Community

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Community is included as keyword or extra keyword in 0 datasets, 0 tools and 23 publications.

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Title Author(s) Published in Language DateThis property is a special property in this wiki. Abstract R C
Open collaboration for innovation: Principles and performance Levine S.S.
Prietula M.J.
Organization Science English 2014 The principles of open collaboration for innovation (and production), once distinctive to open source software, are now found in many other ventures. Some of these ventures are Internet based: for example, Wikipedia and online communities. Others are off-line: they are found in medicine, science, and everyday life. Such ventures have been affecting traditional firms and may represent a new organizational form. Despite the impact of such ventures, their operating principles and performance are not well understood. Here we define open collaboration (OC), the underlying set of principles, and propose that it is a robust engine for innovation and production. First, we review multiple OC ventures and identify four defining principles. In all instances, participants create goods and services of economic value, they exchange and reuse each other's work, they labor purposefully with just loose coordination, and they permit anyone to contribute and consume. These principles distinguish OC from other organizational forms, such as firms or cooperatives. Next, we turn to performance. To understand the performance of OC, we develop a computational model, combining innovation theory with recent evidence on human cooperation. We identify and investigate three elements that affect performance: the cooperativeness of participants, the diversity of their needs, and the degree to which the goods are rival (subtractable). Through computational experiments, we find that OC performs well even in seemingly harsh environments: when cooperators are a minority, free riders are present, diversity is lacking, or goods are rival. We conclude that OC is viable and likely to expand into new domains. The findings also inform the discussion on new organizational forms, collaborative and communal. 0 0
Towards an ontological approach to enrich a community of interest in orthopaedic specialty Riu M.E.
Baneres D.
Conesa J.
Proceedings of the 2012 4th International Conference on Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems, INCoS 2012 English 2012 A community of interest is helpful to professionals to assemble around a common interest and exchange information and experiences. However, the most used communities are too general for some specific areas and they are unable to store and classify relevant information for the community users. In this paper, we propose an approach that can be integrated with existent communities of practice. Moreover, it allows to specify and share the information relevant to the community of practice of orthopaedic based on a wiki. Instead of using a generic wiki where the knowledge is stored in textual format, a semantic wiki is used. This semantic tool, combined with an ontology description of the domain, stores the information in a computer readable format that could provide in the future additional advanced services to the community professionals. 0 0
Kommunikation für Experten: Kulturelle Gedächtnisorganisationen und vernetzte Arbeitsgemeinschaften Thomas Tunsch EVA 2011 Berlin German 9 November 2011 Being a part of contemporary culture collaborative communities gain more and more importance for cultural memory organizations as well. Through this it becomes evident that these organizations not only serve as storage or to guarantee conservation but also shape cultural history and its perception. At the same time collaborative communities are using cultural memory organizations as sources and for reference.

Cultural memory organizations are shaped by experts from various disciplines in their structure and effectiveness significantly. Therefore collaborative communities are becoming more important for experts and their communication network.

Collaborative communities are partially employing new ways and methods to organize knowledge, which are often less known in cultural memory organizations and are therefore rejected or considered transitory trends. However both cultural memory organizations and collaborative communities rely on the acceptance of society and need their results to be trusted by the members of society.
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My kind of people? Perceptions about wikipedia contributors and their motivations Judd Antin Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings English 2011 Perceptions of information products such as Wikipedia can depend on assumptions and stereotypes about the people who create them. As new Wikipedians consider contributing they are likely to apply such assumptions and ask themselves: "Are Wikipedia contributors my kind of people? Is this a group I'd like to belong to?" In this qualitative study I address the potential challenge of these questions by exploring readers and infrequent editors' perceptions of Wikipedia contributors and their motivations. Through analysis of twenty semi-structured interviews, I find evidence of strong negative perceptions as well as positive ones which nonetheless prevent users from identifying with active Wikipedia contributors. I argue that these perceptions present a barrier to the progression of participation over time. I conclude by discussing the practical challenges of my findings for Wikipedia and other online collaborative systems. Copyright 2011 ACM. 0 1
Participation in Wikipedia's article deletion processes R. Stuart Geiger
Heather Ford
WikiSym English 2011 0 1
Web 2.0 revisited: User-generated content as a social innovation Kaletka C.
Pelka B.
