2005

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This is a list of 2 events celebrated and 116 publications published in 2005.

Events

Name City Country DateThis property is a special property in this wiki.
WikiSym 2005 San Diego United States 14 October 2005
Wikimania 2005 Frankfurt Germany 4 August 2005


Publications

Title Author(s) Keyword(s) Published in Language Abstract R C
"Blogs" and "Wikis" are valuable software tools for communication within research groups Sauer I.M.
Bialek D.
Efimova E.
Schwartlander R.
Pless G.
Neuhaus P.
Blogs
Intranet
Research organization
Wiki
Artificial Organs English Appropriate software tools may improve communication and ease access to knowledge for research groups. A weblog is a website which contains periodic, chronologically ordered posts on a common webpage, whereas a wiki is hypertext-based collaborative software that enables documents to be authored collectively using a web browser. Although not primarily intended for use as an intranet-based collaborative knowledge warehouse, both blogs and wikis have the potential to offer all the features of complex and expensive IT solutions. These tools enable the team members to share knowledge simply and quickly-the collective knowledge base of the group can be efficiently managed and navigated. 0 0
"But where's the spec?" - Learning through collaborative development & discovery Bachetti E. Computer-Supported Cooperative Work
Education
HCI
Storyboarding
Wiki
Proceedings of the Annual Southeast Conference English In academia, there has always been a divide between what is taught and what is done in industry. The question that must be asked is how the higher learning institutes can rise to meet this challenge and better prepare its students for the demands that lie ahead. This paper investigates issues regarding evolving project requirements and communication and collaboration among diverse team members, exploring how storyboarding tools and collaborative Wikis can help to mitigate these issues. Copyright 2005 ACM. 0 0
47. Wiki products: A comparison International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning English 0 0
A Case of Mutual Aid: Wikipedia, Politeness, and Perspective Taking Reagle
Joseph M.
Collaboration
Collective action
Mutual aid
Wiki
Wikipedia
Proceedings of Wikimania 2005 -- The First International Wikimedia Conference, Frankfurt, Germany. The anarchist Peter Kropotkin once wrote that “Mutual aid is as much a law of animal life as mutual struggle” (1902). At the time, he was responding to arguments arising from Darwin's The Origin of Species: that in nature and society individual creatures ceaselessly struggle against each other for dominance. Kropotkin took pains to explain and provide examples of how animals and humans survive by cooperating with each other. Interestingly, Kropotkin also contributed the article on anarchism to the 1911 Encyclopadia Britannica, a collaborative product of the Scottish Enlightenment and a precursor to the Wikipedia, a collaborative, on-line, and free encyclopedia. This paper explores the character of “mutual aid” and interdependent decision making within the Wikipedia. I provide a brief introduction to Wikipedia, the key terms associated with group decision making, and the Wikipedia dispute resolution process. I then focus on the cultural norms (e.g., “good faith”) within Wikipedia that frame participation as a cooperative endeavor. In particular, I argue that the “neutral point of view policy” policy is not a source of conflict, as it is often perceived to be, but a resolution shaping norm. However, the naive understanding that this policy is about an unbiased neutrality is also problematic. I conclude by identifying some notions from negotiation literature that may be inappropriate or require adaptation to the Wikipedia case. 0 3
A Wiki Paradigm for use in IT courses Elharith Elrufaie
David A. Turner
Wiki
Collaborative educational environments
Learning XHTML
ITCC English We present a system currently used by the department of Computer Science at the California State University, San Bernardino. The system extends the traditional wiki paradigm with features that make it useful as an instructional aid for IT courses. The most notable feature includes the use of strict XHTML for user input rather than traditional wiki markup. The use of XHTML serves three purposes: it requires IT students to learn XML syntax and concepts, it requires students to learn HTML, and it provides more flexibility to students and instructors when constructing pages. Additionally, we added other features not commonly found in wiki systems to better accommodate the needs of the classroom. 3 1
A case study of wiki-based experience repository at a medium-sized software company Thomas Chau
Frank Maurer
