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Title Author(s) Published in Language DateThis property is a special property in this wiki. Abstract R C
Wikipédia et bibliothèques : agir en commun Sylvain Machefert Communs du savoir et bibliothèques French 2017 Synthèse des actions possibles pour les bibliothèques autour des projets Wikimedia. 0 0
Towards linking libraries and Wikipedia: Aautomatic subject indexing of library records with Wikipedia concepts Joorabchi A.
Mahdi A.E.
Journal of Information Science English 2014 In this article, we first argue the importance and timely need of linking libraries and Wikipedia for improving the quality of their services to information consumers, as such linkage will enrich the quality of Wikipedia articles and at the same time increase the visibility of library resources which are currently overlooked to a large degree. We then describe the development of an automatic system for subject indexing of library metadata records with Wikipedia concepts as an important step towards library-Wikipedia integration. The proposed system is based on first identifying all Wikipedia concepts occurring in the metadata elements of library records. This is then followed by training and deploying generic machine learning algorithms to automatically select those concepts which most accurately reflect the core subjects of the library materials whose records are being indexed. We have assessed the performance of the developed system using standard information retrieval measures of precision, recall and F-score on a dataset consisting of 100 library metadata records manually indexed with a total of 469 Wikipedia concepts. The evaluation results show that the developed system is capable of achieving an averaged F-score as high as 0.92. 0 0
Classification of scientific publications according to library controlled vocabularies: A new concept matching-based approach Joorabchi A.
Mahdi A.E.
Library Hi Tech English 2013 Purpose: This paper aims to report on the design and development of a new approach for automatic classification and subject indexing of research documents in scientific digital libraries and repositories (DLR) according to library controlled vocabularies such as DDC and FAST. Design/methodology/approach: The proposed concept matching-based approach (CMA) detects key Wikipedia concepts occurring in a document and searches the OPACs of conventional libraries via querying the WorldCat database to retrieve a set of MARC records which share one or more of the detected key concepts. Then the semantic similarity of each retrieved MARC record to the document is measured and, using an inference algorithm, the DDC classes and FAST subjects of those MARC records which have the highest similarity to the document are assigned to it. Findings: The performance of the proposed method in terms of the accuracy of the DDC classes and FAST subjects automatically assigned to a set of research documents is evaluated using standard information retrieval measures of precision, recall, and F1. The authors demonstrate the superiority of the proposed approach in terms of accuracy performance in comparison to a similar system currently deployed in a large scale scientific search engine. Originality/value: The proposed approach enables the development of a new type of subject classification system for DLR, and addresses some of the problems similar systems suffer from, such as the problem of imbalanced training data encountered by machine learning-based systems, and the problem of word-sense ambiguity encountered by string matching-based systems. 0 0
Wikipédia et les bibliothèques : dix ans après Rémi Mathis Bibliothèques 2.0 : à l'heure des médias sociaux French June 2012 Etat des lieux sur les rapports entre les bibliothèques et Wikipédia en 2012. 1 0
Analysis on construction of information commons of Wiki-based Olympic Library Ma Q. Proceedings - 2012 International Conference on Computer Science and Information Processing, CSIP 2012 English 2012 As one of the WEB2.0 technologies, wiki technology emerged in the early 21st century after Beijing Olympics. This study explores how to put such technology into application by effectively using the Olympic legacy of Beijing Olympic Games - Olympic Library. It uses literature methods, and combines with practical work experiences. Firstly, it introduces the overview of the Library of Capital Institute of Physical Education in the Olympic Library Project, and the development of Olympic Library in post-Olympic period; then, it collates the basic concepts of information commons (IC) within the industry, including the concept of IC, composing elements and the IC construction profiles in national libraries; finally, based on the existing conditions and the Olympic libraries advantages and combined with the rapid development of the digital environment, it discusses the application of wiki technology, the principles and ideas to achieve the innovative development of Olympic Library through the construction of information commons. 0 0
Need to categorize: A comparative look at the categories of Universal Decimal Classification system and Wikipedia Salah A.A.
