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Title Author(s) Published in Language DateThis property is a special property in this wiki. Abstract R C
Digital histories for the digital age: Collaborative writing in large lecture courses Soh L.-K.
Nobel Khandaker
Thomas W.G.
Proceedings of the International Conference e-Learning 2013 English 2013 The digital environment has had an immense effect on American society, learning, and education: we have more sources available at our fingertips than any previous generation. Teaching and learning with these new sources, however, has been a challenging transition. Students are confronted with an ocean of digital objects and need skills to navigate the World Wide Web and numerous proprietary databases. Writing and disciplinary habits of mind are more important than ever in this environment, so how do we teach these in the digital age? This paper examines the current digital environment that humanities faculty face in their teaching and explores new tools that might support collaborative writing and digital skills development for students. In particular, this paper considers the effectiveness of a specially configured multi-agent wiki system for writing in a large lecture humanities course and explores the results of its deployment over two years. 0 0
Morbid Inferences: Whitman, Wikipedia, and the Debate Over the Poet's Sexuality Jason Stacy
Cory Blad
Rob Velella
Polymath: An Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences Journal 2013 The ascendency of identity as an effective political mobilization strategy has opened significant opportunities for group definition (or redefinition) of previously accepted information and knowledge

claims. The emergence of “identity politics” in this post industrial era is but one of several reflective conditions, but certainly one that is imminently helpful in understanding the “reopening” of debate on Whitman’s sexual orientation. In order to gain control over definitions it becomes necessary to rhetorically politicize the authority of scholars and the primacy of existing professional knowledge. The struggle over historicity, facilitated by the expansion of telecommunications technologies and online collaboration, has created a substantial opportunity to challenge seemingly “settled” knowledge and expand debate beyond academic boundaries while either appealing to academic authority, or dismissing claims of academic objectivity whenever rhetorically convenient. The decline of traditional authority structures and the opening of discursive opportunities creates a field in which academic expertise becomes increasingly contested for politico-personal ends, especially on a quasi-authoritative, semi-anonymous, open-

access forum like Wikipedia. Whitman’s “multitudes,” coupled with his notoriety and claims to be the nation’s poet, make him a rich battleground over American sexual politics.
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Wikipedia and encyclopedic production Loveland J.
Reagle J.
New Media and Society English 2013 Wikipedia is often presented within a foreshortened or idealized history of encyclopedia-making. Here we challenge this viewpoint by contextualizing Wikipedia and its modes of production on a broad temporal scale. Drawing on examples from Roman antiquity onward, but focusing on the years since 1700, we identify three forms of encyclopedic production: compulsive collection, stigmergic accumulation, and corporate production. While each could be characterized as a discrete period, we point out the existence of significant overlaps in time as well as with the production of Wikipedia today. Our analysis explores the relation of editors, their collaborators, and their modes of composition with respect to changing notions of authorship and originality. Ultimately, we hope our contribution will help scholars avoid ahistorical claims about Wikipedia, identify historical cases germane to the social scientist's concerns, and show that contemporary questions about Wikipedia have a lifespan exceeding the past decade. 0 0
ArchaeoApp Rome Edition (AARE): Making invisible sites visible: e-business aspects of historic knowledge discovery via mobile devices Holzinger K.
Koiner G.
Kosec P.
Fassold M.
