List of literature reviews

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This is a list of literature reviews available in WikiPapers. Currently, there are 72 literature reviews.

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Literature reviews

Title Author(s) Keyword(s) Published in Language DateThis property is a special property in this wiki. Abstract R C
Wikipedia como objeto de investigación Jesús Tramullas Wikipedia
Research literature
Anuario ThinkEPI Spanish 2015 This short paper analyzes Wikipedia as an object of scientific research, contrasting various studies dealing with that popular encyclopedia. The conclusion is that Wikipedia, as a manifestation of collaborative production and consumption of knowledge, is a valid subject of scientific research. 0 0
A generic framework and methodology for extracting semantics from co-occurrences Rachakonda A.R.
Srinivasa S.
Sayali Kulkarni
Srinivasan M.S.
Cognitive models
Data mining
Text mining
Data and Knowledge Engineering English 2014 Extracting semantic associations from text corpora is an important problem with several applications. It is well understood that semantic associations from text can be discerned by observing patterns of co-occurrences of terms. However, much of the work in this direction has been piecemeal, addressing specific kinds of semantic associations. In this work, we propose a generic framework, using which several kinds of semantic associations can be mined. The framework comprises a co-occurrence graph of terms, along with a set of graph operators. A methodology for using this framework is also proposed, where the properties of a given semantic association can be hypothesized and tested over the framework. To show the generic nature of the proposed model, four different semantic associations are mined over a corpus comprising of Wikipedia articles. The design of the proposed framework is inspired from cognitive science - specifically the interplay between semantic and episodic memory in humans. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 0 0
Comparative analysis of text representation methods using classification Szymanski J. Documents categorization
Information retrieval
Text classification
Text representation
Cybernetics and Systems English 2014 In our work, we review and empirically evaluate five different raw methods of text representation that allow automatic processing of Wikipedia articles. The main contribution of the article - evaluation of approaches to text representation for machine learning tasks - indicates that the text representation is fundamental for achieving good categorization results. The analysis of the representation methods creates a baseline that cannot be compensated for even by sophisticated machine learning algorithms. It confirms the thesis that proper data representation is a prerequisite for achieving high-quality results of data analysis. Evaluation of the text representations was performed within the Wikipedia repository by examination of classification parameters observed during automatic reconstruction of human-made categories. For that purpose, we use a classifier based on a support vector machines method, extended with multilabel and multiclass functionalities. During classifier construction we observed parameters such as learning time, representation size, and classification quality that allow us to draw conclusions about text representations. For the experiments presented in the article, we use data sets created from Wikipedia dumps. We describe our software, called Matrixu, which allows a user to build computational representations of Wikipedia articles. The software is the second contribution of our research, because it is a universal tool for converting Wikipedia from a human-readable form to a form that can be processed by a machine. Results generated using Matrixu can be used in a wide range of applications that involve usage of Wikipedia data. 0 0
Implementing Web 2.0 tools in organisations Baxter G.J. Enterprise 2.0
Knowledge management
Web 2.0 implementation model
Learning Organization English 2014 Purpose: This special issue aims to increase the awareness of the organisational factors that enterprises must reflect on and address when introducing Web 2.0 technologies into their organisations. In contrast to empirical studies that review the impact of Web 2.0 technologies in organisations in terms of how they might support knowledge sharing or communities of practice, this special issue intends to identify the salient criteria that management practitioners must address to assist in the implementation of Web 2.0 technologies in the work place. Design/methodology/approach: This special issue aims to increase the awareness of the organisational factors that enterprises must reflect on and address when introducing Web 2.0 technologies into their organisations. In contrast to empirical studies that review the impact of Web 2.0 technologies in organisations in terms of how they might support knowledge sharing or communities of practice, this special issue intends to identify the salient criteria that management practitioners must address to assist in the implementation of Web 2.0 technologies in the work place. Findings: One of the principal findings that have emerged from this special issue is that it indicates the importance of reviewing social and cultural factors in organisations when introducing Web 2.0 technologies in the work place. In addition to assessing technical issues that might impact on the implementation of Web 2.0 technologies in organisations this special issue also explores subject matters such as the dilemma of whether a top-down or a bottom-up approach is more effective towards engaging staff in the adoption of Web 2.0 tools at work. Originality/value: The research presented in this special issue provides an important academic contribution towards an area that is, at present, under researched namely, whether there is a structured approach that can be universally applied by organisations when internally implementing Web 2.0 technologies into their work place. 0 0
Implementing Web 2.0 tools in organisations: Feasibility of a systematic approach Baxter G.J.
Connolly T.M.
Enterprise 2.0
Social networking sites
Web 2.0
Web 2.0 best practice guidelines
Web 2.0 implementation model
Learning Organization English 2014 Purpose: The aim of this paper is to examine the subject area of implementing Web 2.0 tools in organisations to identify from the literature common issues that must be addressed to assist organisations in their approach towards introducing Web 2.0 tools in their workplace. Based on the findings of the literature a Web 2.0 tools implementation model is presented. Design/methodology/approach: A general scoping review of the literature will be conducted to identify potential issues that might impact on the implementation of Web 2.0 tools in organisations to provide an overview of examples of empirical evidence that exists in this subject area with a view to examining how to advance this particular field of research. Findings: The findings of the scoping literature review indicate that while certain conceptual models and frameworks exist on how to implement Web 2.0 tools in organisations there is a lack of evidence to suggest that they have been empirically tested. The paper also notes that though organisations are unique, based on the literature common features can be found regarding "best practice" on how to introduce Web 2.0 tools in organisations. Research limitations/implications: This paper does not present any findings based on an empirical study involving the implementation of Web 2.0 tools in organisations. The paper does however provide scope for both academic and management practitioners to adopt and test the models and frameworks identified in the literature review when implementing Web 2.0 tools in their organisations. Originality/value: The contribution to knowledge that this paper provides is that it reviews an area where there is a lack of empirical evidence, namely, in the approaches that organisations can adopt when implementing Web 2.0 tools. Based on the findings from the literature and through the creation of a Web 2.0 tools implementation model, this paper provides practical guidance to management practitioners who might find introducing Web 2.0 tools into the workplace a challenge. 0 0
Collaboration at the Troy University Libraries Boyd E.E.
Casey O.
Elder R.
Slay J.
Multi-campus library system
Online manual
Technical services
Web 2.0
Cataloging and Classification Quarterly English 2013 With relatively new staff in all the Troy University campus libraries technical services departments, it was critical to collaborate on policies and procedures for consistency. Developing an online manual housed on a wiki that could be used and contributed to by staff on all three campuses was essential to this goal. Multi-campus meetings and online discussions are additional methods we use to promote collaboration. This article will include a literature review of collaboration and wikis along with methods the Troy University Libraries Technical Services departments are using to establish communication across the campuses. 0 0
Tankyrases as drug targets Lehtio L.
Chi N.-W.
Krauss S.
