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Effectiveness of shared leadership in online communities
Abstract Traditional research on leadership in onliTraditional research on leadership in online communities has consistently focused on the small set of people occupying leadership roles. In this paper, we use a model of shared leadership, which posits that leadership behaviors come from members at all levels, not simply from people in high-level leadership positions. Although every member can exhibit some leadership behavior, different types of leadership behavior performed by different types of leaders may not be equally effective. This paper investigates how distinct types of leadership behaviors (transactional, aversive, directive and person-focused) and the legitimacy of the people who deliver them (people in formal leadership positions or not) influence the contributions that other participants make in the context of Wikipedia. After using propensity score matching to control for potential pre-existing differences among those who were and were not targets of leadership behaviors, we found that 1) leadership behaviors performed by members at all levels significantly influenced other members' motivation; 2) transactional leadership and person-focused leadership were effective in motivating others to contribute more, whereas aversive leadership decreased other contributors' motivations; and 3) legitimate leaders were in general more influential than regular peer leaders. We discuss the theoretical and practical implication of our work.cal and practical implication of our work.
Abstractsub Traditional research on leadership in onliTraditional research on leadership in online communities has consistently focused on the small set of people occupying leadership roles. In this paper, we use a model of shared leadership, which posits that leadership behaviors come from members at all levels, not simply from people in high-level leadership positions. Although every member can exhibit some leadership behavior, different types of leadership behavior performed by different types of leaders may not be equally effective. This paper investigates how distinct types of leadership behaviors (transactional, aversive, directive and person-focused) and the legitimacy of the people who deliver them (people in formal leadership positions or not) influence the contributions that other participants make in the context of Wikipedia. After using propensity score matching to control for potential pre-existing differences among those who were and were not targets of leadership behaviors, we found that 1) leadership behaviors performed by members at all levels significantly influenced other members' motivation; 2) transactional leadership and person-focused leadership were effective in motivating others to contribute more, whereas aversive leadership decreased other contributors' motivations; and 3) legitimate leaders were in general more influential than regular peer leaders. We discuss the theoretical and practical implication of our work.cal and practical implication of our work.
Bibtextype inproceedings  +
Doi 10.1145/2145204.2145269  +
Has author Haiping Zhu + , Kraut R. + , Aniket Kittur +
Has extra keyword Online community + , Peer leaders + , Propensity score + , Shared leadership + , Transactional leadership + , Wikipedia + , Computer-Supported Cooperative Work + , Interactive computer systems + , Motivation + , Online systems + , Websites +
Has keyword Motivation + , Online community + , Shared leadership + , Wikipedia +
Isbn 9781450310864  +
Language English +
Number of citations by publication 1  +
Number of references by publication 0  +
Pages 407–416  +
Title Effectiveness of shared leadership in online communities +
Type conference paper  +
Year 2012 +
Creation dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 7 November 2014 19:01:57  +
Categories Publications without license parameter  + , Publications without remote mirror parameter  + , Publications without archive mirror parameter  + , Publications without paywall mirror parameter  + , Conference papers  + , Publications without references parameter  + , Publications  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 7 November 2014 19:01:57  +
DateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 2012  +
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What We Know About Wikipedia: A Review of the Literature Analyzing the Project(s) + Has reference
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