English The poster presents an exploratory case study on the use of a Wiki-based experience repository (MASE) that utilizes both informal and formal knowledge representations. The results provide evidences for the need of knowledge sharing tools to incorporate not only codification-oriented repository technologies but also those that facilitate communication and collaboration among people, and to support not only structured but also unstructured knowledge representation. It reveals that an informal knowledge authoring tool such as MASE is used for sharing content for problem understanding, instrumental, projective, social, expertise location, and content navigation purposes. We also observe self-organized maintenance of the repository content among the ordinary repository users as a result of the open-edit nature of the Wiki-based repository. 0 0
A lightweight collaborative tool to support design research Salustri F.A. Design research
Web authoring
Web-based collaboration
Wiki
Proceedings ICED 05, the 15th International Conference on Engineering Design English This paper proposes that Wikis, lightweight web-based collaborative tools, can provide substantive support to the design research community. The key feature of Wikis is that in principle anyone can edit content; this changes the dynamic of collaborative interactions in a way that generally facilitates the emergence of bodies of knowledge. Wikis are compared to other tools, including email lists and sophisticated content management systems (CMSs). It is found that Wikis offer a far richer functionality than email lists without the administrative overhead associated with full-blown CMSs. The basics of Wikis are explained, with particular emphasis on a new Wiki, called Xiki, being developed by the author expressly for the support of certain design research projects. Four projects are described: a dictionary of design terms and concepts, an annotated bibliography of design publications, a repository for design patterns, and a design "co-laboratory." Each of these projects is explained insofar as they benefit by having Wiki functionality available. Based on the increasing popularity of Wikis generally, and the advantages provided by Xiki, the author expects that this technology will benefit design research, and is working to develop Xiki to meet this expectation. 0 0
A wiki paradigm for use in IT courses Elharith Elrufaie
Turner D.A.
Collaborative educational environments
Learning XHTML
Wiki
International Conference on Information Technology: Coding and Computing, ITCC English We present a system currently used by the department of Computer Science at the California State University, San Bernardino. The system extends the traditional wiki paradigm with features that make it useful as an instructional aid for IT courses. The most notable feature includes the use of strict XHTML for user input rather than traditional wiki markup. The use of XHTML serves three purposes: it requires IT students to learn XML syntax and concepts, it requires students to learn HTML, and it provides more flexibility to students and instructors when constructing pages. Additionally, we added other features not commonly found in wiki systems to better accommodate the needs of the classroom. 0 1
Access, claims and quality on the internet - Future challenges Kim H. Veltman Progress in Informatics The vision of access to human knowledge has existed explicitly at least since the time of Aristotle In 1934, Otlet outlined a vision of comprehensive access to knowledge. Progress towards this vision entailed initial visions of hypertext, markup languages, the semantic web, Wikipedia and more recently a series of developments with respect to Open Source. A brief survey of these developments is provided. The rhetoric of the Internet insists that everything should be accessible by everyone at anytime. This poses obvious technical challenges and serious philosophical problems of method. If everything is accessible then how do we separate the chaff from the grain and how do we identify quality? Following a survey of important developments, this essay suggests five dimensions that need to be included in a future web: 1) variants and multiple claims; 2) levels of certainty in making a claim; 3) levels of authority in defending a claim; 4) levels of significance in assessing a claim; 5) levels of thoroughness in dealing with a claim. j 2005 National Instiute of Informatics. 0 1
An Empirical Exploration of Using Wiki in an English as a Second Language Course Hao-Chuan Wang
Chun-Hung Lu
Jun-Yi Yang
Hsin-Wen Hu
Guey-Fa Chiou
Yueh-Tzu Chiang
ICALT English In this paper, we present an empirical study of using a new and cost-effective Web-based collaboration software, Wiki, in a freshman-level English as a second language (ESL) course. This paper explores and observes the scenario: What if the Wiki tool were to be used in an English as a second language course in Taiwan? Students who attended this study practiced English writing on a Wiki website. The data about their usage and learning achievements was collected and analyzed. Our finding of a significant, but inverse, relation between students' editing usage and academic performance challenges some idealistic hypotheses that Wiki technology is "naturally beneficial" to learning. We believe that building an instructive or constructive instructional model with Wiki in a rigorous manner requires more empirical evidence. This study provides fresh evidence that will hopefully serve as an impetus to fill that gap. 0 3
