Brendan Luyt

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Brendan Luyt is an author.

Publications

Only those publications related to wikis are shown here.
Title Keyword(s) Published in Language DateThis property is a special property in this wiki. Abstract R C
The Inclusivity of Wikipedia and the Drawing of Expert Boundaries: An Examination of Talk Pages and Reference Lists Informal communication
Philippines
Subject experts
Virtual communities
Wikipedia
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology English 2012 Wikipedia is frequently viewed as an inclusive medium. But inclusivity within this online encyclopedia is not a simple matter of just allowing anyone to contribute. In its quest for legitimacy as an encyclopedia, Wikipedia relies on outsiders to judge claims championed by rival editors. In choosing these experts, Wikipedians define the boundaries of acceptable comment on any given subject. Inclusivity then becomes a matter of how the boundaries of expertise are drawn. In this article I examine the nature of these boundaries and the implications they have for inclusivity and credibility as revealed through the talk pages produced and sources used by a particular subset of Wikipedia's creators-those involved in writing articles on the topic of Philippine history. 0 0
The nature of historical representation on Wikipedia: Dominant or alterative historiography? Wikipedia
Cognitive perception
Credibility
Factual information
History
J. Am. Soc. Inf. Sci. Technol. English 2011 0 1
Improving Wikipedia's credibility: References and citations in a sample of history articles Wikipedia
Bibliographic citations
Hypermedia authoring
Information literacy
Verification
J. Am. Soc. Inf. Sci. Technol. English 2010 This study evaluates how well the authors of Wikipedia history articles adhere to the site’s policy of assuring verifiability through citations. It does so by examining the references and citations of a subset of country histories. The findings paint a dismal picture. Not only are many claims not verified through citations, those that are suffer from the choice of references used. Many of these are from only a few US government Websites or news media and few are to academic journal material. Given these results, one response would be to declare Wikipedia unsuitable for serious reference work. But another option emerges when we jettison technological determinism and look at Wikipedia as a product of a wider social context. Key to this context is a world in which information is bottled up as commodities requiring payment for access. Equally important is the problematic assumption that texts are undifferentiated bearers of knowledge. Those involved in instructional programs can draw attention to the social nature of texts to counter these assumptions and by so doing create an awareness for a new generation of Wikipedians and Wikipedia users of the need to evaluate texts (and hence citations) in light of the social context of their production and use. 11 2
Improving wikipedia's credibility: References and citations in a sample of history articles Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 2010 This study evaluates how well the authors of Wikipedia history articles adhere to the site's policy of assuring verifiability through citations. It does so by examining the references and citations of a subset of country histories. The findings paint a dismal picture. Not only are many claims not verified through citations, those that are suffer from the choice of references used. Many of these are from only a few {US} government Websites or news media and few are to academic journal material. Given these results, one response would be to declare Wikipedia unsuitable for serious reference work. But another option emerges when we jettison technological determinism and look at Wikipedia as a product of a wider social context. Key to this context is a world in which information is bottled up as commodities requiring payment for access. Equally important is the problematic assumption that texts are undifferentiated bearers of knowledge. Those involved in instructional programs can draw attention to the social nature of texts to counter these assumptions and by so doing create an awareness for a new generation of Wikipedians and Wikipedia users of the need to evaluate texts (and hence citations) in light of the social context of their production and use. {2010ASIST. 0 2
Improving Wikipedia's accuracy: Is edit age a solution? Error correction; Internet information resources; editing; accuracy; temporal currency J. Am. Soc. Inf. Sci. Technol. English 2008 Wikipedia is fast becoming a key information source for many despite criticism that it is unreliable and inaccurate. A number of recommendations have been made to sort the chaff from the wheat in Wikipedia, among which is the idea of color-coding article segment edits according to age (Cross, 2006). Using data collected as part of a wider study published in Nature, this article examines the distribution of errors throughout the life of a select group of Wikipedia articles. The survival time of each error edit in terms of the edit counts and days was calculated and the hypothesis that surviving material added by older edits is more trustworthy was tested. Surprisingly, we find that roughly 20% of errors can be attributed to surviving text added by the first edit, which confirmed the existence of a first-mover effect (Viegas, Wattenberg, & Kushal, 2004) whereby material added by early edits are less likely to be removed. We suggest that the sizable number of errors added by early edits is simply a result of more material being added near the beginning of the life of the article. Overall, the results do not provide support for the idea of trusting surviving segments attributed to older edits because such edits tend to add more material and hence contain more errors which do not seem to be offset by greater opportunities for error correction by later edits. 0 2
Improving wikipedia's accuracy: Is edit age a solution? Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology English 2008 Wikipedia is fast becoming a key information source for many despite criticism that it is unreliable and inaccurate. A number of recommendations have been made to sort the chaff from the wheat in Wikipedia, among which is the idea of color-coding article segment edits according to age (Cross, 2006). Using data collected as part of a wider study published in Nature, this article examines the distribution of errors throughout the life of a select group of Wikipedia articles. The survival time of each "error edit" in terms of the edit counts and days was calculated and the hypothesis that surviving material added by older edits is more trustworthy was tested. Surprisingly, we find that roughly 20% of errors can be attributed to surviving text added by the first edit, which confirmed the existence of a "first-mover" effect (Viegas, Wattenberg, & Kushal, 2004) whereby material added by early edits are less likely to be removed. We suggest that the sizable number of errors added by early edits is simply a result of more material being added near the beginning of the life of the article. Overall, the results do not provide support for the idea of trusting surviving segments attributed to older edits because such edits tend to add more material and hence contain more errors which do not seem to be offset by greater opportunities for error correction by later edits. 0 2
Evaluating the Comprehensiveness of Wikipedia: The Case of Biochemistry Asian Digital Libraries. Looking Back 10 Years and Forging New Frontiers English 2007 In recent years, the world of encyclopedia publishing has been challenged as new collaborative models of online information gathering and sharing have developed. Most notable of these is Wikipedia. Although Wikipedia has a core group of devotees, it has also attracted critical comment and concern, most notably in regard to its quality. In this article we compare the scope of Wikipedia and Encyclopedia Britannica in the subject of biochemistry using a popular first year undergraduate textbook as a benchmark for concepts that should appear in both works, if they are to be considered comprehensive in scope. 0 0
Evaluating the comprehensiveness of wikipedia: The case of biochemistry Encyclopedia britannica
Evaluation
Reference sources
Wikipedia
Lecture Notes in Computer Science English 2007 [No abstract available] 0 0