Joelle Pineau

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Joelle Pineau is an author.

Publications

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Title Keyword(s) Published in Language DateThis property is a special property in this wiki. Abstract R C
Automatically suggesting topics for augmenting text documents Data mining
Eigenarticles
Principal component analysis
Topic suggestion
Wikipedia
International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, Proceedings English 2010 We present a method for automated topic suggestion. Given a plain-text input document, our algorithm produces a ranking of novel topics that could enrich the input document in a meaningful way. It can thus be used to assist human authors, who often fail to identify important topics relevant to the context of the documents they are writing. Our approach marries two algorithms originally designed for linking documents to Wikipedia articles, proposed by Milne and Witten [15] and West et al. [22], While neither of them can suggest novel topics by itself, their combination does have this capability. The key step towards finding missing topics consists in generalizing from a large background corpus using principal component analysis. In a quantitative evaluation we conclude that our method achieves the precision of human editors when input documents are Wikipedia articles, and we complement this result with a qualitative analysis showing that the approach also works well on other types of input documents. 0 0
AAAI 2008 workshop reports AI Magazine English 2009 AAAI was pleased to present the AAAI-08 Workshop Program, held Sunday and Monday, July 13-14, in Chicago, Illinois, USA. The program included the following 15 workshops: Advancements in POMDP Solvers; AI Education Workshop Colloquium; Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, and Norms in Agent Systems, Enhanced Messaging; Human Implications of Human-Robot Interaction; Intelligent Techniques for Web Personalization and Recommender Systems; Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking; Multidisciplinary Workshop on Advances in Preference Handling; Search in Artificial Intelligence and Robotics; Spatial and Temporal Reasoning; Trading Agent Design and Analysis; Transfer Learning for Complex Tasks; What Went Wrong and Why: Lessons from AI Research and Applications; and Wikipedia and Artificial Intelligence: An Evolving Synergy. Copyright © 2009, Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. All rights reserved. 0 0
Completing Wikipedia's hyperlink structure through dimensionality reduction Data mining
Graph mining
Link mining
Principal component analysis
Wikipedia
International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, Proceedings English 2009 Wikipedia is the largest monolithic repository of human knowledge. In addition to its sheer size, it represents a new encyclopedic paradigm by interconnecting articles through hyperlinks. However, since these links are created by human authors, links one would expect to see are often missing. The goal of this work is to detect such gaps automatically. In this paper, we propose a novel method for augmenting the structure of hyperlinked document collections such as Wikipedia. It does not require the extraction of any manually defined features from the article to be augmented. Instead, it is based on principal component analysis, a well-founded mathematical generalization technique, and predicts new links purely based on the statistical structure of the graph formed by the existing links. Our method does not rely on the textual content of articles; we are exploiting only hyperlinks. A user evaluation of our technique shows that it improves the quality of top link suggestions over the state of the art and that the best predicted links are significantly more valuable than the 'average' link already present in Wikipedia. Beyond link prediction, our algorithm can potentially be used to point out topics an article misses to cover and to cluster articles semantically. Copyright 2009 ACM. 0 0
Wikispeedia: An online game for inferring semantic distances between concepts IJCAI International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence English 2009 Computing the semantic distance between real-world concepts is crucial for many intelligent applications. We present a novel method that leverages data from 'Wikispeedia', an online game played on Wikipedia; players have to reach an article from another, unrelated article, only by clicking links in the articles encountered. In order to automatically infer semantic distances between everyday concepts, our method effectively extracts the common sense displayed by humans during play, and is thus more desirable, from a cognitive point of view, than purely corpus-based methods. We show that our method significantly outperforms Latent Semantic Analysis in a psychometric evaluation of the quality of learned semantic distances. 0 0