An analysis of Open Content Systems Ofer Arazy
Raymond Patterson
15th Workshop on Information Technology and Systems, WITS 2005 English Traditionally, content in organizational Knowledge Bases is created in a highly centralized manner to ensure quality. In Open Content Systems (OCS), on the other hand, content is generated in a distributed and decentralized manner. The most notable examples of OCS are Slashdot, the technology news portal, and Wikipedia, an online encyclopedia. The advantage of such systems is the speed in which content is accumulated, while the risk of open content systems is the lack of traditional quality control mechanisms. The purpose of this paper is to examine the processes that enable an open content system (OCS) to function effectively. We conduct a survey of existing open content systems, and analyze the interplay between the technology underlying OCS, the user community who is responsible for content generation, and the types of content managed by the OCS systems. Our analysis identifies specific settings where open content systems are likely to thrive. 0 0
Analyzing and Visualizing the Semantic Coverage of Wikipedia and Its Authors Holloway
Todd
Miran Bozicevic
Katy Börner
Digital libraries
Information storage
Information retrieval
ArXiv.org cs. IR/0512085 / Submitted to Complexity, Special issue on Understanding Complex Systems. This paper presents a novel analysis and visualization of English Wikipedia data. Our specific interest is the analysis of basic statistics, the identification of the semantic structure and age of the categories in this free online encyclopedia, and the content coverage of its highly productive authors. The paper starts with an introduction of Wikipedia and a review of related work. We then introduce a suite of measures and approaches to analyze and map the semantic structure of Wikipedia. The results show that co-occurrences of categories within individual articles have a power-law distribution, and when mapped reveal the nicely clustered semantic structure of Wikipedia. The results also reveal the content coverage of the article's authors, although the roles these authors play are as varied as the authors themselves. We conclude with a discussion of major results and planned future work. 0 9
Are Wikis Usable? Alain Désilets
Sébastien Paquet
Norman G. Vinson
Wiki
Collaborative Web-Authoring
Groupware
Hypertext
Usability
WikiSym English Wikis are simple to use, asynchronous, Web-based collaborative hypertext authoring systems which are quickly gaining in popularity. In spite of much anecdotal evidence to the effect that wikis are usable by non technical experts, this has never been studied formally. In this paper, we studied the usability of a wiki through observation and problem-solving interaction with several children who used the tool to collaboratively author hypertext stories over several sessions. The children received a minimal amount of instruction, but were able to ask for help during their work sessions. Despite minimal instruction, 5 out of 6 teams were able to complete their story. Our data indicate that the major usability problems were related to hyperlink management. We report on this and other usability issues, and provide suggestions for improving the usability of wikis. Our analysis and conclusions also apply to hypertext authoring with non wiki-based tools. 0 2
Assessing information quality of a community-based encyclopedia Besiki Stvilia
Michael B. Twidale
Linda C. Smith
Les Gasser
Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Quality English Effective information quality analysis needs powerful yet easy ways to obtain metrics. The English version of Wikipedia provides an extremely interesting yet challenging case for the study of Information Quality dynamics at both macro and micro levels. We propose seven IQ metrics which can be evaluated automatically and test the set on a representative sample of Wikipedia content. The methodology of the metrics construction and the results of tests, along with a number of statistical characterizations of Wikipedia articles, their content construction, process metadata and social context are reported. 5 4
At the Crossroads of Knowledge Management with Social Software Avram G. Knowledge acquisition
Knowledge sharing
Social network
Social software
Weblog
Wiki
Proceedings of the European Conference on Knowledge Management, ECKM English The growing phenomenon of Social Software seems to provide a chance of complementing the top down approach based on central knowledge repositories with tools that are simpler, smarter and more flexible. Our paper includes a brief description of the main categories of Social Software - weblogs, wikis and social networking sites, followed by an analysis of their utilisation in relation to the five core Knowledge Management activities of the Knowledge Management taxonomy proposed by Despres & Chauvel in 1999. A couple of examples meant to illustrate the support Social Software could provide for knowledge management are presented. Finally, some of the problems that hinder the usage of social software tools, together with some of the latest developments and trends in the field are mentioned. 0 0