Cheng Gao
Krzystztof Suchecki
Andrea Scharnhorst
Leonardo English 2012 This study analyzes the differences between the category structure of the Universal Decimal Classification (UDC) system (which is one of the widely used library classification systems in Europe) and Wikipedia. In particular, the authors compare the emerging structure of category-links to the structure of classes in the UDC. The authors scrutinize the question of how knowledge maps of the same domain differ when they are created socially (i.e. Wikipedia) as opposed to when they are created formally (UDC) using classification theory. As a case study, we focus on the category of "Arts". 0 0
The World Library of Toxicology, Chemical Safety, and Environmental Health (WLT) Wexler P.
Gilbert S.G.
Thorp N.
Faustman E.
Breskin D.D.
Human and Experimental Toxicology English 2012 The World Library of Toxicology, Chemical Safety, and Environmental Health, commonly referred to as the World Library of Toxicology (WLT), is a multilingual online portal of links to key global resources, representing a host of individual countries and multilateral organizations. The Site is designed as a network of, and gateway to, toxicological information and activities from around the world. It is built on a Wiki platform by a roster of Country Correspondents, with the aim of efficiently exchanging information and stimulating collaboration among colleagues, and building capacity, with the ultimate objective of serving as a tool to help improve global public health. The WLT was publicly launched on September 7, 2009, at the Seventh Congress of Toxicology in Developing Countries (CTDC-VII) in Sun City, South Africa. 0 0
Wikipedia for academic publishing: Advantages and challenges Xiao L.
Askin N.
Online Information Review English 2012 Purpose-The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential of Wikipedia as a venue for academic publishing. Design/methodology/approach-By looking at other sources and studying Wikipedia structures, the paper compares the processes of publishing a peer-reviewed article in Wikipedia and the open access journal model, discusses the advantages and challenges of adopting Wikipedia in academic publishing, and provides suggestions on how to address the challenges. Findings-Compared to an open access journal model, Wikipedia has several advantages for academic publishing: It is less expensive, quicker, more widely read, and offers a wider variety of articles. There are also several major challenges in adopting Wikipedia in the academic community: The web site structure is not well suited to academic publications; the site is not integrated with common academic search engines such as Google Scholar or with university libraries; and there are concerns among some members of the academic community about the site's credibility and impact in academia. Originality/value-This paper promotes a fundamental idea for adjusting methods of creating and disseminating academic knowledge. It is a valuable resource for those interested in academic innovation, for research librarians, and for the academic community in general. This topic has not been sufficiently addressed in the literature. 0 0
Beyond the bag-of-words paradigm to enhance information retrieval applications Paolo Ferragina Proceedings - 4th International Conference on SImilarity Search and APplications, SISAP 2011 English 2011 The typical IR-approach to indexing, clustering, classification and retrieval, just to name a few, is the one based on the bag-of-words paradigm. It eventually transforms a text into an array of terms, possibly weighted (with tf-idf scores or derivatives), and then represents that array via points in highly-dimensional space. It is therefore syntactical and unstructured, in the sense that different terms lead to different dimensions. Co-occurrence detection and other processing steps have been thus proposed (see e.g. LSI, Spectral analysis [7]) to identify the existence of those relations, but yet everyone is aware of the limitations of this approach especially in the expanding context of short (and thus poorly composed) texts, such as the snippets of search-engine results, the tweets of a Twitter channel, the items of a news feed, the posts of a blog, or the advertisement messages, etc.. A good deal of recent work is attempting to go beyond this paradigm by enriching the input text with additional structured annotations. This general idea has been declined in the literature in two distinct ways. One consists of extending the classic term-based vector-space model with additional dimensions corresponding to features (concepts) extracted from an external knowledge base, such as DMOZ, Wikipedia, or even the whole Web (see e.g. [4, 5, 12]). The pro of this approach is to extend the bag-of-words scheme with more concepts, thus possibly allowing the identification of related texts which are syntactically far apart. The cons resides in the contamination of these vectors by un-related (but common) concepts retrieved via the syntactic queries. The second way consists of identifying in the input text short-and-meaningful sequences of terms (aka spots) which are then connected to unambiguous concepts drawn from a catalog. The catalog can be formed by either a small set of specifically recognized types, most often People and Locations (aka Named Entities, see e.g. [13, 14]), or it can consists of millions of concepts drawn from a large knowledge base, such as Wikipedia. This latter catalog is ever-expanding and currently offers the best trade-off between a catalog with a rigorous structure but with low coverage (like WordNet, CYC, TAP), and a large text collection with wide coverage but unstructured and noised content (like the whole Web). To understand how this annotation works, let us consider the following short news: "Diego Maradona won against Mexico". The goal of the annotation is to detect "Diego Maradona" and"Mexico" as spots, and then hyper-link them with theWikipedia pages which deal with the ex Argentina's coach and the football team of Mexico. The annotator uses as spots the anchor texts which occur in Wikipedia pages, and as possible concepts for each spot the (possibly many) pages pointed in Wikipedia by that spot/anchor 0 0
Conceptual indexing of documents using Wikipedia Carlo Abi Chahine
Nathalie Chaignaud
Kotowicz J.-P.
