2006

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This is a list of 3 events celebrated and 274 publications published in 2006.

Events

Name City Country DateThis property is a special property in this wiki.
RecentChangesCamp 2006 Portland United States 3 February 2006
WikiSym 2006 Odense Denmark 21 August 2006
Wikimania 2006 Cambridge United States 6 August 2006


Publications

Title Author(s) Keyword(s) Published in Language Abstract R C
A Proposal for a Gene Functions Wiki Robert Hoehndorf
Kay Prüfer
Michael Backhaus
Heinrich Herre
Janet Kelso
Frank Loebe
Johann Visagie
English Large knowledge bases integrating different domains can provide a foundation for new applications in biology such as data mining or automated reasoning. The traditional approach to the construction of such knowledge bases is manual and therefore extremely time consuming. The ubiquity of the internet now makes large-scale community collaboration for the construction of knowledge bases, such as the successful online encyclopedia “Wikipedia”, possible. We propose an extension of this model to the collaborative annotation of molecular data. We argue that a semantic wiki provides the functionality required for this project since this can capitalize on the existing representations in biological ontologies. We discuss the use of a different relationship model than the one provided by RDF and OWL to represent the semantic data. We argue that this leads to a more intuitive and correct way to enter semantic content in the wiki. Furthermore, we show how formal ontologies could be used to increase the usability of the software through type-checking and automatic reasoning. 0 0
A Study of Phenomena of Knowledge Sharing in Wikipedia Chun-yu Huang National Central University, Taiwan Chinese Wikipedia is an encyclopedia on the Internet. It provides a lot of knowledge for the user. The first Wikipedia appeared in 2001 and was only in English. After six year of development, there are now various versions in more than 250 languages. Contents in Wikipedia were contributed and edited not by authorities, but by users of Wikipedia. As long as one wants, one can contribute to the contents of Wikipedia. Many users spent their time and energy to devote themselves to Wikipedia. Wikipedia gives no monetary reward to its contributor, but there are more and more users sharing their knowledge to Wikipedia. Does this reveal a massive pro-social phenomenon? This study thus attempts to look into factors that effect knowledge sharing of these sharing individuals. A web based questionnaire was designed, and known Wikipedia users were invited as informants. 156 valid samples were tallied out of a total of 181 returns. Empirical results reveal that reputation and altruism have positive effects on attitude of knowledge sharing, while expected reward has significant but negative effect on attitude of knowledge sharing. External control and community identification have moderating effect on the relationship between attitude of knowledge sharing and behavior of knowledge sharing. However, we failed to find evidence that support the effect of attitude of knowledge sharing on behavior of knowledge sharing. This is an issue that calls for more studies. 0 0
A Wiki for discussing and promoting best practices in research Mark D. Hill
Jean-Luc Gaudiot
Mary Hall
Joe Marks
Paolo Prinetto
Donna Baglio
English 0 0
A failure to communicate Piper P.
Ramos M.
Searcher:Magazine for Database Professionals English The communication breakdown and the poor response between federal, regional, and local relief agencies during the Hurricane Katrina, Florida on August 25, 2005, is discussed. The disaster caused numerous deaths, injuries, refugees and property loss at Louisiana, Missippi, and New Orleans. Cell phones, towers, and radio antennas failed to communicate due to their dependence on aboveground structures. Websites provided by service providers such as Internet Archive, Wikipedia, WEB Triad are useful search tools for Hurricane Katrina information. These provide links to many relief agencies across the country, employment sections, missing persons, housing, and generate relief outside the disaster area. Bloggers organize and discuss emergency preparedness and groundwork in advance. It is recommended that a robust communication system be developed for the emergencies to avoid the negative impact of the natural disasters. 0 0
A practice of the simple learning management system Miyagoshi T.
Doshita H.
Okino K.
Tajima M.
Blackboard
E-learning
Learning management system
Wiki
IEEJ Transactions on Fundamentals and Materials Japanese Recently, the LMS (Learning Management System) of the Blackboard, the WebCt, the Moodle and the Wiki etc. are utilized at the time of e-learning execution. We constructed a simple learning management system with the PukiWiki which is a derivative edition of the Wiki. In this system, the page which the Web page reader is perusing can be edited freely. Moreover, not only a teacher can equally treat the functions used before easily, but a student can create and expand his pages freely. We applied this system to the programming exercise with Java language. When students present a subject, the certainty and convenience are verified since the process are automatically recorded with time. 0 0
A proposal to automatically build and maintain gazetteers for Named Entity Recognition by using Wikipedia A. Toral
R. Munoz
Gazetteers
Named-entities wikipedia
EACL 2006, 2006. This paper describes a method to automatically create and maintain gazetteers for Named Entity Recognition (NER). This method extracts the necessary information from linguistic resources. Our approach is based on the analysis of an on-line encyclopedia entries by using a noun hierarchy and optionally a PoS tagger. An important motivation is to reach a high level of language independence. This restricts the techniques that can be used but makes the method useful for languages with few resources. The evaluation carried out proves that this approach can be successfully used to build NER gazetteers for location (F 78%) and person (F 68%) categories. 0 0
A request for help to improve the coverage of the NHS and UK healthcare issues on Wikipedia Rod Ward He@lth Information on the Internet 0 1
A resource review of Wikipedia. Cormac Lawler Counselling & Psychotherapy Research an online encyclopedia. The articles and definitions published in Wikipedia can be edited. Articles usually start as a single sentence and they grow over time through collaborative writing and editing. A discussion page for every article is also provided for people interested in or concerned with the content of that article. The article offers information on Wikipedia 0 0
A semantic web portal for semantic annotation and search Fernandez-Garcia N.
Blazquez-Del-Toro J.M.
Fisteus J.A.
Sanchez-Fernandez L.
Lecture Notes in Computer Science English The semantic annotation of the contents of Web resources is a required step in order to allow the Semantic Web vision to become a reality. In this paper we describe an approach to manual semantic annotation which tries to integrate both the semantic annotation task and the information retrieval task. Our approach exploits the information provided by Wikipedia pages and takes the form of a semantic Web portal, which allows a community of users to easily define and share annotations on Web resources. 0 0
A semantic wiki for mathematical knowledge management Christoph Lange
Kohlhase M.
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English We propose the architecture of a semantic wiki for collaboratively building, editing and browsing a mathematical knowledge base. Its hyperlinked pages, containing mathematical theories, are stored as OMDoc, a markup format for mathematical knowledge representation. Our long-term objective is to develop a software that, on the one hand, facilitates the creation of a shared, public collection of mathematical knowledge (e.g. for education). On the other hand the software shall serve work groups of mathematicians as a tool for collaborative development of new theories. 0 0
A war of words: An explosion of encyclopedias No author name available Laser Focus World English An attempt had been made by the researcher for the critical comparison of the equally venerable Encyclopedia Britannica with the online encyclopedia Wikipedia. The band of eminent researchers found error in both publications, some major but the majority were minor. Britannica is conventionally developed with contribution from widely recognized academic experts in the fields, whereas Wikipedia is developed in an online collegial manner in which anyone can write an article and any registered reader can amend the article. Wikipedia has been a runaway success, with some arguably dubious contributions, while Britannica has been struggling to find its role in the Internet. It was found that Wikipedia was often the more pithy of the two but Britannica was often more literate, in a typical British way. 0 0
A wiki as an extensible RDF presentation engine Rauschmayer A.
Kammergruber W.C.
RDF
RDF presentation
Semantic wiki
Wiki engine
Wiki syntax
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English Semantic wikis [1] establish the role of wikis as integrators of structured and semi-structured data. In this paper, we present Wikked, which is a semantic wiki turned inside out: it is a wiki engine that is embedded in the generic RDF editor Hyena. That is, Hyena edits (structured) RDF and leaves it to Wikked to display (semi-structured) wiki pages stored in RDF nodes. Wiki text has a clearly defined core syntax, while traditional wiki syntax is regarded as syntactic sugar. It is thus easy to convert Wikked pages to various output formats such as HTML and LaTeX. Wikked's built-in functions for presenting RDF data and for invoking Hyena functionality endow it with the ability to define simple custom user interfaces to RDF data. 0 0
Access control on RDF triple stores from a Semantic Wiki perspective Dietzold S.
Sören Auer
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English RDF triple stores are used to store and query large RDF models. Semantic Web applications built on top of such triple stores require methods allowing high-performance access control not restricted to per model directives. For the growing number of lightweight, scripted Semantic Web applications it is crucial to rely on access control methods which maintain a balance between expressiveness, simplicity and scalability. Starting from a Semantic Wiki application scenario we collect requirements for useful access control methods provided by the triple store. We derive a basic model for triple store access according to these requirements and review existing approaches in the field of policy management with regard to the requirements. Finally, a lightweight access control framework based on rule-controlled query filters is described. 0 0
Acquiring Ontological Relationships from Wikipedia Using RMRS A. Herbelot
Ann Copestake
English 0 0
Ambiguity and conflict in the Wikipedian knowledge production system Caius Dobrescu Sorin Adam Matei Wikipedia
Conflict
Policy
Ambiguity
Process
Neutral point of view
Rules
Editors
Revert wars
International Communication Association Annual Conference, Dresden, Germany The paper analyzes the manner in which the most important implicit explanatory framework, emergence theory, and the central Wikipedia policy, the "Neutral point of view," are appropriated and reinterpreted by Wikipedia actors. Analyzing mailing list messages posted on Wikipedia-l and on Wikipedia's "Neutral Point of View Policy" discussion page (a footnoting space used for coordinating the editorial process on Wikipedia) the paper comes to the conclusion that the debates are often conflictual and their solution is found in ambiguity. The overarching conclusion is that conflict and ambiguity on Wikipedia are not extraneous, but central ingredients of this wiki project. They naturally develop from the pluralist and non-hierarchic nature of the medium and of the culture that brought it to life. 0 1
An empirical examination of Wikipedia's credibility Thomas Chesney First Monday. 11 (11) November 2006. Wikipedia is a free, online encyclopaedia; anyone can add content or edit existing content. The idea behind Wikipedia is that members of the general public can add their own personal knowledge, anonymously if they wish. Wikipedia then evolves over time into a comprehensive knowledge base on all things. Its popularity has never been questioned, although some have speculated about its authority. By its own admission, Wikipedia contains errors. A number of people have tested Wikipedia’s accuracy using destructive methods, i.e. deliberately inserting errors. This has been criticised by Wikipedia. This short study examines Wikipedia’s credibility by asking 258 research staff with a response rate of 21 percent, to read an article and assess its credibility, the credibility of its author and the credibility of Wikipedia as a whole. Staff were either given an article in their own expert domain or a random article. No difference was found between the two group in terms of their perceived credibility of Wikipedia or of the articles’ authors, but a difference was found in the credibility of the articles — the experts found Wikipedia’s articles to be more credible than the non–experts. This suggests that the accuracy of Wikipedia is high. However, the results should not be seen as support for Wikipedia as a totally reliable resource as, according to the experts, 13 percent of the articles contain mistakes. 0 4
An empirical exploration of Wikipedia's credibility Thomas Chesney First Monday English Wikipedia is an free, online encyclopaedia; anyone can add content or edit existing content. The idea behind Wikipedia is that members of the general public can add their own personal knowledge, anonymously if they wish. Wikipedia then evolves over time into a comprehensive knowledge base on all things. Its popularity has never been questioned, although some have speculated about its authority. By its own admission, Wikipedia contains errors. A number of people have tested Wikipedia’s accuracy using destructive methods, i.e. deliberately inserting errors. This has been criticised by Wikipedia. This short study examines Wikipedia’s credibility by asking 258 research staff with a response rate of 21 percent, to read an article and assess its credibility, the credibility of its author and the credibility of Wikipedia as a whole. Staff were either given an article in their own expert domain or a random article. No difference was found between the two group in terms of their perceived credibility of Wikipedia or of the articles’ authors, but a difference was found in the credibility of the articles — the experts found Wikipedia’s articles to be more credible than the non–experts. This suggests that the accuracy of Wikipedia is high. However, the results should not be seen as support for Wikipedia as a totally reliable resource as, according to the experts, 13 percent of the articles contain mistakes. 0 0
An online ontology: WiktionaryZ Van Mulligen E.M.
Moller E.
Roes P.-J.
Weeber M.
Meijssen G.
Chichester C.
Mons B.
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English There is a great demand for online maintenance and refinement of knowledge on biomedical entities1. Collaborative maintenance of large biomedical ontologies combines the intellectual capacity of millions of minds for updating and correcting the annotations of biomedical concepts with their semantic relationships according to latest scientific insights. These relationships extend the current specialization and participation relationships as currently exploited in most ontology projects. The ontology layer has been developed on top of the Wikidata2 component and allows for presentation of these biomedical concepts in a similar way as Wikipedia pages. Each page contains all information on a biomedical concept with semantic relationships to other related concepts. A first version has been populated with data from the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS), SwissProt, GeneOntology, and Gemet. The various fields are online editable in a Wiki style and are maintained via a powerful versioning regiment. Next steps will include the definition of a set of formal rules for the ontology to enforce (onto)logical rigor. 0 0
Analyzing the effectiveness of collaborative condition monitoring using adaptive measure Han H.-S.
Hyeoncheol Kim
Han S.-G.
Collaborative learning
Knowledge management
Visualisation
Wiki community
WSEAS Transactions on Information Science and Applications English New opened community systems such as wiki support the entire freedom of expression for all users. Wiki is a powerful hypertext-based collaborative system and a conversational knowledge management system. The method of group knowledge construction in wiki depends on the social interaction. However, some factors interrupt the social interaction needed for collaboration in wiki. At first the linked-structure is hidden and continuously changeable. Furthermore, the linked structure has become more and more complex. The linked structure's complexity interrupts collaborative condition monitoring and group collaboration. We develop and test new adaptive measures proposed in this paper to decide whether or not they satisfy a group's collaborative condition. The visualization of these scores will support a basis to examine the collaborative condition and to decide the starting point of next activity in process-oriented learning. The result of experiment shows that changes in score values go with Collaboration Status. And we analyze the effectiveness of collaborative condition monitoring in the viewpoint of pedagogy. 0 0
Annotation and navigation in semantic wikis? Eyal Oren
Delbru R.
Moller K.
Volkel M.
Handschuh S.
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English Semantic Wikis allow users to semantically annotate their Wiki content. The particular annotations can differ in expressive power, simplicity, and meaning. We present an elaborate conceptual model for semantic annotations, introduce a unique and rich Wiki syntax for these annotations, and discuss how to best formally represent the augmented Wiki content. We improve existing navigation techniques to automatically construct faceted browsing for semistructured data. By utilising the Wiki annotations we provide greatly enhanced information retrieval. Further we report on our ongoing development of these techniques in our prototype SemperWiki. 0 0
Application of wiki collaboration system for value adding and knowledge aggregation in a digital archive project Journal of Educational Media and Library Science English 0 0
Applications of knowledge currency Carrillo C.
Delfin S.
De la Rosa J.L.
Citation auctions
Cognitive capitalism
Digital cash
Digital currencies
Knowledge currency
Recommender system
Social currencies
Social exchange
Wiki
Internet and Information Systems in the Digital Age Challenges and Solutions - Proceedings of the 7th International Business Information Management Association Conference, IBIMA 2006 English This paper describes the state of the art for social currencies, cognitive capitalism and currencies on World Wide Web which is used to found a new currency based on knowledge. This new currency better reflects the wealth of nations throughout the world supports more social economic activity and is better adapted to the challenges of digital business ecosystems. The basic premise of the new currency is a knowledge measurement pattern that is formulated as a new alternative social currency. It is a currency to facilitate the conservation and storage of knowledge, its organization and categorization, but chiefly its transference and exploitation. The proposal turns recommender agents into the new currency. An example is presented to show how recommender agents receive a new use, transforming them into objects of transaction. Another application will pretend show our Knowledge Currency as a Digital Currency, with the Citation Auctions in the Research World. 0 0
Automatic Ontology Extraction for Document Classification Natalia Kozlova Saarland University The amount of information in the world is enormous. Millions of documents in electronic libraries, thousands of them on each personal computer waiting for the expert to organize this information, to be assigned to appropriate categories. Automatic classification can help. However, synonymy, polysemy and word usage patterns problems usually arise. Modern knowledge representation mechanisms such as ontologies can be used as a solution to these issues. Ontology-driven classification is a powerful technique which combines the advantages of modern classification methods with semantic specificity of the ontologies. One of the key issues here is the cost and difficulty of the ontology building process, especially if we do not want to stick to any specific field. Creating a generally applicable but simple ontology is a challenging task. Even manually compiled thesauri such as WordNet can be overcrowded and noisy. We propose a flexible framework for efficient ontology extraction in document classification purposes. In this work we developed a set of ontology extraction rules. Our framework was tested on the manually created corpus of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We present a software tool, developed with regard to the claimed principles. Its architecture is open for embedding new features in. The ontology-driven document classification experiments were performed on the Reuters collection. We study the behavior of different classifiers on different ontologies, varying our experimental setup. Experiments show that the performance of our system is better, in comparison to other approaches. In this work we observe and state the potential of automatic ontology extraction techniques and highlight directions for the further investigation. 0 0
Automatic deployment of semantic wikis: A prototype Angelo Di Iorio
Fabbri M.