International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development English 2011 This paper raises the question whether Web 2.0 can be seen as a technological or a social innovation and which interdependencies exist between these two innovative aspects of the phenomenon. For that purpose, the definition of Web 2.0 as a tag cloud (for example given in Wikipedia) or as a difference in comparison to a 'Web 1.0' is revisited, challenged and discarded. In following steps, the paper argues that the core innovation of Web 2.0 is the communication of 'user-generated content' as a new social routine. The main enabling factors for Web 2.0 utilisation as a social routine are identified as easy-to-use software and broadly spread internet access. So while technology is seen as a 'catalyst' of the phenomenon, the innovation itself (user-generated content) is considered a social one. Copyright 0 0
Wiki-based community collaboration in organizations Mansour O.
Abusalah M.
Askenas L.
C and T 2011 - 5th International Conference on Communities and Technologies, Conference Proceedings English 2011 Social media technologies are increasingly used within organizational settings. Particularly, organizations continue to adopt and use wikis for enabling collaboration among their professional communities of practice. At this respect, the current paper reports results from an interpretive case study focusing on the use of a wiki for knowledge collaboration and sharing at a large multinational organization. It examines how the wiki is used by members of several professional communities of practice through interviews, observations, field studies, and documents. It concludes by showing that the openness of the wiki has a dual impact on wiki collaboration and also discusses how the wiki might serve as both an enabler and inhibitor for community and knowledge collaboration. 0 0
Algorithm Visualization: The state of the field Shaffer C.A.
Cooper M.L.
Alon A.J.D.
Akbar M.
Stewart M.
Ponce S.
Edwards S.H.
ACM Transactions on Computing Education English 2010 We present findings regarding the state of the field of Algorithm Visualization (AV) based on our analysis of a collection of over 500 AVs. We examine how AVs are distributed among topics, who created them and when, their overall quality, and how they are disseminated. There does exist a cadre of good AVs and active developers. Unfortunately, we found that many AVs are of low quality, and coverage is skewed toward a few easier topics. This can make it hard for instructors to locate what they need. There are no effective repositories of AVs currently available, which puts many AVs at risk for being lost to the community over time. Thus, the field appears in need of improvement in disseminating materials, propagating known best practices, and informing developers about topic coverage. These concerns could be mitigated by building community and improving communication among AV users and developers. 0 0
Crowdsourcing semantic content: A model and two applications Angelo Di Iorio
Alberto Musetti
Silvio Peroni
Fabio Vitali
3rd International Conference on Human System Interaction, HSI'2010 - Conference Proceedings English 2010 While the original design of wikis was mainly focused on a completely open free-form text model, semantic wikis have since moved towards a more structured model for editing: users are driven to create ontological data in addition to text by using ad-hoc editing interfaces. This paper introduces OWiki, a framework for creating ontological content within not-natively-semantic wikis. Ontology-driven forms and templates are the key concepts of the system, that allows even inexpert users to create consistent semantic data with little effort. Multiple and very different instances of OWiki are presented here. The expressive power and flexibility of OWiki proved to be the right trade-off to deploy the authoring environments for such very different domains, ensuring at the same time editing freedom and semantic data consistency. 0 0
An e-learning framework for assessment (FREMA) Wills G.B.
Bailey C.P.
Davis H.C.
Gilbert L.
Yvonne Howard
Jeyes S.
Millard D.E.
Price J.
Sclater N.
Sherratt R.
Tulloch I.
Young R.
Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education English 2009 This article reports on the e-Framework Reference Model for Assessment (FREMA) project that aimed at creating a reference model for the assessment domain: a guide to what resources (standards, projects, people, organisations, software, services and use cases) exist for the domain, aimed at helping strategists understand the state of elearning assessment, and helping developers to place their work in context and thus the community to build coherent systems. This article describes the rationale and method of developing the FREMA model and how it may be used. We delivered FREMA via a heavily interlinked website. Because the resulting network of resources was so complex, we required a method of providing users with a structured navigational method that helped them explore and identify resources useful to them. This led us to look at how overviews of e-learning domains have been handled previously, and to work towards our own concept maps that ploted the topology of the domain. FREMA represents an evolving view of the domain and therefore we developed the website into a Semantic Wiki, thereby allowing the assessment community to record their own projects and services and thus to grow the reference model over time. 0 0
Content hole search in community-type content Akiyo Nadamoto
Eiji Aramaki
Takeshi Abekawa
Yohei Murakami
WWW'09 - Proceedings of the 18th International World Wide Web Conference English 2009 In community-type content such as blogs and SNSs, we call the user's unawareness of information as a "content hole"and the search for this information as a "content hole search." A content hole search differs from similarity searching and has a variety of types. In this paper, we propose different types of content holes and define each type. We also propose an analysis of dialogue related to community-type content and introduce content hole search by using Wikipedia as an example. Copyright is held by the author/owner(s). 0 0