Andreas Holzinger
DCNET 2012, ICE-B 2012, OPTICS 2012 - Proceedings of the International Conference on Data Communication Networking, e-Business and Optical Communication Systems, ICETE English 2012 Rome is visited by 7 to 10 million tourists per year, many of them interested in historical sites. Most sites that are described in tourist guides (printed or online) are archaeological sites; we can call them visible archaeological sites. Unfortunately, even visible archaeological sites in Rome are barely marked - and invisible sites are completely ignored. In this paper, we present the ArchaeoApp Rome Edition (AARE). The novelty is not just to mark the important, visible, barely known sites, but to mark the invisible sites, consequently introducing a completely novel type of site to the tourist guidance: historical invisible sites. One challenge is to get to reliable, historic information on demand. A possible approach is to retrieve the information from Wikipedia directly. The second challenge is that most of the end users have no Web-access due to the high roaming costs. The third challenge is to address a balance between the best platform available and the most used platform. For e-Business purposes, it is of course necessary to support the highest possible amount of various mobile platforms (Android, iOS and Windows Phone). The advantages of AARE include: no roaming costs, data update on demand (when connected to Wi-Fi, e.g. at a hotel, at a public hotspot, etc.. for free), automatic nearby notification of invisible sites (markers) with a Visual- Auditory-Tactile technique to make invisible sites visible. 0 0
An Introductory Historical Contextualization of Online Creation Communities for the Building of Digital Commons: The Emergence of a Free Culture Movement Mayo Fuster Morell Proceedings of the 6th Open Knowledge Conference English June 2011 Online Creation Communities (OCCs) are a set of individuals that communicate, interact and collaborate; in several forms and degrees of participation which are eco-systemically integrated; mainly via a platform of participation on the Internet, on which they depend; and aiming at knowledge-making and sharing. The paper will first provide an historical contextualization OCCs. Then, it will show how the development of OCCs is fuelled by and contributes to, the rise of a free culture movement defending and advocating the creation of digital commons, and provide an empirically grounded definition of free culture movement. The empirical analyses is based content analysis of 80 interviews to free culture practitioners, promoters and activists with an international background or rooted in Europe, USA and Latino-America and the content analysis of two seminar discussions. The data collection was developed from 2008 to 2010. 0 0
Collective memory building in Wikipedia: The case of North African uprisings Michela Ferron
Paolo Massa
WikiSym English 2011 Since December 2010, a series of protests and uprisings have shocked North African countries such as Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Syria, Yemen and more. In this paper, focusing mainly on the Egyptian revolution, we provide evidence of the intense edit activity occurred during these uprisings on the related Wikipedia pages. Thousands of people provided their contribution on the content pages and discussed improvements and disagreements on the associated talk pages as the traumatic events unfolded. We propose to interpret this phenomenon as a process of collective memory building and argue how on Wikipedia this can be studied empirically and quantitatively in real time. We explore and suggest possible directions for future research on collective memory formation of traumatic and controversial events in Wikipedia. 14 0
The nature of historical representation on Wikipedia: Dominant or alterative historiography? Brendan Luyt J. Am. Soc. Inf. Sci. Technol. English 2011 0 1
Deep Diffs: Visually exploring the history of a document Shannon R.
Quigley A.
Nixon P.
Proceedings of the Workshop on Advanced Visual Interfaces AVI English 2010 Software tools are used to compare multiple versions of a textual document to help a reader understand the evolution of that document over time. These tools generally support the comparison of only two versions of a document, requiring multiple comparisons to be made to derive a full history of the document across multiple versions. We present Deep Diffs, a novel visualisation technique that exposes the multiple layers of history of a document at once, directly in the text, highlighting areas that have changed over multiple successive versions, and drawing attention to passages that are new, potentially unpolished or contentious. These composite views facilitate the writing and editing process by assisting memory and encouraging the analysis of collaboratively-authored documents. We describe how this technique effectively supports common text editing tasks and heightens participants' understanding of the process in collaborative editing scenarios like wiki editing and paper writing. Copyright 0 0
ThinkSpace: The collaborative process of designing new technologies for the classroom Shuyska J.A.
Chris Davies
WikiSym 2008 - The 4th International Symposium on Wikis, Proceedings English 2008 In order to explore some of the potentially problematic implications of introducing new technologies into school classrooms, this paper focuses on one particular instance of innovation. The study introduces ThinkSpace - a specific educational tool - comprised of concept mapping and a wiki. It is aimed at facilitating the learning of higher order skills and construction of coherent understanding of complex concepts. The paper investigates the processes of conceptualisation and experimentation that must be carried out in order to achieve a product that meets both the developer's aspirations for the tool, and also those of the teacher who is to use it. 0 0
WikiNetViz: Visualizing friends and adversaries in implicit social networks Le M.-T.
Dang H.-V.
Lim E.-P.