Valentina Presutti
Fabio Vitali
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English Semantic wikis simplify the creation, searching and management of content in a specific domain of interest. Although very powerful solutions exist for adding semantics to wikis, the authoring process of domain-oriented content still remains a manual and quite consuming task. We propose a different approach to deploy semantic wikis: the automatic delivery of a customized wiki for a given domain, taking as input an ontological description of that domain. WikiFactory is an application that takes these ideas to implementation, based on a strong distinction between the ontology designer, the content author and the graphic designer. Moreover WikiFactory is designed to be independent for a specific wiki clone and commit an abstract description of pages onto a wide set of wiki platforms. In this paper we present the early implementation of Wiki- Factory that automatically generates pages for MediaWiki. 0 0
Best practices on delivering a Wiki collaborative solution for enterprise applications 2006 International Conference on Collaborative Computing: Networking, Applications and Worksharing, CollaborateCom English 0 0
Beyond Wikipedia? D. Achterman Teacher Librarian {WHILE} {POLARIZED} {VIEWS} {OF} {READING} {METHODOLOGIES,} {FILTERING,} {DIGITAL} {RIGHTS} {MANAGEMENT} {(DRM),} {OPEN} {SOURCE,} {COPYRIGHT/COPYLEFT,} {CONSTRUCTIVISM,} {E-BOOKS,} {COMPUTER} {LABS,} {FIXED} {SCHEDULES,} {MAC/PC/LINUX,} {AND} {THE} {ONE} {LAPTOP} {PER} {CHILD} {PROJECT} {ALL} {MAKE} {FOR} {ENTERTAINING} {READING} {AND} A {RAISED} {BLOOD} {PRESSURE,} I {OFTEN} {WONDER} {IF} {RADICAL} {STANCES} {ACTUALLY} {CREATE} {EDUCATIONAL} {CHANGE} {OR} {AFFECT} {EDUCATIONAL} {INS-UTIONS} {ENOUGH} {TO} {CHANGE} {KIDS'} {CHANCES} {FOR} {SUCCESS.} Separate or integrate tech/info lit curriculum Encyclopedia Britannica or Wikipedia Evolutionary or revolutionary change Content knowledge or process skills Testing or assessment Mandated skills or teacher choice Print or online Libraries or technology Fixed or flex scheduling It is this sort of black and white thinking that makes stimulating reading and engenders reader outpourings of love or hate. 0 0
Blogs and wikis: A personal journey Ward R. Blogs
Information
Intranets
Know-how
Knowledge management
Law firm
Legal information
Ownership
Social media
Weblogs
Wiki
Business Information Review English Describes the use of social software and social media, incorporating blogs and wikis, to develop websites to support internal communication and collaboration in a law firm. Explains that blogs foster regular and timely personal communication and dialogue for a defined group, and wikis can be used to create knowledge resources or as a collaborative working or project management tool. Outlines the traditional knowledge management model for law firms, and explains how the arrival of a new global head of know-how and training prompted the investigation of how social media might support the firm's knowhow systems. Provides advice on how to successfully set up an initial blog or wiki project. Copyright 0 0
Blogs, wikis and creative innovation Quiggin J. Blogs
Cooperation
Creative Commons
Innovation
Wiki
International Journal of Cultural Studies English In this article, recent developments in the creation of web content, such as blogs and wikis, are surveyed with a focus on their role in technological and social innovation. The innovations associated with blogs and wikis are important in themselves, and the process of creative collaboration they represent is becoming central to technological progress in general. The internet and the world wide web, which have driven much of the economic growth of the past decade, were produced in this way. Standard assumptions about the competitive nature of innovation are undersupported in the new environment. If governments want to encourage the maximum amount of innovation in social production, they need to de-emphasize competition and emphasize creativity and cooperation. Copyright 0 0
Breaking the Knowledge Acquisition Bottleneck through Conversational Knowledge Management Christian Wagner Knowledge acquisition; knowledge artifacts; knowledge management; open source development; wiki Information Resources Management Journal , Issue 1 Much of today’s organizational knowledge still exists outside of formal information repositories and often only in people’s heads. While organizations are eager to capture this knowledge, existing acquisition methods are not up to the task. Neither traditional artificial intelligence-based approaches nor more recent, less-structured knowledge management techniques have overcome the knowledge acquisition challenges. This article investigates knowledge acquisition bottlenecks and proposes the use of collaborative, conversational knowledge management to remove them. The article demonstrates the opportunity for more effective knowledge acquisition through the application of the principles of Bazaar style, open-source development. The article introduces wikis as software that enables this type of knowledge acquisition. It empirically analyzes the Wikipedia to produce evidence for the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed approach. 0 1
Breaking the knowledge acquisition bottleneck through conversational knowledge management Christian Wagner Knowledge acquisition
Knowledge artifacts
Knowledge management
Open source development
Wiki
Information Resources Management Journal English Much of today's organizational knowledge still exists outside of formal information repositories and often only in people's heads. While organizations are eager to capture this knowledge, existing acquisition methods are not up to the task. Neither traditional artificial intelligence-based approaches nor more recent, less-structured knowledge management techniques have overcome the knowledge acquisition challenges. This article investigates knowledge acquisition bottlenecks and proposes the use of collaborative, conversational knowledge management to remove them. The article demonstrates the opportunity for more effective knowledge acquisition through the application of the principles of Bazaar style, open-source development. The article introduces wikis as software that enables this type of knowledge acquisition. It empirically analyzes the Wikipedia to produce evidence for the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed approach. Copyright 0 1
Bringing the "wiki-way" to the semantic web with rhizome Adam Souzis CEUR Workshop Proceedings English The Wiki and the Semantic Web can be compared as two different approaches to capturing knowledge, where the former trades away precise, explicit, and internally consistent semantics for speed and simplicity. Any attempt to bridge these two approaches has to either somehow reconcile these trades-off or make compromises one way or the other. This paper describes how Rhizome, an open source application framework for developing "Semantic Wiki" applications, attempts to bridge these approaches. Rhizome includes a text formatting language called ZML whose syntax is similar to text formatting languages found in most Wikis but with enhancement to make it easy for users to express explicit and arbitrary semantics. Rhizome relies on " shredding", a flexible framework for specifying rules for characterizing semi-structured content with RDF and providing an ontology that can precisely describe the relationship between the source content and the resulting statements. 0 0
Bringing the wiki collaboration model to the tabletop world 2006 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo, ICME 2006 - Proceedings English 0 0
Building Semantic Webs for e-government with Wiki technology Electronic Government English 0 1
Building a design engineering digital library: The workflow issues Grierson H.
Wodehouse A.
Breslin C.
Ion W.
Juster N.
Design engineering
Digital libraries
Reusable resources
Wiki
Workflow
DS 38: Proceedings of E and DPE 2006, the 8th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education English Over the past 2 years the Design Manufacturing and Engineering Management Department at the University of Strathclyde has been developing a digital library to support student design learning in global team-based design engineering projects through the DIDET project [1]. Previous studies in the classroom have identified the need for the development of two parallel systems - a shared workspace, the LauLima Learning Environment (LLE) and a digital library, the LauLima Digital Library (LDL) [2]. These two elements are encapsulated within LauLima, developed from the open-sourced groupware Tikiwiki. This paper will look at the workflow in relation to populating the digital library, discuss the issues as they are experienced by staff and students, e.g. the application of metadata (keywords and descriptions); harvesting of resources; reuse in classes; granularity; intellectual property rights and digital rights management (IPR and DRM), and make suggestions for improvement. 0 0
CHIC - A pluggable solution for community help in context Stevens G.
Wiedenhofer T.
Context awareness
Help systems
Knowledge management
Virtual communi-ties
Wiki
ACM International Conference Proceeding Series English Online "Helps" must capture the problem of decontextualisation. In the literature the following three methods are presented to bridge the gap between the user's problem situation and the provided help: using methods of the information retrieval, computer mediated communication and techniques of context awareness.Focusing on professional help only is a drawback most help systems research have today. In order to overcome these shortcomings, this paper presents how the different help methods can be combined with the concepts of community based help systems by using Wikis. We will argue that the next big step is to integrate Wikis into the applications so that there is a more seamless transition between the use context and using the Wiki as a Help System.In order to prove our concept, we designed a CHiC (Community Help in Context) prototype based on Eclipse, and use it in a rich client for a Groupware-System. Copyright 2006 ACM. 0 0
Can History Be Open Source? Wikipedia and the Future of the Past Roy Rosenzweig Wikipedia
Autorship
Collaboration
Journal of American History History is a deeply individualistic craft. The singly authored work is the standard for the profession; only about 6 percent of the more than 32,000 scholarly works indexed since 2000 in this journal’s comprehensive bibliographic guide, “Recent Scholarship,” have more than one author. Works with several authors—common in the sciences—are even harder to find. Fewer than 500 (less than 2 percent) have three or more authors. Historical scholarship is also characterized by possessive individualism. Good professional practice (and avoiding charges of plagiarism) requires us to attribute ideas and words to specific historians—we are taught to speak of “Richard Hofstadter’s status anxiety interpretation of Progressivism.”2 And if we use more than a limited number of words from Hofstadter, we need to send a check to his estate. To mingle Hofstadter’s prose with your own and publish it would violate both copyright and professional norms. A historical work without owners and with multiple, anonymous authors is thus almost unimaginable in our professional culture. Yet, quite remarkably, that describes the online encyclopedia known as Wikipedia, which contains 3 million articles (1 million of them in English). History is probably the category encompassing the largest number of articles. Wikipedia is entirely free. And that freedom includes not just the ability of anyone to read it (a freedom denied by the scholarly journals in, say, jstor, which requires an expensive institutional subscription) but also—more remarkably—their freedom to use it. You can take Wikipedia’s entry on Franklin D. Roosevelt and put it on your own Web site, you can hand out copies to your students, and you can publish it in a book—all with only one restriction: You may not impose any more restrictions on subsequent readers and users than have been imposed on you. And it has no authors in any conventional sense. Tens of thousands of people—who have not gotten even the glory of affixing their names to it—have written it collaboratively. The Roosevelt entry, for example, emerged over four years as five hundred authors made about one thousand edits. This extraordinary freedom and cooperation make Wikipedia the most important application of the principles of the free and open-source software movement to the world of cultural, rather than software, production 0 6
Can History be Open Source? Wikipedia and the Future of the Past Roy Rosenzweig The Journal of American History English 0 5
Canais de interação na Wikipedia Vanessa Wendhausen Lima Portuguese 2 0
Claremont colleges emergency preparedness: An action research initiative Raman M. Action research
Emergency preparedness
Knowledge management
Wiki technology
Systemic Practice and Action Research English This study examines the role of knowledge management systems in the context of emergency preparedness at Claremont University Consortium. The research objectives required the researcher's direct involvement with CUC. Canonical action research methodology was used to guide the project. Overall, the client was satisfied with the project's outcome. The researcher designed and implemented an instantiation of a web-based knowledge management system using Wiki technology. This system can assist CUC in overcoming some of its immediate concerns with emergency preparedness. These include the ability of the system to facilitate the communication process, and enable a more structured approach for documenting and storing emergency related information. The system as it exists today is subject to further improvement. This includes the need for continuous training with the system, improving the navigational aspects, and seeking a better fit between the system and the emergency planning and response processes. 0 0
Co-reflection in online learning: Collaborative critical thinking as narrative Yukawa J. Affective domain
Co-construction of knowledge
Co-reflection
Collaborative learning
Distance learning
Higher education
Narrative analysis
Reflection
Wiki
International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning English This article presents findings from a comparative case study of the learning experiences of two graduate students in an online action research course. The key roles played by reflection and co-reflection, an emerging concept, are identified through the use of narrative analysis. Co-reflection is a collaborative critical thinking process mediated by language, broadly construed to include all meaningful signs. Two types of co-reflection are proposed: tacit and active. Regardless of type, the evidence shows that co-reflection involves cognitive and affective interactions in synergy with relationship building. To the study of group cognition, this study contributes evidence of the potential of co-reflection as a core process. The simple, flexible software tools used in the course (wiki-style collaborative software and simple email and chat programs) effectively supported inquiry learning and co-reflection by allowing learners to freely and easily create their own web pages and to adapt the tools for their different communication and learning styles. 0 1
Collaborative learning using Wiki and flexnetdiscuss: A pilot study Chong N.S.T.
Michihiro Yamamoto
Online debate
Web annotation
Web-based collaboration
Wiki
Proceedings of the Fifth IASTED International Conference on Web-based Education English Dialogue can facilitate active engagement and critical thinking in learning in many situations, such as when a learner's ideas are challenged with conflicting viewpoints in a debate. Nowadays group communications in online learning processes are being supported by a range of tools. This paper focuses on the usefulness and effectiveness of the combined use of Wiki and a new communication tool that we have implemented for enhancing debate-based learning experiences. The experimental study involved the participation of small teams in a debate conducted online and in traditional settings. The analysis of the results outlines the different roles of each tool, and suggests the positive effects owing to the complementary strengths of the tools on fostering active participation and achieving high quality in the debate. 0 0
Collaborative learning using Wiki and flexnetdiscuss: a pilot study Ng S. T. Chong
Michihiro Yamamoto
Wiki
Online debate
Web annotation
Web-based collaboration
WBE English 0 0
Community Building around Encyclopaedic Knowledge Maurer H Kolbitsch J Digital libraries
Electronic Encyclopaedias
Knowledge Brokering Systems
Active Documents
Annotations
Knowledge management
Tracking
Adaptation
Community Building
Journal of Computing and Information Technology 14 The paper discusses it as one of the main examples. Despite not mentioning Wikipedia in title or abstract This paper gives a brief overview of current technologies in systems handling encyclopaedic knowledge. Since most of the electronic encyclopaedias currently available are rather static and inflexible, greatly enhanced functionality is introduced that enables users to work more effectively and collaboratively. Users have the ability, for instance, to add annotations to every kind of object and can have private and shared workspaces. The techniques described employ user profiles in order to adapt to different users and involve statistical analysis to improve search results. Moreover, a tracking and navigation mechanism based on trails is presented. The second part of the paper details community building around encyclopaedic knowledge with the aim to involve “plain” users and experts in environments with largely editorial content. The foundations for building a user community are specified along with significant facets such as retaining the high quality of content, rating mechanisms and social aspects. A system that implements large portions of the community-related concepts in a heterogeneous environment of several largely independent data sources is proposed. Apart from online and DVD-based encyclopaedias, potential application areas are e-Learning, corporate documentation and knowledge management systems. 0 1
Computing trust from revision history. Honglei Zeng
Maher A Alhossaini
Li Ding
Richard Fikes
Deborah L McGuinness
STAR. A new model of distributed, collaborative information evolution is emerging. As exemplified in Wikipedia, online collaborative information repositories are being generated, updated, and maintained by a large and diverse community of users. Issues concerning trust arise when content is generated and updated by diverse populations. Since these information repositories are constantly under revision, trust determination is not simply a static process. In this paper, we explore ways of utilizing the revision history of an article to assess the trustworthiness of the article. We then present an experiment where we used this revision history-based trust model to assess the trustworthiness of a chain of successive versions of articles in Wikipedia and evaluated the assessments produced by the model. 0 0
Concepts for extending Wiki systems to supplement collaborative learning Silvan Reinhold
Abawi D.F.
Lecture Notes in Computer Science English The use of new media - multimedia elements and electronic modes of interaction - is at the core of contemporary efforts to enhance the learning experience of students at universities worldwide. This paper explores the use of general-purpose Wiki systems as a means to extend didactic scenarios in eLearning environments. Wiki systems are already used successfully in classrooms, and provide students with a novel means of learning, collaborating, and participating. Based on several classroom projects currently implemented at the Goethe-University Frankfurt, we identify important issues, success factors, requirements and problems, related to the use of Wikis as part of the classroom. These shape the basis for our concept to extend the standard Wiki functionality, in order to adapt the available technology to the e-enhanced classroom. A prototypical implementation is described that was developed as a basis for the implementation of the concept, and the summary illustrates current conclusions and lessons learned. 0 1
Concordia university at the TREC-15 QA track Kosseim L.
Beaudoin A.
Keighbadi A.
Razmara M.
NIST Special Publication English In this paper, we describe the system we used for the TREC Question Answering Track. For factoid and list questions two different approaches were exploited: A redundancy-based approach using a modified version of aranea and a parse-tree based unifier. The modified version of aranea essentially uses Google snippets for extracting answers and then projects them to aquaint. The parse-tree based unifier is a linguistic-based approach that chunks candidate sentences syntactically and uses a heuristic measure to compute the similarity of each chunk in a candidate to its counterpart in the question. To answer other types of questions, our system extracts from Wikipedia articles a list of interest-marking terms related to the topic and uses them to extract and score sentences from the aquaint document collection using various interest-marking triggers. We submitted 3 runs using different variations of the system. In the factoid run, the average of our 3 runs is 0.202, for the list, we achieved an average of 0.084, and for the "Other", we achieved an average F-score of 0.192. 0 0
Constrained Wiki: an Oxymoron? Angelo Di Iorio
Stefano Zacchiroli
Assisted editing
Validation
Wiki system
Proceedings of WikiSym'06 - 2006 International Symposium on Wikis English In this paper we propose a new wiki concept - light constraints - designed to encode community best practices and domain-specific requirements, and to assist in their application. While the idea of constraining user editing of wiki content seems to inherently contradict "The Wiki Way", it is well-known that communities of users involved in wiki sites have the habit of establishing best authoring practices. For domain-specific wiki systems which process wiki content, it is often useful to enforce some well-formedness conditions on specific page contents. This paper describes a general framework to think about the interaction of wiki system with constraints, and presents a generic architecture which can be easily incorporated into existing wiki systems to exploit the capabilities enabled by light constraints. Copyright 2006 ACM. 0 0
Corporate wiki users: Results of a survey Ann Majchrzak
Christian Wagner
Dave Yates
Adders
Corporate wiki
Knowledge contribution
Knowledge restructuring
Knowledge reuse
Synthesizers
Proceedings of WikiSym'06 - 2006 International Symposium on Wikis English A survey of 168 corporate wiki users was conducted. Findings indicate that corporate wikis appear to be sustainable. Users stated three main types of benefits from corporate wikis: enhanced reputation, work made easier, and helping the organization to improve its processes. These benefits were seen as more likely when the wiki was used for tasks requiring novel solutions and the information posted was from credible sources. Users acknowledged making a variety of contributions, which suggests that they could be categorized as "synthesizers" and "adders". Synthesizers' frequency of contribution was affected more by their impact on other wiki users, while adders' contribution frequency was affected more by being able to accomplish their immediate work. Copyright 2006 ACM. 0 1
Creation of a wiki-based code snippet repository Nicholas Mwai J. Comput. Sci. Coll. English 0 0
Cultural Differences in Collaborative Authoring of Wikipedia Ulrike Pfeil
Panayiotis Zaphiris
Chee S. Ang
Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication English This article explores the relationship between national culture and computer-mediated communication (CMC) in Wikipedia. The articles on the topic game from the French, German, Japanese, and Dutch Wikipedia websites were studied using content analysis methods. Correlations were investigated between patterns of contributions and the four dimensions of cultural influences proposed by Hofstede (Power Distance, Collectivism versus Individualism, Femininity versus Masculinity, and Uncertainty Avoidance). The analysis revealed cultural differences in the style of contributions across the cultures investigated, some of which are correlated with the dimensions identified by Hofstede. These findings suggest that cultural differences that are observed in the physical world also exist in the virtual world. 0 2
Decision tree for choosing an uncertainty analysis methodology: A wiki experiment Hydrological Processes English 0 0
Design principles of Wiki: How can so little do so much? Ward Cunningham Proceedings of WikiSym'06 - 2006 International Symposium on Wikis English This talk discusses the fundamental principles on which the first wiki was built, what we learnt from it, and how we believe future wikis are best set up. 0 2
Development of a wiki-based, expert community-driven nanosystem vocabulary Laura M. Bartolo
Cathy S. Lowe
Sharon C. Glotzer
Christopher Iacovella
Materials science
Metadata
Nanoscience
Vocabulary
Wiki
DCMI English 0 0
Digging up the virtual past: The archaeology of ancient Greece and Rome on the Web Mattison D. Searcher:Magazine for Database Professionals English The author has carried out an archeological research of ancient Greece and Rome through Web sites in order to know the evolution of the societies. The Wikipedia entry on Archaeology and its Archaeology Portal provides an overview of the Graeco-Roman roots of western civilization and offers many important links. The Foundation of the Hellenic World also offers important resources on Greek history from prehistoric to modern times through Hellenic History on the Internet. The Wikipedia series of entries on the Roman Kingdom and Roman Empire is a good starting point for an exploration of their history as exposed through archeology and thousands of surviving monuments and structures. 0 0
Digital archives and the turn to design J. Purdy University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign English Much existing archival work productively examines the contents of archives and their role in historical research; this dissertation offers a fresh perspective on archives by adding to studies of archival texts research on archival technologies. This dissertation argues that digital archives are technologies that shape writing and research practices through their design. Rather than being neutral spaces, they are built on claims about what constitutes appropriate writing and research behaviors in the new media age. In their designs, these technologies situate print as the standard by which to evaluate their effectiveness, illustrating anxiety about the reliability and integrity of the digital. They, moreover, consistently privilege linguistic text, a challenge to embracing multimodality as a frame for composing. While the idea that archives are dynamic spaces is not new, much of the anxiety regarding digital archives continues to be that they do not fix texts---and that singular, stable processes for engaging with them are not knowable. Yet rather than distrust digital archives, I argue for viewing them as spaces that can help us understand composing and researching as dynamic, multimodal processes. The argument proceeds through case studies of three different digital archive technologies: digital document repositories (web sites that store and provide access to archival collections online), wikis (dynamic, collaboratively authored web sites that anyone can add to or change), and plagiarism detection services (web sites that test uploaded papers to determine if they include language copied directly from other sources). Specifically, my primary objects of analysis are {JSTOR} {(Journal} Storage, the Scholarly Journal Archive), Wikipedia, and Turnitin, respectively. Because technologies are both discursive and material constructions, I study the discourse surrounding and the functionality of each technology using a design approach that builds on Gunther Kress' notion of design but extends it beyond the visual to the structural. As increasing numbers of texts take digital form, the problems and promise of digital archives will demand thoughtful responses. The ways in which these spaces are designed will determine the kinds of texts that will be produced and valued in the future. 0 0
E-Democracy: Can blogs and wikis enhance the participation of gen Y in the democratic process? Backhouse J. Blogs
E-Democracy
Gen Y
Participation
Wiki
Proceedings of the European Conference on e-Government, ECEG English Over the last decade or so, a significant proportion of citizens in many liberal democracies have demonstrated a declining interest in the trappings of the democratic process and a related apathy about voting itself. There is a particular concern for the attitudes of young adult citizens, part of the demographic often-called Generation Y. For this generation, many of the customary styles of community involvement and interaction with government no longer seem relevant to the way they live their everyday lives. For example, while newspaper readership in general is falling worldwide, this trend is especially noticeable among Gen Y. They are not adopting the reading habits of their parents. This is a noteworthy development since newspapers, as part of mainstream media, have traditionally been an important source of information and engagement in political debate. An obvious response to this dilemma is to use ICT technologies, including blogs and wikis, to provide replacements for, or indeed enhancements to, traditional communal and democratic artefacts. Stereotypically, these are the technologies that Gen Y relates to and that help provide their sense of community and involvement. This paper reviews the nature and growth of blogs and wikis. It examines the literature on the relevance and effectiveness of these technologies for enhancing democratic participation particularly for Gen Y. The paper concludes that these tools have some potential to engage a significant proportion of Gen Y constituents. Nevertheless they are not a magic bullet. These tools need to have a societal fit and to be implemented in a way that encourages broad participation rather than just strident involvement by a few activists. Even amongst Gen Y, a generation usually considered being ICT literate and eager, there is a risk that systems not well implemented, will only serve to increase disengagement. 0 0
ENWIC: Visualizing Wiki semantics as topic maps: An automated topic discovery and visualization tool ICEIS 2006 - 8th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems, Proceedings English 0 0
Enabling customer-centricity using wikis and the wiki Way Christian Wagner
Ann Majchrzak
Customer-centricity
Knowledge creation
Knowledge management
Open source
Wiki
Journal of Management Information Systems English Customer-centric business makes the needs and resources of individual customers the starting point for planning new products and services or improving existing ones. While customer-centricity has received recent attention in the marketing literature, technologies to enable customer-centricity have been largely ignored in research and theory development. In this paper, we describe one enabling technology - wikis. Wiki is a Web-based collaboration technology designed to allow anyone to update any information posted to a wiki-based Web site. As such, wikis can be used to enable customers to not only access but also change the organization's Web presence, creating previously unheard of opportunities for joint content development and "peer production" of Web content. At the same time, such openness may make the organization vulnerable to Web site defacing, destruction of intellectual property, and general chaos. In this zone of tension-between opportunity and possible failure - an increasing number of organizations are experimenting with the use of wikis and the wiki way to engage customers. Three cases of organizations using wikis to foster customer-centricity are described, with each case representing an ever-increasing level of customer engagement. An examination of the three cases reveals six characteristics that affect customer engagement - community custodianship, goal alignment among contributors, value-adding processes, emerging layers of participation, critical mass of management and monitoring activity, and technologies in which features are matched to assumptions about how the community collaborates. Parallels between our findings and those evolving in studies of the open source software movement are drawn. © 2007 M.E. Sharpe, Inc. 0 1
Essays analyzing blogs and Wikipedia Mohammad M. Rahman The University of Kansas English 0 0
Evaluating authoritative sources using social networks: an insight from Wikipedia Nikolaos Th. Korfiatis
Marios Poulos
George Bokos
Wikipedia
Social Networks
Online Information Review English Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present an approach to evaluating contributions in collaborative authoring environments and in particular wikis using social network measures.

