Intellectual Property

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Intellectual Property is included as keyword or extra keyword in 0 datasets, 0 tools and 5 publications.


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Title Author(s) Published in Language DateThis property is a special property in this wiki. Abstract R C
Searching for Translated Plagiarism with the Help of Desktop Grids Pataki M.
Marosi A.C.
Journal of Grid Computing English 2013 Translated or cross-lingual plagiarism is defined as the translation of someone else's work or words without marking it as such or without giving credit to the original author. The existence of cross-lingual plagiarism is not new, but only in recent years, due to the rapid development of the natural language processing, appeared the first algorithms which tackled the difficult task of detecting it. Most of these algorithms utilize machine translation to compare texts written in different languages. We propose a different method, which can effectively detect translations between language-pairs where machine translations still produce low quality results. Our new algorithm presented in this paper is based on information retrieval (IR) and a dictionary based similarity metric. The preprocessing of the candidate documents for the IR is computationally intensive, but easily parallelizable. We propose a desktop Grid solution for this task. As the application is time sensitive and the desktop Grid peers are unreliable, a resubmission mechanism is used which assures that all jobs of a batch finish within a reasonable time period without dramatically increasing the load on the whole system. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 0 0
Textual curators and writing machines: authorial agency in encyclopedias, print to digital Krista A. Kennedy English July 2009 Wikipedia is often discussed as the first of its kind: the first massively collaborative, Web-based encyclopedia that belongs to the public domain. While it’s true that wiki technology enables large-scale, distributed collaborations in revolutionary ways, the concept of a collaborative encyclopedia is not new, and neither is the idea that private ownership might not apply to such documents. More than 275 years ago, in the preface to the 1728 edition of his Cyclopædia, Ephraim Chambers mused on the intensely collaborative nature of the volumes he was about to publish. His thoughts were remarkably similar to contemporary intellectual property arguments for Wikipedia, and while the composition processes involved in producing these texts are influenced by the available technologies, they are also unexpectedly similar. This dissertation examines issues of authorial agency in these two texts and shows that the “Author Construct” is not static across eras, genres, or textual technologies. In contrast to traditional considerations of the poetic author, the encyclopedic author demonstrates a different form of authorial agency that operates within strict genre conventions and does not place a premium on originality. This and related variations challenge contemporary ideas concerning the divide between print and digital authorship as well as the notion that new media intellectual property arguments are without historical precedent. 25 0
Collaborative knowledge at the grass-roots level: The risks and rewards of corporate Wikis Pfaff C.C.
Helen Hasan
PACIS 2007 - 11th Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems: Managing Diversity in Digital Enterprises English 2007 The open source movement is founded on the concept of democratising knowledge to freely collaborate and exchange information at the grass-roots level. As Wikis are philosophically grounded in this movement, the use of corporate Wikis in the collaborative creation and operation of knowledge management systems holds considerable potential. However, the impact of using corporate Wikis in the business environment has uncovered some challenging issues such as licensing, accountability and liability regarding copyright, which may require a change in the way we think about intellectual property and licensing in this connected world. 0 0
Saying "I do" to podcasting another "next big thing" for librarians? Gordan-Murane L. Searcher:Magazine for Database Professionals English 2005 The technological advancement of podcasting phenomena, which can be received by using an MP3 player, is discussed. Podcasting can range from home-grown audio dairies between family, friends, and colleagues to professionally produced radio shows. Online Programming for All Librariea (OPAL), a collaborative effort by libraries to provide cooperative Web-based programming and training for library users and library staff members, has made its audio content available as a podcast. The interesting work with tagging, folksonomies, metadata, and classification should be applied to podcasting as well. 0 0
The end of print: Digitization and its consequence - Revolutionary changes in scholarly and social communication and in scientific research Davidson L.A. International Journal of Toxicology English 2005 The transformation from print to digital media for scientific communication, driven in part by the growth of the Internet and the tremendous explosion in the amount of information now available to everybody, is creating fundamental changes in institutions such as publishers, libraries, and universities that primarily exist for the creation, management, and distribution of information and knowledge. Scientific, technological, and medical journals are the first publications to be completely transformed from print to digital format but monographs are beginning to appear in digital format as well and soon all communication and publishing of scientific information will be entirely electronic. In fact, this change is affecting all components of the scientific enterprise, from personal correspondence and laboratory methods to peer reviewing and the quality assessment of scientific research. Along with these radical and rapid changes in information presentation and distribution are coincident changes in the expectations of both the public and other scientists, with both groups demanding ever more rapid, open, and global access to scientific information than has been available in the past. The consequence of this revolution in the mechanics of communications technology is threatening the very existence of a number of highly regarded institutions such as intellectual property, commercial publishers, scientific societies, and academic libraries and might soon begin to threaten even the traditional university. Copyright 0 0