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A Case of Mutual Aid: Wikipedia, Politeness, and Perspective Taking
Abstract The anarchist Peter Kropotkin once wrote tThe anarchist Peter Kropotkin once wrote that “Mutual aid is as much a law of animal life as mutual struggle” (1902). At the time, he was responding to arguments arising from Darwin's The Origin of Species: that in nature and society individual creatures ceaselessly struggle against each other for dominance. Kropotkin took pains to explain and provide examples of how animals and humans survive by cooperating with each other. Interestingly, Kropotkin also contributed the article on anarchism to the 1911 Encyclopadia Britannica, a collaborative product of the Scottish Enlightenment and a precursor to the Wikipedia, a collaborative, on-line, and free encyclopedia. This paper explores the character of “mutual aid” and interdependent decision making within the Wikipedia. I provide a brief introduction to Wikipedia, the key terms associated with group decision making, and the Wikipedia dispute resolution process. I then focus on the cultural norms (e.g., “good faith”) within Wikipedia that frame participation as a cooperative endeavor. In particular, I argue that the “neutral point of view policy” policy is not a source of conflict, as it is often perceived to be, but a resolution shaping norm. However, the naive understanding that this policy is about an unbiased neutrality is also problematic. I conclude by identifying some notions from negotiation literature that may be inappropriate or require adaptation to the Wikipedia case. require adaptation to the Wikipedia case.
Abstractsub The anarchist Peter Kropotkin once wrote tThe anarchist Peter Kropotkin once wrote that “Mutual aid is as much a law of animal life as mutual struggle” (1902). At the time, he was responding to arguments arising from Darwin's The Origin of Species: that in nature and society individual creatures ceaselessly struggle against each other for dominance. Kropotkin took pains to explain and provide examples of how animals and humans survive by cooperating with each other. Interestingly, Kropotkin also contributed the article on anarchism to the 1911 Encyclopadia Britannica, a collaborative product of the Scottish Enlightenment and a precursor to the Wikipedia, a collaborative, on-line, and free encyclopedia. This paper explores the character of “mutual aid” and interdependent decision making within the Wikipedia. I provide a brief introduction to Wikipedia, the key terms associated with group decision making, and the Wikipedia dispute resolution process. I then focus on the cultural norms (e.g., “good faith”) within Wikipedia that frame participation as a cooperative endeavor. In particular, I argue that the “neutral point of view policy” policy is not a source of conflict, as it is often perceived to be, but a resolution shaping norm. However, the naive understanding that this policy is about an unbiased neutrality is also problematic. I conclude by identifying some notions from negotiation literature that may be inappropriate or require adaptation to the Wikipedia case. require adaptation to the Wikipedia case.
Bibtextype inproceedings  +
Has author Reagle + , Joseph M. +
Has keyword Collaboration + , Collective action + , Mutual aid + , Wiki + , Wikipedia +
Has remote mirror http://reagle.org/joseph/2004/agree/wikip-agree.html  +
Number of citations by publication 3  +
Number of references by publication 0  +
Published in Proceedings of Wikimania 2005 -- The First International Wikimedia Conference, Frankfurt, Germany. +
Title A Case of Mutual Aid: Wikipedia, Politeness, and Perspective Taking +
Type conference paper  +
Year 2005 +
Creation dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 20 September 2014 13:16:44  +
Categories Publications without language parameter  + , Publications without license parameter  + , Publications without DOI parameter  + , Publications without archive mirror parameter  + , Publications without paywall mirror parameter  + , Conference papers  + , Publications without references parameter  + , Publications  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 20 September 2014 13:16:44  +
DateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 2005  +
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