Design / methodology / approach: A social network model for wikipedia has been constructed and metrics of importance such as centrality have been defined. Data have been gathered from articles belonging to the same topic using a web crawler in order to evaluate the outcome of the social network measures in the articles.

Originality / Value: This work tries to develop a network approach to the evaluation of wiki contributions and approaches the problem of quality of wikipedia content from a social network point of view.

Practical Implications: We believe that the approach presented here could be used to improve the authoritativeness of content found in Wikipedia and similar sources.
7 5
Expanding communication mechanisms: They're not just E-mailing anymore Murnan C.A. Blogs
Communication
Facebook©
Gmail™
Instant messaging (IM)
Internet
Live journal™
MySpace®
PDAs
Skype™
Social networking
Spam
Text-messaging
Web
Wiki
Proceedings of the 34th Annual ACM SIGUCCS Fall 2006 Conference, SIGUCCS '06 English Students are walking around with cell phones, making calls and text-messaging. For many, this has now become their main communication mechanism with friends and family. College faculty and staff still count on e-mail as the main communication tool, amongst themselves and with students. Student demand for email accounts from new students before they even arrive on campus has increased exponentially in the past couple of years. Web pages are used to provide information to the outside community and internally, across campus. Web pages have often become the main mechanism for providing step-by-step documentation. Meanwhile, wikis, blogs and MySpace® have entered the online communication world. Students look at our web pages, but how often? They all have college-provided e-mail accounts, but do they use them? What is the best mechanism these days to get the word out, and what will be the mechanism in the future? This paper will explore the mechanisms and approaches that students, and others on campus, are using to communicate now, and will present thoughts on where we're going in the future and the impact that will have on user services. Copyright 2005 ACM. 0 0
Expanding communication mechanisms: they're not just e-mailing anymore Murnan C.A. Blogs
Communication
Facebook©
Gmail™
Instant messaging (IM)
Internet
LiveJournal™
MySpace®
PDAs
Skype™
Social networking
Spam
Text-messaging
Web
Wiki
Proceedings ACM SIGUCCS User Services Conference English Students are walking around with cell phones, making calls and text-messaging. For many, this has now become their main communication mechanism with friends and family. College faculty and staff still count on e-mail as the main communication tool, amongst themselves and with students. Student demand for e-mail accounts from new students before they even arrive on campus has increased exponentially in the past couple of years. Web pages are used to provide information to the outside community and internally, across campus. Web pages have often become the main mechanism for providing step-by-step documentation. Meanwhile, wikis, blogs and MySpace have entered the online communication world. Students look at our web pages, but how often? They all have college-provided e-mail accounts, but do they use them? What is the best mechanism these days to get the word out, and what will be the mechanism in the future? This paper will explore the mechanisms and approaches that students, and others on campus, are using to communicate now, and will present thoughts on where we're going in the future and the impact that will have on user services. Copyright 2006 ACM. 0 0
Exploiting Semantic Role Labeling, WordNet and Wikipedia for Coreference Resolution Simone Paolo Ponzetto
Michael Strube
Proceedings of the main conference on Human Language Technology Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association of Computational Linguistics English In this paper we present an extension of a machine learning based coreference resolution system which uses features induced from different semantic knowledge sources. These features represent knowledge mined from WordNet and Wikipedia, as well as information about semantic role labels. We show that semantic features indeed improve the performance on different referring expression types such as pronouns and common nouns. 0 0
Exploiting semantic role labeling, WordNet and Wikipedia for coreference resolution S. P. Ponzetto
M. Strube
Coreference
Semantic wikipedia
Proceedings of the main conference on Human Language Technology Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association of Computational Linguistics, : 192--199, 2006. In this paper we present an extension of a machine learning based coreference resolution system which uses features induced from different semantic knowledge sources. These features represent knowledge mined from WordNet and Wikipedia, as well as information about semantic role labels. We show that semantic features indeed improve the performance on different referring expression types such as pronouns and common nouns. 0 0
Exploratory Search in Wikipedia Fissaha Adafre
Sisay
De Rijke
Maarten
Wikipedia
Interfaces
Exploratory search
Proceedings SIGIR 2006 workshop on Evaluating Exploratory Search Systems (EESS) We motivate the need for studying the search, discovery and retrieval requirements of Wikipedia users. Based on a sample from an experimental Wikipedia search engine, we hypothesize that the fraction of Wikipedia searches that are exploratory in nature is at least the same as that of general web searches. We also describe a questionnaire for eliciting search, discovery and retrieval requirements from Wikipedia users. 0 0
Exploring the wiki world: The new face of collaboration New Library World English 0 1
Extending traditional wiki systems with geographical content IFIP International Federation for Information Processing English 0 0
Extracting Common Sense Knowledge from Wikipedia Sangweon Suh
Harry Halpin
Ewan Klein
Linguistics semantic text-mining wcmhlt2006
Wikipedia
Proc. of the ISWC2006 Workshop on Web Content Mining with Human Language technology, 2006. Much of the natural language text found on the web contains various kinds of generic or “common sense” knowledge, and this information has long been recognized by artificial intelligence as an important supplement to more formal approaches to building Semantic Web knowledge bases. Consequently, we are exploring the possibility of automatically identifying “common sense” statements from unrestricted natural language text and mapping them to RDF. Our hypothesis is that common sense knowledge is often expressed in the form of generic statements such as Coffee is a popular beverage, and thus our work has focussed on the challenge of automatically identifying generic statements. We have been using the Wikipedia xml corpus as a rich source of common sense knowledge. For evaluation, we have been using the existing annotation of generic entities and relations in the ace 2005 corpus. 0 0
Extracting Semantic Relationships between Wikipedia Categories Sergey Chernov
Tereza Iofciu
Wolfgang Nejdl
Xuan Zhou
Semantic wikipedia 1st Workshop on Semantic Wikis:, 2006. The Wikipedia is the largest online collaborative knowledge sharing system, a free encyclopedia. Built upon traditional wiki architectures, its search capabilities are limited to title and full-text search. We suggest that semantic information can be extracted from Wikipedia by analyzing the links between categories. The results can be used for building a semantic schema for Wikipedia which could improve its search capabilities and provide contributors with meaningful suggestions for editing theWikipedia pages.We analyze relevant measures for inferring the semantic relationships between page categories of Wikipedia. Experimental results show that Connectivity Ratio positively correlates with the semantic connection strength. 0 0
Extracting Trust from Domain Analysis: A Case Study on the Wikipedia Project Pierpaolo Dondio
Stephen Barrett
Stefan Weber
Jean Seigneur
Autonomic and Trusted Computing English The problem of identifying trustworthy information on the World Wide Web is becoming increasingly acute as new tools such as wikis and blogs simplify and democratize publications. Wikipedia is the most extraordinary example of this phenomenon and, although a few mechanisms have been put in place to improve contributions quality, trust in Wikipedia content quality has been seriously questioned. We thought that a deeper understanding of what in general defines high-standard and expertise in domains related to Wikipedia â i.e. content quality in a collaborative environment â mapped onto Wikipedia elements would lead to a complete set of mechanisms to sustain trust in Wikipedia context. Our evaluation, conducted on about 8,000 articles representing 65% of the overall Wikipedia editing activity, shows that the new trust evidence that we extracted from Wikipedia allows us to transparently and automatically compute trust values to isolate articles of great or low quality. 0 2
Extracting semantic relationships between wikipedia categories Chernov S.
Tereza Iofciu
Wolfgang Nejdl
Xiaofeng Zhou
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English The Wikipedia is the largest online collaborative knowledge sharing system, a free encyclopedia. Built upon traditional wiki architectures, its search capabilities are limited to title and full-text search. We suggest that semantic information can be extracted from Wikipedia by analyzing the links between categories. The results can be used for building a semantic schema for Wikipedia which could improve its search capabilities and provide contributors with meaningful suggestions for editing theWikipedia pages.We analyze relevant measures for inferring the semantic relationships between page categories of Wikipedia. Experimental results show that Connectivity Ratio positively correlates with the semantic connection strength. 0 0
Extracting trust from domain analysis: A case study on the wikipedia project Pierpaolo Dondio
Stephen Barrett
Sebastian Weber
Seigneur J.M.
Lecture Notes in Computer Science English The problem of identifying trustworthy information on the World Wide Web is becoming increasingly acute as new tools such as wikis and blogs simplify and democratize publications. Wikipedia is the most extraordinary example of this phenomenon and, although a few mechanisms have been put in place to improve contributions quality, trust in Wikipedia content quality has been seriously questioned. We thought that a deeper understanding of what in general defines high-standard and expertise in domains related to Wikipedia - i.e. content quality in a collaborative environment - mapped onto Wikipedia elements would lead to a complete set of mechanisms to sustain trust in Wikipedia context. Our evaluation, conducted on about 8,000 articles representing 65% of the overall Wikipedia editing activity, shows that the new trust evidence that we extracted from Wikipedia allows us to transparently and automatically compute trust values to isolate articles of great or low quality. 0 2
Feature Generation for Textual Information Retrieval Using World Knowledge Evgeniy Gabrilovich Technion ?Israel Institute of Technology English Imagine an automatic news filtering system that tracks company news. Given the news item {FDA} approves ciprofloxacin for victims of anthrax inhalation" how can the system know that the drug mentioned is an antibiotic produced by Bayer? Or consider an information professional searching for data on {RFID} technology - how can a computer understand that the item {"Wal-Mart} supply chain goes real time" is relevant for the search? Algorithms we present can do just that. 0 0
Featureless similarities for terms clustering using tree-traversing ants Wong W.
Wei Liu
Bennamoun M.
Ant-based clustering method
Featureless similarity measures
Terms clustering
ACM International Conference Proceeding Series English Besides being difficult to scale between different domains and to handle knowledge fluctuations, the results of terms clustering presented by existing ontology engineering systems are far from desirable. In this paper, we propose a new version of ant-based method for clustering terms known as Tree-Traversing Ants (TTA). With the help of the Normalized Google Distance (NGD) and n° of Wikipedia (n°W) as measures for similarity and distance between terms, we attempt to achieve an adaptable clustering method that is highly scalable across domains. Initial experiments with two datasets show promising results and demonstrated several advantages that are not simultaneously present in standard ant-based and other conventional clustering methods. Copyright 0 0
Finding Similar Sentences across Multiple Languages in Wikipedia Sisay F. Adafre
Maarten de Rijke
English 0 3
Focused Access to Wikipedia Sigurbjornsson
Borkur
Kamps
Jaap
De Rijke
Maarten
Document structure
Visualisation
Information searching
Proceedings DIR-2006 Wikipedia is a "free" online encyclopedia. It contains millions of entries in many languages and is growing at a fast pace. Due to its volume, search engines play an important role in giving access to the information in Wikipedia. The "free" availability of the collection makes it an attractive corpus for in formation retrieval experiments. In this paper we describe the evaluation of a searchengine that provides focused search access to Wikipedia, i.e., a search engine which gives direct access to individual sections of Wikipedia pages. The main contributions of this paper are twofold. First, we introduce Wikipedia as a test corpus for information retrieval experiments in general and for semi-structured retrieval in particular. Second, we demonstrate that focused XML retrieval methods can be applied to a wider range of problems than searching scientific journals in XML format, including accessing reference works. 0 0
Fotowiki: Distributed map enhancement service Chen W.-Y.
Lee B.N.
Chang E.Y.
Collaborative
Information sharing
Photos
Wiki
Proceedings of the 14th Annual ACM International Conference on Multimedia, MM 2006 English Fotowiki (FW) is a wiki-based map service that integrates visual and textual information with map. FW divides a geographical area into sub-areas. An individual responsible for providing information about a sub-area enters collected data into a wiki page. FW uploads distributed wiki-pages, and overlays the information on the map. This demonstration shows FW's architecture and functionalities. 0 0
Foucault@Wiki: first steps towards a conceptual framework for the analysis of Wiki discourses Christian Pentzold
Sebastian Seidenglanz
Wiki
Wikipedia
Computer-mediated communication
Online collaboration
Foucault
Discourse theory
WikiSym English In this paper, we examine the discursive situation of Wikipedia. The primary goal is to explore principle ways of analyzing and characterizing the various forms of communicative user interaction using Foucault"s discourse theory. First, the communicative situation of Wikipedia is addressed and a list of possible forms of communication is compiled. Second, the current research on the linguistic features of Wikis, especially Wikipedia, is reviewed. Third, some key issues of Foucault"s theory are explored: the notion of "discourse", the discursive formation, and the methods of archaeology and genealogy, respectively. Finally, first steps towards a qualitative discourse analysis of the English Wikipedia are elaborated. The paper argues, that Wikipedia can be understood as a discursive formation that regulates and structures the production of statements. Most of the discursive regularities named by Foucault are established in the collaborative writing processes of Wikipedia, too. Moreover, the editing processes can be described in Foucault"s terms as discursive knowledge production. 12 1
From PIM to GIM: Personal information management in group contexts Thomas Erickson Communications of the ACM English The sharing of personal information with networked groups and institutions through a new field of enquiry, group information management, is discussed. Personal information management (PIM) plays both instrumental and symbolic roles, enhancing the impressions by user performance. PIM is a private activity where users often create personal information with sharing in mind. When personal information is shared, it produces tensions between the ends for which it is shared and the not-necessarily desirable symbolic inferences it may support. Group information management (GIM) is used to refer to PIM as it functions in more public spheres. GIM helps in sharing personal information with a group, emphasizing the norms that underlie that sharing and the ways participants negotiate these norms in response to the tensions. GIM includes email, Webpages, wikis and online calendaring. GIM can provide a forum for consolidating social, legal and business issues emerging in a number of domains. 0 0
From Wikipedia to Semantic Annotations: automatic relationship extraction Maria R. Casado
Enrique Alfonseca
Pablo Castells
Annotation semantic text-mining wikipedia 1st Workshop on Semantic Wikis:, 2006. 0 0
From Wikipedia to the classroom: exploring online publication and learning Andrea Forte
Amy Bruckman
ICLS English 0 3
FromWikipedia to semantic relationships: A semi-automated annotation approach? Maria Ruiz-Casado
Enrique Alfonseca
Pablo Castells
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English In this paper, an experiment is presented for the automatic annotation of several semantic relationships in the Wikipedia, a collaborative on-line encyclopedia. The procedure is based on a methodology for the automatic discovery and generalisation of lexical patterns that allows the recognition of relationships among concepts. This methodology requires as information source any written, general-domain corpora and applies natural language processing techniques to extract the relationships from the textual corpora. It has been tested with eight different relations from the Wikipedia corpus. 0 0
Gene-function wiki would let biologists pool worldwide resources Kai Wang English 0 0
Graphingwiki - A semantic wiki extension for visualising and inferring protocol dependency Juhani Eronen
Roning J.