Pecuchet J.-P.
Proceedings - 2011 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Web Intelligence, WI 2011 English 2011 This paper presents an indexing support system that suggests for librarians a set of topics and keywords relevant to a pedagogical document. Our method of document indexing uses the Wikipedia category network as a conceptual taxonomy. A directed acyclic graph is built for each document by mapping terms (one or more words) to a concept in the Wikipedia category network. Properties of the graph are used to weight these concepts. This allows the system to extract socalled important concepts from the graph and to disambiguate terms of the document. According to these concepts, topics and keywords are proposed. This method has been evaluated by the librarians on a corpus of french pedagogical documents. 0 0
Information-seeking behaviors of first-semester veterinary students: A preliminary report Weiner S.A.
Stephens G.
Nour A.Y.M.
Journal of Veterinary Medical Education English 2011 Although emphasis in veterinary education is increasingly being placed on the ability to find, use, and communicate information, studies on the information behaviors of veterinary students or professionals are few. Improved knowledge in this area will provide valuable information for course and curriculum planning and the design of information resources. This article describes a survey of the information-seeking behaviors of first-semester veterinary students at Purdue University. A survey was administered as the first phase of a progressive semester-long assignment for a first semester DVM course in systemic mammalian physiology. The survey probed for understanding of the scientific literature and its use for course assignments and continuing learning. The survey results showed that students beginning the program tended to use Google for coursework, although some also used the resources found through the Purdue libraries' Web sites. On entering veterinary school, they became aware of specific information resources in veterinary medicine. They used a small number of accepted criteria to evaluate the Web site quality. This study confirms the findings of studies of information-seeking behaviors of undergraduate students. Further studies are needed to examine whether those behaviors change as students learn about specialized veterinary resources that are designed to address clinical needs as they progress through their training. 0 0
Web 2.0 support for residents and fellows patient care and educational needs Dodson S.
Gleason A.W.
Medical Reference Services Quarterly English 2011 This article discusses librarian support of medical education programs and patient care with blogs and wikis. Pedagogical background for using Web 2.0 tools in educational settings is explored and example applications given. A survey of health sciences libraries usage of blogs and wikis was conducted in 2009-2010. Using the results from the survey plus five years of experience using blogs and wikis at the University of Washington Health Sciences Library, best practices were compiled and are presented for guidance in establishing new blogs and wikis. 0 0
Collaborating and delivering literature search results to clinical teams using Web 2.0 tools Damani S.
Fulton S.