Content hole search in community-type content using Wikipedia Akiyo Nadamoto
Eiji Aramaki
Takeshi Abekawa
Yohei Murakami
IiWAS English 2009 0 0
Governance, Organization, and Democracy on the Internet: The Iron Law and the Evolution of Wikipedia Piotr Konieczny Sociological Forum, , Issue 1, , 31 Jan 2009 2009 This study examines whether the Iron Law of Oligarchy exists in Wikipedia by analyzing how a key policy of the website regarding verifiability evolved into its current form. The study describes the decision-making processes of Wikipedia and shows that there are many factors preventing or slowing the development of oligarchy on Wikipedia. The study provides data advancing theoretical concepts related to the Iron Law of Oligarchy and the evolution of virtual communities and organizations; results and knowledge gained can also improve Wikipedia policies related to verifiability. Michels wrote: "who says organization, says oligarchy." I argue that we should follow this with a caveat: "who says wiki-organization, says no to oligarchy." 0 2
Governance, organization, and democracy on the internet: The iron law and the evolution of wikipedia Piotr Konieczny Sociological Forum English 2009 This study examines whether the Iron Law of Oligarchy exists in Wikipedia by analyzing how a key policy of the website regarding verifiability evolved into its current form. The study describes the decision-making processes of Wikipedia and shows that there are many factors preventing or slowing the development of oligarchy on Wikipedia. The study provides data advancing theoretical concepts related to the Iron Law of Oligarchy and the evolution of virtual communities and organizations; results and knowledge gained can also improve Wikipedia policies related to verifiability. Michels wrote: "who says organization, says oligarchy." I argue that we should follow this with a caveat: "who says wiki-organization, says no to oligarchy." 0 2
Methopedia - Pedagogical design community for European educators Ryberg T.
Niemczik C.
Brenstein E.
8th European Conference on eLearning 2009, ECEL 2009 English 2009 The paper will discuss theoretical, methodological and technical aspects of the community based Methopedia wiki (www.methopedia.eu), which has been developed as a part of the EU-funded collaborative research project "Community of Integrated Blended Learning in Europe" (COMBLE; www.comble-project.eu). Methopedia is a wiki and social community aimed at facilitating knowledge transfer between trainers/educators from different institutions or countries through interactive peer-to-peer support, and sharing of learning practices. We describe how Methopedia has been developed though engaging practitioners in workshops with the aim of collecting known learning activities, designs and approaches, and how the models for sharing learning practices have been developed by drawing on practitioners' experiences, ideas and needs. We present and analyse the outcome of the workshops and discuss how practitioners have informed the practical design and theoretical issues regarding the design of Methopedia. The workshops have led to redesigns and also a number of important issues and problems have emerged. In the paper, we therefore present and discuss the socio-technical design of Methopedia, which is based on open source Wiki and Social Networking technologies. We describe the issues, functionalities and needs that have emerged from the workshops, such as metadata (taxonomy & tags), localised versions (multi-lingual) and the need for visual descriptions. Furthermore, we discuss the templates trainers/educators can use to describe and share their learning designs or learning activities, e.g. what categories would be helpful? How much metadata is relevant and how standardised or flexible the templates should be? We also discuss the theoretical considerations underlying the descriptive model of the templates by drawing on research within learning design and the educational pattern design approach. In particular we focus on exploring designs and descriptions of singular or sequences of learning activities. Furthermore, we discuss some of the tools and concepts under development as part of the work on Methopedia, such as a flash based tool to structure learning processes, a pictorial language for visualising learning activities/designs and how we aim to connect to existing networks for educators/trainers and initiatives similar to Methopedia. 0 0
Don't look now, but we've created a bureaucracy: the nature and roles of policies and rules in Wikipedia Brian Butler
Elisabeth Joyce
Jacqueline Pike
Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems English 2008 Wikis are sites that support the development of emergent, collective infrastructures that are highly flexible and open, suggesting that the systems that use them will be egalitarian, free, and unstructured. Yet it is apparent that the flexible infrastructure of wikis allows the development and deployment of a wide range of structures. However, we find that the policies in Wikipedia and the systems and mechanisms that operate around them are multi-faceted. In this descriptive study, we draw on prior work on rules and policies in organizations to propose and apply a conceptual framework for understanding the natures and roles of policies in wikis. We conclude that wikis are capable of supporting a broader range of structures and activities than other collaborative platforms. Wikis allow for and, in fact, facilitate the creation of policies that serve a wide variety of functions. 11 5
Wagnerpedia: a study of social cognition and wikis, linking academic courses and community partners Jeffrey Gutkin
Patricia Schoknecht
PDC English 2008 0 0