Diphtheria toxin-like ADP-ribosyltransferase (ARTD)
Drug discovery
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)
Vesicle trafficking
Wnt signalling
FEBS Journal English 2013 Tankyrase 1 and tankyrase 2 are poly(ADP-ribosyl)ases that are distinguishable from other members of the enzyme family by the structural features of the catalytic domain, and the presence of a sterile α-motif multimerization domain and an ankyrin repeat protein-interaction domain. Tankyrases are implicated in a multitude of cellular functions, including telomere homeostasis, mitotic spindle formation, vesicle transport linked to glucose metabolism, Wnt-β-catenin signaling, and viral replication. In these processes, tankyrases interact with target proteins, catalyze poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation, and regulate protein interactions and stability. The proposed roles of tankyrases in disease-relevant cellular processes have made them attractive drug targets. Recently, several inhibitors have been identified. The selectivity and potency of these small molecules can be rationalized by how they fit within the NAD+-binding groove of the catalytic domain. Some molecules bind to the nicotinamide subsite, such as generic diphtheria toxin-like ADP-ribosyltransferase inhibitors, whereas others bind to a distinct adenosine subsite that diverges from other diphtheria toxin-like ADP-ribosyltransferases and confers specificity. A highly potent dual-site inhibitor is also available. Within the last few years, tankyrase inhibitors have proved to be useful chemical probes and potential lead compounds, especially for specific cancers. This review describes the biochemical and cellular functions of the tankyrase subfamily of human ADP-ribosyltransferases. Tankyrases use NAD+ as a substrate to covalently modify acceptor proteins leading to dissociation of macromolecular complexes and protein degradation. Existing tankyrase inhibitors target the nicotinamide and/or the adenine pocket of the donor NAD+-binding cleft of the catalytic domain. 0 0
The past as prologue: Public authority and the encyclopedia of cleveland history Grabowski J.J. Cleveland
David D. Van Tassel
Modern American urban encyclopedias
Vernacular authority
Public Historian English 2013 The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History, first published in 1987 and then placed online in 1998, is recognized as the progenitor of the modern, urban encyclopedia and a model of shared academic and vernacular authority. Today Wikipedia challenges it and similar scholarly products with its reliance on universal authority, its huge scope of entries, and its ability to keep current. This article suggests that vetted urban encyclopedias need to revisit their roots as community enterprises and reimagine and reengage those connections in order to allow their vetted content to remain competitive with Wikipedia and other open-source online resources. © 2013 by The Regents of the University of California and the National Council on Public History. All rights reserved. 0 0
Use of Web 2.0 technologies in K-12 and higher education: The search for evidence-based practice Hew K.F.
Cheung W.S.
Elementary education
Higher education
Secondary education
Virtual world
Web 2.0
Educational Research Review English 2013 Evidence-based practice in education entails making pedagogical decisions that are informed by relevant empirical research evidence. The main purpose of this paper is to discuss evidence-based pedagogical approaches related to the use of Web 2.0 technologies in both K-12 and higher education settings. The use of such evidence-based practice would be useful to educators interested in fostering student learning through Web 2.0 tools. A comprehensive literature search across the Academic Search Premier, Education Research Complete, ERIC, and PsycINFO databases was conducted. Empirical studies were included for review if they specifically examined the impact of Web 2.0 technologies on student learning. Articles that merely described anecdotal studies such as student perception or feeling toward learning using Web 2.0, or studies that relied on student self-report data such as student questionnaire survey and interview were excluded. Overall, the results of our review suggested that actual evidence regarding the impact of Web 2.0 technologies on student learning is as yet fairly weak. Nevertheless, the use of Web 2.0 technologies appears to have a general positive impact on student learning. None of the studies reported a detrimental or inferior effect on learning. The positive effects are not necessarily attributed to the technologies per se but to how the technologies are used, and how one conceptualizes learning. It may be tentatively concluded that a dialogic, constructionist, or co-constructive pedagogy supported by activities such as Socratic questioning, peer review and self-reflection appeared to increase student achievement in blog-, wiki-, and 3-D immersive virtual world environments, while a transmissive pedagogy supported by review activities appeared to enhance student learning using podcast. 0 0
Web 2.0 technologies in libraries: A survey of periodical literature published by Emerald Singh K.P.
Gill M.S.
Library 2.0
Really simple syndication
Social networking sites
Web 2.0
Library Review English 2013 Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the growth and development of periodical literature on Web 2.0 technologies and their other fields. Design/methodology/approach: Bibliographic data of the articles published in the 13 leading peer-reviewed journals are obtained from the Emerald database ( directly using such keywords as "Web 2.0", "blogs", "wikis", "RSS", "social networking sites", "podcasts", "Mashup", and multimedia sharing tools, i.e. YouTube and Flickr. The bibliographical surrogates such as author, title, subtitle, source, issue, volume, pages, etc. were recorded in MS-Excel (2010) sheet for the analysis and interpretation of data. A bibliography of selected articles is provided. Findings: The study found 206 research articles on the subject published in 13 leading library and information science journals of Emerald for period 2007-2011. Further, the study found that 2009 was the most productive year with 69 articles. The study observed Online Information Review published 49 articles, and hence can be considered the core journal on the topic. Mike Thelwall from the UK was found to be the most prolific author, having authored or co-authored five articles. Research limitations/implications: The study was based on 206 research articles published during the years 2007-2011. The study was restricted to this period because the Web 2.0 concept was originated during 2004-2005 and the undertaken period has sufficient published literature on the topic. Originality/value: The paper provides reliable and authentic information on the subject. This is the first study on this topic. 0 0
Wicked wikipedia? communities of practice, the production of knowledge and australian sport history Townsend S.
Osmond G.
Phillips M.G.
Digital media
Sport history epistemology
International Journal of the History of Sport English 2013 Academic responses to Wikipedia since its inception in 2001 have shifted from scepticism and hostility to serious critique. Wikipedia is a project driven by a community of amateur, and sometimes professional, scholars and it is this community-and associated rules and practices-that shapes the site's publicly viewable content. Despite the centrality of egalitarianism and communal wisdom to the Wikipedian ethos, the encyclopaedia is not filled equitably with historical knowledge or topics. This article addresses the role of Wikipedia in the production of knowledge in a sport history context. An analysis of 115 Wikipedia articles written about notable Australian sportspeople revealed a disproportionately large group of high-quality cricket biographies. Further investigation revealed that a small group of Wikipedians were responsible for writing these articles. The work of this community of practice is indicative of the influence that dedicated special interest groups can have over the production of knowledge on Wikipedia and raises broader questions about the production of knowledge in sport history. 0 0
Wikis as knowledge management systems: Issues and challenges Kiniti S.
Standing C.
Knowledge management
Wiki implementation
Journal of Systems and Information Technology English 2013 Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify and examine the major issues and challenges that impact the implementation of wikis as KMS. Wikis have been referred to as next generation KMS, providing an alternative to traditional knowledge management systems by addressing many of their limitations. However, research shows that there are cases where wikis have failed to achieve this potential. Further research on the range of issues and challenges surrounding the implementation of wikis in the corporate environment is required in order to enable organizations manage them more effectively and reap maximum benefits. Design/methodology/approach: This paper begins by providing a review of previously published empirical studies on wiki deployment in organizations. The disparate discussions are then synthesised by identifying the major issues and challenges in wiki implementation. Findings: Six major issues and challenges are identified including lack of a clear purpose for the wiki, wiki usability, integrating wikis into established work practices, social issues, role of management and organizational culture that supports knowledge sharing and collaboration. Originality/value: It is posited that in order for organizations to successfully implement wikis, it is necessary to first understand the issues and challenges surrounding wiki implementation. This paper contributes to practice by identifying the key issues and challenges in the implementation of wikis and suggesting strategies for using wikis to manage knowledge effectively. Building on this review, we critically analyse the findings and propose a model for the implementation of wikis which addresses these issues and identifies research areas that further need to be investigated. 0 0
Estado del arte de la investigación sobre wikis Emilio J. Rodríguez-Posada
Juan Manuel Dodero-Beardo
University of Cádiz Spanish December 2012 El interés de los investigadores por los wikis, en especial Wikipedia, ha ido en aumento en los últimos años. La primera edición de WikiSym, un simposio sobre wikis, se celebró en 2005 y desde entonces han aparecido multitud de congresos, workshops, conferencias y competiciones en este área. El estudio de los wikis es un campo emergente y prolífico.

Ha habido varios intentos, aunque con escaso éxito, de recopilar toda la literatura sobre wikis. Unas veces el enfoque o la herramienta utilizada eran limitados, otras debido a las dimensiones de la tarea el proyecto era abandonado y al poco tiempo los metadatos bibliográficos se perdían. En este trabajo presentamos WikiPapers, un proyecto colaborativo para recopilar toda la literatura sobre wikis. Se hace uso de MediaWiki y su extensión semántica, ambos conocidos por los investigadores de este campo. Hasta noviembre de 2012 se han recopilado más de 1.700 publicaciones y sus metadatos, además de documentación sobre herramientas y datasets relacionados. Los metadatos son exportables en los formatos BibTeX, RDF, CSV y JSON. Los historiales completos del wiki están disponibles para descargar y facilitar su preservación. El proyecto está abierto a la participación de todo el mundo.