Medical Reference Services Quarterly English 2010 This article describes the experiences of librarians at the Research Medical Library embedded within clinical teams at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and their efforts to enhance communication within their teams using Web 2.0 tools. Pros and cons of EndNote Web, Delicious, Connotea, PBWorks, and SharePoint are discussed. 0 0
Evaluating cross-language explicit semantic analysis and cross querying Maik Anderka
Nedim Lipka
Benno Stein
Lecture Notes in Computer Science English 2010 This paper describes our participation in the TEL@CLEF task of the CLEF 2009 ad-hoc track. The task is to retrieve items from various multilingual collections of library catalog records, which are relevant to a user's query. Two different strategies are employed: (i) the Cross-Language Explicit Semantic Analysis, CL-ESA, where the library catalog records and the queries are represented in a multilingual concept space that is spanned by aligned Wikipedia articles, and, (ii) a Cross Querying approach, where a query is translated into all target languages using Google Translate and where the obtained rankings are combined. The evaluation shows that both strategies outperform the monolingual baseline and achieve comparable results. Furthermore, inspired by the Generalized Vector Space Model we present a formal definition and an alternative interpretation of the CL-ESA model. This interpretation is interesting for real-world retrieval applications since it reveals how the computational effort for CL-ESA can be shifted from the query phase to a preprocessing phase. 0 0
For better or worse: Using wikis and blogs for staff communication in an academic library Costello K.
Del Bosque D.
Journal of Web Librarianship English 2010 This case study from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, University Libraries, which has one main library, three branches, and more than 110 staff, illustrates one approach to using new technologies as additional methods for internal communication. At large academic libraries, communication within the organization can be challenging. The potential that Web 2.0 tools have to increase opportunities for communication and collaboration is one reason internal staff wiki and blogs were implemented at the University Libraries. The staff wiki is predominantly used to archive committee meeting minutes, policies and procedures, and departmental information, while blogs are used mainly for news items and departmental updates. The University of Nevada, Las Vegas, library staff were surveyed to assess the changes in communication after the implementation of blogs and an internal wiki. The authors theorized that Web 2.0 technologies would reduce barriers and improve communication. Results indicated an overall improvement in internal staff communication after the implementation of the staff wiki; however, no change was noted with blogs. Findings also showed several challenges for the future, including the need for additional training with the tools and a desire for more regular postings to the blogs. A major test for the future is ensuring that these new Web 2.0 technologies become more integrated into staff workflows so the technologies will be more readily adopted by library staff as additional communication channels. 0 0
Promoting and tracking the use of hospital library web services by outside entities Leman H. Medical Reference Services Quarterly English 2010 This column describes a process that can be used to market a hospital library Web service for use by external entities and monitor its use by the worldwide audience (e.g., medical, academic and public libraries, offices of research administration). Included are concrete suggestions to help hospital librarians in their efforts to encourage adoption of their Web service by other institutions. 0 0
The implications of information democracy and digital socialism for public libraries Oguz E.S.
Kajberg L.
Communications in Computer and Information Science English 2010 In these times, public libraries in many countries have increasingly come under pressure from developments within the information landscape. Thus, not least because of the massive digitization of information resources, the proliferation and popularity of search engines, in particular Google, and the booming technologies of Web 2.0, public libraries find themselves in a very complex situation. In fact, the easy-to-use technologies of Web 2.0 challenge the basic principles of information services provision undertaken by libraries. The new digital information environment and social software tools such as blogs, wikis and social networking sites have fuelled a discussion of the future of public libraries as information providers. After all there seems to be a need for public libraries to reorient their aims and objectives and to redefine their service identity. At the same time search engines, and especially Google, are increasingly coming under scrutiny. Thus, analysis results referred to show that the conception of information and the underlying purpose of Google differ from those of public libraries. Further, an increasing amount of criticism is being directed at collaborative spaces (typically Wikipedia) and social networks (e.g. MySpace) and it is pointed out that these social media are not that innocent and unproblematic. In discussing the survival of public libraries and devising an updated role for libraries in the age of Google and social media, attention should be given to fleshing out a new vision for the public library as a provider of alternative information and as an institution supporting information democracy. 0 0
Who moved my intranet? The human side of introducing collaborative technologies to library staff Jeffery K.
Dworak E.