Automated use of a Wiki for collaborative lecture notes Melissa E. O'Neill LaTeX
Wiki
XML
Collaboration
Keynote
Lecture notes
Powerpoint
Presentation
Slides2wiki
SIGCSE Bull. English 0 1
Automatic Extraction of Semantic Relationships for WordNet by Means of Pattern Learning from Wikipedia Maria Ruiz-Casado
Enrique Alfonseca
Pablo Castells
Natural Language Processing and Information Systems English This paper describes an automatic approach to identify lexical patterns which represent semantic relationships between concepts, from an on-line encyclopedia. Next, these patterns can be applied to extend existing ontologies or semantic networks with new relations. The experiments have been performed with the Simple English Wikipedia and WordNet 1.7. A new algorithm has been devised for automatically generalising the lexical patterns found in the encyclopedia entries. We have found general patterns for the hyperonymy, hyponymy, holonymy and meronymy relations and, using them, we have extracted more than 1200 new relationships that did not appear in WordNet originally. The precision of these relationships ranges between 0.61 and 0.69, depending on the relation. 0 1
Automatic assignment of Wikipedia encyclopedic entries to WordNet synsets Maria Ruiz-Casado
Enrique Alfonseca
Pablo Castells
Lecture Notes in Computer Science English We describe an approach taken for automatically associating entries from an on-line encyclopedia with concepts in an ontology or a lexical semantic network. It has been tested with the Simple English Wikipedia and WordNet, although it can be used with other resources. The accuracy in disambiguating the sense of the encyclopedia entries reaches 91.11% (83.89% for polysemous words). It will be applied to enriching ontologies with encyclopedic knowledge. 0 1
Automatic assignment of wikipedia encyclopedic entries to wordnet synsets Maria Ruiz-Casado
Enrique Alfonseca
Pablo Castells
AWIC English 0 1
Becoming Wikipedian: Transformation of participation in a collaborative online encyclopedia Bryant
Susan
Rea Forte
Amy Bruckman
Community
Incentive
Wikipedia
Proceedings of GROUP International Conference on Supporting Group Work, 2005. pp 1.-10. Traditional activities change in surprising ways when computermediated communication becomes a component of the activity system. In this descriptive study, we leverage two perspectives on social activity to understand the experiences of individuals who became active collaborators in Wikipedia, a prolific, cooperatively-authored online encyclopedia. Legitimate peripheral participation provides a lens for understanding participation in a community as an adaptable process that evolves over time. We use ideas from activity theory as a framework to describe our results. Finally, we describe how activity on the Wikipedia stands in striking contrast to traditional publishing and suggests a new paradigm for collaborative systems. 0 12
Building a semantic wiki Adam Souzis English The semantic Web vision of a "unifying logical language that enables concepts to be progressively linked into a universal Web" is part of along lineage of dreams of a universal repository of ideas: from Diderot's universal encyclopedia in the 18th century to Vannevar Bush's Memex at the beginning of the computer age to Ted Nelson's Xanadu in the 1970s. However, the semantic Web's development so far has focused primarily on metadata and carefully designed data structures. To realize Berners-Lee's vision, the semantic Web must capture and represent content created every day by people without special training - such content includes blogs, emails, and discussion groups. Rhizome is an experimental, open source content management framework the author have created that can capture and represent informal, human-authored content in a semantically rich manner. Rhizome aims to help bring about a new kind of commons - one of ideas. This commons wouldn't comprise just a web of interlinked pages of content, as is the current World Wide Web, but a web of relationships between the underlying ideas and distinctions that the content implies: a permanent, universally accessible interlinking of content based on imputed semantics such as concepts, definitions, or structured argumentation. 0 0
Building collaborative knowledge bases: An open source approach using wiki software in teaching and research Mindel J.L.
Verma S.
Collaboration
Knowledge base
Open source
Teaching
Wiki
Association for Information Systems - 11th Americas Conference on Information Systems, AMCIS 2005: A Conference on a Human Scale English [No abstract available] 0 0
Collaborative Authoring on the Web: A Genre Analysis of Online Encyclopedias Emigh
William
Herring
Susan C.