El resto del trabajo se divide de la siguiente manera. En la sección 2 motivamos este trabajo haciendo un repaso a los distintos enfoques utilizados hasta ahora para recopilar toda la literatura sobre wikis, incidiendo en sus ventajas e inconvenientes. En la sección 3 detallamos los objetivos. En la sección 4 definimos algunos términos que servirán para comprender mejor el contenido. En la sección 5 presentamos WikiPapers, cómo funciona y qué pasos se han dado. En la sección 6 hacemos un estado del arte empleando WikiPapers. En la sección 7 repasamos las cuestiones que a día de hoy siguen abiertas o que han tenido poca atención hasta ahora. Finalmente, en la sección 8, terminamos con unas conclusiones y trabajo futuro.
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What We Know About Wikipedia: A Review of the Literature Analyzing the Project(s) Nicolas Jullien Review of the literature
Online open community
Social Science Research Network English 7 May 2012 This article proposes a review of the literature analyzing Wikipedia as a collective system for producing knowledge. 279 2
A video recording and viewing protocol for student group presentations: Assisting self-assessment through a Wiki environment Barry S. Group experience
Group feedback
Group presentations
Computers and Education English 2012 The purpose of this research was to firstly develop a protocol for video recording student group oral presentations, for later viewing and self-assessment by student group members. Secondly, evaluations of students' experiences of this process were undertaken to determine if this self-assessment method was a positive experience for them in gaining insights into the quality of their group's presentation. Participants were students undertaking a first year course in a bachelor of business degree within an Australian university. Students were surveyed twice, once prior to group formation to determine their previous oral group presentation experiences and then after viewing their presentations. Data from survey items assessing students' perspectives on the utility of viewing their video presentations, within their group Wikis, revealed that watching the video of their group presentation was an effective method of feedback and could improve both group and individual performance in the future. Further, content analysis of open ended survey questions and focus groups identified that students were highly engaged in the activity and after reviewing and reflecting on their video recording had deeper insights and raised awarenesses of making group presentations. Students identified that this experience would benefit any future group oral presentations they made. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 0 0
Coercion or empowerment? Moderation of content in Wikipedia as 'essentially contested' bureaucratic rules De Laat P.B. Bureaucracy
Ethics and Information Technology English 2012 In communities of user-generated content, systems for the management of content and/or their contributors are usually accepted without much protest. Not so, however, in the case of Wikipedia, in which the proposal to introduce a system of review for new edits (in order to counter vandalism) led to heated discussions. This debate is analysed, and arguments of both supporters and opponents (of English, German and French tongue) are extracted from Wikipedian archives. In order to better understand this division of the minds, an analogy is drawn with theories of bureaucracy as developed for real-life organizations. From these it transpires that bureaucratic rules may be perceived as springing from either a control logic or an enabling logic. In Wikipedia, then, both perceptions were at work, depending on the underlying views of participants. Wikipedians either rejected the proposed scheme (because it is antithetical to their conception of Wikipedia as a community) or endorsed it (because it is consonant with their conception of Wikipedia as an organization with clearly defined boundaries). Are other open-content communities susceptible to the same kind of 'essential contestation'?. 0 0
Coherence and responsiveness Harris J.
Henderson A.
Interactions English 2012 Systems are always engaged in an interplay of responsiveness and coherence to local circumstances. Researchers believe that there are many ways to simultaneously increase the coherence, responsiveness, and scalability of systems, and this quest has enormous potential to improve life. Allowing language to evolve in use is a powerful means of managing the trade-off curve for a growing space of products. Larry Page and Sergei Brin have developed PageRank algorithm, which aggregates the local knowledge implicit in the network of references between pages. PageRank can adapt to almost unlimited changes in the content and uses of the Web without needing to change the core algorithm at all. Yelp is an online service that aggregates, curates, and helps users search reviews of local businesses. The Internet has catalyzed the emergence of very large open working groups, such as the Linux development community, the Wikipedia authoring community, and various fan and support groups. 0 0
DartWiki: A semantic wiki for ontology-based knowledge integration in the biomedical domain Yu T.
Hejie Chen
Mi J.
Gu P.
Wu T.
Pan J.Z.
Domain ontology
Integrated medicine
Knowledge management
Semantic web
Semantic wiki
Traditional chinese medicine
Current Bioinformatics English 2012 Semantic Web languages and technologies can be used for the annotation, classification, and organization of knowledge assets and digital artifacts based on biomedical ontologies. In this paper, we present a semantic wiki, named DartWiki, to build ontology-based digital encyclopedia for the biomedicine domain. DartWiki provides a Web-based interface for accessing knowledge artifacts in both per-artifact and per-concept mode. In the per-artifact mode, users can access these artifacts, and annotate them in both short texts and logical statements in terms of domain ontologies. In the concept-based mode, users can navigate a graph of concepts, and review and edit the synthesized page about a selected concept, which contains meaningful information about the concept, and also its related concepts and artifacts. Smooth transitions between the two modes are achieved through semantic links. As a use case of the DartWiki, we provide an open platform for the management and maintenance of digital artifacts in Integrated Medicine. This system provides medical practitioners with relevant and trustworthy knowledge artifacts, and also means to input artifacts, to clarify their meaning, and to check and improve their quality, which encourages the inclusion and participation of users, and effectively creates an online community around knowledge sharing. 0 0
Lay metalanguage on grammatical variation and neutrality in Wikipedia's entry for Che Guevara Bartlett T. Critical linguistics
Grammatical variation
Idealized reader
Text and Talk English 2012 This paper examines the editorial discussion of Wikipedia's policy of "Neutral Point of View" during the collaborative authorship of the entry for Che Guevara. Such data provide a rare source of unprompted lay metalanguage on the relationship between the lexicogrammatical form of a text and its evaluative orientation and make possible an inductive approach to exploring this longstanding issue in critical linguistics inquiry. The paper illustrates this inductive approach in selecting a stretch of text identified by the editors themselves as problematic and relating their metalinguistic commentaries to the lexicogrammatical features of both the original text and the variations proposed. However, recognizing that naturally occurring metalanguage is itself situated within its own social practice, the paper considers ways in which the editors' readings are a function of their role as Wikipedia "prosumers" and goes on to discuss the need to theorize specific reader types within critical linguistic approaches to discourse analysis. 0 0
Leveraging the power of Web 2.0 tools: A wiki platform as a multimedia teaching and learning environment in dental education Salajan F.D.
Mount G.J.
Collaborative authorship
Computer-assisted instruction
Dental education
Dental procedure education system
Educational methodology
Educational technology
Instructional design
Multimedia learning
Web 2.0
Journal of Dental Education English 2012 This article presents the development and implementation of a wiki-based application for the delivery of educational content in dentistry. The Dental Procedure Education System (DPES) is a new web application that uses SharePoint to combine online collaborative authoring characteristic of wiki spaces with instructional video documentaries. Harnessing the wiki's versatility, DPES offers faculty members an avenue to develop an authoritative source of information for both students, through DPES Pro, and the public at large, through DPES Public. Principles of cognitive theory of multimedia learning, constructivist theory, and collaborative writing were employed in the development of DPES. An authoring protocol, with a clearly defined sequence of steps, was established in order to keep the production of the DPES procedures consistent and predictable. Initial, anecdotal user reports indicate that DPES is well received among dental students and faculty members. Expected outcomes and benefits of DPES use are discussed, and directions for research are proposed. 0 0
Methods for evaluating information sources: An annotated catalogue Hjorland B. Critical research assessment
Evaluation of information sources
Source criticism
Journal of Information Science English 2012 The article briefly presents and discusses 12 different approaches to the evaluation of information sources (for example a Wikipedia entry or a journal article): (1) the checklist approach; (2) classical peer review; (3) modified peer review; (4) evaluation based on examining the coverage of controversial views; (5) evidence-based evaluation; (6) comparative studies; (7) author credentials; (8) publisher reputation; (9) journal impact factor; (10) sponsoring: tracing the influence of economic, political, and ideological interests; (11) book reviews and book reviewing; and (12) broader criteria. Reading a text is often not a simple process. All the methods discussed here are steps on the way on learning how to read, understand, and criticize texts. According to hermeneutics it involves the subjectivity of the reader, and that subjectivity is influenced, more or less, by different theoretical perspectives. Good, scholarly reading is to be aware of different perspectives, and to situate oneself among them. 0 0
Models for networks: A cross-disciplinary science Vivar J.C.