Journal of Web Librarianship English 2010 Intranets can be crucial tools in fostering communication within an academic library. This article describes the successful implementation of an intranet wiki at the San Diego State University Library & Information Access. The steps involved with implementing, marketing, and supporting the MediaWiki software are described, and the results of a user survey are discussed. The survey, which was answered by 50 percent of intranet users, indicated that while the intranet was well used by all respondents, librarians were more active and more comfortable using the editing features of the wiki software. Recommendations for similar projects are offered based on the findings and experiences. 0 0
Les sciences de l'information et des bibliothèques au prisme de Wikipédia Rémi Mathis
Olivier Morand
Bulletin des bibliothèques de France French 2009 Cet article s'intéresse à la représentation de la sphère bibliothéconomique sur Wikipédia. Après un rappel des tentatives d'organisation du travail sur les thématiques bibliothéconomiques, il dresse un état des lieux fondé sur les articles liés au portail « Sciences de l'information et des bibliothèques ». Il montre que le déficit d'image des sciences de l'information sur Wikipédia est en grande partie lié aux relations ambiguës entre la communauté wikipédienne et le monde des bibliothèques et plaide pour une meilleure appropriation de cette encyclopédie en ligne par les bibliothécaires. 2 0
Article recommendation based on a topic model for Wikipedia Selection for Schools Choochart Haruechaiyasak
Chaianun Damrongrat
Lecture Notes in Computer Science English 2008 The 2007 Wikipedia Selection for Schools is a collection of 4,625 selected articles from Wikipedia as educational for children. Users can currently access articles within the collection via two different methods: (1) by browsing on either a subject index or a title index sorted alphabetically, and (2) by following hyperlinks embedded within article pages. These two retrieval methods are considered static and subjected to human editors. In this paper, we apply the Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) algorithm to generate a topic model from articles in the collection. Each article can be expressed by a probability distribution on the topic model. We can recommend related articles by calculating the similarity measures among the articles' topic distribution profiles. Our initial experimental results showed that the proposed approach could generate many highly relevant articles, some of which are not covered by the hyperlinks in a given article. 0 0
Disconnected in a connected world Karpinski J.L. Medical Reference Services Quarterly English 2008 This article outlines five Web 2.0 resources and looks at the use of these tools among medical and nursing professionals and students at the Hospital, Medical School, and Nursing School of the University of Pennsylvania. Questionnaires showed that a majority of the individuals surveyed were unfamiliar with Web 2.0 resources. Additional respondents recognized the tools but did not use them in a medical or nursing context, with a minimal number using any tools to expand their medical or nursing knowledge. A lack of time to set up and use the resources, difficulty of set-up and use, skepticism about the quality of user-generated medical content, and a lack of perceived need for Web 2.0 resources contributed substantially to non-use. The University of Pennsylvania Biomedical Library is responding by increasing the availability of basic, quick, and easy-to-use instructional materials for selected Web 2.0 resources. 0 0
Gazetiki: Automatic creation of a geographical gazetteer Adrian Popescu
Gregory Grefenstette
Moellic P.-A.
Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Digital Libraries English 2008 Geolocalized databases are becoming necessary in a wide variety of application domains. Thus far, the creation of such databases has been a costly, manual process. This drawback has stimulated interest in automating their construction, for example, by mining geographical information from the Web. Here we present and evaluate a new automated technique for creating and enriching a geographical gazetteer, called Gazetiki. Our technique merges disparate information from Wikipedia, Panoramio, and web search, engines in order to identify geographical names, categorize these names, find their geographical coordinates and rank them. The information produced in Gazetiki enhances and complements the Geonames database, using a similar domain model. We show that our method provides a richer structure and an improved coverage compared to another known attempt at automatically building a geographic database and, where possible, we compare our Gazetiki to Geonames. Copyright 2008 ACM. 0 0
Information literacy: Moving beyond Wikipedia Welker A.L.
Quintiliano B.