Museum Documentation and Wikipedia.de: Possibilities, opportunities and advantages for scholars and museums Thomas Tunsch J. Trant and D. Bearman (eds). Museums and the Web 2007: Proceedings. Toronto: Archives & Museum Informatics English 31 March 2007 The importance of Wikipedia for the documentation and promotion of museum holdings is gaining acceptance, and the number of references to articles is growing. However, the museum world still pays little attention to the Wikipedia project as a collaborative community with intentions, structures, and special features. Although these observations are based on museums in Germany and focus on the German Wikipedia, they are just as important and applicable to other museums and other editions of Wikipedia. Universities and libraries have already taken advantage of the Wikipedia and have established functional links. In that the mission of museums is closely related to that of universities and libraries, the value of Wikipedia for museum professionals is worthy of consideration. This paper provides the complete study to serve as reference for the selected topics to be discussed in the professional forum. 0 0
Community, Consensus, Coercion, Control: CS*W or How Policy Mediates Mass Participation Travis Kriplean
Ivan Beschastnikh
David W. McDonald
Scott A. Golder
GROUP 2007 -- ACM Conference on Supporting Group Work. 2007 When large groups cooperate, issues of conflict and control surface because of differences in perspective. Managing such diverse views is a persistent problem in cooperative group work. The Wikipedian community has responded with an evolving body of policies that provide shared principles, processes, and strategies for collaboration. We employ a grounded approach to study a sample of active talk pages and examine how policies are employed as contributors work towards consensus. Although policies help build a stronger community, we find that ambiguities in policies give rise to power plays. This lens demonstrates that support for mass collaboration must take into account policy and power. 0 5
Community, consensus, coercion, control: CS*W or how policy mediates mass participation Travis Kriplean
Ivan Beschastnikh
David W. McDonald
Golder S.A.
GROUP'07 - Proceedings of the 2007 International ACM Conference on Supporting Group Work English 2007 When large groups cooperate, issues of conflict and control surface because of differences in perspective. Managing such diverse views is a persistent problem in cooperative group work. The Wikipedian community has responded with an evolving body of policies that provide shared principles, processes, and strategies for collaboration. We employ a grounded approach to study a sample of active talk pages and examine how policies are employed as contributors work towards consensus. Although policies help build a stronger community, we find that ambiguities in policies give rise to power plays. This lens demonstrates that support for mass collaboration must take into account policy and power. 0 5
What have the Romans is academics ever done for us?' The lessons of open-source Bryant A. ICIS 2006 Proceedings - Twenty Seventh International Conference on Information Systems English 2006 This paper seeks to develop the motivations and aspirations underlying the primary theme for ICIS 2006 - 'IT for Underserved Communities'. In so doing the case is made that those keen to mobilize and harness the emancipatory and empowering potential of Information & Communications Technology for community-based projects should consider that the very existence of this technology opens up alternative models of co-operation and collaboration. These models themselves provide the basis for breaking away from 'traditional' command-and-control models of management and co-ordination; allowing participants, or potential participants, to coordinate their efforts along the lines exemplified by the open-source software movement and the contributors to Wikipedia: Models of co-ordination that ought not to work, but appear to do so. 0 0
Becoming Wikipedian: Transformation of participation in a collaborative online encyclopedia Bryant
Susan
Rea Forte
Amy Bruckman
Proceedings of GROUP International Conference on Supporting Group Work, 2005. pp 1.-10. 2005 Traditional activities change in surprising ways when computermediated communication becomes a component of the activity system. In this descriptive study, we leverage two perspectives on social activity to understand the experiences of individuals who became active collaborators in Wikipedia, a prolific, cooperatively-authored online encyclopedia. Legitimate peripheral participation provides a lens for understanding participation in a community as an adaptable process that evolves over time. We use ideas from activity theory as a framework to describe our results. Finally, we describe how activity on the Wikipedia stands in striking contrast to traditional publishing and suggests a new paradigm for collaborative systems. 0 12
Wiki Communities in the Context of Work Processes Frank Fuchs-Kittowski
Andre Köhler
WikiSym English 2005 In this article we examine the integration of communities of practice supported by a wiki into work processes. Linear structures are often inappropriate for the execution of knowledge-intensive tasks and work processes. The latter are characterized by non-linear sequences and dynamic social interaction. Communities of practice, however, often lack the „guiding light” needed to structure their work. We discuss the primary requirements for the integration of formally described knowledge-intensive processes into the dynamic social processes of knowledge generation in communities of practice and use the wiki approach for their support. We present our approach for an appropriate interface to integrate wiki communities into process structures and an information retrieval algorithm based on it to connect the process-oriented structures with community-oriented wiki structures. We show the prototypical realization of the concept by a brief example. 0 1