Banks D.
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Computational Statistics English 2012 This article is an incomplete review of the rapidly growing research on network models. It focuses chiefly upon contributions to network science that have been made by sociologists, physicists, and statisticians. It addresses several topics in the area of dynamic network modeling, which is perhaps the most challenging area of current active research. Several issues in dynamic network modeling are discussed in the context of two applications: baboon grooming networks and growth in the Wikipedia. 0 0
Recent development of wiki applications in collaborative writing Ansarimoghaddam S.
Tan B.H.
Yong M.F.
Kasim Z.M.
Collaborative authoring
Empirical studies
Theory and Practice in Language Studies English 2012 Wiki is increasingly gaining popularity in language learning. Some researchers suggest that wiki is a useful tool that enhances collaboration among students. Moreover, collaborative writing through wiki is an effective strategy for improving students' writing skills. This review summarizes findings of empirical research studies on the application of wiki in collaborative writing from 2005 till 2011. Some directions for future research related to the use of wiki for collaborative writing are also suggested. 0 0
Semantic Wiki: A collaborative tool for instructional content design Coccoli M.
Vercelli G.
Vivanet G.
Collaborative learning
Learning content design
Semantic web
Semantic wiki
Journal of E-Learning and Knowledge Society English 2012 The rapid evolving of web technologies has brought to the increasingly diffusion of applications making the Web an interactive social network environment. The World Wide Web Consortium and several research centers are working on the integration of such technologies into the project of a Semantic Web. Consequently, e-learning systems and tools supporting instructional content design could take advantage of these advancements. In this scenario, according to a social-constructivist approach, the authors discuss the adoption of Semantic Wiki as a collaborative environment to design educational contents. The paper will outline the application perspectives and the strategies to adopt, in order to facilitate meaningful learning processes, and the potential advantages that Semantic Wikis would bring from the point of view of knowledge management, as well as for the re-use of learning resources. 0 0
Supporting content curation communities: The case of the Encyclopedia of Life Rotman D.
Procita K.
Hansen D.
Sims Parr C.
Justin Preece
Computer mediated communications
Human-computer interaction
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology English 2012 This article explores the opportunities and challenges of creating and sustaining large-scale "content curation communities" through an in-depth case study of the Encyclopedia of Life (EOL). Content curation communities are large-scale crowdsourcing endeavors that aim to curate existing content into a single repository, making these communities different from content creation communities such as Wikipedia. In this article, we define content curation communities and provide examples of this increasingly important genre. We then follow by presenting EOL, a compelling example of a content curation community, and describe a case study of EOL based on analysis of interviews, online discussions, and survey data. Our findings are characterized into two broad categories: information integration and social integration. Information integration challenges at EOL include the need to (a) accommodate and validate multiple sources and (b) integrate traditional peer reviewed sources with user-generated, nonpeer-reviewed content. Social integration challenges at EOL include the need to (a) establish the credibility of open-access resources within the scientific community and (b) facilitate collaboration between experts and novices. After identifying the challenges, we discuss the potential strategies EOL and other content curation communities can use to address them, and provide technical, content, and social design recommendations for overcoming them. 0 0
The people's encyclopedia under the gaze of the sages: a systematic review of scholarly research on Wikipedia Chitu Okoli
Mohamad Mehdi
Mostafa Mesgari
Finn Årup Nielsen
Arto Lanamäki
Systematic literature review
Web 2.0
Social media
Online collaboration
Mass collaboration
Information retrieval
Information extraction
Natural Language Processing
Open content
Creative Commons
Online culture
Web references
English 2012 Wikipedia has become one of the ten most visited sites on the Web, and the world’s leading source of Web reference information. Its rapid success has inspired hundreds of scholars from various disciplines to study its content, communication and community dynamics from various perspectives. This article presents a systematic review of scholarly research on Wikipedia. We describe our detailed, rigorous methodology for identifying over 450 scholarly studies of Wikipedia. We present the WikiLit website (http wikilit dot referata dot com), where most of the papers reviewed here are described in detail. In the major section of this article, we then categorize and summarize the studies. An appendix features an extensive list of resources useful for Wikipedia researchers. 15 1
University futures: Wikipedia uni, core-periphery reversed, incremental managerialism or bliss for all? Inayatullah S. Foresight
Futures studies
Higher education
Rise of Chindia
On the Horizon English 2012 Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to overview the futures of the university by analyzing critical drivers. It also aims to assess drivers identified a decade ago on university futures. Design/methodology/approach: The paper reviews drivers, trends and scenarios. Findings: The paper finds first, globalization will likely continue but innovation will move to Chindia. Second, democratization has resulted by not as imagined a decade ago, rather, peer-to-peer or web 2.0 has changed the game. Three new scenarios are articulated: Wikipedia university; core-periphery reversed and incremental managerialism. Bliss for all remains an outlier. Practical implications: Asian-Pacific universities instead of adopting the used future of the core will find it wiser to innovate and create new visions as well as to develop new global ranking systems. Social implications: Traditional universities are the likely dinosaurs unable to thrive in a dramatically changing world. Increasing inequity in traditional western universities will likely further devalue higher education. New models of inclusion are required. Originality/value: The paper articulates new scenarios of the future, and assesses trends identified a decade ago. It provides a strategy for university administrators to navigate the challenges ahead. 0 0
Web 2.0 applications in government web sites: Prevalence, use and correlations with perceived web site quality Chua A.Y.K.
Goh D.H.
Ang R.P.
Web 2.0
Web site quality
Web sites
Online Information Review English 2012 Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the extent to which Web 2.0 applications are prevalent in government web sites, the ways in which Web 2.0 applications have been used in government web sites, as well as whether the presence of Web 2.0 applications correlates with the perceived quality of government web sites. Design/methodology/approach - Divided equally between developing and advanced economies, a total of 200 government web sites were analysed using content analysis and multiple regression analysis. Findings - The prevalence of seven Web 2.0 applications in descending order was: RSS, multimedia sharing services, blogs, forums, social tagging services, social networking services and wikis. More web sites in advanced countries include Web 2.0 applications than those in developing countries. The presence of Web 2.0 applications was found to have a correlation with the overall web site quality, and in particular, service quality. Research limitations/implications - This paper only covers government web sites in English. Emerging genres of Web 2.0 applications such as mashups and virtual worlds have not been included. Moreover the data were drawn solely from the public domain. Practical implications - Decision makers and e-government web developers may benchmark their own efforts in deploying Web 2.0 applications against this study. The numerous exemplars cited here serve as a springboard to generate more ideas on how Web 2.0 applications could be used and harnessed to improve the overall quality of government web sites. Originality/value - This paper unites two research interests: Web 2.0 and web site quality. It also extends previous studies by investigating the suite of Web 2.0 applications found in government web sites around the world. Copyright © 2012 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved. 0 0
A Wikipedia Literature Review Owen S. Martin English 2011 This paper was originally designed as a literature review for a doctoral dissertation focusing on Wikipedia. This exposition gives the structure of Wikipedia and the latest trends in Wikipedia research. 0 2
Electures-wikitoward engaging students to actively work with lecture recordings Hermann C.
Ottmann T.
Enabling technology.
