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This page compiles all the information regarding Canada.

Events

This is a list of events celebrated in this country.
Name Type DateThis property is a special property in this wiki. Website
RecentChangesCamp 2010 Montreal unconference 25 June 2010 http://www.rococo2010.org
WikiSym 2007 conference 21 October 2007 http://www.wikisym.org/ws2007/
RoCoCoCamp 2007 unconference 18 May 2007 http://www.rocococamp.info

Authors

This is a list of authors in this country.
Name Affiliation Website
Bahar Sateli
Chitu Okoli Concordia University http://chitu.okoli.org/pro

Publications

This is a list of publications by authors of this country.
Title Author(s) Keyword(s) Published in Language DateThis property is a special property in this wiki. Abstract R C
"The sum of all human knowledge": A systematic review of scholarly research on the content of Wikipedia Mostafa Mesgari
Chitu Okoli
Mohamad Mehdi
Finn Årup Nielsen
Arto Lanamäki
Systematic literature review
Information quality
Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology English February 2015 Wikipedia may be the best-developed attempt thus far to gather all human knowledge in one place. Its accomplishments in this regard have made it a point of inquiry for researchers from different fields of knowledge. A decade of research has thrown light on many aspects of the Wikipedia community, its processes, and its content. However, due to the variety of fields inquiring about Wikipedia and the limited synthesis of the extensive research, there is little consensus on many aspects of Wikipedia's content as an encyclopedic collection of human knowledge. This study addresses the issue by systematically reviewing 110 peer-reviewed publications on Wikipedia content, summarizing the current findings, and highlighting the major research trends. Two major streams of research are identified: the quality of Wikipedia content (including comprehensiveness, currency, readability, and reliability) and the size of Wikipedia. Moreover, we present the key research trends in terms of the domains of inquiry, research design, data source, and data gathering methods. This review synthesizes scholarly understanding of Wikipedia content and paves the way for future studies. 0 0
Wikipedia in the eyes of its beholders: A systematic review of scholarly research on Wikipedia readers and readership Chitu Okoli
Mohamad Mehdi
Mostafa Mesgari
Finn Årup Nielsen
Arto Lanamäki
Systematic literature review
Readership
Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology English December 2014 Hundreds of scholarly studies have investigated various aspects of Wikipedia. Although a number of literature reviews have provided overviews of this vast body of research, none has specifically focused on the readers of Wikipedia and issues concerning its readership. In this systematic literature review, we review 99 studies to synthesize current knowledge regarding the readership of Wikipedia and provide an analysis of research methods employed. The scholarly research has found that Wikipedia is popular not only for lighter topics such as entertainment but also for more serious topics such as health and legal information. Scholars, librarians, and students are common users, and Wikipedia provides a unique opportunity for educating students in digital literacy. We conclude with a summary of key findings, implications for researchers, and implications for the Wikipedia community. 0 1
Beyond open source software: Framework and implications for open content research Chitu Okoli
Carillo K.D.A.
Creative Commons
Free cultural works
Libre software
Open content
Open knowledge
Open Source Software
Wikipedia
ECIS 2013 - Proceedings of the 21st European Conference on Information Systems English 2013 The same open source philosophy that has been traditionally applied to software development can be applied to the collaborative creation of non-software information products, such as books, music and video. Such products are generically referred to as open content. Due largely to the success of large projects such as Wikipedia and the Creative Commons, open content has gained increasing attention not only in the popular media, but also in scholarly research. It is important to investigate the workings of the open source process in these new media of expression. This paper introduces the scope of emerging research on the open content phenomenon beyond open source software. We develop a framework for categorizing copyrightable works as utilitarian, factual, aesthetic or opinioned works. Based on these categories, we review some key theory-driven findings from open source software research and assess the applicability of extending their implications to open content. We present a research agenda that integrates the findings and proposes a list of research topics that can help lay a solid foundation for open content research. 0 0
The ReqWiki approach for collaborative software requirements engineering with integrated text analysis support Bahar Sateli
Angius E.
René Witte
Natural Language Processing