Geotechnical Special Publication English 2008 In the past, finding information was the challenge. Today, the challenge our students face is to sift through and evaluate the incredible amount of information available. This ability to find and evaluate information is sometimes referred to as information literacy. Information literacy relates to a student's ability to communicate, but, more importantly, information literate persons are well-poised to learn throughout life because they have learned how to learn. A series of modules to address information literacy were created in a collaborative effort between faculty in the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department at Villanova and the librarians at Falvey Memorial Library. These modules were integrated throughout the curriculum, from sophomore to senior year. Assessment is based on modified ACRL (Association of College and Research Libraries) outcomes. This paper will document the lessons learned in the implementation of this program and provide concrete examples of how to incorporate information literacy into geotechnical engineering classes. Copyright ASCE 2008. 0 0
On visualizing heterogeneous semantic networks from multiple data sources Maureen
Aixin Sun
Lim E.-P.
Anwitaman Datta
Kuiyu Chang
Lecture Notes in Computer Science English 2008 In this paper, we focus on the visualization of heterogeneous semantic networks obtained from multiple data sources. A semantic network comprising a set of entities and relationships is often used for representing knowledge derived from textual data or database records. Although the semantic networks created for the same domain at different data sources may cover a similar set of entities, these networks could also be very different because of naming conventions, coverage, view points, and other reasons. Since digital libraries often contain data from multiple sources, we propose a visualization tool to integrate and analyze the differences among multiple social networks. Through a case study on two terrorism-related semantic networks derived from Wikipedia and Terrorism Knowledge Base (TKB) respectively, the effectiveness of our proposed visualization tool is demonstrated. 0 0
Putting 'Knowledge Management 2.0' Into Practice - The Process of Setting up a Wiki as a Knowledge Management Tool in a Public Library Selhorst K. Proceedings of the European Conference on Knowledge Management, ECKM English 2008 This paper describes the process of setting up a wiki for knowledge management purposes and at the same time proposes an overall approach for organisations that want to facilitate knowledge sharing through a social software tool like a wiki. The public library of Vlissingen (Holland) has always been concerned with creating and sharing knowledge in order to improve organisational effectiveness, both for itself as for its customers. A knowledge management audit - organised last year - was the first step in developing a knowledge management strategy. This audit revealed that the intranet as a knowledge management system was hardly used by library workers, because it lacked interactivity, the contents were often out of date et cetera. After an evaluation of alternative knowledge management systems, it was decided to replace the intranet with an internal wiki. The term 'wiki' refers to both wiki sites and the software used to maintain them. Wikis can be and are used in multiple ways as conversational knowledge management systems and/or as knowledge repositories to support the goals of organisations, including libraries. Moreover, wikis offer numerous advantages: they can be easily edited so that knowledge can be captured and authored collectively, new pages can be created with ease, the content can be updated in real time, little user training is required, et cetera. The process of setting up the wiki in our library took several months and was divided into six phases. During the first phase the workplace culture and environment were evaluated. Potential requirements and uses for the wiki were identified. Designing the wiki involved issues like technical implementation, visual design and establishing the initial content. In the test-phase, a representative group of users - so-called early adopters - were selected to run a pilot. Finally, the wiki was launched and brief training sessions were held to inform users about the wiki and to motivate them to capture and share knowledge through the wiki. In the near future, the wiki will be evaluated by means of a set of predefined critical success factors. 0 0
Putting wikis to work in libraries Lombardo N.T.
Mower A.
McFarland M.M.
Medical Reference Services Quarterly English 2008 Wikis are part of the suite of Web 2.0 technologies enhancing collaboration and communication. This article describes the ways in which one academic health sciences library has utilized wiki software. The Eccles Health Sciences Library has found wikis to be valuable collaboration tools. Case scenarios and software selection recommendations will be outlined. Examples of collaborations using wikis include grant writing, strategic planning, departmental documentation, and committee work. Comparisons are made between externally hosted and locally hosted wiki software. 0 0
Towards automatic content tagging - Enhanced web services in digital libraries using lexical chaining Ulli Waltinger
Alexander Mehler
Heyer G.