Lecture recordings
IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies English 2011 In this paper, we present the integration of a Wiki with lecture recordings using a tool called aofconvert, enabling the students to visually reference lecture recordings in the Wiki at a precise moment in time of the lecture. This tight integration between a Wiki and lecture materials allows the students to elaborate on the topics they learned in class as well as thoroughly discuss their own aspects of those topics. This technology can enable students to get actively involved in a collaborative learning process. One prerequisite for facilitating this consists in a reliable method for detecting slide transitions in lecture recordings. We describe an improved technique for slide transition detection in video-based/screen-grabbed lecture recordings when the object-based representation is not available. Our experiments demonstrate the accuracy of this new technique. A survey conducted with our students after using the Wiki in class completes this article and demonstrates which technical features are most important for such a Wiki. 0 0
Extracting terminology from Wikipedia Vivaldi J.
Rodriguez H.
Term extraction
Term recognition
Procesamiento de Lenguaje Natural English 2011 In this paper we present a new approach for obtaining the terminology of a given domain using the category and page structures of the Wikipedia in a domain and language independent way. The idea is to take profit of category graph of Wikipedia starting with a set of categories that we associate with the domain. After obtaining the full set of categories belonging to the selected domain, the collection of corresponding pages is extracted, using some constraints. The set of titles of recovered pages and categories is selected as initial domain term vocabulary. The system has been evaluated substituting by it the term candidates analyzer module of an state-of-the-art term extractor, YATE. The results show that this resource may be used for this task overcoming some of the limitations of alternative knowledge sources. This approach has been applied to three domains (astronomy, chemistry, economics and medicine) and two languages (English and Spanish). 0 0
How wikis can be used to manage knowledge in SMEs: A case study Razmerita L.
Kirchner K.
Case study
Computer supported cooperative work (CSCW)
Enterprise 2.0
Knowledge asset
Knowledge management
Organizational knowledge
Personal knowledge management
Web 2.0
Business Information Review English 2011 Companies are exploring new ways of knowledge sharing, collaboration and communication with employees, partners and customers, using social media tools like wikis, blogs or social networks. This article briefly reviews the literature concerning the introduction of social media into organizations and reports a small case study in an IT consulting company following the introduction of a wiki-based solution into its daily practices. The usage of the wiki and its impact on knowledge work are explored. The authors then compare the findings from the literature review with those from the case study. The comparison shows that introducing knowledge processes can start 'bottom-up' through an initiative to better manage personal knowledge. Furthermore, the articulation of personal and collective knowledge is possible synergistically and in a more transparent manner. 0 0
Local modifications and paraphrases in Wikipedia's revision history Dutrey C.
Bernhard D.
Bouamor H.
Max A.
Paraphrase identification
Text revisions
Procesamiento de Lenguaje Natural English 2011 In this article, we analyse the modifications available in the French Wikipedia revision history. We define a typology of modifications based on a detailed study of WiCoPaCo, a freely-available resource built by automatically mining Wikipedia's revision history. Based on this typology, we detail a manual annotation study of a subpart of the corpus aimed at assessing the difficulty of automatic paraphrase identification in such a corpus. Finally, we assess a rule-based paraphrase identification tool. 0 0
Teaching knowledge management by combining wikis and screen capture videos Makkonen P.
Siakas K.
Vaidya S.
Knowledge management
Learning methods
Screen capture
Social media
Campus-Wide Information Systems English 2011 Purpose: This paper aims to report on the design and creation of a knowledge management course aimed at facilitating student creation and use of social interactive learning tools for enhanced learning. Design/methodology/approach: The era of social media and web 2.0 has enabled a bottom-up collaborative approach and new ways to publish work on the web, promoted by tools such as YouTube video service. In this spirit a knowledge management course was designed aiming to facilitate university students to compose videos on different difficult concepts in the theory part of the course by searching for explanations on the web and by creating a Windows Media Player video focusing on the self-defined problems. The videos created by the students were published on a wiki (Wetpaint) and the students were encouraged to actively share knowledge and learn from one another by familiarising themselves with the videos of the other students. In order to utilise cognitive and social constructivism, as well as problem-based learning, the principles of the Jigsaw method were used to enable different students to create videos on different themes. Findings: Based on the authors' experiences it is suggested that curriculum and syllabus planning should be transformed toward a more student-centred approach. This is the most natural in the context of knowledge management, which emphasizes the meaning of participation and knowledge sharing. The social constructivist learning theory emphasizes the meaning of interaction in successful learning. By publishing videos created by the students themselves, by commenting on videos created by other students and by reading comments expressed by others the approach proved to be beneficial for learning in many ways. Research limitations/implications: The research limitation lies in the differences of quality, format and sizes of these videos produced and the efforts and time requirements for editing and use. Practical implications: The present finding and report implies more of these resources could be generated by students in other courses in other study areas encouraging use of these types of resources, engaging students with the curriculum, and encouraging interaction amongst students promoting deeper understanding, more positive learning experiences and the generation of curriculum teaching materials by students for class work, making learning more student focused. Originality/value: The paper focuses on a unique process that allows the use of social technology by students for the generation of materials for use in learning. 0 0
Term weighting based on document revision history Sérgio Nunes
Cristina Ribeiro
Gabriel David
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology English 2011 In real-world information retrieval systems, the underlying document collection is rarely stable or definitive. This work is focused on the study of signals extracted from the content of documents at different points in time for the purpose of weighting individual terms in a document. The basic idea behind our proposals is that terms that have existed for a longer time in a document should have a greater weight. We propose 4 term weighting functions that use each document's history to estimate a current term score. To evaluate this thesis, we conduct 3 independent experiments using a collection of documents sampled from Wikipedia. In the first experiment, we use data from Wikipedia to judge each set of terms. In a second experiment, we use an external collection of tags from a popular social bookmarking service as a gold standard. In the third experiment, we crowdsource user judgments to collect feedback on term preference. Across all experiments results consistently support our thesis. We show that temporally aware measures, specifically the proposed revision term frequency and revision term frequency span, outperform a term-weighting measure based on raw term frequency alone. 0 0
Wikipedia research and tools: Review and comments Finn Årup Nielsen English 2011 I here give an overview of Wikipedia and wiki research and tools. Well over 1,000 reports have been published in the field and there exist dedicated scientific meetings for Wikipedia research. It is not possible to give a complete review of all material published. This overview serves to describe some key areas of research. The present version is a working draft. 36 2
Wikipedia: A key tool for global public health promotion Heilman J.M.
Kemmann E.
Bonert M.
Chatterjee A.
Ragar B.
Beards G.M.
Iberri D.J.
Harvey M.
Thomas B.
Stomp W.
Martone M.F.
Lodge D.J.
Vondracek A.
De Wolff J.F.
Liber C.
Grover S.C.
Vickers T.J.
Mesko B.
Laurent M.R.
Health information
Knowledge dissemination
Medical education
Patient education
Public health
Journal of Medical Internet Research English 2011 The Internet has become an important health information resource for patients and the general public. Wikipedia, a collaboratively written Web-based encyclopedia, has become the dominant online reference work. It is usually among the top results of search engine queries, including when medical information is sought. Since April 2004, editors have formed a group called WikiProject Medicine to coordinate and discuss the English-language Wikipedia's medical content. This paper, written by members of the WikiProject Medicine, discusses the intricacies, strengths, and weaknesses of Wikipedia as a source of health information and compares it with other medical wikis. Medical professionals, their societies, patient groups, and institutions can help improve Wikipedia's health-related entries. Several examples of partnerships already show that there is enthusiasm to strengthen Wikipedia's biomedical content. Given its unique global reach, we believe its possibilities for use as a tool for worldwide health promotion are underestimated. We invite the medical community to join in editing Wikipedia, with the goal of providing people with free access to reliable, understandable, and up-to-date health information. 0 1
A unique web resource for physiology, ecology and the environmental sciences: PrometheusWiki Sack L.
Cornwell W.K.
Santiago L.S.
Barbour M.M.
Choat B.
Evans J.R.
Munns R.
Nicotra A.