Inference
Protocol dependency
Semantic wiki
Visualisation
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English This paper introduces the Graphingwiki extension toMoinMoin Wiki. Graphingwiki enables the deepened analysis of the Wiki data by augmenting it with semantic data in a simple, practical and easy-to-use manner. Visualisation tools are used to clarify the resulting body of knowledge so that only the data essential for an usage scenario is displayed. Logic inference rules can be applied to the data to perform automated reasoning based on the data. Perceiving dependencies among network protocols presents an example use case of the framework. The use case was applied in practice in mapping effects of software vulnerabilities on critical infrastructures. 0 0
Graphingwiki - a Semantic Wiki extension for visualising and inferring protocol dependency Juhani Eronen
Juha Röning
Semantic wiki
Protocol dependency
Visualisation
Inference
SemWiki English This paper introduces the Graphingwiki extension to MoinMoin Wiki. Graphingwiki enables the deepened analysis of the Wiki data by augmenting it with semantic data in a simple, practical and easy-to-use manner. Visualisation tools are used to clarify the resulting body of knowledge so that only the data essential for an usage scenario is displayed. Logic inference rules can be applied to the data to perform automated reasoning based on the data. Perceiving dependencies among network protocols presents an example use case of the framework. The use case was applied in practice in mapping effects of software vulnerabilities on critical infrastructures. 8 0
HPCBugBase: An experience base for HPC defects Nakamura T. Proceedings of the 2006 ACM/IEEE Conference on Supercomputing, SC'06 English We present the design and implementation of HPCBugBase, an experience base for high performance computing (HPC) software defects. Our goal is to accumulate empirical knowledge about commonly occurring defects in HPC codes using an incremental approach. This knowledge is structured so that HPC practitioners such as programmers and tool builders can use it to reduce debugging costs, as well as provide feedback which becomes incorporated into the system. By building the experience base, we expect to help the process of making explicit the knowledge about recurring defects that otherwise cannot be shared. The current system is built on a Wiki system, which allows incremental accumulation of data at various levels of abstraction. We implement additional analysis functions that do not exist in a generic Wiki system as custom plug-ins. We have populated the system with data collected from software engineering studies from the DARPA High Productivity Computer Systems Project. 0 0
Harvesting Wiki Consensus - Using Wikipedia Entries as Ontology Elements Martin Hepp
Daniel Bachlechner
Katharina Siorpaes
2006 ezweb folksonomy ontology wikipedia CEUR Workshop Proceedings English One major obstacle towards adding machine-readable annotation to existing Web content is the lack of domain ontologies. While FOAF and Dublin Core are popular means for expressing relationships between Web resources and between Web resources and literal values, we widely lack unique identifiers for common concepts and instances. Also, most available ontologies have a very weak community grounding in the sense that they are designed by single individuals or small groups of individuals, while the majority of potential users is not involved in the process of proposing new ontology elements or achieving consensus. This is in sharp contrast to natural language where the evolution of the vocabulary is under the control of the user community. At the same time, we can observe that, within Wiki communities, especially Wikipedia, a large number of users is able to create comprehensive domain representations in the sense of unique, machine-feasible, identifiers and concept definitions which are sufficient for humans to grasp the intension of the concepts. The English version of Wikipedia contains now more than one million entries and thus the same amount of URIs plus a human-readable description. While this collection is on the lower end of ontology expressiveness, it is likely the largest living ontology that is available today. In this paper, we (1) show that standard Wiki technology can be easily used as an ontology development environment for named classes, reducing entry barriers for the participation of users in the creation and maintenance of lightweight ontologies, (2) prove that the URIs of Wikipedia entries are surprisingly reliable identifiers for ontology concepts, and (3) demonstrate the applicability of our approach in a use case. 0 0
Helping hands: Design for member-maintained online communities Daniel Regis Cosley University of Minnesota English Online communities provide millions of people every day with information, companionship, support, and fun. These communities need regular maintenance to function. Tasks such as welcoming new members, reviewing contributions, and building community-specific databases typically fall to a few dedicated members. Concentrating responsibility in the hands of a few valuable leaders makes communities vulnerable to leaders' leaving and limits communities' ability to grow and provide value. We study the design of member-maintained online communities, systems where many members help perform upkeep. A key design challenge is motivating members to contribute toward maintenance. Social science theories help to explain why people contribute to groups. We use these theories to design two general mechanisms for increasing people's motivation to contribute. The collective effort model from social psychology suggests people are more likely to contribute to a group if they believe their contributions matter. Editorial review can foster this belief by promoting good content and suppressing bad content. We build review systems that involve the whole community, where review is performed by peers, experts, or no one. Peer review performs about as well as expert review in both motivating contributions and providing effective review, but no review does very poorly. We also explore whether contributions must be reviewed before being made available to the community. Mathematical models suggest that making contributions available right away increases value more quickly, and does just as well in the long run, as requiring prior review. These models can inform the design of review systems. Public goods theory from economics suggests people will contribute more to group resources if the cost of contributing drops. We use intelligent task routing---matching people with tasks they are likely to do---to reduce contribution costs. We develop a number of generally useful task routing algorithms. Experiments in a movie database and in Wikipedia show these algorithms are very effective at increasing people's motivation to contribute. By using theory to support our designs, testing them in multiple domains, and distilling our results into usable artifacts such as guidelines, models, and algorithms, we hope to help designers build better systems and better communities. 0 0
How Onomasiologists Can Help with Contributing to Wikipedia Joachim Grzega Onomasiology Online In this article Wikipedia is presented as the most important everyday venue for knowledge management. The three different main styles are described: articles, article talk pages, and user pages. Then several aspects are commented on from an onomasiologist's perspective: (1) content management on talk pages (e.g. thematic structures should be preferred over linear structures); (2) evaluation of cited sources (e.g. authors should be experts, results should have appeared in acknowledged venues, facts and opinions should be distinguished); (3) expert-layperson communication (e.g. different types of definitions including the use of examples should be used, jargon can be used if explained, contents should be structured from the general to the specific, description instead of evaluation should be used); (4) linking (including setting links to one's own article in other articles); and (5) categorizing into conceptual fields. Examples are taken from the English version of Wikipedia \& are generalizable to other versions. The final section of the paper gives a few ideas for integrating the observations of the article into high-school and university education: In every subject students should be encouraged to practice expert-novice communication through collaborating in Wikipedia; students are offered guidelines on contributing (to) articles (e.g. concerning the creation and understanding of definitions, text structure, jargon, neutral point of view, linking and categorizing) and guidelines on contributing to talk pages (e.g. the use of an integrative style" which aims at achieving consensus between contributors and not at having administrators decide on the content of articles). Adapted from the source document" 0 0
How and why Wikipedia works Angela Beesley WikiSym English This talk discusses the inner workings of Wikipedia. Angela will address the roles, processes, and sociology that make up the project, with information on what happens behind the scenes and how the community builds and defends its encyclopedia on a daily basis. The talk will give some insight into why Wikipedia has worked so far and why we believe it will keep working in the the future despite the many criticisms that can be made of it. It is hoped that this review inspires further Wikipedia research. For this, please also see our Wikipedia Research workshop on Wednesday, which is open to walk-ins. 0 0
How and why Wikipedia works: An interview with Angela Beesley, Elisabeth Bauer, and Kizu Naoko Dirk Riehle Collaboration process
Collaboration software
Collective intelligence
Computer-Supported Cooperative Work
Wiki
Wikimedia foundation
Wikipedia
Proceedings of WikiSym'06 - 2006 International Symposium on Wikis English This article presents an interview with Angela Beesley, Elisabeth Bauer, and Kizu Naoko. All three are leading Wikipedia practitioners in the English, German, and Japanese Wikipedias and related projects. The interview focuses on how Wikipedia works and why these three practitioners believe it will keep working. The interview was conducted via email in preparation of WikiSym 2006, the 2006 International Symposium on Wikis, with the goal of furthering Wikipedia research [1]. Interviewer was Dirk Riehle, the chair of WikiSym 2006. An online version of the article provides simplified access to URLs [2]. 0 1
How and why Wikipedia works: an interview with Angela Beesley, Elisabeth Bauer, and Kizu Naoko Dirk Riehle Wiki
Wikipedia
Wikimedia Foundation
Computer-Supported Cooperative Work
Collaboration software
Collaboration process
Collective intelligence
WikiSym English This article presents an interview with Angela Beesley, Elisabeth Bauer, and Kizu Naoko. All three are leading Wikipedia practitioners in the English, German, and Japanese Wikipedias and related projects. The interview focuses on how Wikipedia works and why these three practitioners believe it will keep working. The interview was conducted via email in preparation of WikiSym 2006, the 2006 International Symposium on Wikis, with the goal of furthering Wikipedia research. Interviewer was Dirk Riehle, the chair of WikiSym 2006. An online version of the article provides simplified access to URLs. 0 1
How semantics make better wikis Eyal Oren
John G. Breslin
Stefan Decker
Information access
Semantic annotation
Semantic web
Semantic wiki
Wiki
World Wide Web English 0 0
How to Use a Wiki in Education: 'Wiki based Effective Constructive Learning' Michele Notari Wiki for learning
Classroom moderation
Collaboration
Definition of a script
Learning strategies
Script
Strategies for effective scripts
WikiSym English 0 0
I Thought Wikis Were Creatures in Star Wars!"" Scott R. Sailor Athletic Therapy Today This article reports on the practice and use of Wiki. The author defines the practice of Wiki as a piece of server software that allows users to freely create and edit Web page content using any Web browser." Wikipedia an internationally web-based free-content encyclopedia project is an example of a Wiki." 0 0
IMapping wikis - Towards a graphical environment for semantic knowledge management Haller H.
Kugel F.
Volkel M.
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English iMapping is a visual technique for structuring information objects. It is based on research in the fields of visual mapping techniques, Information Visualisation and cognitive psychology. iMapping uses a Zooming User Interface to facilitate navigation and to help users maintain an overview in the knowledge space. An iMap is comparable to a large whiteboard where wiki-pages can be positioned like post-its but also nested into each other. Augmenting Wikis by providing spatial browsing and zooming facilities makes it easier to structure content in an intuitive way. Especially semantic wikis, which typically contain more fine-grained content, and stress the structure between information items, can benefit from a graphical approach like iMapping, that allows to display multiple such items and multiple wiki-pages in one view. This paper describes the iMapping approach in general, and briefly how it will be applied as a rich client front-end to the SemWiki engine. 0 0
Ideas and improvements for semantic wikis Jochen Fischer
Zeno Gantner
Steffen Rendle
Manuel Stritt
Lars Schmidt-Thieme
ESWC English 0 0
Identifying Document Topics Using the Wikipedia Category Network Peter Schonhofen Retrieval models
Algorithms
WI '06: Proceedings of the 2006 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Web Intelligence In the last few years the size and coverage of Wikipe- dia, a freely available on-line encyclopedia has reached the point where it can be utilized similar to an ontology or tax- onomy to identify the topics discussed in a document. In this paper we will show that even a simple algorithm that exploits only the titles and categories of Wikipedia articles can characterize documents by Wikipedia categories sur- prisingly well. We test the reliability of our method by pre- dicting categories ofWikipedia articles themselves based on their bodies, and by performing classification and cluster- ing on 20 Newsgroups and RCV1, representing documents by their Wikipedia categories instead of their texts. 0 1
Identifying and Grounding Descriptions of Places Simon Overell
Stefan Ruger
English 0 0
IkeWiki: A Semantic Wiki for Collaborative Knowledge Management Sebastian Schaffert WETICE English 0 0
Improve text retrieval effectiveness and robustness Shuang Liu University of Illinois at Chicago English Retrieval effectiveness and robustness are two of the most important criteria of text retrieval. Over the past decades, numerous techniques have been introduced to enhance text retrieval performance including those using phrases, passages, general dictionaries such as {WordNet,} word sense disambiguation, automatic query expansion, pseudo-relevance feedback, and external sources assisted feedback. This {Ph.D.} dissertation study focuses on improving the text retrieval effectiveness and robustness by extending existing retrieval model and providing new techniques which include: {(1)?Designing} and implementing a new retrieval model. {(2)?Utilizing} concept in text retrieval. {(3)?Designing} and implementing a highly accurate word sense disambiguation algorithm and incorporating it to our information retrieval system. {(4)?Expanding} queries by using multiple dictionaries such as {WordNet} and Wikipedia. {(5)?Employing} different pseudo relevance feedback into the retrieval system including local, web-assisted, and Wikipedia-assisted feedback and adopting semantic information to pseudo relevance feedback. In this {Ph.D.} study, our design decisions are verified through experiments in the retrieval system. Results are evaluated by standard evaluation metrics: precision, recall, mean average precision (MAP), and geometric mean average precision (GMAP) 0 0
Installing and customizing MediaWiki Reuven M. Lerner Linux J. English 0 0
Integration of Wikipedia and a geography digital library Lim E.-P.
Zhe Wang
Sadeli D.
Yanyan Li
Chang C.-H.
Kalyani Chatterjea
Goh D.H.-L.
Theng Y.-L.
Jinghua Zhang
Aixin Sun
Geography digital libraries
Integration
Web-based encyclopedia
Lecture Notes in Computer Science English In this paper, we address the problem of integrating Wikipedia, an online encyclopedia, and G-Portal, a web-based digital library, in the geography domain. The integration facilitates the sharing of data and services between the two web applications that are of great value in learning. We first present an overall system architecture for supporting such an integration and address the metadata extraction problem associated with it. In metadata extraction, we focus on extracting and constructing metadata for geo-political regions namely cities and countries. Some empirical performance results will be presented. The paper will also describe the adaptations of G-Portal and Wikipedia to meet the integration requirements. 0 0
Integration of wikipedia and a geography digital library Ee-Peng Lim
Z. Wang
D. Sadeli
Y. Li
Chew-Hung Chang
Kalyani Chatterjea
Dion Hoe-Lian Goh
Yin-Leng Theng
Jun Zhang
Aixin Sun
Geography digital libraries
Integration
Web-based encyclopedia
ICADL English 0 0
Interdisciplinary knowledge creation - Using wikis in science Simon J. Advances in Knowledge Organization English This article focuses on two aspects of knowledge generation. First, I want to explore how new knowledge is created in interdisciplinary discourses and, second, how this process might be mediated and promoted by the use of wikis. I suggest that it is the noise coming to life in (ex)changes of perspectives that enables the creation of new knowledge. In section 1-4, I am going to examine how the concepts of noise from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon 1948) on the one hand and theories of organizational knowledge creation (cf. Nonaka 1994) on the other might help to understand the process of interdisciplinary knowledge creation. In section 5 1 am going to explore the role wiki technologies can play in supporting interdisciplinary collaborations. This section is influenced by own experiences in a wiki-based interdisciplinary collaboration. It seems that even though certain features of wiki technology make it an excellent tool to externalize and combine individual knowledge leaving room for noise and at the same time documenting this process, the full benefit of wikis can only be obtained if they are embedded into a broader communication context. 0 0
Intimate information: Organic hypertext structure and incremental formalization for everyone's everyday tasks Mark Bernstein Constructive hypertext
Nobitic
Personal information
Wiki
Proceedings of WikiSym'06 - 2006 International Symposium on Wikis English Much of our most important writing is written to ourselves and to our immediate circle of family, friends, and allies. This intimate or nobitic information includes not merely calendars and grocery lists, but also work for planning our future endeavors, as well as correspondence to our future selves and our progeny. Tinderbox is a tool for making, analyzing, and sharing notes - offers a range of representational tools ranging from conventional links and WikiLinks to prototype inheritance and spatial hypertext. People exploit this complex tool set to help discover and express the structure of everyday ideas; of particular interest is the problem of creating structure for work that has not yet been written and that will evolve in unexpected directions. The history of constructive hypertext and the success of early wikis provides invaluable guidance for structuring nobitic writing tools. 0 0
Intrinsic motivation of open content contributions: The case of wikipedia Xiaoquan (Michael) Zhang
Feng Zhu
Workshop on Information Systems and Economics English 0 0
Investigations into Trust for Collaborative Information Repositories: A Wikipedia Case Study McGuinness
Deborah L.
Honglei Zeng
Paulo Pinheiro da Silva
Li Ding
Dhyanesh Narayanan
Mayukh Bhaowal
Trust
Wikipedia
Inference Web
Proof Markup Language
Open Editing.
Proceedings of the Workshop on Models of Trust for the Web As collaborative repositories grow in popularity and use, issues concerning the quality and trustworthiness of information grow. Some current popular repositories contain contributions from a wide variety of users, many of which will be unknown to a potential end user. Additionally the content may change rapidly and information that was previously contributed by a known user may be updated by an unknown user. End users are now faced with more challenges as they evaluate how much they may want to rely on information that was generated and updated in this manner. A trust management layer has become an important requirement for the continued growth and acceptance of collaboratively developed and maintained information resources. In this paper, we will describe our initial investigations into designing and implementing an extensible trust management layer for collaborative and/or aggregated repositories of information. We leverage our work on the Inference Web explanation infrastructure and exploit and expand the Proof Markup Language to handle a simple notion of trust. Our work is designed to support representation, computation, and visualization of trust information. We have grounded our work in the setting of Wikipedia. In this paper, we present our vision, expose motivations, relate work to date on trust representation, and present a trust computation algorithm with experimental results. We also discuss some issues encountered in our work that we found interesting. 0 1
Investigations into trust for collaborative information repositories: A wikipedia case study McGuinness D.L.
Honglei Zeng
Da Silva P.P.
Li Ding
Narayanan D.
Bhaowal M.
Inference web
Open editing
Proof markup language
Trust
Wikipedia
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English As collaborative repositories grow in popularity and use, issues concerning the quality and trustworthiness of information grow. Some current popular repositories contain contributions from a wide variety of users, many of which will be unknown to a potential end user. Additionally the content may change rapidly and information that was previously contributed by a known user may be updated by an unknown user. End users are now faced with more challenges as they evaluate how much they may want to rely on information that was generated and updated in this manner. A trust management layer has become an important requirement for the continued growth and acceptance of collaboratively developed and maintained information resources. In this paper, we will describe our initial investigations into designing and implementing an extensible trust management layer for collaborative and/or aggregated repositories of information. We leverage our work on the Inference Web explanation infrastructure and exploit and expand the Proof Markup Language to handle a simple notion of trust. Our work is designed to support representation, computation, and visualization of trust information. We have grounded our work in the setting of Wikipedia. In this paper, we present our vision, expose motivations, relate work to date on trust representation, and present a trust computation algorithm with experimental results. We also discuss some issues encountered in our work that we found interesting. 0 1
Is there a space for the teacher in a WIKI? WikiSym English 0 1
It's a Wiki, Wiki World. Paul McFedries IEEE Spectrum The article offers information on a method being used for easy access of information. Ward Cunningham first used the wiki-prefix in a software context back in the mid-'90s when he developed a site called {WikiWikiWeb.} It is noted that Wikipedia is by far the most known wiki, but there are thousands of others. Relative to this, {The} Los Angeles Times" launched the Wikitorial on June 19 2005. However it shut down after three days because the site was flooded with pornographic images and obscene language. Wikis are a part of larger phenomenon labeled as crowdsourcing." 0 0
Kaukolu: Hub of the semantic corporate intranet Malte Kiesel CEUR Workshop Proceedings English Due to their low entry barrier, easy deployment, and simple yet powerful features, wikis have gained popularity for agile knowledge management in communities of almost all sizes. Semantic wikis strive to give entered information more structure in order to allow automatic processing of the wiki's contents. This facilitates enhanced navigation and search in the wiki itself as well as simple reuse of information in external applications or for generating different views on the same information. This makes semantic wikis especially interesting for corporate intranet deployment, implementing the Semantic Intranet. In this paper, we will have a look at Kaukolu, an open source semantic wiki prototype, being deployed in a corporate intranet. External applications use information authored in Kaukolu, effectively forming a cluster of applications interacting and sharing data. 0 0
KawaWiki: A Semantic Wiki Based on RDF Templates K. Kawamoto
Y. Kitamura
Y. Tijerino
Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology Workshops English A semantic Wiki is a collaborative semantic Web authoring system based on the Wiki framework. It provides a scheme where anonymous users on the Internet can collaborate with each other to build a semantic Web site. Contrasting to traditional Wikis, it is not easy for end users to author semantic Wiki pages from scratch without knowledge of the complex RDF/OWL syntax and of ontologies to share semantic information. We propose a new semantic Wiki system called "KawaWiki" on which end and expert users can collaborate to build a semantic Web site. KawaWiki generates RDF and Wiki pages based on its RDF templates and validates their consistency with the RDFS description. The RDFS description can be created by importing Web ontologies on the Internet. KawaWiki aims at providing a scheme where end users, expert users and ontologists seamlessly collaborate to publish semantically consistent RDF and Wiki pages in a Wiki way 0 0
Knowledge management system for emergency preparedness: An action research study Raman M.