Anwitaman Datta
IEEE International Conference on Intelligence and Security Informatics, 2008, IEEE ISI 2008 English 2008 When multiple users with diverse backgrounds and beliefs edit Wikipedia together, disputes often arise due to disagreements among the users. In this paper, we introduce a novel visualization tool known as WikiNetViz to visualize and analyze disputes among users in a dispute-induced social network. WikiNetViz is designed to quantify the degree of dispute between a pair of users using the article history. Each user (and article) is also assigned a controversy score by our proposed ControversyRank model so as to measure the degree of controversy of a user (and an article) by the amount of disputes between the user (article) and other users in articles of varying degrees of controversy. On the constructed social network, WikiNetViz can perform clustering so as to visualize the dynamics of disputes at the user group level. It also provides an article viewer for examining an article revision so as to determine the article content modified by different users. 0 0
Wikipédia: histoire, communauté, gouvernance Firer-Blaess
Homo-numericus.net 2007 Depuis sa création, Wikipedia est un véritable sujet de polémiques, en particulier au sein des milieux académiques qui se sentent menacés par la popularité de cette encyclopédie ouverte, sans doute parce que, éditable et amendable par tous, elle remet en question ce qu'ils estiment relever d'un monopole légitime. Pour preuve, la récente « étude » diffusée par plusieurs étudiants de Science Po, cherchant à mettre en évidence la faillibilité de l'encyclopédie, sur la base d'erreurs qu'ils y ont volontairement introduits. Au delà d'interrogations un peu puériles sur la qualité ou l'absence de qualité intrinsèque de cette encyclopédie qu'on aborderait comme un « produit » fini, il peut être intéressant de se pencher sur le mode de fonctionnement de cette entreprise, considérée cette fois comme un système social, un lieu de coordination et de coopération entre plusieurs milliers de participants ; amendable par tous, éditable indéfiniment, Wikipédia n'est en effet jamais « finie » - pas plus que ne l'est le savoir d'ailleurs, en perpétuel renouvellement. De ce simple fait, il est bien plus pertinent de s'interroger sur la manière dont le travail de co-construction des connaissance s'accomplit en permanence, que sur la « verité » de tel ou tel énoncé qui y serait produit. C'est exactement ce que fait Sylvain Firer-Blaess dans cette série de trois articles qu'il a accepté de publier pour Homo Numericus. S'appuyant sur les travaux de Foucault, mais pas ceux auquel on s'attendrait, il développe une analyse politique percutante de Wikipedia comme lieu où s'exerce et refuse de s'exercer en même temps une certaine forme de pouvoir. Pour lui, et il l'expliquera dans ses deuxième et troisième parties de cette série, Wikipédia est traversé d'une tension qui lui est propre et qu'il tente de qualifier en démontant à la fois les moeurs et les mécanismes de régulation de cette communauté très particulière. Pour l'heure, il nous la présente, dans ses dimension techniques et historiques. Ce travail est issu d'un mémoire de fin d'étude présenté à l'IEP de Lyon. 0 0
Digging up the virtual past: The archaeology of ancient Greece and Rome on the Web Mattison D. Searcher:Magazine for Database Professionals English 2006 The author has carried out an archeological research of ancient Greece and Rome through Web sites in order to know the evolution of the societies. The Wikipedia entry on Archaeology and its Archaeology Portal provides an overview of the Graeco-Roman roots of western civilization and offers many important links. The Foundation of the Hellenic World also offers important resources on Greek history from prehistoric to modern times through Hellenic History on the Internet. The Wikipedia series of entries on the Roman Kingdom and Roman Empire is a good starting point for an exploration of their history as exposed through archeology and thousands of surviving monuments and structures. 0 0
Mining revision history to assess trustworthiness of article fragments Honglei Zeng
Alhossaini M.A.
Fikes R.
McGuinness D.L.
2006 International Conference on Collaborative Computing: Networking, Applications and Worksharing, CollaborateCom English 2006 Wikis are a type of collaborative repository system that enables users to create and edit shared content on the web. The popularity and proliferation of Wikis have created a new set of challenges for trust research because the content in a Wiki can be contributed by a wide variety of users and can change rapidly. Nevertheless, most Wikis lack explicit trust management to help users decide how much they should trust an article or a fragment of an article. In this paper, we investigate the dynamic-nature of revisions as we explore ways of utilizing revision history to develop an article fragment trust model. We use our model to compute trustworthiness of articles and article fragments. We also augment Wikis with a trust view layer with which users can visually identify text fragments of an article and view trust values computed by our model. 0 0