Web publishing
Functional Plant Biology English 2010 PROtocols, METHods, Explanations and Updated Standards Wiki (PrometheusWiki, is a new open access, fully searchable web resource that contains protocols and methods for plant physiology, ecology and environmental sciences. Contributions can be uploaded by anyone in the community, with attributed authorship, and are open for wiki-style comment. This resource allows the gathering in one place of methods, links to published methods and detailed protocols used by leading laboratories around the world, with annotation. As a web resource, PrometheusWiki is continually evolving and updatable, easily and rapidly searchable and highly accessible. It will also enhance communication, allowing multimedia description of protocols and techniques, with spreadsheet tools, slide shows and video files easily integrated into the text. This resource is anticipated to lead to strong benefits in standardising methods, improving access to training for students and professionals, promoting collaborations and expanding the cutting edge of research. 0 0
Consolidating tools for model evaluation Olesen H.R.
Chang C.J.
Atmospheric dispersion models
Model evaluation
Model Validation Kit
International Journal of Environment and Pollution English 2010 An overview is provided of some central tools and data sets that are currently available for evaluation of atmospheric dispersion models. The paper serves as a guide to the Model Validation Kit, which was introduced already in 1993, but has undergone a recent revision. The Model Validation Kit is a package of field data sets and software for model evaluation plus various supplementary materials. Further, the paper outlines main features of a corresponding package that implements the evaluation methodology of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), as specified in its standard guide D6589 on statistical evaluation of dispersion models. The paper gives a review of features and limitations of the two packages. Copyright 0 0 An experiment in LGBTQ community history-making Gutterman L.J. Digital history
Lgbtq history
Public history
Public Historian English 2010 This article describes, the public Web site on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) history hosted by the Center for Lesbian and Gay Studies (CLAGS) at the City University of New York, Graduate Center. uses MediaWiki software to compile community-created histories of LGBTQ life in the U.S. and make the insights of LGBTQ history broadly accessible. Project Coordinator Lauren Gutterman explains how the public history project employs digital history to collect, advance, and project LGBTQ history, and how it serves as a model for other interactive history Web sites. © 2010 by The Regents of the University of California and the National Council on Public History. All rights reserved. 0 0
Using a customized Wiki for classroom and online learning Taylor A. Blogs
Multimodal learning
Technology in the classroom
Ubiquitous Learning English 2010 The use of online learning technology to support classroom learning has gradually gained acceptance in the higher education community, augmenting and in some cases supplanting the traditional lecture delivery method. This paper presents a case study which details the experiences of the author in developing what began as a simple Wiki platform into a highly functional classroom management system. The Wiki was developed using open source software acquired in 2002 and then customized and reprogrammed by the author and used in various higher education classroom settings from 2004 to 2009. The Wiki provides a central repository for all class activity and allows both the instructor and the student to add content to the class web site. The web site provides an orderly, streamlined presentation of course content that is appropriate for the course, an approach markedly different from that of a generically structured course management system such as BlackBoard, Sakai, or Moodle. The paper will first provide a historical perspective on the use of Wikis and other collaboration and knowledge aggregation software in the classroom, and then provide detail on the features and functions of the modified Wiki. Finally, analysis of student usage of the Wiki and the results of a student survey about the Wiki web site will be reviewed and discussed. This analysis provides additional insights on the use and effectiveness of the customized Wiki. 0 0
Wikis in the classroom: Faculty and student perspective Harsell D.M. Grading Wikis
Wiki Assignments
Wiki Training
Journal of Political Science Education English 2010 In March 2009, a faculty member and four political science students led a forum entitled "Wikis in the Classroom: Student and Faculty Perspective." The discussion centered on a number of benefits and concerns with the use of wikis as an instructional tool within the classroom. Based on student and faculty feedback, this article expands on four themes that emerged from the roundtable discussion: training, applicability of assignments, setting clear guidelines, and expectations and grading. Copyright 0 0
A Brief Review of Studies of Wikipedia in Peer-Reviewed Journals Chitu Okoli Third International Conference on Digital Society English 2009 Since its establishment in 2001, Wikipedia, "the free encyclopedia that anyone can edit" has become a cultural icon of the unlimited possibilities of the World Wide Web. Thus, it has become a serious subject of scholarly study to objectively and rigorously understand it as a phenomenon. This paper reviews studies of Wikipedia that have been published in peer-reviewed journals. Among the wealth of studies reviewed, major sub-streams of research covered include: how and why Wikipedia works; assessments of the reliability of its content; using it as a data source for various studies; and applications of Wikipedia in different domains of endeavour. 25 3
Computational challenges in e-commerce Feigenbaum J.
Parkes D.C.
Pennock D.M.
Communications of the ACM English 2009 Some of the significant challenges that need to be resolved for improving computation in Internet-based commerce or e-commerce. Resource allocation, knowledge integration, peer production and interaction, and security and privacy issues are significant challenges that need special attention for improving computation. Allocating resources involves that a participants declare their perceived value for the resources and the market computes the best allocation and price that a participants need to pay. The knowledge integration can be defined as the aggregation of information from diverse and frequently self-interested sources. Peer production and interaction involves large-scale collaboration of artifacts of information like Wikipedia and Linux. Service providers need to take effective measures to provide security and privacy for digital content distribution. 0 0
Editing encyclopedias for fun and aggravation Ross J.I.
Shanty F.
Book publishing
Online publishing
Scholarly publishing
Word counts
Publishing Research Quarterly English 2009 This collaborative, retrospective autoethnography begins by offering an overview of the encyclopedias with which we have been involved, as both contributors and consulting editors, over the past decade. We then review our strategies for recruiting authors and maintaining their interest to ensure the highest quality entries; it also covers the mechanics of processing these entries. Next, we discuss the actual and perceived benefits of editing an encyclopedia, the most significant issues we encountered, and our solutions. Finally, we contextualize the previous information in light of recent changes in the scholarly publishing industry. 0 0
Feedback as dialogue: Exploring the links between formative assessment and social software in distance learning Hatzipanagos S.
Warburton S.
Computer-assisted assessment
Formative assessment
Higher education
Learning, Media and Technology English 2009 The paper explores the relationship between formative assessment and social software. Formative assessment practices though beneficial for student learning become marginalised and constrained in open and distance learning environments in higher education. Feedback is a key factor in formative assessment and learners can benefit from the deployment of emerging technologies and the opportunities for participation and dialogue afforded by social software. This paper explores and proposes a conceptual framework for this relationship. The claim is that the social dimensions of emerging technologies - specifically, blogs and wikis - allow for formative assessment practices to be re-invented or at the very least facilitated by essentially participative and student-focussed interventions. A comparison of these technologies against formative assessment mechanisms identifies the types of processes that these new tools might best support to encourage effective feedback approaches that both empower the learner and enhance their learning experience. 0 0
Protocol for a systematic literature review of research on the Wikipedia Chitu Okoli
Kira Schabram
Literature review
Open content
Open source
International Conference on Management of Emergent Digital EcoSystems English 2009 Context: Wikipedia has become one of the ten-most visited sites on the Web, and the world's leading source of Web reference information. Its rapid success has attracted over 1,000 scholarly studies that treat Wikipedia as a major topic or data source. Objectives: This article presents a protocol for conducting a systematic mapping (a broad-based literature review) of research on Wikipedia. It identifies what research has been conducted; what research questions have been asked, which have been answered; and what theories and methodologies have been employed to study Wikipedia. Methods: This protocol follows the rigorous methodology of evidence-based software engineering to conduct a systematic mapping study. Results and conclusions: This protocol reports a study in progress. 0 1
Transdab wiki: The interactive transglutaminase substrate database on web 2.0 surface Eva Csosz
Mesko B.
Fesus L.
Interaction partners
Amino Acids English 2009 TRANSDAB wiki is a database of transglutaminase substrate proteins. This wiki is designed to provide quality content of all the details (including synonyms, structures, references) about transglutaminase substrate proteins and interaction partners. Currently TRANSDAB contains 243 articles about substrate proteins for 6 transglutaminase types in a user-friendly, editable format. Our aim was to collect structural information about substrate proteins and this information is provided in form of images, videos and links. The scientific community is invited to edit the database and besides providing up-to-date information, this wiki should serve as a platform for valuable discussions. 0 1
Bell Labs Technical Journal: Overview Hofmann M.