Ryan T.
Lorne Olfman
Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences English This paper is about the design and implementation of an information system, using Wiki technology to improve the emergency preparedness efforts of the Claremont University Consortium. For some organizations, as in this case, responding to a crisis situation in done within a consortia environment. Managing knowledge across the various entities involved in such efforts is critical. This includes having the right set of information that is timely, relevant, and is governed by an effective communication process. Our study suggests that training in use of system(s), a knowledge sharing culture between entities involved in emergency preparedness, and a fit between task and technology/system must be there to support emergency preparedness activities given such structures. 0 0
Knowledge sharing, maintenance, and use in online support communities Hansen D.L. Collaborative web authonng
Conversation
Email list
FAQ
Knowledge repository
Online community
Social support
Virtual communities
Wiki
Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings English Widespread adoption of collaborative authoring tools (such as Wikis) by online communities has fostered new ways of stonng, shahng, maintaining, and using community knowledge. My dissertation research examines the effect and potential use of these shared knowledge repositones within online technical and medical support communities using short-term ethnography (including content analysis and interviews), surveys, and quantitative analysis of behavior traces. I characterize the key technological mechanisms, and the processes and social norms at pay. I then use this knowledge to propose best practices and novel social and technical designs. 0 0
Learning with semantic wikis Sebastian Schaffert
Bischof D.
Burger T.
Gruber A.
Hilzensauer W.
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English The knowledge society requires life-long learning and flexible learning environments that allow learners to learn whenever they have time, whereever they are, and according to their own needs and background knowledge. In this article, we investigate how Semantic Wikis - a combination of Wiki and Semantic Web technology - can support learners in such flexible learning environments. We first summarise common features of Wikis and Semantic Wikis and then describe different aspects of Semantic Wikis for learning. We also introduce our Semantic Wiki system called IkeWiki and show why it is particularly promising as a learning tool. 0 1
Library 2.0 theory: Web 2.0 and its implications for libraries Maness J.M. Blogs
Library 2.0
Mashup
RSS
Social network
Streaming media
Tag
Web 2.0
Wiki
Webology English This article posits a definition and theory for "Library 2.0". It suggests that recent thinking describing the changing Web as "Web 2.0" will have substantial implications for libraries, and recognizes that while these implications keep very close to the history and mission of libraries, they still necessitate a new paradigm for librarianship. The paper applies the theory and definition to the practice of librarianship, specifically addressing how Web 2.0 technologies such as synchronous messaging and streaming media, blogs, wikis, social networks, tagging, RSS feeds, and mashups might intimate changes in how libraries provide access to their collections and user support for that access. Copyright © 2006, Jack M. Maness. 0 1
Limits of self-organization: Peer production and laws of quality P. Duguid First Monday People often implicitly ascribe the quality of peer production projects such as Project Gutenberg or Wikipedia to what the author calls œlaws? of quality. These are drawn from open source software development and it is not clear how applicable they are outside the realm of software. In this article, the author looks at examples from peer production projects to ask whether faith in these laws does not so much guarantee quality as hide the need for improvement. The author concludes that, given the bulk of these projects (52 million tracks in the Gracenote database, 1 million entries on the English Wikipedia site, 17,000 books on Project Gutenberg), sampling for quality is both difficult and tendentious. Clearly, the author's is not a scientific survey. Nor was his intention simply to find flaws. Rather, the author used these examples to try, however inadequately, to raise questions about the transferability of open source quality assurance to other domains. The author's underlying argument is that the social processes of open source software production may transfer to other fields of peer production, but, with regard to quality, software production remains a special case. 0 0
MONOGRÁFICO: Wikis y Blogs en la Educación Pedro José Salazar
Javier Martínez Avedillo
Andrés García Manzano
Francisco José García Heras
Alejandro Valero
Spanish El trabajo en equipo, y más concretamente las técnicas de trabajo colaborativo y cooperativo, constituye un recurso educativo de enorme valor con muchos y reconocidos beneficios. Las nuevas tecnologías, por su parte, aportan instrumentos y herramientas que vienen a facilitar este tipo de estrategias. Se presentan varios programas cuya instalación permite disponer de interesantes medios para el trabajo colaborativo con alumnos y se ofrecen algunas ideas relacionadas con su explotación didáctica. 0 0
Manufacturing feature library as a manufacturing information management system for process planning Hendry Muljadi
Kitajima K.
Hideaki Takeda
Koichi Ando
Feature library
Manufacturing feature
Manufacturing feature ontology
Process planning
RDF
Semantic wiki
Wiki
36th International Conference on Computers and Industrial Engineering, ICC and IE 2006 English A manufacturing feature can be defined simply as a geometric shape and its manufacturing information to create the shape. For the generation of process plans in a manufacturing feature-based process planning system, it is necessary to develop a manufacturing feature library that consists of predefined manufacturing features and the manufacturing information to create the shape of the features. In other words, manufacturing feature library plays an important role for the extraction of manufacturing features with their proper manufacturing information. However, to manage the manufacturing information flexibly, it is important to build a manufacturing feature library that is easy to manage. In this paper, the implementation of Semantic Wiki for the development of the manufacturing feature library as the manufacturing information management system is proposed. 0 0
Wikis: MediaWiki Jesús Tramullas MediaWiki Tramullas, J. y Garrido, P. (coords.), Software libre para servicios de información digital. Madrid: Prentice Hall, Spanish 0 0
Mining Domain-Specific Thesauri from Wikipedia: A Case Study David N. Milne
Olena Medelyan
Ian H. Witten
English 0 1
Mining Domain-Specific Thesauri from Wikipedia: A case study David N. Milne
Olena Medelyan
Ian H. Witten
Datamining information-retrieval semantic text-mining wikipedia ACM International Conference on Web Intelligence (WI 2006 Main Conference Proceedings)(WI'06) Domain-specific thesauri are high-cost, high-maintenance, high-value knowledge structures. We show how the classic thesaurus structure of terms and links can be mined automatically from Wikipedia, a vast, open encyclopedia. In a comparison with a professional thesaurus for agriculture (Agrovoc) we find that Wikipedia contains a substantial proportion of its domain-specific concepts and semantic relations; furthermore it has impressive coverage of a collection of contemporary documents in the domain. Thesauri derived using these techniques are attractive because they capitalize on existing public efforts and tend to reflect contemporary language usage better than their costly, painstakingly-constructed manual counterparts. 0 1
Mining a Large-Scale Term-Concept Network from Wikipedia Andrew Gregorowicz and Mark A. Kramer Information retrieval
Concept search
Wikipedia
Text mining.
Mitre Technical Report Social tagging and information retrieval are challenged by the fact that the same item or idea can be expressed by different terms or words. To counteract the problem of variable terminology, researchers have proposed concept-based information retrieval. To date, however, most concept spaces have been either manually-produced taxonomies or special-purpose ontologies, too small for classifying arbitrary resources. To create a large set of concepts, and to facilitate terms to concept mapping, we introduce mine a network of concepts and terms from Wikipedia. Our algorithm results in a robust, extensible term-concept network for tagging and information retrieval, containing over 2,000,000 concepts with mappings to over 3,000,000 unique terms. 0 1
Mining revision history to assess trustworthiness of article fragments Honglei Zeng
Alhossaini M.A.
Fikes R.
McGuinness D.L.
Mining revision history
Trust computation
Trust visualization
Wiki
Wikipedia
2006 International Conference on Collaborative Computing: Networking, Applications and Worksharing, CollaborateCom English Wikis are a type of collaborative repository system that enables users to create and edit shared content on the web. The popularity and proliferation of Wikis have created a new set of challenges for trust research because the content in a Wiki can be contributed by a wide variety of users and can change rapidly. Nevertheless, most Wikis lack explicit trust management to help users decide how much they should trust an article or a fragment of an article. In this paper, we investigate the dynamic-nature of revisions as we explore ways of utilizing revision history to develop an article fragment trust model. We use our model to compute trustworthiness of articles and article fragments. We also augment Wikis with a trust view layer with which users can visually identify text fragments of an article and view trust values computed by our model. 0 0
Modelling blended learning environments: Designing an academic development blog Lefoe G.
Meyers W.
Blended learning environment
Blogs
Sessional tutors
Staff development
Wiki
ASCILITE 2006 - The Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education English A major challenge facing academic developers is meeting the development needs of both time poor academics and those staff in multi-location campuses, especially sessional tutors, who may start teaching several weeks before electronic access is enabled. Necessary restrictions placed on access to local intranet and Learning Management Systems meant rethinking how to meet the needs of all staff and in the process model good practice through the use of blended learning environments. One regional university, with seven national and one international campus, is currently redesigning their staff development program to incorporate the use of blogs and wikis to provide access for all staff to a collaborative space to support improved teaching. This paper provides a rationale for the new direction and outlines the design phase to incorporate the use of collaborative technologies within the staff development program. It outlines the challenges faced in designing the environment and provides an overview of the design for the pilot phase. Copyright © 2006 Lefoe, G., Meyers, W. 0 0
Motivations of contributors to Wikipedia Stacey Kuznetsov Wikipedia
Motivation
Value sensitive design
SIGCAS English This paper aims to explain why people are motivated to contribute to the Wikipedia project. A comprehensive analysis of the motivations of Wikipedians is conducted using the iterative methodology developed by Batya Friedman and Peter Kahn in Value Sensitive Design and Information Systems and co-developed by Nissenbaum and Friedman in Bias in Computer Systems. The Value Sensitive Design (VSD) approach consists of three stages: Empirical Investigation, Conceptual Investigation, and Technical Investigation. During the empirical phase, motivations of the contributors to Wikipedia are identified through analysis of data from two published surveys and a pilot survey conducted at New York University. The underlying values behind these motivations are then defined in the conceptual phase of the study. Finally, a technical investigation is conducted in order to determine how features of the Wiki technology support and facilitate these values. 0 2
Multichat: Persistent, text-as-you-type messaging in a web browser for fluid multi-person interaction and collaboration Schull J.
Axelrod M.
Quinsland L.
Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences English To facilitate face to face conversation between deaf and hearing participants, we created a cross-platform, browser-based, persistent text-as-you-type system that aggregates each individual's utterances in revisable personal notes on a user-configurable multi-person workspace in a common web browser. The system increases the fluidity of real time interaction, makes it easier to keep track of an individual's contributions over time, and allows users to format their contributions and customize their displays. Because the system affords "full duplex" parallel communication in a web browser, it supports new patterns of interaction and new possibilities for dynamic browser-based visual representations of temporal patterns of communication. Furthermore, the near-real-time-architectures we are exploring seem to open the way to a family of centralized and peer-to-peer persistent conversation applications such as real-time wikis, collaborative web design systems, collaborative web-surfing applications, and an in-class discussion systems. 0 0
Museums and Wikipedia Bowen
Jonathan P.
Jim Angus
On-line encyclopaedia
Web searching
Museum directory
Information dissemination
Wikipedia
In David Bearman and Jennifer Trant (eds.), MW2006: Museums and the Web 2006, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, 22–25 March 2006, Archives & Museum Informatics Wikipedia (http://www.wikipedia.org www.wikipedia.org) is an on-line and multilingual encyclopaedia that can be interactively updated by any user. It has become an increasingly popular and comprehensive source of up-to-date information. All museums should consider ensuring that they have an entry for informational and (indirectly) promotional purposes. As a minimum, the entry should include location information, a brief overview, correct categorization within Wikipedia and a link to the museum's Web site. A more comprehensive entry could include further, more detailed information on the museum's history, collections, organization, one or more photographs, etc. It should be noted that Wikipedia entries are intended to provide an independent and informational view, so direct promotional material should be avoided and used only on the museum's own Web site. An entry on Wikipedia can help by improving search engine rankings (especially Google), directing Web users to a museum Web site, etc. Our demonstration at MW2006 is intended to give advice to museums on how to create an initial Wikipedia entry if there is none for the museum in question and how to improve the entry if one exists already. A tour of the English-language Wikipedia museums section (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Museums en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Museums) can also be provided. It may even be possible to create and update entries during the demonstration itself. 0 0
NNexus: Towards an automatic linker for a massively-distributed collaborative corpus Gardner J.
Krowne A.
Xiong L.
2006 International Conference on Collaborative Computing: Networking, Applications and Worksharing, CollaborateCom English Collaborative online encyclopedias such as Wikipedia and PlanetMath are becoming increasingly popular. In order to understand an article in a corpus a user must understand the related and underlying concepts through linked articles. In this paper, we introduce NNexus, a generalization of the automatic linking component of PlanetMath.org and the first system that automates the process of linking encyclopedia entries into a semantic network of concepts. We discuss the challenges, present the conceptual models as well as specific mechanisms of NNexus system, and discuss some of our ongoing and completed works. 0 0
Nature has Wikipedia in its cites S Blackman SCIENTIST 0 0
Network analyses to understand the structure of wikipedia Yamada T.
Saito K.
Kazama K.
Proceedings of AISB'06: Adaptation in Artificial and Biological Systems English We investigated the structure of Wikipedia, the well known Web-based encyclopedia, as a very largescale hyperlink network by using network analysis methods. We analyzed the time evolution of the number of articles and links, applied core-extraction methods to identify highly interconnected subnetworks, and compared different centrality measures to understand its characteristics. 0 0
On integrating a semantic wiki in a knowledge management system De Paoli F.
Loregian M.
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English The use of knowledge management systems is often hampered by the heavy overload for publishing information. In particular, uploading a document and then profiling it with a set of meta-data and keywords is a tedious and time-consuming activity. Therefore, one of the main goals for such systems should be to make publishing of explicit knowledge as natural as possible. In the project described in this paper, we exploit a semantic wiki editor to support document publishing by means of textual descriptions augmented by ontology-defined annotations. Such annotations are then managed as entries in metadata profiles. Moreover, we can publish semantic-wiki-based documents that do not require any further activity to be profiled and included in a knowledge base as they are self-describing. The semantic wiki project is part of a collaborative knowledge management system that has been developed to support project teams and communities of interest. 0 0
On the net: Wikipedia: a multilingual treasure trove Jean W. LeLoup
Robert Ponterio
Language, Learning \& Technology 0 0
On truthiness, wiki-ality, and driving on a treadmill Phi Delta Kappan English 0 0
One-click content, no guarantees online encyclopedia reliability E. Svoboda IEEE Spectrum As the first-ever major reference work with a democratic premise, the free online encyclopedia, Wikipedia, has generated shared scholarly efforts to rival those of any literary or philosophical movement in history. As such, Wikipedia is vulnerable to user-generated articles that are inaccurate or irrelevant. While a carefully executed and multilayered review process is performed by a team of volunteers, critics believe that the lack of formal gatekeeping procedures ensures that the lowest common denominator will prevail and, since no experts or editors are hired to review the articles, no clear standards exist for accuracy or writing quality. Despite its imperfections, Wikipedia users claim that it works well in practice. Nevertheless, readers are advised to check their online finds against other sources and to be aware of Wikipedia's unique strengths and weaknesses, especially when gathering information for research projects 0 0
Online news and reference services B. Pickering Information World Review With blogs, bulletin boards, podcasts and Webcasts, the Internet is an ever-evolving source of information. The online information industry continues to evolve rapidly as information providers experiment with new models of content distribution on a global scale, and new technologies develop that allow people to distribute information (from blogs, podcasts and Webcasts for news suppliers to the Wikipedia, Project Citizendium and Digital Universe models on the reference side). A significant new development for news aggregators is the speed at which news dissemination is now happening on a global scale. 0 0
OntoWiki: Commuity-driven Ontology Engineering and Ontology Usage based on Wikis Martin Hepp
Daniel Bachlechner
Katharina Siorpaes
OWL
RDF
RDF-S
Wiki
Community-driven ontology engineering
Ontology
Semantic web
WikiSym English Ontologies are consensual representations of a domain of discourse and the backbone of the future Semantic Web. Currently, however, only a fraction of Web users can take part in the process of building ontologies. In this paper, we show that standard Wiki technology can be used as an ontology development platform, reducing entry barriers for the participation of users in the creation and maintenance of ontologies, and describe our first OntoWiki prototype. 0 1
Overcoming organisational resistance to using Wiki Technology for knowledge management PACIS 2006 - 10th Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems: ICT and Innovation Economy English 0 1
Overcoming the Brittleness Bottleneck using Wikipedia: Enhancing Text Categorization with Encyclopedic Knowledge. Gabrilovich
Evgeniy
Shaul Markovitch
Information-retrieval
Text-mining
Wikipedia
Proceedings of the 21st National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-06), pp. 1301-1306. When humans approach the task of text categorization, they interpret the specific wording of the document in the much larger context of their background knowledge and experience. On the other hand, state-of-the-art information retrieval systems are quite brittle -- they traditionally represent documents as bags of words, and are restricted to learning from individual word occurrences in the (necessarily limited) training set. For instance, given the sentence “Wal-Mart supply chain goes real time”, how can a text categorization system know that Wal-Mart manages its stock with RFID technology? And having read that “Ciprofloxacin belongs to the quinolones group”, how on earth can a machine know that the drug mentioned is an antibiotic produced by Bayer? In this paper we present algorithms that can do just that. We propose to enrich document representation through automatic use of a vast compendium of human knowledge -- an encyclopedia. We apply machine learning techniques to Wikipedia, the largest encyclopedia to date, which surpasses in scope many conventional encyclopedias and provides a cornucopia of world knowledge. EachWikipedia article represents a concept, and documents to be categorized are represented in the rich feature space of words and relevant Wikipedia concepts. Empirical results confirm that this knowledge-intensive representation brings text categorization to a qualitatively new level of performance across a diverse collection of datasets. 0 0
Overcoming the brittleness bottleneck using Wikipedia: Enhancing text categorization with encyclopedic knowledge Evgeniy Gabrilovich
Shaul Markovitch
Proceedings of the National Conference on Artificial Intelligence English When humans approach the task of text categorization, they interpret the specific wording of the document in the much larger context of their background knowledge and experience. On the other hand, state-of-the-art information retrieval systems are quite brittle - they traditionally represent documents as bags of words, and are restricted to learning from individual word occurrences in the (necessarily limited) training set. For instance, given the sentence "Wal-Mart supply chain goes real time", how can a text categorization system know that Wal-Mart manages its stock with RFID technology? And having read that "Ciprofioxacin belongs to the quinolones group", how on earth can a machine know that the drug mentioned is an antibiotic produced by Bayer? In this paper we present algorithms that can do just that. We propose to enrich document representation through automatic use of a vast compendium of human knowledge - an encyclopedia. We apply machine learning techniques to Wikipedia, the largest encyclopedia to date, which surpasses in scope many conventional encyclopedias and provides a cornucopia of world knowledge. Each Wikipedia article represents a concept, and documents to be categorized are represented in the rich feature space of words and relevant Wikipedia concepts. Empirical results confirm that this knowledge-intensive representation brings text categorization to a qualitatively new level of performance across a diverse collection of datasets. Copyright © 2006, American Association for Artificial Intelligence (www.aaai.org). All rights reserved. 0 1
Overcoming the brittleness bottleneck using Wikipedia: enhancing text categorization with encyclopedic knowledge Evgeniy Gabrilovich
Shaul Markovitch
AAAI English 0 1
Pitfalls and potentials of social software in higher education Puntschart I.
