Collective memory

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Collective memory is included as keyword or extra keyword in 0 datasets, 0 tools and 6 publications.

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Title Author(s) Published in Language DateThis property is a special property in this wiki. Abstract R C
Beyond the encyclopedia: Collective memories in Wikipedia Michela Ferron
Paolo Massa
Memory Studies English 2014 Collective memory processes have been studied from many different perspectives. For example, while psychology has investigated collaborative recall in small groups, other research traditions have focused on flashbulb memories or on the cultural processes involved in the formation of collective memories of entire nations. In this article, considering the online encyclopedia Wikipedia as a global memory place, we analyze online commemoration patterns of traumatic events. We extracted 88 articles and talk pages related to traumatic events, and using logistic regression, we analyzed their edit activity comparing it with more than 370,000 other Wikipedia pages. Results show that the relative amount of edits during anniversaries can significantly distinguish between pages related to traumatic events and other pages. The logistic regression results, together with the transcription of a group of messages exchanged by the users during the anniversaries of the September 11 attacks and the Virginia Tech massacre, suggest that commemoration activities take place in Wikipedia, opening the way to the quantitative study of online collective memory building processes on a large scale. 0 0
Collective memory in Poland: A reflection in street names Radoslaw Nielek
Wawer A.
Adam Wierzbicki
Lecture Notes in Computer Science English 2014 Our article starts with an observation that street names fall into two general types: generic and historically inspired. We analyse street names distributions (of the second type) as a window to nation-level collective memory in Poland. The process of selecting street names is determined socially, as the selections reflect the symbols considered important to the nation-level society, but has strong historical motivations and determinants. In the article, we seek for these relationships in the available data sources. We use Wikipedia articles to match street names with their textual descriptions and assign them to the time points. We then apply selected text mining and statistical techniques to reach quantitative conclusions. We also present a case study: the geographical distribution of two particular street names in Poland to demonstrate the binding between history and political orientation of regions. 0 0
Psychological processes underlying Wikipedia representations of natural and manmade disasters Michela Ferron
Paolo Massa
WikiSym English August 2012 Collective memories are precious resources for the society, because they help strengthening emotional bonding between community members, maintaining groups cohesion, and directing future behavior. Studying how people form their collective memories of emotional upheavals is important in order to better understand people's reactions and the consequences on their psychological health. Previous research investigated the effects of single traumatizing events, but few of them tried to compare different types of traumatic events like natural and man-made disasters. In this paper, interpreting Wikipedia as a collective memory place, we compare articles about natural and human-made disasters employing automated natural language techniques, in order to highlight the different psychological processes underlying users' sensemaking activities. 0 1
Biographical social networks on Wikipedia: A cross-cultural study of links that made history Aragon P.
David Laniado
Andreas Kaltenbrunner
Yana Volkovich
WikiSym 2012 English 2012 It is arguable whether history is made by great men and women or vice versa, but undoubtably social connections shape history. Analysing Wikipedia, a global collective memory place, we aim to understand how social links are recorded across cultures. Starting with the set of biographies in the English Wikipedia we focus on the networks of links between these biographical articles on the 15 largest language Wikipedias. We detect the most central characters in these networks and point out culture-related peculiarities. Furthermore, we reveal remarkable similarities between distinct groups of language Wikipedias and highlight the shared knowledge about connections between persons across cultures. 0 0
Collective memory building in Wikipedia: The case of North African uprisings Michela Ferron
Paolo Massa
WikiSym English 2011 Since December 2010, a series of protests and uprisings have shocked North African countries such as Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Syria, Yemen and more. In this paper, focusing mainly on the Egyptian revolution, we provide evidence of the intense edit activity occurred during these uprisings on the related Wikipedia pages. Thousands of people provided their contribution on the content pages and discussed improvements and disagreements on the associated talk pages as the traumatic events unfolded. We propose to interpret this phenomenon as a process of collective memory building and argue how on Wikipedia this can be studied empirically and quantitatively in real time. We explore and suggest possible directions for future research on collective memory formation of traumatic and controversial events in Wikipedia. 14 0
Fixing the floating gap: The online encyclopaedia Wikipedia as a global memory place Christian Pentzold Memory Studies English May 2009 The article proposes to interpret the web-based encyclopaedia Wikipedia as a global memory place. After presenting the core elements and basic characteristics of wikis and Wikipedia respectively, the article discusses four related issues of social memory studies: collective memory, communicative and cultural memory, `memory places' and the `floating gap'. In a third step, these theoretical premises are connected to the understanding of discourse as social cognition. Fourth, comparison is made between the potential of the World Wide Web as cyberspace for collective remembrance and the obstacles that stand in its way. On this basis, the article argues that Wikipedia presents a global memory place where memorable elements are negotiated. Its complex processes of discussion and article creation are a model of the discursive fabrication of memory. Thus, they can be viewed and analysed as the transition, the `floating gap' between communicative and collective frames of memory. 6 3