Tomsu M.
Bell Labs Technical Journal English 2008 A review of the research papers included in the Bell Labs Technical Journal, addressing various important aspects of modern content networks and investigating the implications of the paradigm shift on technology and business models, is presented. The research papers highlight Internet and mobile Internet as the most effective tool for empowering users in the information age. Wikipedia encyclopedia and user-generated video content and the ability to create new business models allow an effective information dissemination. Continuously expanding bandwidth provides access to content for more than a billion users, while broadband connectivity and data transport quality address the requirements of today's business cases. The research papers also highlight that a service-oriented infrastructure provide infrastructure virtualization and describe the development of content delivery solutions such as IPTV and video-on-demand (VoD). 0 0
How smart is a smart card? Naone E. Technology Review English 2008 Simson L. Garfinkel explores Wikipedia's epistemology and discovers that, far from being the free-for-all, the world's most popular reference is decidedly rigid. In its effort to ensure accuracy, Wikipedia relies entirely on verifiability, requiring that all factual claims include a citation to another published source. There are, of course, times when the consensus view and the truth align perfectly. The problem is how to determine when this is the case. This diversity of thought and action is what Wikipedia has tried to establish in building its vast and ever-expanding knowledge base. By letting anyone contribute, regardless of his or her credentials, it runs the risk that absurdities, inconsistencies, and misinformation will flourish. H. B. Phillips, the former head of MIT mathematics department, reveals that when there is considerable difference of opinion, there is no evidence that the intellectuals supply any better answers than ordinary people. 0 0
Library 2.0: A review of the literature Boxen J.L. Active Worlds
Library 2.0
Literature review
Second Life
Social networking
Web 2.0
Web log
Reference Librarian English 2008 In recent years the professional literature has seen an increase in articles written about Library 2.0 implementation in academic reference departments. These articles have focused on the integration and introduction of services such as blogs, wikis, social networking Websites, RSS, and podcasting. This article reviews the content of this literature to see which articles demonstrate a qualitative or quantitative benefit to the libraries where they are used. 0 0
Mems air conditioning No author name available Technology Review English 2008 Wikipedia's articles are the first- or second-ranked results for most Internet searches, meaning that the content of these articles really matters. These standards affect students, whose research on many topics starts and ends with Wikipedia. Many people, especially academic experts, have argued that Wikipedia's articles can't be trusted, because they are written and edited by volunteers who have never been vetted. Studies have found that the articles are remarkably accurate, as Wikipedia's community of more than seven million registered users has organically evolved a set of policies and procedures for removing untruths. Wikipedia has evolved a radically different set of epistemological standards that aren't especially surprising given that the site is rooted in a Web-based community. Wikipedia's standard for truth makes good technical and legal sense, given that anyone can edit its articles. Wikipedia is the most widely read online reference on the planet, it's the standard of truth that most people are implicitly using when they type a search term into Google or Yahoo. 0 0
Public chemical compound databases Williams A.J. Blogs
Chemical structure databases
Data mining
Internet chemistry
Open data
Public databases
Current Opinion in Drug Discovery and Development English 2008 The internet has rapidly become the first port of call for all information searches. The increasing array of chemistry-related resources that are now available provides chemists with a direct path to the information that was previously accessed via library services and was limited by commercial and costly resources. The diversity of the information that can be accessed online is expanding at a dramatic rate, and the support for publicly available resources offers significant opportunities in terms of the benefits to science and society. While the data online do not generally meet the quality standards of manually curated sources, there are efforts underway to gather scientists together and 'crowdsource' an improvement in the quality of the available data. This review discusses the types of public compound databases that are available online and provides a series of examples. Focus is also given to the benefits and disruptions associated with the increased availability of such data and the integration of technologies to data mine this information. 0 0
A tale of information ethics and encyclopædias; Or, is Wikipedia just another internet scam? Gorman G.E. Accuracy
Online Information Review English 2007 Purpose - This paper seeks to look at the question of accuracy of content regarding Wikipedia and other internet encyclopædias. Design/methodology/ approach - By looking at other sources, the paper considers whether the information contained within Wikipedia can be relied on to be accurate. Findings - Wikipedia poses as an encyclopædia when by no stretch of the definition can it be termed such; therefore, it should be subject to regulation. Originality/value - The paper highlights the issue that, without regulation, content cannot be relied on to be accurate. 0 2
Chapter 7 Achieving a Holistic Web in the Chemistry Curriculum Rzepa H.S. Chemistry curriculum
Semantic web
World-wide web
Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry English 2007 [No abstract available] 0 0
Legal pathways for cross-border research: Building a legal platform for biomedical academia Bovenberg J.A. European Journal of Human Genetics English 2007 A proposal for the development of a dynamic, online, grass roots WIKI + legal platform for sharing, discussing, validating and issuing authoritative and reliable legal forms and standards to aid the (European) biomedical research community in navigating the legal pathways that govern cross-border, multi-jurisdictional (EU) research (legal platform). 0 0
Medical Librarian 2.0 Connor E. Ajax
Librarian 2.0
Library 2.0
Meme digger
Meme tracker
Peer production
Semantic web
Social networking
Web 2.0
Medical Reference Services Quarterly English 2007 Web 2.0 refers to an emerging social environment that uses various tools to create, aggregate, and share dynamic content in ways that are more creative and interactive than transactions previously conducted on the Internet. The extension of this social environment to libraries, sometimes called Library 2.0, has profound implications for how librarians will work, collaborate, and deliver content. Medical librarians can connect with present and future generations of users by learning more about the social dynamics of Web 2.0's vast ecosystem, and incorporating some of its interactive tools and technologies (tagging, peer production, and syndication) into routine library practice. © 2007 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved. 0 0
The potential of blogs and wikis in healthcare education Sandars J. Blogs
Education for Primary Care English 2007 [No abstract available] 0 0
Who are the oracles - Is Web 2.0 the fulfilment of our dreams?: Host lecture at the EUSIDIC Annual Conference 11-13 March 2007 at Roskilde University Pedersen C.V. Information Services and Use English 2007 Powerful web-services will enable integration with Amazon, Library Thing, Google etcetera and it will make it feasible to construct new applications in very few days rather than the usual months or even years. The fundamental objective for modern university libraries is to create interfaces with the global knowledge system, tailor-made to the individual profile and needs of each university, department, researcher, and student. University libraries must support and use collaborative working and learning spaces and must be able to filter information and make it context relevant and reliant. Wikipedia is a good example of collaborative work between non-professionals, non-specialists, nonscientific volunteers with a fine result. Filtering information and making it context relevant and reliant are of very high importance, not only to the students and their education processes but also in connection with science and the scientific processes at the university. 0 0
A failure to communicate Piper P.
Ramos M.