Tochtermann K.
Dosinger G.
Blogs
Discussion forum
Knowledge sharing
Knowledge transfer
Social software
Virtual communities
Web 2.0
WIKI.
WEBIST 2006 - 2nd International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies, Proceedings English The overwhelming success of all different types of social software, such as WIKIs, Blogs etc. is about to change the way how communities interact with each other. Most of the systems are being used on a voluntary basis run and maintained by individuals who have a deep wish to transfer and share their knowledge with others. This transfer and sharing, however, often takes place outside any educational setting even though the main purpose of educational settings such as universities is to educate students through sharing and transferring knowledge. Up to now social software tools are used very rarely in universities to support teaching and training, and this is the case even though students are keen on using exactly these tools in their spare time. This observation leads to the guiding research question for our work: How can social software be used most effectively and efficiently in higher education? In order to find answers we conducted four case studies at Graz University of Technology with more than 350 students involved. 0 0
Pocket RikWik: A mobile wiki supporting online and offline collaboration Huang W.-C.
Paul Roe
Wong O.
AusWeb 2006: 12th Australasian World Wide Web Conference English Wikis are a popular collaboration technology. They support the collaborative editing of web pages through a simple mark-up language. The wikipedia site is perhaps the best example of how wikis can be used. There are lots of different wikis, all with their own special extended features over the basic collaborative editing of web pages. In this paper we investigate how wikis can be made mobile; that is how wiki forms of collaborative editing can be achieved through mobile devices such as smart phones. Mobile devices are becoming ubiquitous and powerful. Thus it is advantageous for people to get the benefits of wikis in a mobile setting. However, mobile devices present their own challenges such as limited screen size, bandwidth and battery life; they also have intermittent connectivity. We have investigated and built a prototype mobile wiki which addresses these issues and which enables collaboration through mobile devices. The system comprises a cut down wiki which runs on the mobile device. This communicated with a main central wiki to cache pages for off line use. This hoarding process also enables new pages to be created. On re-connection edited and new pages are synchronized with a main wiki server. Communication and hence hoarding is adaptive depending on the characteristics of the mobile device. When sitting in a powered cradle, eager downloading and synchronization of pages is supported. During mobile operation, pages are cached lazily on demand to minimize power use and to save the limited and expensive bandwidth. Finally a pluggable page rendering engine enables pages to be rendered in different ways to suit different sized screens. This enables simple collaborative working whilst on and offline through smart mobile devices. The prototype system has been implemented using .NET. © 2006. Wei-Che Huang. 0 0
PoliticWiki: Exploring communal politics Makice K. Consensus
Debate
Online collaboration
Participatory design
Talk-to-content ratio
Third party politics
Wiki
Proceedings of WikiSym'06 - 2006 International Symposium on Wikis English This paper describes the methodology and results of an attempt to use a wiki web site for political collaboration. Recruited through gateway contacts for online political organizations and publications, participants in the PoliticWiki project were asked to create a political platform from scratch. Foundation content was copied from 3rdParty.org to seed the wiki. Of the 78 surveys collected, eight members were responsible for 96% of all content changes. This study identifies obstacles to participation on a point-of-view wiki and explores its function as both a political forum and a vehicle for participatory design. Copyright 2006 ACM. 0 0
Positive Outcomes With Information Sharing. Kenneth Rogers Athletic Therapy Today The article discusses the importance of information sharing to the future of the National Athletic Trainer's Association {(NATA)} in the United States. The association is evaluating the use of Wikipedia, blogs, public/private access to collaborative work sites and more use of the {NATA} Web page. Sharing information can allow the association to better response on issues. 0 0
Preferential attachment in the growth of social networks: The internet encyclopedia Wikipedia A. Capocci
V. D. P. Servedio
F. Colaiori
L. S. Buriol
D. Donato
S. Leonardi
G. Caldarelli
Physical Review E English We present an analysis of the statistical properties and growth of the free on-line encyclopedia Wikipedia. By describing topics by vertices and hyperlinks between them as edges, we can represent this encyclopedia as a directed graph. The topological properties of this graph are in close analogy with those of the World Wide Web, despite the very different growth mechanism. In particular, we measure a scale-invariant distribution of the in and out degree and we are able to reproduce these features by means of a simple statistical model. As a major consequence, Wikipedia growth can be described by local rules such as the preferential attachment mechanism, though users, who are responsible of its evolution, can act globally on the network. 0 3
Preferential attachment in the growth of social networks: the case of Wikipedia Guido Caldarelli
Rea Capocci
Vito Servedio
Luciana Buriol
Debora Donato
Stefano Leonardi
American Physical Society. APS March Meeting, March 13-17, 2006 Here we present experimental data and a model in order to describe the evolution of a socio-technological system. The case of study presented is that of the online free encyclopedia Wikipedia, for which we have the complete series of pages addition during time. The varioius entries and the hyperlinks between them can be described as a graph. We find scale-invariant behaviour in the distribution of the degree and a topology similar to that of the World Wide Web. By using the information on dynamics we are able to model and reproduce the features of this system. We also find that regardless the fact that any user has the possibility of global reshape, still Wikipedia has a growth described by local rules as that of the preferential attachment. 0 0
Preparation of Topical Reading Lists from the Link Structure of Wikipedia Alexander D. Wissner-Gross ICALT English 0 0
Preparation of topical reading lists from the link structure of Wikipedia Wissner-Gross A.D. Proceedings - Sixth International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, ICALT 2006 English Personalized reading preparation poses an important challenge for education and continuing education. Using a PageRank derivative and graph distance ordering, we show that personalized background reading lists can be generated automatically from the link structure of Wikipedia. We examine the operation of our new tool in professional, student, and interdisciplinary researcher learning models. Additionally, we present desktop and mobile interfaces for the generated reading lists. 0 0
Proceedings of WikiSym'06 - 2006 International Symposium on Wikis No author name available Proceedings of WikiSym'06 - 2006 International Symposium on Wikis English The proceedings contain 26 papers. The topics discussed include: how and why wikipedia works; how and why wikipedia works: an interview with Angela Beesley, Elisabeth Bauer, and Kizu Naoko; intimate information: organic hypertext structure and incremental; the augmented wiki; wiki uses in teaching and learning; the future of wikis; translation the wiki way; the radeox wiki render engine; is there a space for the teacher in a WIKI?; wikitrails: augmenting wiki structure for collaborative, interdisciplinary learning; towards wikis as semantic hypermedia; constrained wiki: an oxymoron?; corporate wiki users: results of a survey; workshop on wikipedia research; wiki markup standard workshop; wiki-based knowledge engineering: second workshop on semantic wikis; semantic wikipedia;and ontowiki: community-driven ontology engineering and ontology usage based on wikis. 0 0
Puppy smoothies: improving the reliability of open, collaborative wikis Tom Cross First Monday The reliability of information collected from at large Internet users by open collaborative wikis such as Wikipedia has been a subject of widespread debate. This paper provides a practical proposal for improving user confidence in wiki information by coloring the text of a wiki article based on the venerability of the text. This proposal relies on the philosophy that bad information is less likely to survive a collaborative editing process over large numbers of edits. Colorization would provide users with a clear visual cue as to the level of confidence that they can place in particular assertions made within a wiki article. 0 5
Quantifying the accuracy of relational statements in Wikipedia: A methodology Gabriel Weaver
Barbara Strickland
Gregory Crane
Link analysis
Named-entity recognition
Wikipedia
Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries English An initial evaluation of the English Wikipedia indicates that it may provide accurate data for disambiguating and finding relations among named entities. 0 0
Quantifying the accuracy of relational statements in Wikipedia: a methodology Gabriel Weaver
Barbara Strickland
Gregory Crane
English 0 0
REFERENCE SOURCES. Laura Reiner
Allen Smith
Journal of Academic Librarianship The article presents abstracts of academic librarianship. They include {Business} News Web Sites {Can} You Trust Wikipedia? {The} Changing Format of Reference Collections: Are Research Libraries Favoring Electronic Access Over Print? {Evolving} Internet Reference Resources."" 0 0
Re-evaluating Web evaluation Greg R. Notess Online (Wilton, Connecticut) The evaluation of content continues to be crucial, as the Web becomes increasingly prevalent as an information source and finding tool. Critical evaluation of information sources is important to the academic process and to any advanced information seeker. One of the problem in dealing with evaluation of online sources is that an increasing number of library resources are made available via the Web. The more typical evaluation criteria such as those listed in Texas Information Literacy Tutorial {(TILT)} work well to validate many sites. Wikipedia deserves credit for keeping track of the changes under the History tab so that specific versions of an article can be cited. 0 0
Reducing staff and student workload: Redevelopment of an online law unit Jackson K.
Potter B.
Lindsay D.
Webster L.
Buxton K.
DeZwart M.
Collaborative learning
LEX
Online assessment
Online unit
Wiki
ASCILITE 2006 - The Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education English Law of the Internet was the first entirely online postgraduate unit offered by the Faculty of Law at Monash University. It was first offered in 1999 and has been offered at least twice a year since that time. The unit was designed around a website presenting ten modules of content and four discussion forums. Online tasks were submitted via the discussion forum or via email, with student-teacher interaction facilitated via the discussion forums. The constantly changing nature of the unit content, the volume of tasks completed by the students and associated assessment, and the heavy administrative load have created a unit that is very labour intensive for both students and staff. As the Faculty moves to the provision of increasing numbers of online postgraduate units, it was decided to revisit the design of Law of the Internet with a view to reducing the workload commitment of the teacher and support staff. This poster outlines the process of that review, the selection and implementation of alternative technologies, including wikis and an in-house collaborative learning environment, LEX. Preliminary results as to the impact of the redesign on staff and student workloads will be presented. © 2006 Jackson, K., Potter, B., Lindsay, D., Webster, L., Buxton, K., deZwart, M. 0 0
Relevance feedback models for recommendation Utiyama M.
Michihiro Yamamoto
COLING/ACL 2006 - EMNLP 2006: 2006 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, Proceedings of the Conference English We extended language modeling approaches in information retrieval (IR) to combine collaborative filtering (CF) and content-based filtering (CBF). Our approach is based on the analogy between IR and CF, especially between CF and relevance feedback (RF). Both CF and RF exploit users' preference/relevance judgments to recommend items. We first introduce a multinomial model that combines CF and CBF in a language modeling framework. We then generalize the model to another multinomial model that approximates the Polya distribution. This generalized model outperforms the multinomial model by 3.4% for CBF and 17.4% for CF in recommending English Wikipedia articles. The performance of the generalized model for three different datasets was comparable to that of a state-of-the-art item-based CF method. 0 0
Researching Wikipedia ‐ Current approaches and new directions Phoebe Ayers Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology English Wikipedia (http://www.wikipedia.org), an international, multi-lingual and collaboratively produced free online encyclopedia, has experienced massive growth since its inception in 2001. The site has become the world’s single largest encyclopedia as well as one of the world's most diverse online communities. Because of these factors, the site provides a unique view into the processes of collaborative work and the factors that go into producing encyclopedic content. To date, there has been no unified review of the current research that is taking place on and about Wikipedia, and indeed there have been few formal studies of the site, despite its growing importance. This project is a review of social science and information science studies of the site, focusing on research methods and categorizing the areas of the site that have been studied so far. Studies of Wikipedia have focused primarily on the social dynamics of contributors (such as how disputes are resolved and why contributors participate), and the content of Wikipedia (such as whether it is an accurate source), but due to the unique collaborative processes on Wikipedia these two areas are deeply intertwined. 17 1
Reusing ontological background knowledge in semantic wikis Vrandecic D.
Krotzsch M.
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English A number of approaches have been developed for combining wikis with semantic technologies. Many semantic wikis focus on enabling users to specify properties and relationships of individual elements. Complex schema information is typically not edited by the wiki user. Nevertheless, semantic wikis could benefit from taking existing schema information into account, and to allow users to specify additional information based on this schema. In this paper, we introduce an extension of Semantic MediaWiki that incorporates schema information from existing OWL ontologies. Based on the imported ontology, the system offers automatic classification of articles and aims at supporting the user in editing the wiki knowledge base in a logically consistent manner. We present our prototype implementation which uses the KAON2 ontology management system to integrate reasoning services into our wiki. 0 0
Scalable information sharing utilizing decentralized P2P networking integrated with centralized personal and group media tools Guozhen Z.
Qun J.
Computer-Supported Cooperative Work
Information management
Information sharing
P2P
Weblog
Wiki
Proceedings - International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications, AINA English We proposed a collaborative information sharing environment based on P2P networking technology, to support communication among special groups with given tasks, ensure fast information exchange, increase the productivity of working groups, and reduce maintenance and administration costs in our previous work. However, for a social growing community, not only the information exchange/sharing functions are necessary, but also solutions to support users with idea and knowledge publication tools for private purpose or public use are essential. Some private message (personal idea and experience) posting tools (e.g., weblog) and group collaborative knowledge editing tools (e.g., Wikis) are used in practice; the merits of these tools have been recognized. In this paper, we propose a scalable information sharing solution, which integrates decentralized P2P networking with centralized personal/group media tools. This solution combines the effective tools, such as weblog and Wiki, into P2P-based collaborative groupware system, to facilitate infinite, growing and scalable information management and sharing for individuals and groups. 0 0
SemWiki: A RESTful distributed Wiki architecture WikiSym English 0 0
Semantic MediaWiki (ISWC 2006) Markus Krötzsch
Denny Vrandečić
Max Völkel
ISWC English Semantic MediaWiki is an extension of MediaWiki – a widely used wiki-engine that also powers Wikipedia. Its aim is to make semantic technologies available to a broad community by smoothly integrating them with the established usage of MediaWiki. The software is already used on a number of productive installations world-wide, but the main target remains to establish “Semantic Wikipedia” as an early adopter of semantic technologies on the web. Thus usability and scalability are as important as powerful semantic features. 0 0
Semantic Wiki as a lightweight knowledge management system Hendry Muljadi
Hideaki Takeda
Aman Shakya
Shoko Kawamoto
Satoshi Kobayashi
Asao Fujiyama
Koichi Ando
MediaWiki
Metadata
RDF
Semantic wiki
Wiki
Lecture Notes in Computer Science English Since its birth in 1995, Wild has become more and more popular. This paper presents a Semantic Wiki, a Wiki extended to include the ideas of Semantic Web. The proposed Semantic Wiki uses a simple Wiki syntax to write labeled links which represent RDF triples. By enabling the writing of labeled links, Semantic Wiki may provide an easy-to-use and flexible environment for an integrated management of content and metadata, so that Semantic Wiki may be used as a lightweight knowledge management system. 0 0
Semantic wiki as a lightweight knowledge management system Hendry Muljadi
Hideaki Takeda
Aman Shakya
Shoko Kawamoto
Satoshi Kobayashi
Asao Fujiyama
Koichi Ando
RDF
MediaWiki
Metadata
Semantic wiki
Wiki
ASWC English 0 0
Semantic wikis for personal knowledge management Eyal Oren
Volkel M.
Breslin J.G.
Stefan Decker
Lecture Notes in Computer Science English Wikis are becoming popular knowledge management tools. Analysing knowledge management requirements, we observe that wikis do not fully support structured search and knowledge reuse. We show how Semantic wikis address the requirements and present a general architecture. We introduce our SemperWiki prototype which offers advanced information access and knowledge reuse. 0 0
Sharing knowledge and building communities: A narrative of the formation, development and sustainability of OOPS M. Lin University of Houston, Texas English 0 0
Social currencies and knowledge currencies Carrillo C.
De La Rosa J.L.
Moreno A.
Muntaner E.
Delfin S.
Canals A.
Cognitive capitalism
DBE
Knowledge
Recommender system
Social currencies
Social exchange
Wiki
Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications English This paper describes the state of the art for social currencies and cognitive capitalism, which is used to found a new currency based on knowledge. This new currency better reflects the wealth of nations throughout the world, supports more social economic activity and is better adapted to the challenges of digital business ecosystems. The basic premise of the new currency is a knowledge measurement pattern that is formulated as a new alternative social currency. Therefore, it is a first step contributing to the worldwide evolution towards a knowledge society. It is a currency to facilitate the conservation and storage of knowledge, its organization and categorization, but chiefly its transference and exploitation. The proposal turns recommender agents into the new currency. An example is presented to show how recommender agents receive a new use, transforming them into objects of transaction. 0 0
Some remarks to recent papers on traffic analysis: or the case for public Wiki-like platforms for commenting published papers Fabio Ricciato SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. English 0 0
SweetWiki : Semantic WEb enabled technologies in wiki Michel Buffa
Crova G.
Fabien Gandon
Lecompte C.
Passeron J.