Quality Assurance
Semantic wiki
Software Requirements Engineering
Proceedings - International Computer Software and Applications Conference English 2013 The requirements engineering phase within a software project is a heavily knowledge-driven, collaborative process that typically involves the analysis and creation of a large number of textual artifacts. We know that requirements engineering has a large impact on the success of a project, yet sophisticated tool support, especially for small to mid-size enterprises, is still lacking. We present Reqwiki, a novel open source web-based approach based on a semantic wiki that includes natural language processing (NLP) assistants, which work collaboratively with humans on the requirements specification documents. We evaluated Reqwiki with a number of software engineers to investigate the impact of our novel semantic support on software requirements engineering. Our user studies prove that (i) software engineers unfamiliar with NLP can easily leverage these assistants and (ii) semantic assistants can help to significantly improve the quality of requirements specifications. 0 0
Natural Language Processing for MediaWiki: The Semantic Assistants Approach Bahar Sateli
René Witte
WikiSym English August 2012 We present a novel architecture for the integration of Natural Language Processing (NLP) capabilities into wiki systems. The vision is that of a new generation of wikis that can help developing their own primary content and organize their structure by using state-of-the-art technologies from the NLP and Semantic Computing domains. The motivation for this integration is to enable wiki users – novice or expert – to benefit from modern text mining techniques directly within their wiki environment. We implemented these ideas based on MediaWiki and present a number of real-world application case studies that illustrate the practicability and effectiveness of this approach. 0 0
ReqWiki: A semantic system for collaborative software requirements engineering Bahar Sateli
Rajivelu S.S.
Angius E.
René Witte
Natural Language Processing
Quality assurance
Semantic wiki
Software requirements engineering
Verification and validation
WikiSym 2012 English 2012 The requirements engineering phase within a software project is a heavily knowledge-driven, collaborative process that typically involves the analysis and creation of a large number of textual artifacts. We know that requirements engineering has a large impact on the success of a project, yet sophisticated tool support, especially for small to mid-size enterprises, is still lacking. We present ReqWiki, a novel open source web-based approach based on a semantic wiki that includes Natural Language Processing (NLP) assistants, which work collaboratively with humans on the requirements specification documents. 0 0
Supporting wiki users with natural language processing Bahar Sateli
René Witte
Human-AI collaboration patterns
Natural Language Processing
Semantic assistants
Wiki systems
WikiSym 2012 English 2012 We present a "self-aware" wiki system, based on the MediaWiki engine, that can develop and organize its content using state-of-art techniques from the Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Semantic Computing domains. This is achieved with an architecture that integrates novel NLP solutions within the MediaWiki environment to allow wiki users to benefit from modern text mining techniques. As concrete applications, we present how the enhanced MediaWiki engine can be used for biomedical literature curation, cultural heritage data management, and software requirements engineering. 0 0
The people's encyclopedia under the gaze of the sages: a systematic review of scholarly research on Wikipedia Chitu Okoli
Mohamad Mehdi
Mostafa Mesgari
Finn Årup Nielsen
Arto Lanamäki
Wikipedia
Systematic literature review
Encyclopedia
Web 2.0
Social media
Online collaboration
Mass collaboration
Information retrieval
Information extraction
Natural Language Processing
Ontology
Open content
Creative Commons
Motivation
Online culture
Web references
English 2012 Wikipedia has become one of the ten most visited sites on the Web, and the world’s leading source of Web reference information. Its rapid success has inspired hundreds of scholars from various disciplines to study its content, communication and community dynamics from various perspectives. This article presents a systematic review of scholarly research on Wikipedia. We describe our detailed, rigorous methodology for identifying over 450 scholarly studies of Wikipedia. We present the WikiLit website (http wikilit dot referata dot com), where most of the papers reviewed here are described in detail. In the major section of this article, we then categorize and summarize the studies. An appendix features an extensive list of resources useful for Wikipedia researchers. 15 1
Generating quality open content: A functional group perspective based on the time, interaction, and performance theory Carillo K.
Chitu Okoli
Group research
Input-process-output approach
Interaction
Open content
Performance theory
Time
Virtual communities