Collaboration Paper presented at the 39th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. « Collaboration Systems and Technology Track », Hawai. This paper presents the results of a genre analysis of two web-based collaborative authoring environments, Wikipedia and Everything2, both of which are intended as repositories of encyclopedic knowledge and are open to contributions from the public. Using corpus linguistic methods and factor analysis of word counts for features of formality and informality, we show that the greater the degree of post-production editorial control afforded by the system, the more formal and standardized the language of the collaboratively-authored documents becomes, analogous to that found in traditional print encyclopedias. Paradoxically, users who faithfully appropriate such systems create homogeneous entries, at odds with the goal of open-access authoring environments to create diverse content. The findings shed light on how users, acting through mechanisms provided by the system, can shape (or not) features of content in particular ways. We conclude by identifying sub-genres of webbased collaborative authoring environments based on their technical affordances. 0 8
Collaborative learning the wiki way Mary Engstrom
Dusty Jewett
English 0 4
Commentary: Wiki: The fast way to collaborative authoring Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education English 0 0
Conceptual and technical scaffolds for end user development: Using scenarios and wikis in community computing Umer Farooq Proceedings - 2005 IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages and Human-Centric Computing English Community group members are often technologically disadvantaged end users. I explore the use of scenarios and wikis to encourage community groups to become more literate in information technology. My fieldwork suggests that scenarios and wikis can empower community group members as designers, allowing them to become producers of web content rather than just consumers. 0 0
D'Amour et de Neutralité Martin Erpicum French 0 0
DICOM Wiki: Web-based collaboration and knowledge database system for radiologists International Congress Series English 0 0
Defining service management data services T. McElligott Telephony A certain ill-defined slice of the operations support system portfolio has been in need of a Webster's fix since the first non-voice service was introduced onto the telecom network. Now that {IPTV,} the most complex data service to date, is about to hit the market, this field, known loosely as service management" needs more than Webster or Wikipedia; it needs someone to use it in a sentence. Syndesis deployed its service delivery management {(SDM)} solution for {IPTV.} With triple-play services becoming a reality and requiring more than conceptual solutions we see if {SDM} makes the grade" 0 0
Die heimliche Medienrevolution - Wie Weblogs, Wikis und freie Software die Welt verändern Erik Möller German 0 0
Discovering missing links in Wikipedia Sisay F. Adafre
Maarten de Rijke
English In this paper we address the problem of discovering missing hypertext links in Wikipedia. The method we propose consists of two steps: first, we compute a cluster of highly similar pages around a given page, and then we identify candidate links from those similar pages that might be missing on the given page. The main innovation is in the algorithm that we use for identifying similar pages, LTRank, which ranks pages using co-citation and page title information. Both LTRank and the link discovery method are manually evaluated and show acceptable results, especially given the simplicity of the methods and conservativeness of the evaluation criteria. 0 1
Do Your Students Wiki? Diane J. Skiba Nursing Education Perspectives The article presents information about wiki, which is the Hawaiian word for quick. The term was first coined in 1995 by Ward Cunningham, when he designed the Portland Pattern Repository as a community to discuss and share ideas about pattern languages. Wikipedia defines wiki as a website that allows users to add content, as on an Internet forum, but also allows anyone to edit the content. Wiki also refers to the collaborative software used to create such a website. The defining characteristics of a wiki are: social software that allows the ability to edit and add to a wiki document with relative ease; a simplified hypertext markup language for creating documents; and an open editing philosophy in which the community can edit and add to the document. 0 0
Do your students wiki? Nursing education perspectives English 0 0
Editorial: Is the wiki concept really so wonderful? G. E. Gorman Online Information Review English 0 0
Employing Wikis for Online Collaboration in the E-Learning Environment: Case Study Ruth Raitman
Naomi Augar
Wiki
E-learning
Online collaboration
ICITA English 0 2
Employing wikis for online collaboration in the e-learning environment: Case study Ruth Raitman
Naomi Augar
Zhou W.
E-learning
Online collaboration
Wiki
Proceedings - 3rd International Conference on Information Technology and Applications, ICITA 2005 English This paper examines the various ways in which students reflect on their very recent experiences in collaborating in an online e-learning environment, Wikis, fully editable websites, are easily accessible, require no software and allow its contributors, in this case students, to feel a sense of responsibility and ownership. Wikis are everywhere, but, unfortunately, the online literature has not yet begun to focus enough on wikis (Mattison 2003), Whereas students are used to the WebCT based university Elearning environment, Deakin Studies Online (DSO), this case study, completed in Nov 2004, was conducted to test the wiki platform as a means of online collaboration in the tertiary education environment. A full analysis of the results is presented, as are recommendations for improving the platform in an effort to employ wikis and utilize them to their full and absolute potential. 0 2
Explaining Quality in Internet Collective Goods: Zealots and Good Samaritans in the Case of Wikipedia Denise Anthony
Sean Smith
& Tim Williamson
Fall 2005 Innovation & Enterpreneurship Seminar at MIT One important innovation in information and communication technology developed over the past decade was organizational rather than merely technological. Open source production is remarkable because it converts a private commodity (typically software) into a public good. A number of studies examine the factors motivating contributions to open source production goods, but we argue it is important to understand the causes of high quality contributions to such goods. In this paper, we analyze quality in the open source online encyclopedia Wikipedia. We find that, for users who create an online persona through a registered user name, the quality of contributions increases as the number of contributions increase, consistent with the idea of experts motivated by reputation and committed to the Wikipedia community. Unexpectedly, however, we find the highest quality contributions come from the vast numbers of anonymous “Good Samaritans” who contribute infrequently. Our findings that Good Samaritans as well as committed “Zealots” contribute high quality content to Wikipedia suggest that open source production is remarkable as much for its organizational as its technological innovation that enables vast numbers of anonymous one-time contributors to create high quality, essentially public goods. 0 3
Exploiting user queries and Web Communities in semantic annotation Fernandez-Garcia N.