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English Wikis are social web sites enabling a potentially large number of participants to modify any page or create a new page using their web browser. As they grow, wikis suffer from a number of problems (anarchical structure, large number of pages, aging navigation paths, etc.). We believe that semantic wikis can improve navigation and search. In SweetWiki we investigate the use of semantic web technologies to support and ease the lifecycle of the wiki. The very model of wikis was declaratively described: an OWL schema captures concepts such as WikiWord, wiki page, forward and backward link, author, etc. This ontology is then exploited by an embedded semantic search engine (Corese). In addition, SweetWiki integrates a standard WYSIWYG editor (Kupu) that we extended to support semantic annotation following the "social tagging" approach made popular by web sites such as flickr.com. When editing a page, the user can freely enter some keywords in an AJAX-powered textfield and an auto-completion mechanism proposes existing keywords by issuing SPARQL queries to identify existing concepts with compatible labels. Thus tagging is both easy (keyword-like) and motivating (real time display of the number of related pages) and concepts are collected as in folksonomies. To maintain and reengineer the folksonomy, we reused a web-based editor available in the underlying semantic web server to edit semantic web ontologies and annotations. Unlike in other wikis, pages are stored directly in XHTML ready to be served and semantic annotations are embedded in the pages themselves using RDF/A. If someone sends or copy a page, the annotations follow it, and if an application crawls the wiki site it can extract the metadata and reuse them. 0 0
SweetWiki: Semantic Web Enabled Technologies in Wiki Michel Buffa
Fabien Gandon
WikiSym English 0 0
SweetWiki: Semantic Web enabled technologies in Wiki Michel Buffa
Fabien Gandon
Ontology
Semantic web
Social tagging
Web 2.0
Wiki
Proceedings of WikiSym'06 - 2006 International Symposium on Wikis English Wikis are social web sites enabling a potentially large number of participants to modify any page or create a new page using their web browser. As they grow, wikis may suffer from a number of problems (anarchical structure, aging navigation paths, etc.). We believe that semantic wikis can improve navigation and search. In SweetWiki we investigate the use of semantic web technologies to support and ease the lifecycle of the wiki. The very model of wikis was declaratively described: an OWL schema captures concepts such as wiki word, wiki page, forward and backward link, author, etc. This ontology is then exploited by an embedded semantic search engine (Corese). In addition, SweetWiki integrates a standard WYSIWYG editor (Kupu) that we extended to support semantic annotation following the "social tagging": when editing a page, the user can freely enter some keywords and an auto-completion mechanism proposes existing keywords by issuing queries to identify existing concepts with compatible labels. Thus tagging is both easy (keyword-like) and motivating (real time display of the number of related pages) and concepts are collected as in folksonomies. To maintain and reengineer the folksonomy, we reused a web-based editor available in the underlying semantic web server to edit semantic web ontologies and annotations. Unlike in other wikis, pages are stored directly in XHTML ready to be served and semantic annotations are embedded in the pages themselves using RDFa. If someone sends or copies a page, the annotations follow it, and if an application crawls the wiki site it can extract the metadata and reuse them. In this paper we motivate our approach and explain each one of these design choices. 0 0
SweetWiki: Semantic web enabled technologies in wiki Michel Buffa
Fabien Gandon
Ontology
Semantic web
Social tagging
Web 2.0
Wiki
Proceedings of WikiSym'06 - 2006 International Symposium on Wikis English Wikis are social web sites enabling a potentially large number of participants to modify any page or create a new page using their web browser. As they grow, wikis may suffer from a number of problems (anarchical structure, aging navigation paths, etc.). We believe that semantic wikis can improve navigation and search. In SweetWiki we investigate the use of semantic web technologies to support and ease the lifecycle of the wiki. The very model of wikis was declaratively described: an OWL schema captures concepts such as wiki word, wiki page, forward and backward link, author, etc. This ontology is then exploited by an embedded semantic search engine (Corese). In addition, SweetWiki integrates a standard WYSIWYG editor (Kupu) that we extended to support semantic annotation following the "social tagging": when editing a page, the user can freely enter some keywords and an auto-completion mechanism proposes existing keywords by issuing queries to identify existing concepts with compatible labels. Thus tagging is both easy (keyword-like) and motivating (real time display of the number of related pages) and concepts are collected as in folksonomies. To maintain and reengineer the folksonomy, we reused a web-based editor available in the underlying semantic web server to edit semantic web ontologies and annotations. Unlike in other wikis, pages are stored directly in XHTML ready to be served and semantic annotations are embedded in the pages themselves using RDFa. If someone sends or copies a page, the annotations follow it, and if an application crawls the wiki site it can extract the metadata and reuse them. In this paper we motivate our approach and explain each one of these design choices. Copyright 2006 ACM. 0 0
Synonym search in Wikipedia: Synarcher. Rew Krizhanovsky HITS
Semantic relatedness
11-th International Conference "Speech and Computer" SPECOM'2006. Russia, St. Petersburg, June 25-29, pp. 474-477 The program Synarcher for synonym (and related terms) search in the text corpus of special structure (Wikipedia) was developed. The results of the search are presented in the form of graph. It is possible to explore the graph and search for graph elements interactively. Adapted HITS algorithm for synonym search, program architecture, and program work evaluation with test examples are presented in the paper. The proposed algorithm can be applied to a query expansion by synonyms (in a search engine) and a synonym dictionary forming. 0 0
Technically speaking: It's a wiki, wiki world IEEE Spectrum English 0 0
Temporal Analysis of the Wikigraph. Buriol L.S.
Carlos Castillo
Debora Donato
Leonardi S.
Millozzi S.
Analysis
Wiki
Proceedings of the Web Intelligence Conference (WI), Hong Kong 2006. Published by IEEE CS Press. Wikipedia (www.wikipedia.org) is an online encyclopedia, available in more than 100 languages and comprising over 1 million articles in its English version. If we consider each Wikipedia article as a node and each hyperlink between articles as an arc we have a “Wikigraph”, a graph that represents the link structure of Wikipedia. The Wikigraph differs from other Web graphs studied in the literature by the fact that there are timestamps associated with each node. The timestamps indicate the creation and update dates of each page, and this allows us to do a detailed analysis of the Wikipedia evolution over time. In the first part of this study we characterize this evolution in terms of users, editions and articles; in the second part, we depict the temporal evolution of several topological properties of the Wikigraph. The insights obtained from the Wikigraphs can be applied to large Web graphs from which the temporal data is usually not available. 0 0
Testing Wiki Credibility. John Leary Communications of the ACM A letter to the editor is presented in response to the article {Wikipedia} Risks" by Peter Denning in the December 2005 issue." 0 0
Text Linkage in the Wiki Medium - A Comparative Study Alexander Mehler Wikipedia Proceedings of the EACL 2006 Workshop on New Text - Wikis and blogs and other dynamic text sources, Trento, Italy, April 3-7, pp. 1-8 We analyze four different types of document networks with respect to their small world characteristics. These characteristics allow distinguishing wiki-based systems from citation and more traditional text-based networks augmented by hyperlinks. The study provides evidence that a more appropriate network model is needed which better reflects the specifics of wiki systems. It puts emphasize on their topological differences as a result of wikirelated linking compared to other textbased networks. 0 0
The BBC, Daily Telegraph and Wikinews timelines of the terrorist attacks of 7th July 2006 in London: a comparison with contemporary discussions Mike Thelwall
Iina Hellsten
Information Research English 0 0
The Radeox Wiki Render Engine Matthias L. Jugel
Stephan J. Schmidt
Conversion
Markup
Software components
Text rendering
Wiki
WikiSym English 0 0
The Radeox Wiki render engine Jugel M.L.
Schmidt S.J.
Conversion
Markup
Wiki
Proceedings of WikiSym'06 - 2006 International Symposium on Wikis English The Radeox Wiki markup render engine is a basic component for the construction of a Wiki or any system that wishes to integrate basic Wiki functionality. With the availablility of such a component the compatibility of different Wiki systems can be improved and the simplicity of the Wiki way is now ready for deployment in business applications. This paper explains how this component emerged from its host Wiki SnipSnap and how it enables software developers to integrate the Wiki way into their own implementations and other software. Copyright 2006 ACM. 0 0
The Transformation of the Web: How Emerging Communities Shape the Information We Consume Maurer H Kolbitsch J Blogs; collaborative work; community building; emergence; file sharing; information systems; podcasting; self-organisation; social networks; web-based applications; wikis Journal of Universal Computer Science 12 (2): 187-213. To date, one of the main aims of the World Wide Web has been to provide users with information. In addition to private homepages, large professional information providers, including news services, companies, and other organisations have set up web-sites. With the development and advance of recent technologies such as wikis, blogs, podcasting and file sharing this model is challenged and community-driven services are gaining influence rapidly. These new paradigms obliterate the clear distinction between information providers and consumers. The lines between producers and consumers are blurred even more by services such as Wikipedia, where every reader can become an author, instantly. This paper presents an overview of a broad selection of current technologies and services: blogs, wikis including Wikipedia and Wikinews, social networks such as Friendster and Orkut as well as related social services like del.icio.us, file sharing tools such as Flickr, and podcasting. These services enable user participation on the Web and manage to recruit a large number of users as authors of new content. It is argued that the transformations the Web is subject to are not driven by new technologies but by a fundamental mind shift that encourages individuals to take part in developing new structures and content. The evolving services and technologies encourage ordinary users to make their knowledge explicit and help a collective intelligence to develop. 0 1
The Wiki: An environment to revolutionise employees' interaction with corporate knowledge Helen Hasan
Pfaff C.C.
Conversational software
Knowledge management
Organisational learning
Wiki technology
ACM International Conference Proceeding Series English Some corporations have adopted a Wiki on their Intranets for employees to collectively store, edit and access work-related material such as reports, best-practice features, and documents. As such collaborative software moves from the social to the corporate arena, it is bound to challenge management authority, engaging the knowledge worker in a more participatory knowledge capability and environment. This paper explores the implication that this revolution has for the interaction of corporate users with technology that will lead to a profound change in organisational culture. Copyright the author(s) and CHISIG. 0 2
The Wiki: True Web Democracy Don Descy English 0 0
The Wiki: an environment to revolutionise employees' interaction with corporate knowledge Helen Hasan
Charmaine C Pfaff
Wiki technology
Conversational software
Knowledge management
Organisational learning
OZCHI English 0 2
The Wikipedia XML corpus Ludovic Denoyer
Patrick Gallinari
English Wikipedia is a well known free content, multilingual encyclopedia written collaboratively by contributors around the world. Anybody can edit an article using a wiki markup language that offers a simplified alternative to HTML. This encyclopedia is composed of millions of articles in different languages. 0 1
The augmented Wiki Doug Engelbart
Eugene E. Kim
WikiSym English 0 0
The future of Wikis Eugene Eric Kim WikiSym English 0 0
The study on effective programming learning using wiki community systems Soo-Hwan Kim
Hee-Seop Han
SunGwan Han
Knowledge management
Programming learning
Wiki system
EC-TEL English 0 0
The swaine's world Wiki Dr. Dobb's Journal English 0 0
The transformation of the Web: How emerging communities shape the information we consume Kolbitsch J.
Maurer H.
Blogs
Collaborative Work
Community Building
Emergence
File Sharing
Information Systems
Podcasting
Self-Organisation
Social Networks
Web-Based Applications
Wiki
Journal of Universal Computer Science English To date, one of the main aims of the World Wide Web has been to provide users with information. In addition to private homepages, large professional information providers, including news services, companies, and other organisations have set up web-sites. With the development and advance of recent technologies such as wikis, blogs, podcasting and file sharing this model is challenged and community-driven services are gaining influence rapidly. These new paradigms obliterate the clear distinction between information providers and consumers. The lines between producers and consumers are blurred even more by services such as Wikipedia, where every reader can become an author, instantly. This paper presents an overview of a broad selection of current technologies and services: blogs, wikis including Wikipedia and Wikinews, social networks such as Friendster and Orkut as well as related social services like del.icio.us, file sharing tools such as Flickr, and podcasting. These services enable user participation on the Web and manage to recruit a large number of users as authors of new content. It is argued that the transformations the Web is subject to are not driven by new technologies but by a fundamental mind shift that encourages individuals to take part in developing new structures and content. The evolving services and technologies encourage ordinary users to make their knowledge explicit and help a collective intelligence to develop. © J.UCS. 0 1
The wiki man ITNOW English 0 0
The wiki principle Economist English 0 0
They want control of your media Shipside S. Newspaper Techniques English Newspapers websites all over the world demonstrated the difficulty to follow the growing trend of citizen journalism in the form of audience participation techniques such as wikis and blogs and Really Simple Syndication (RSS). Publishing media is moving to a world, where people want to challenge and engage with traditional media like never before. The cost of implementing the likes of RSS is relatively low, and proving a cost effective and targeted syndication tool. The new wave of participatory journalism is a powerful addition to the content mix on online publications, but this hype should not affect the traditional journalism. 0 0
Tianwang at TREC-2006 QA track He J.
Yuanyuan Liu
NIST Special Publication English This paper describes the architecture and implementation of Tianwang QA system2006, which works for the TREC QA Main task this year. The main improvement is: 1. add one well founded knowledge source from Web - Wikipedia, and employ some natural language processing technologies to extract high quality answers; 2. design and implement a new translation algorithm in query generation. The results show that fine organized knowledge source is effective in answering all three types of questions. And such query generation algorithm can be benefit from both Frequent Asked Questions on Web and past TREC QA data. 0 0
Towards Wikis as Semantic Hypermedia Robert Tolksdorf
Elena Paslaru Bontas Simperl
Wiki
Hypermedia
Semantic web
Semantic wiki
WikiSym English 0 1
Towards a semantic wiki-based japanese biodictionary Hendry Muljadi
Hideaki Takeda
Shoko Kawamoto
Satoshi Kobayashi
Asao Fujiyama
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English This paper describes an on-going project to develop and maintain a web-based Japanese Biodictionary within a Semantic Wiki environment. For the development of the dictionary, MediaWiki is extended to enable the writing of labeled links that represent RDF triples. The extension enables Semantic Wiki to provide not only collaborative environment for experts in various biology fields to create and edit the dictionary, but also the navigation support to manage relations between terms. Using a simple wiki syntax, people can develop and maintain the dictionary visually and easily. 0 0
Towards a wiki interchange format (WIF) opening semantic wiki content and metadata Volkel M.
Eyal Oren
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English Wikis tend to be used more and more in world-wide, intranet and increasingly even in personal settings. Current wikis are data islands. They are open for everyone to contribute, but closed for machines and automation. In this paper we define a wiki interchange format (WIF) that allows data exchange between wikis and related tools. Different from other approaches, we also tackle the problem of page content and annotations. The linking from formal annotations to parts of a structured text is analysed and described. 0 0
Tracking the Lexical Zeitgeist with WordNet and Wikipedia Tony Veale European Conference on Artificial Intelligence English Most new words, or neologisms, bubble beneath the surface of widespread usage for some time, perhaps even years, before gaining acceptance in conventional print dictionaries. A shorter, yet still significant, delay is also evident in the life-cycle of NLP-oriented lexical resources like WordNet. A more topical lexical resource is Wikipedia, an open-source community-maintained encyclopedia whose headwords reflect the many new words that gain recognition in a particular linguistic sub-culture. In this paper we describe the principles behind Zeitgeist, a system for dynamic lexicon growth that harvests and semantically analyses new lexical forms from Wikipedia, to automatically enrich WordNet as these new word forms are minted. Zeitgeist demonstrates good results for composite words that exhibit a complex morphemic structure, such as portmanteau words and formal blends. 0 0
Translation the Wiki Way Alain Désilets
Lucas Gonzalez
Sébastien Paquet
Marta Stojanovic
WikiSym English This paper discusses the design and implementation of processes and tools to support the collaborative creation and maintenance of multilingual wiki content. A wiki is a website where a large number of participants are allowed to create and modify content using their Web browser. This simple concept has revolutionized collaborative authoring on the web, enabling among others, the creation of Wikipedia, the world's largest online encyclopedia. On many of the largest and highest profile wiki sites, content needs to be provided in more than one language. Yet, current wiki engines do not support the efficient creation and maintenance of such content. Consequently, most wiki sites deal with the issue of multilingualism by spawning a separate and independent site for each language. This approach leads to much wasted effort since the same content must be researched, tracked and written from scratch for every language. In this paper, we investigate what features could be implemented in wiki engines in order to deal more effectively with multilingual content. We look at how multilingual content is currently managed in more traditional industrial contexts, and show how this approach is not appropriate in a wiki world. We then describe the results of a User-Centered Design exercise performed to explore what a multilingual wiki engine should look like from the point of view of its various end users. We describe a partial implementation of those requirements in our own wiki engine (LizzyWiki), to deal with the special case of bilingual sites. We also discuss how this simple implementation could be extended to provide even more sophisticated features, and in particular, to support the general case of a site with more than two languages. Finally, even though the paper focuses primarily on multilingual content in a wiki context, we argue that translating in this "Wiki Way", may also be useful in some traditional industrial settings, as a way of dealing better with the fast and ever-changing nature of our modern internet world. 0 2
Truth and fiction on the Web Bates M.E. Online (Wilton, Connecticut) English The views of Mary Ellen Bates on the research tool, Wikipedia, which prevents false information from being added to it and needs to be added to a new article in the registered English-language version of the project, are presented. He suggests that efforts must be made to the accuracy of the tool by checking articles that are about the organization. Much debate has occurred on blogs and e-mail discussion lists, still there are people who wouldn't know about the blog. The challenge we info pros is to manage the expectations of the clients and patrons, and teach them how to trust and verify. 0 0
UIC at TREC 2006 Blog track Weinan Zhang
Yu C.
NIST Special Publication English We developed a two-step approach that finds relevant blog documents containing opinioned content for a given query topic. The first step, retrieval step, is to find documents relevant to the query. The second step, opinion identification step, is to find the documents containing opinions within the scope of the document set from the retrieval step. In the retrieval step, we try to improve the retrieval effectiveness by retrieving based on concepts, and doing query expansion using pseudo feedback, Wikipedia feedback and web feedback. In the opinion identification step, we train a sentence classifier using subjective sentences (opinioned) and objective sentences (non-opinioned), which are relevant to a query topic. This classifier labels each sentence in a given document as either subjective or objective. A document containing subjective sentences relating to the query is finally labeled as an opinioned relevant document (ORD). We tried two strategies to rank the ORDs that became two submitted runs. 0 0
Ultra lightweight web applications: A single-page wiki employing a partial ajax solution Rees M. Ajax
JavaScript
Rich internet applications
Ultra lightweight web applications
Wiki
XML
AusWeb 2006: 12th Australasian World Wide Web Conference English The overloaded term Web 2.0 web site usually connotes an interactive web application that offers features normally associated with free-standing applications running directly under the control of an operating system. Such an interactive web applications, also known as a rich internet application (RIA), run within web browsers and must download XHTML and client-side scripts to control user interactivity. Via a variety of technologies the web server must provide a storage mechanism to support the RIA and the presentation of dynamic data in the browser interface. Such storage may be of large volume and bring concomitant bandwidth, response and server storage problems. It is usually the case that the XHTML and client scripts are relatively small in size so the use of the browser in this context to be called a lightweight client. Certainly the dynamic construction of the RIA user interface on demand completely eliminates the download and install problem of free-standing applications and ensures the user always uses the latest version of the RIA. This paper explores the possibility of building an ultra lightweight RIA where a single web page combines the interactive user interface and the storage mechanism in a single file. The author discovered this approach being used in the TiddlyWiki RIA created by Jeremy Ruston who employed client-side JavaScript to provide all functionality. Here all the main features of a wiki are supported by a single web page. DotWikIE is a re-implementation by the author of an ultra lightweight wiki with significantly improved editing and employing XML for storage of the wiki contents. Apart from being a useful personal wiki application DotWikIE can be extended in a number of ways. An example of automated clipboard monitoring is presented and discussed. For its implementation DotWikIE uses the JavaScript and XML parts of AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML). Using full AJAX requires the use of a web server. The paper contains a description of DotWikIEWeb that adds the asynchronous part of AJAX to extend coverage to a more usual web-based wiki while still retaining the simplicity of single, independent wiki web pages for deployment convenience. In the conclusion the paper discusses further extensions of the ultra lightweight RIA and other applications of this RIA implementation technique. © 2006. Michael Rees. 0 0
Understanding User Perceptions on Usefulness and Usability of an Integrated Wiki-G-Portal Yin-Leng Theng
Yuanyuan Li
Ee-Peng Lim
Zhe Wang
Dion Goh
Chew-Hung Chang
Kalyani Chatterjea
Jun Zhang
Digital Libraries: Achievements, Challenges and Opportunities English This paper describes a pilot study on Wiki-G-Portal, a project integrating Wikipedia, an online encyclopedia, into G-Portal, a Web-based digital library, of geography resources. Initial findings from the pilot study seemed to suggest positive perceptions on usefulness and usability of Wiki-G-Portal, as well as subjects’ attitude and intention to use. 0 0
Understanding user perceptions on usefulness and usability of an integrated Wiki-G-Portal Theng Y.-L.
Yanyan Li
Lim E.-P.
Zhe Wang
Goh D.H.-L.
Chang C.-H.