Wikipedia
Information and Management English 2011 We applied the input-process-output approach and time, interaction, and performance theory to examine the input factors (organisational, group-related, and individual) and process factors (group production, group well-being, and member support) that yield group effectiveness, measured as high-quality articles in Wikipedia. The results provided evidence of the positive effects of: group size and shared experience on both group process variables and group effectiveness; group heterogeneity on group production; organisational support and member activeness on group well-being; member activeness on member support; and organisational support and member activeness on group effectiveness. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 0 1
Protocol for Systematic Mapping of Wikipedia Studies Mostafa Mesgari
Arto Lanamäki
Chitu Okoli
Mohamad Mehdi
Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia English 2011 0 0
A Brief Review of Studies of Wikipedia in Peer-Reviewed Journals Chitu Okoli Third International Conference on Digital Society English 2009 Since its establishment in 2001, Wikipedia, "the free encyclopedia that anyone can edit" has become a cultural icon of the unlimited possibilities of the World Wide Web. Thus, it has become a serious subject of scholarly study to objectively and rigorously understand it as a phenomenon. This paper reviews studies of Wikipedia that have been published in peer-reviewed journals. Among the wealth of studies reviewed, major sub-streams of research covered include: how and why Wikipedia works; assessments of the reliability of its content; using it as a data source for various studies; and applications of Wikipedia in different domains of endeavour. 25 3
Information product creation through open source encyclopedias Chitu Okoli ICC2009 - International Conference of Computing in Engineering, Science and Information English 2009 The same open source philosophy that has been traditionally applied to software development can be applied to the collaborative creation of non-software information products, such as encyclopedias, books, and dictionaries. Most notably, the eight-year-old Wikipedia is a comprehensive general encyclopedia, comprising over 12 million articles in over 200 languages. It becomes increasingly important to rigorously investigate the workings of the open source process to understand its benefits and motivations. This paper presents a research program funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada with the following objectives: (1) Survey open source encyclopedia participants to understand their motivations for participating and their demographic characteristics, and compare them with participants in traditional open source software projects; (2) investigate the process of open source encyclopedia development in a live community to understand how their motivations interact in the open source framework to create quality information products. 0 0
Protocol for a systematic literature review of research on the Wikipedia Chitu Okoli
Kira Schabram
Wikipedia
Literature review
Open content
Open source
International Conference on Management of Emergent Digital EcoSystems English 2009 Context: Wikipedia has become one of the ten-most visited sites on the Web, and the world's leading source of Web reference information. Its rapid success has attracted over 1,000 scholarly studies that treat Wikipedia as a major topic or data source. Objectives: This article presents a protocol for conducting a systematic mapping (a broad-based literature review) of research on Wikipedia. It identifies what research has been conducted; what research questions have been asked, which have been answered; and what theories and methodologies have been employed to study Wikipedia. Methods: This protocol follows the rigorous methodology of evidence-based software engineering to conduct a systematic mapping study. Results and conclusions: This protocol reports a study in progress. 0 1
Investigating recognition-based performance in an open content community: A social capital perspective Chitu Okoli
Wonseok Oh
Information and Management 2007 As the open source movement grows, it becomes important to understand the dynamics that affect the motivation of participants who contribute their time freely to such projects. One important motivation that has been identified is the desire for formal recognition in the open source community. We investigated the impact of social capital in participants' social networks on their recognition-based performance; i.e., the formal status they are accorded in the community. We used a sample of 465 active participants in the Wikipedia open content encyclopedia community to investigate the effects of two types of social capital and found that network closure, measured by direct and indirect ties, had a significant positive effect on increasing participants' recognition-based performance. Structural holes had mixed effects on participants' status, but were generally a source of social capital. 2007 Elsevier {B.V.} All rights reserved. 0 3