WEBIST 2008 - 4th International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies, Proceedings English 2008 This paper proposes a web-based application which combines social tagging, enhanced visual representation of a document and the alignment to an open-ended social ontology. More precisely we introduce on the one hand an approach for automatic extraction of document related keywords for indexing and representing document content as an alternative to social tagging. On the other hand a proposal for automatic classification within a social ontology based on the German Wikipedia category taxonomy is proposed. This paper has two main goals: to describe the method of automatic tagging of digital documents and to provide an overview of the algorithmic patterns of lexical chaining that can be applied for topic tracking and -labelling of digital documents. 0 0
A framework for knowledge management in a public library - based on a case study on knowledge management in a Dutch public library Selhorst K. Proceedings of the European Conference on Knowledge Management, ECKM English 2007 The public library of Vlissingen (Holland) is very ambitious in providing the best possible service to its users. In order to successfully realise this goal, the library wants to make maximum use of the knowledge that resides in the heads of library workers (human capital). In the past year, however, the library had been experiencing several problems related to the exchange of knowledge between library staff members and between library workers and library clients. The solution was found in the field of knowledge management, still a fairly new discipline in the public library sector. A knowledge audit was the first step in solving these internal knowledge problems and in establishing a future knowledge management strategy. The main objective of this audit was to identify and describe the current knowledge gaps and knowledge flows within the unique context of a library with both internal and external 'knowledge clients'. The data collected during the research were both qualitative (interviews with key knowledge players in the library) and quantitative (online survey). The audit revealed that the library has an enormously rich 'tacit' knowledge potential that until now has remained unexplored. A series of recommendations for leveraging this 'tacit' knowledge to a more operational level have been proposed and are being implemented at this moment. In order to make internal knowledge more visible and better searchable, an internal library wiki has been set up. To encourage knowledge sharing outside the boundaries of fixed teams, several 'communities of practice' have been made operational. Finally, After Action Review-techniques have been introduced forevaluating projects and for stimulating library workers to learn from 'best' and 'worst' practices. This paper presents the findings of our research in more detail, looks at the recommendations that are being implemented and at the same time proposes an overall approach to knowledge management for public libraries that wish to embark on a knowledge management journey in order to achieve their strategic goals in the best possible manner. 0 0
Who are the oracles - Is Web 2.0 the fulfilment of our dreams?: Host lecture at the EUSIDIC Annual Conference 11-13 March 2007 at Roskilde University Pedersen C.V. Information Services and Use English 2007 Powerful web-services will enable integration with Amazon, Library Thing, Google etcetera and it will make it feasible to construct new applications in very few days rather than the usual months or even years. The fundamental objective for modern university libraries is to create interfaces with the global knowledge system, tailor-made to the individual profile and needs of each university, department, researcher, and student. University libraries must support and use collaborative working and learning spaces and must be able to filter information and make it context relevant and reliant. Wikipedia is a good example of collaborative work between non-professionals, non-specialists, nonscientific volunteers with a fine result. Filtering information and making it context relevant and reliant are of very high importance, not only to the students and their education processes but also in connection with science and the scientific processes at the university. 0 0
The end of print: Digitization and its consequence - Revolutionary changes in scholarly and social communication and in scientific research Davidson L.A. International Journal of Toxicology English 2005 The transformation from print to digital media for scientific communication, driven in part by the growth of the Internet and the tremendous explosion in the amount of information now available to everybody, is creating fundamental changes in institutions such as publishers, libraries, and universities that primarily exist for the creation, management, and distribution of information and knowledge. Scientific, technological, and medical journals are the first publications to be completely transformed from print to digital format but monographs are beginning to appear in digital format as well and soon all communication and publishing of scientific information will be entirely electronic. In fact, this change is affecting all components of the scientific enterprise, from personal correspondence and laboratory methods to peer reviewing and the quality assessment of scientific research. Along with these radical and rapid changes in information presentation and distribution are coincident changes in the expectations of both the public and other scientists, with both groups demanding ever more rapid, open, and global access to scientific information than has been available in the past. The consequence of this revolution in the mechanics of communications technology is threatening the very existence of a number of highly regarded institutions such as intellectual property, commercial publishers, scientific societies, and academic libraries and might soon begin to threaten even the traditional university. Copyright 0 0