’s Labor Squeeze and its Consequences + , An Analysis of Topical Coverage of Wikipedia + , How today’s college students use wikipedia for course-related research + , Wikitruth through wikiorder + , How authoritative is wikipedia + , He says, she says: conflict and coordination in Wikipedia + , Wikipedia vandalism study + , Governance, organization, and democracy on the internet: the iron law and the evolution of wikipedia + , Peer governance and wikipedia: identifying and understanding the problems of wikipedia’s governance + , Community, consensus, coercion, control: cs*w or how policy mediates mass participation + , Digital maoism: the hazards of the new online collectivism + , Wikipedia as Participatory Journalism: Reliable Sources? Metrics for evaluating collaborative media as a news resource + , What it means to ban wikipedia + , Early response to false claims in wikipedia + , Gaming against the greater good + , The faith-based encyclopedia + , Wikipedia and 'open source' mental health information + , Wikipedia black helicopters circle utah's traverse mountain + , Wikipedia’s volunteer story + , Scientific citations in Wikipedia + , Wikipedia: how it works and how it can work for you + , What motivates Wikipedians? + , Investigating recognition-based performance in an open content community: a social capital perspective + , Wikipedia: A Quantitative Analysis + , Wikpedia's self-regulating patterns in open numbers + , Palin's wikipedia entry gets overhaul + , Fixing the floating gap: The online encyclopaedia Wikipedia as a global memory place + , The citation of wikipedia in judicial opinions + , Raising the stakes: writing about witchcraft on wikipedia + , The reach and richness of wikipedia: is wikinomics only for rich countries? + , The Cathedral and the Bazaar + , Can wikipedia ever make the grade? + , A wikipedia for the right wing + , Is the wikipedia neutral? + , Goldman on wikipedia's failure (i.e., "labor squeeze") + , Can History be Open Source? Wikipedia and the Future of the Past + , Why wikipedia must jettison its anti-elitism + , Wikipedians, and why they do it: motivational dynamics of voluntary engagement in an open web-based encyclopedia + , Wikipedia and Psychology: Coverage of Concepts and Its Use by Undergraduate Students + , A false wikipedia biography + , Wikipedia in the newsroom + , Conservapedia: data for birds of a political feather? + , What is popular on wikipedia and why? + , Bourgeois anarchism and authoritarian democracies + , From counterculture to cyberculture: stewart brand, the whole earth network, and the rise of digital utopianism + , The unsurprising rise of wikipedia in google ranks (the googlization of everything) + , Studying cooperation and conflict between authors with history flow visualizations + , The Hidden Order of Wikipedia + , The power of collective intelligence + , Wikipedia proves its amazing self-healing powers + , Wikipedia reaches 100,000th article +
Has remote mirror http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=bgsu1300717552  +
Has webcitation mirror 68Au5AuZl  +
Language English +
License CC BY NC SA 3.0 +
Number of citations by publication 0  +
Number of references by publication 70  +
Title Hackers, Cyborgs, and Wikipedians: The Political Economy and Cultural History of Wikipedia +
Type doctoral thesis  +
Year 2011 +
Creation dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 4 June 2012 19:20:07  +
Categories Publications without published in parameter  + , Publications without DOI parameter  + , Publications without paywall mirror parameter  + , Doctoral theses  + , Publications  + , Pages with too many expensive parser function calls  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 4 June 2012 19:20:07  +
DateThis property is a special property in this wiki. May 2011  +
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