Kalyani Chatterjea
Jinghua Zhang
Lecture Notes in Computer Science English This paper describes a pilot study on Wiki-G-Portal, a project integrating Wikipedia, an online encyclopedia, into G-Portal, a Web-based digital library, of geography resources. Initial findings from the pilot study seemed to suggest positive perceptions on usefulness and usability of Wiki-G-Portal, as well as subjects' attitude and intention to use. 0 0
Using Encyclopedic Knowledge for Named Entity Disambiguation Marius Pasca Razvan Bunescu Disambiguation named-entities wikipedia 11th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics, : 9--16, 2006. We present a new method for detecting and disambiguating named entities in open domain text. A disambiguation SVM kernel is trained to exploit the high coverage and rich structure of the knowledge encoded in an online encyclopedia. The resulting model significantly outperforms a less informed baseline. 0 0
Using Wikis in Software Development Panagiotis Louridas Open source
Wiki
IEEE Softw. English 0 2
Using Wikis in software development Panagiotis Louridas IEEE Software English Wikis have become one of the most popular tool shells. You can find them just about everywhere that demands effective collaboration and knowledge sharing at a low budget. Wikipedia has certainly enhanced their popularity, but they also have a place in intranet-based applications such as defect tracking, requirements management, test-case management, and project portals. The author describes wiki essentials and nicely distinguishes a variety of types. 0 2
Using a Topic Grid and Semantic Wikis for Ontology-Based Distributed Knowledge Management in Enterprise Software Development Processes Axel Korthaus
Martin Schader
EDOCW English 0 0
Using guided tours to enhance the interactive capabilities of a wild system in an educational environment Silvan Reinhold Content structure
E-learning
Guidance
MediaWiki
Trails
User tracking
Wiki
CITSA 2006 - 3rd Int. Conf. on Cybernetics and Information Technol., Systems and Applications, Jointly with the 4th Int. Conf. on Computing, Communications and Control Technologies, CCCT 2006 - Proc. English Wiki systems have been gaining widespread acceptance as information repositories and platforms for collaboration in recent years, in many different environments and domains of knowledge. Among the many applications for the Wiki paradigm-including documentation, project management, or text-centric discussion forums-online learning and student collaboration are currently evolving as particular fields of interest in both schools and universities. While teachers, tutors, and students are currently gaining first-hand experience with the Wiki concept and evaluating didactic scenarios and appropriate ways of embedding Wiki systems in their classes, observation already suggests that educational environments pose specific requirements that necessitate particular attention. Among the issues to be addressed in educational settings are content structure and guidance of the participating students. This includes the need to provide context, to visualize extended structures, and to make them navigable. Based on field evaluation and theoretical background, mis paper explores possible anchor points for improving the interactive capabilities of general-purpose Wiki systems, and outlines a concept for adapting Wiki interaction to address the need for balance between independence and guidance, by providing guided tours through Wiki content Based on the concept, a current implementation is described, and future developments as well as potential uses for such a system are discussed. 0 0
Using intelligent task rooting and contribution review to help communities build artifacts of lasting value Dan Cosley
Dan Frankowski
Loren Terveen
John Riedl
Contribution models
Editorial review
Intelligent task routing
Member-maintained
Online community
Wikipedia
Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings English Many online communities are emerging that, like Wikipedia, bring people together to build community-maintained artifacts of lasting value (CALVs). Motivating people to contribute is a key problem because the quantity and quality of contributions ultimately determine a CALVs value. We pose two related research questions: 1) How does intelligent task routing - matching people with work - affect the quantity of contributions? 2) How does reviewing contributions before accepting them affect the quality of contributions? A field experiment with 197 contributors shows that simple, intelligent task routing algorithms have large effects. We also model the effect of reviewing contributions on the value of CALVs. The model predicts, and experimental data shows, that value grows more slowly with review before acceptance. It also predicts, surprisingly, that a CALV will reach the same final value whether contributions are reviewed before or after they are made available to the community. Copyright 2006 ACM. 0 0
Using wikis and blogs to ease administration Ti Leggett Linux J. English 0 0
Vandals, Administrators, and Sockpuppets, Oh My! An Ethnographic Study of Wikipedia’s Handling of Problem Behavior. Michael Lorenzen MLA Forum 5, no. 2, Wikipedia is a 21st Century phenomena which is forcing many to reconsider what is and what is not valid and authoritative online. Wikipedia is an online encyclopedia that anyone can edit. This creates many opportunities to expand knowledge but it also opens the project up to vandalism and abuse. Many writers have commented on this and determined that Wikipedia has a good defense against problematic behavior even if these same writers are unsure of the legitimacy of Wikipedia as a whole. Other writers have noted the need for identified authors for legitimacy to be attainable. This ethnographic study looks at a public system that Wikipedia uses to identify and correct problem behaviors from contributors. It concludes that Wikipedia does have a good system in place that can protect the integrity of articles in many instances. However, this study was limited in scope and was unable to determine if the system in place for abuse reporting is truly able to vouch for the status of Wikipedia as an authoritative resource. 0 0
Visualizing Co-Authorship Networks in Online Wikipedia Robert P. Biuk-Aghai International Symposium on Communications and Information Technologies English The Wikipedia online user-contributed encyclopedia has rapidly become a highly popular and widely used online reference source. However, perceiving the complex relationships in the network of articles and other entities in Wikipedia is far from easy. We introduce the notion of using co-authorship of articles to determine relationship between articles, and present the WikiVis information visualization system which visualizes this and other types of relationships in the Wikipedia database in 3D graph form. A 3D star layout and a 3D nested cone tree layout are presented for displaying relationships between entities and between categories, respectively. A novel 3D pinboard layout is presented for displaying search results 1 1
Visualizing co-authorship networks in online Wikipedia Biuk-Aghai R.P. 2006 International Symposium on Communications and Information Technologies, ISCIT English The Wikipedia online user-contributed encyclopedia has rapidly become a highly popular and widely used online reference source. However, perceiving the complex relationships in the network of articles and other entities in Wikipedia is far from easy. We introduce the notion of using co-authorship of articles to determine relationship between articles, and present the WikiVis information visualization system which visualizes this and other types of relationships in the Wikipedia database in 3D graph form. A 3D star layout and a 3D nested cone tree layout are presented for displaying relationships between entities and between categories, respectively. A novel 3D pinboard layout is presented for displaying search results. 0 2
Web 2.0 Revolution: Power to the People. Paul Bleicher Applied Clinical Trials The article highlights developments in the use of websites and weblogs citing the range of services available on the world wide web. One information source is the Wikipedia, which is an online encyclopedia of information that uses an open source software. On the other hand, blogging software sites allow an unsophisticated user to set up a blog in minutes and begin publishing on a topic of their choice almost immediately. 0 0
Web 2.0 and Business: A pointer to the intranets of the future? Tredinnick L. Blogs
Business model
Corporate culture
Folksonomy
Information management
Intranet 2.0
Knowledge management
Risks
RSS feed
Social media
Web 2.0
Wiki
Business Information Review English Explores the application of Web 2.0 technologies to business intranets, and their potential use in managing and developing business information and knowledge assets. Considers how Web 2.0 approaches on the public web are subtly reshaping the relationship between users and information. Argues that Web 2.0 is not a technological innovation, but is changing the understanding of the status of information, knowledge and the role of the user in information applications. Suggests that, as information proliferates, control is being gradually ceded to users, opening up the possibility of a new, more democratic, and more evaluative phase in the exploitation of information within organizations. Copyright 0 0
Web links and search engine ranking: The case of Google and the query "jew" Bar-Ilan
Judit
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology The World Wide Web has become one of our more important information sources, and commercial search engines are the major tools for locating information; however, it is not enough for a Web page to be indexed by the search engines-it also must rank high on relevant queries. One of the parameters involved in ranking is the number and quality of links pointing to the page, based on the assumption that links convey appreciation for a page. This article presents the results of a content analysis of the links to two top pages retrieved by Google for the query jew" as of July 2004: the "jew" entry on the free online encyclopedia Wikipedia and the home page of {"Jew} Watch a highly {anti-Semitic} site. The top results for the query jew" gained public attention in April 2004 when it was noticed that the {"Jew} Watch" homepage ranked number 1. From this point on both sides engaged in {"Googlebombing"} (i.e. increasing the number of links pointing to these pages). The results of the study show that most of the links to these pages come from blogs and discussion links and the number of links pointing to these pages in appreciation of their content is extremely small. These findings have implications for ranking algorithms based on link counts and emphasize the huge difference between Web links and citations in the scientific community." 0 0
Websights: One-click content, no guarantees Elizabeth Svoboda IEEE Spectrum Wikipedia is the first-ever major reference work with a democratic premise, that anyone could contribute an article or edit an entry. Since inception, Wikipedia has generated shared scholarly efforts to rival those of any literally or philosophical movement in history. However, its signature strength is also its greatest vulnerability. User-generated articles are often inaccurate or irrelevant, and vandals are a constant threat. As a result, the role of the encyclopedia's gatekeepers assumes added importance. Readers are advised to check their online finds against other sources and to be aware of Wikipedia's unique strengths and weaknesses, especially when gathering information for research projects. 0 0
What have the Romans is academics ever done for us?' The lessons of open-source Bryant A. Community
Globalization
IS academics
GNU/Linux
Open source
Wiki movement
Wikipedia
ICIS 2006 Proceedings - Twenty Seventh International Conference on Information Systems English This paper seeks to develop the motivations and aspirations underlying the primary theme for ICIS 2006 - 'IT for Underserved Communities'. In so doing the case is made that those keen to mobilize and harness the emancipatory and empowering potential of Information & Communications Technology for community-based projects should consider that the very existence of this technology opens up alternative models of co-operation and collaboration. These models themselves provide the basis for breaking away from 'traditional' command-and-control models of management and co-ordination; allowing participants, or potential participants, to coordinate their efforts along the lines exemplified by the open-source software movement and the contributors to Wikipedia: Models of co-ordination that ought not to work, but appear to do so. 0 0
What would you do if you received a "cease and desist" letter? Starr J. Searcher:Magazine for Database Professionals English The 'Cease and Desist' letters in Wikipedia, which gives chilling effects to users of Web sites is discussed. Students at the project's team of law school clinics then annotate the letters with meaningful links to legal information that can help readers understand the legitimacy of the author's claims. The chilling effects team reported a disturbing number of legal flaws in so-called DMCA notices, which result in online materials being pulled from the Internet. The chilling effects of cease and desist letters is helping people to understanding their rights. 0 0
Who writes Wikipedia? Aaron Swartz English 0 4
Wiki Markup Standard Workshop Christoph Sauer
Chuck Smith
Tomas Benz
Wiki
Markup
Standardization
Standards
WikiSym English 0 0
Wiki Uses in Teaching and Learning Sheizaf Rafaeli WikiSym English 0 0
Wiki and other ways to share learning online Stephen Caddick Nature English 0 1
Wiki and semantics: Panacea, contradiction in terms, pressure for innovation?: Some experiments and tracks towards intelligence amplifiers Rohmer J. CEUR Workshop Proceedings English This paper examines the relative characteristics of wiki principles and of semantic systems. It first stresses some oppositions between these two approaches, and exposes the challenge of their reconciliation. We then make a detailed description of Ideliance, a " pure" semantic tool, and we set criteria to compare several existing semantic wiki systems. After a critical look at some of their features, we propose precise directions for cross-fertilisation of semantics and wikis, advocating for solid, long-term foundations. 0 0
Wiki and the Agora: 'It's organising, Jim, but not as we know it' Development in Practice English This article argues that those keen to characterise and harness the empowering potential of Information and Communications Technology {ICT} for development projects must understand that the very existence of this technology opens up alternative models of co-operation and collaboration. These models themselves necessitate breaking away from 'traditional' command-and-control models of management. One alternative is to persuade participants, or potential participants, to co-ordinate their efforts along the lines exemplified by the open-source software movement and the contributors to Wikipedia: models of co-ordination that ought not to work but appear to do so. The article offers a summary of this argument, and then suggests ways in which {NGOs} in particular might try to incorporate these insights into their strategies. This is particularly critical for organisations that rely on increasingly pressurised funding opportunities, and which also seek to develop and engender participation and determination from within and among specific target groupings. 0 0
Wiki means more: Hyperreading in Wikipedia Yuejiao Z. Collaborative authoring
Encyclopedia
Hyperreading
Information system
Linking
Open-sourcing
Web 2.0
Wiki
Proceedings of the Seventeenth ACM Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia, HT'06 English Based on the open-sourcing technology of wiki, Wikipedia has initiated a new fashion of hyperreading. Reading Wikipedia creates an experience distinct from reading a traditional encyclopedia. In an attempt to disclose one of the site's major appeals to the Web users, this paper approaches the characteristics of hyperreading activities in Wikipedia from three perspectives. Discussions are made regarding reading path, user participation, and navigational apparatus in Wikipedia. Copyright 2006 ACM. 0 0
Wiki means more: hyperreading in Wikipedia Yuejiao Zhang HYPERTEXT English 0 0
Wiki pedagogy - A tale of two wikis 7th International Conference on Information Technology Based Higher Education and Training, ITHET English 0 2
Wiki technology as a "free" collaborative tool within an organizational setting Information Systems Management English 0 0
Wiki ware could harness the Internet for science Kevin Yager Nature English 0 1
Wiki websites wealth of information Joe Endres INFORM - International News on Fats, Oils and Related Materials English In 1995, the Wiki technology was developed to create encyclopedic entries on subjects that are the culmination of the knowledge and experience each contributor brings to the table. On 20 June 2003, the Wikimedia Foundation was created to manage Wiki projects. The goal of the Wikimedia Foundation is to develop and maintain open content, wiki-based projects and to provide the full contents of these projects to the public free of charge. Currently, the Foundation has seven active projects: Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Wikiquote, Wikisource, Wikibooks, Wikijunior, Wikimedia Commons, Wikinews, and Wikispecies. 0 0
Wiki-based knowledge engineering: Second workshop on semantic Wikis WikiSym English 0 0
Wiki: The Collaborative Resource for Library Science and Information Technology Professionals. Aaron D. Chaletzky Slavic & East European Information Resources This paper looks at the value of wikis as a collaborative resource for library science and digital libraries, briefly explores the history of wikis, cites examples of why wikis are viewed with hope and suspicion, and illustrates a wiki in use by the Digital Conversion Team at The Library of Congress. 0 0
Wiki: The collaborative resource for library science and information technology professionals Slavic and East European Information Resources English 0 0
Wiki: Web collaboration Anja Ebersbach
Markus Glaser
Richard Heigl
Gunter Dueck
English 0 3
WikiFAQ: Obtaining complete FAQs Moreno A.
Carrillo C.
Delfin S.
Muntaner E.
De La Rosa J.L.
Auctions
Bids
Citizen information service
Compensation
FAQ
Intelligent agents
KCM
Recognition
Trust and reputation
Wiki
Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications English In this paper we present research into obtaining complete FAQs that provide users with satisfactory information. To achieve that we join FAQ technology with the emerging wiki technology to obtain a tool we call WikiFAQ which includes all the basics elements of a FAQ combined with the properties of wikis, and in which we include a set of Knowledge Contribution Methods (KCM) based on bidding and auctioning systems, and a reward mechanism (RM) based on points as in trust and reputation systems. We use Citizen Information Services (CIS) in local governments as an application domain for WikiFAQ because they are a rich source of diverse and dispersed users with direct and relevant experience. 0 0
WikiFactory: An ontology-based application for creating domain-oriented wikis Angelo Di Iorio
Valentina Presutti
Fabio Vitali
Lecture Notes in Computer Science English Wikis play a leading role among the web publishing environments, being collaborative tools used for fast and easy writing and sharing of content. Although powerful and widely used, wikis do not support users in the aided generation of content specific for a given domain but they still require manual, time-consuming and error-prone interventions. On the other hand, semantic portals support users in browsing, searching and managing content related to a given domain, by exploiting ontologies. In this paper we propose a specific application of web ontologies, applied to the wikis: exploiting an ontological description of a domain in order to deploy a customized wiki for that specific domain. We describe the design of an ontology-based framework, named WikiFactory, that aids users to automatically generate a complex and complete wiki website related to a specific area of interest with few efforts. In order to show the applicability of our framework, we present a specific case study that describes the main WikiFactory capabilities in constructing the wiki website for a Computer Science Department in a University. 0 0
WikiFactory: an ontology-based application for creating domain-oriented wikis Angelo Di Iorio
Valentina Presutti
Fabio Vitali
ESWC English 0 0
WikiGateway: A Toolbox for Making Software that Reads and Writes Wikis Bayle Shanks WebDAV
WikiClient
WikiGateway
WikiRPCInterface
Atom
Client-side wiki
Interoperability
Interwiki
Middleware
Wiki
Wiki XMLRPC
WikiSym English 0 0
WikiGateway: A toolbox for making software that reads and Writes Wikis Bayle Shanks Atom
Client-side wiki
Interoperability
Interwiki
Middleware
WebDAV
Wiki
Wiki XMLRPC
WikiClient
WikiGateway
WikiRPCInterface
Proceedings of WikiSym'06 - 2006 International Symposium on Wikis English [No abstract available] 0 0
WikiRelate! Computing Semantic Relatedness Using Wikipedia Michael Strube
Simone Paolo Ponzetto
English 0 5
WikiRelate! Computing Semantic Relatedness Using Wikipedia. Simone Paolo Ponzetto Michael Strube Wikipedia ontology relatedness semantic web 21. AAAI / 18. IAAI 2006, 2006. Wikipedia provides a knowledge base for computing word relatedness in a more structured fashion than a search engine and with more coverage than WordNet. In this work we present experiments on using Wikipedia for computing semantic relatedness and compare it to WordNet on various benchmarking datasets. Existing relatedness measures perform better using Wikipedia than a baseline given by Google counts, and we show that Wikipedia outperforms WordNet when applied to the largest available dataset designed for that purpose. The best results on this dataset are obtained by integrating Google, WordNet and Wikipedia based measures. We also show that including Wikipedia improves the performance of an NLP application processing naturally occurring texts. 0 0
WikiTrails: Augmenting Wiki Structure for Collaborative, Interdisciplinary Learning Silvan Reinhold WikiSym English 0 0
Wikifying your interface: Facilitating community-based interface translation Cameron Jones M.
Rathi D.
Twidale M.B.
Community-based technology
Customization
Intel-nationalization
Mash-ups
Personalization
Wiki
Proceedings of the Conference on Designing Interactive Systems: Processes, Practices, Methods, and Techniques, DIS English We explore the application of a wiki-based technology and style of interaction to enabling the incremental translation of a collaborative application into a number of different languages, including variant English language interfaces better suited to the needs of particular user communities. The development work allows us to explore in more detail the design space of functionality and interfaces relating to tailoring, customization, personalization and localization, and the challenges of designing to support ongoing incremental contributions by members of different use communities. Copyright 2006 ACM. 0 1
Wikipedia - viden som social handlen Pedersen
Niels M. L.
Ers Due
Paper presented at The 3. Nordic Conference on Rhetoric, May 19-20, Oslo, Norway Danish 0 0
Wikipedia and Britannica Berinstein P. Searcher:Magazine for Database Professionals English The Wikipedia, which is a dynamic web-based encyclopedia continues to gain popularity and size. The community pages of Wikipedia assert that its goal is to create a free, democratic, reliable encyclopedia. The community pages also explain that what constitutes notability is always under debate. The Wikipedia is open to everyone, not only to read, but also to create and maintain and governed primarily by community consensus. 0 0
Wikipedia and britannica : The kid's all right (and so's the old man) Paula Berinstein Searcher (Medford 0 0
Wikipedia and science publishing. Has the time come to end the liaisons dangereuses? Mainguy Gaell Science publishing
Wikipedia
Open access
Knowledge management
Paper presented at the 3rd NATO-UNESCO Advanced Research Workshop Science Education: Talent Recruitment and Public Understanding. Balatonfured, Hungary, 20-22 October 2006 Structuring information into knowledge is an important challenge for the 21st century. The emergence of internet and the diffusion of collaborative practices provide new tools with which to build and share knowledge. Scientists are seeking efficient ways to get recognition and to diffuse their work while Wikipedia is seeking well grounded contributors to shape in-depth articles. Science publishing and Wikipedia are thus profoundly modifying access to knowledge and may provide suitable conditions for a reorganization of the academic landscape. 0 0
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