Searcher:Magazine for Database Professionals English 2006 The communication breakdown and the poor response between federal, regional, and local relief agencies during the Hurricane Katrina, Florida on August 25, 2005, is discussed. The disaster caused numerous deaths, injuries, refugees and property loss at Louisiana, Missippi, and New Orleans. Cell phones, towers, and radio antennas failed to communicate due to their dependence on aboveground structures. Websites provided by service providers such as Internet Archive, Wikipedia, WEB Triad are useful search tools for Hurricane Katrina information. These provide links to many relief agencies across the country, employment sections, missing persons, housing, and generate relief outside the disaster area. Bloggers organize and discuss emergency preparedness and groundwork in advance. It is recommended that a robust communication system be developed for the emergencies to avoid the negative impact of the natural disasters. 0 0
Digging up the virtual past: The archaeology of ancient Greece and Rome on the Web Mattison D. Searcher:Magazine for Database Professionals English 2006 The author has carried out an archeological research of ancient Greece and Rome through Web sites in order to know the evolution of the societies. The Wikipedia entry on Archaeology and its Archaeology Portal provides an overview of the Graeco-Roman roots of western civilization and offers many important links. The Foundation of the Hellenic World also offers important resources on Greek history from prehistoric to modern times through Hellenic History on the Internet. The Wikipedia series of entries on the Roman Kingdom and Roman Empire is a good starting point for an exploration of their history as exposed through archeology and thousands of surviving monuments and structures. 0 0
From PIM to GIM: Personal information management in group contexts Thomas Erickson Communications of the ACM English 2006 The sharing of personal information with networked groups and institutions through a new field of enquiry, group information management, is discussed. Personal information management (PIM) plays both instrumental and symbolic roles, enhancing the impressions by user performance. PIM is a private activity where users often create personal information with sharing in mind. When personal information is shared, it produces tensions between the ends for which it is shared and the not-necessarily desirable symbolic inferences it may support. Group information management (GIM) is used to refer to PIM as it functions in more public spheres. GIM helps in sharing personal information with a group, emphasizing the norms that underlie that sharing and the ways participants negotiate these norms in response to the tensions. GIM includes email, Webpages, wikis and online calendaring. GIM can provide a forum for consolidating social, legal and business issues emerging in a number of domains. 0 0
Researching Wikipedia ‐ Current approaches and new directions Phoebe Ayers Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology English 2006 Wikipedia (, an international, multi-lingual and collaboratively produced free online encyclopedia, has experienced massive growth since its inception in 2001. The site has become the world’s single largest encyclopedia as well as one of the world's most diverse online communities. Because of these factors, the site provides a unique view into the processes of collaborative work and the factors that go into producing encyclopedic content. To date, there has been no unified review of the current research that is taking place on and about Wikipedia, and indeed there have been few formal studies of the site, despite its growing importance. This project is a review of social science and information science studies of the site, focusing on research methods and categorizing the areas of the site that have been studied so far. Studies of Wikipedia have focused primarily on the social dynamics of contributors (such as how disputes are resolved and why contributors participate), and the content of Wikipedia (such as whether it is an accurate source), but due to the unique collaborative processes on Wikipedia these two areas are deeply intertwined. 17 1
They want control of your media Shipside S. Newspaper Techniques English 2006 Newspapers websites all over the world demonstrated the difficulty to follow the growing trend of citizen journalism in the form of audience participation techniques such as wikis and blogs and Really Simple Syndication (RSS). Publishing media is moving to a world, where people want to challenge and engage with traditional media like never before. The cost of implementing the likes of RSS is relatively low, and proving a cost effective and targeted syndication tool. The new wave of participatory journalism is a powerful addition to the content mix on online publications, but this hype should not affect the traditional journalism. 0 0
What would you do if you received a "cease and desist" letter? Starr J. Searcher:Magazine for Database Professionals English 2006 The 'Cease and Desist' letters in Wikipedia, which gives chilling effects to users of Web sites is discussed. Students at the project's team of law school clinics then annotate the letters with meaningful links to legal information that can help readers understand the legitimacy of the author's claims. The chilling effects team reported a disturbing number of legal flaws in so-called DMCA notices, which result in online materials being pulled from the Internet. The chilling effects of cease and desist letters is helping people to understanding their rights. 0 0
Wikipedia and Britannica Berinstein P. Searcher:Magazine for Database Professionals English 2006 The Wikipedia, which is a dynamic web-based encyclopedia continues to gain popularity and size. The community pages of Wikipedia assert that its goal is to create a free, democratic, reliable encyclopedia. The community pages also explain that what constitutes notability is always under debate. The Wikipedia is open to everyone, not only to read, but also to create and maintain and governed primarily by community consensus. 0 0
Wit and wisdom: Where do we turn for advice? Marcus A. Interactions English 2006 The different resources in the form of handbook documents provided for the professionals to learn philosophy, principles, methods, and techniques are discussed. The Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) Handbook by Jacko and Sears, and edited by Gary Perlman an invaluable resource whose massive contacts is more than one lifetime's reading. The Internet Wikipedia, among other URL resources, supports a number of topics that are both public versions of the traditional publishing system's more closed-editorial format and explorations of topics that have not yet been made. There are several blogs that provide existing view of the latest topics, disputed territory in the battle for ideological supremacy, and URLs from SIGCHI, UPA, and STC feature knowledge compendia. More oriented to software developers than CHI professionals, is the set of Internet resources regarding Ajax, the school of thought and action concerned with asynchronous JavaScript with XML. 0 0
Intranets, wikis, blikis, and collaborative working Fichter D. Online (Wilton, Connecticut) English 2005 Wiki is a new technology that allows anyone to collaboratively write and edit online documents. Writing into Wiki needs no technical expertise, making it possible for anyone to edit a page. The open editing capability of Wiki also raises concerns regarding the security of the technology as lot of organizations scared to use Wiki. But, still, Wikis cannot be neglected as they can be used for collaborative discovery and sharing content, with flexibility of the Wiki for adding information being the main attraction. 0 0
Measuring Wikipedia Jakob Voss Wikipedia
International Conference of the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics English 2005 Wikipedia, an international project that uses Wiki software to collaboratively create an encyclopaedia, is becoming more and more popular. Everyone can directly edit articles and every edit is recorded. The version history of all articles is freely available and allows a multitude of examinations. This paper gives an overview on Wikipedia research. Wikipedia's fundamental components, i.e. articles, authors, edits, and links, as well as content and quality are analysed. Possibilities of research are explored including examples and first results. Several characteristics that are found in Wikipedia, such as exponential growth and scale-free networks are already known in other context. However the Wiki architecture also possesses some intrinsic specialties. General trends are measured that are typical for all Wikipedias but vary between languages in detail. 12 16
Saying "I do" to podcasting another "next big thing" for librarians? Gordan-Murane L. Searcher:Magazine for Database Professionals English 2005 The technological advancement of podcasting phenomena, which can be received by using an MP3 player, is discussed. Podcasting can range from home-grown audio dairies between family, friends, and colleagues to professionally produced radio shows. Online Programming for All Librariea (OPAL), a collaborative effort by libraries to provide cooperative Web-based programming and training for library users and library staff members, has made its audio content available as a podcast. The interesting work with tagging, folksonomies, metadata, and classification should be applied to podcasting as well. 0 0
The end of print: Digitization and its consequence - Revolutionary changes in scholarly and social communication and in scientific research Davidson L.A. Benefits
Intellectual Property
On-Demand Printing
Open Access
Open Computing
Open source
Social Computing
International Journal of Toxicology English 2005 The transformation from print to digital media for scientific communication, driven in part by the growth of the Internet and the tremendous explosion in the amount of information now available to everybody, is creating fundamental changes in institutions such as publishers, libraries, and universities that primarily exist for the creation, management, and distribution of information and knowledge. Scientific, technological, and medical journals are the first publications to be completely transformed from print to digital format but monographs are beginning to appear in digital format as well and soon all communication and publishing of scientific information will be entirely electronic. In fact, this change is affecting all components of the scientific enterprise, from personal correspondence and laboratory methods to peer reviewing and the quality assessment of scientific research. Along with these radical and rapid changes in information presentation and distribution are coincident changes in the expectations of both the public and other scientists, with both groups demanding ever more rapid, open, and global access to scientific information than has been available in the past. The consequence of this revolution in the mechanics of communications technology is threatening the very existence of a number of highly regarded institutions such as intellectual property, commercial publishers, scientific societies, and academic libraries and might soon begin to threaten even the traditional university. Copyright 0 0
The many forms of E-collaboration: Blogs, wikis, portals, groupware, discussion boards, and instant messaging Fichter D. Online (Wilton, Connecticut) English 2005 The issues related to functioning of online collaboration tools in web based communication are discussed. The online collaboration tools helps to collectively author, edit, and review materials in a group work space. It also supports easy management of projects and exchange of other workflow. Communication, sharing, and management are the three requirements that are necessary to be considered before choosing right collaboration tool. The issues related to functioning of Instant Messaging (IM) tool, groupwares, and portals, and their suitability to synchronous collaboration process are also discussed. 0 0