Blazquez-Del-Toro J.M.
Sanchez-Fernandez L.
Luque V.
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English In order to make current Web resources understandable by computers and make possible the Semantic Web vision, we need to add semantic metadata to such Web resources. In this paper we describe the SQAPS system, which aims at providing a mean of exploiting for semantic annotation the effort of users who every day look for information on the Web. We also describe how we can take benefit of the information generated and maintained by Web Communities as Wikipedia in order to achieve our goal. 0 0
Eyes of a Wiki: Automated navigation map Han H.-S.
Hyeoncheol Kim
Lecture Notes in Computer Science English There are many potential uses of a Wiki within a community-based digital library. Users share individual ideas to build up community knowledge by efficient and effective collaborative authoring and communications that a Wiki provides. In our study, we investigated how the community knowledge is organized into a knowledge structure that users can access and modify efficiently. Since a Wiki provides users with freedom of editing any pages, a Wiki site increases and changes dynamically, We also developed a tool that helps users to navigate easily in the dynamically changing link structure. In our experiment, it is shown that the navigation tool fosters Wiki users to figure out the complex site structure more easily and thus to build up more well-structured community knowledge base. We also show that a Wiki with the navigation tool improves collaborative learning in a web-based e-learning environment. 0 0
Information quality in a community-based encyclopedia Stvilia
B.
Twidale
M. B.
Gasser
L.
Smith
L. C.
Information quality
Negotiations
Knowledge Management: Nurturing Culture, Innovation, and Technology - Proceedings of the 2005 International Conference on Knowledge Management (pp. 101-113) We examine the Information Quality aspects of Wikipedia. By a study of the discussion pages and other process-oriented pages within the Wikipedia project, it is possible to determine the information quality dimensions that participants in the editing process care about, how they talk about them, what tradeoffs they make between these dimensions and how the quality assessment and improvement process operates. This analysis helps in understanding how high quality is maintained in a project where anyone may participate with no prior vetting. It also carries implications for improving the quality of more conventional datasets. 0 1
Integration of communities into process-oriented structures Kohler A.
Frank Fuchs-Kittowski
Cooperative knowledge generation
Knowledge community
Knowledge-intensive processes
Process-oriented knowledge structures
Wiki
Journal of Universal Computer Science English This article aims at the integration of communities of practice into work processes. Linear structures are often inappropriate for the execution of knowledge intensive tasks and work processes. The latter are characterized by non-linear sequences and dynamic, social interaction. But for the work in communities of practice the leading path, that is needed for structuring the work, is often missing. Our article exposes the requirements in order to integrate the dynamic, social processes of the knowledge generation in communities of practice with formal described knowledge intensive processes. For the support of communities the Wiki-concept is introduced. In order to integrate communities into process structures a concept for an appropriate interface is presented. On the basis of this interface concept an information retrieval algorithm is used to connect the process-oriented structures with community-oriented structures. The prototype realisation of this concept is shown by a short example. © J.UCS. 0 0
Internet encyclopaedias go head to head Jim Giles Nature English Jimmy Wales' Wikipedia comes close to Britannica in terms of the accuracy of its science entries, a Nature investigation finds. 0 50
Intranets, wikis, blikis, and collaborative working Fichter D. Online (Wilton, Connecticut) English Wiki is a new technology that allows anyone to collaboratively write and edit online documents. Writing into Wiki needs no technical expertise, making it possible for anyone to edit a page. The open editing capability of Wiki also raises concerns regarding the security of the technology as lot of organizations scared to use Wiki. But, still, Wikis cannot be neglected as they can be used for collaborative discovery and sharing content, with flexibility of the Wiki for adding information being the main attraction. 0 0
Measuring Wikipedia Jakob Voss Wikipedia
Wiki
Statistics
Informetrics
Webometrics
Cybermetrics
International Conference of the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics English Wikipedia, an international project that uses Wiki software to collaboratively create an encyclopaedia, is becoming more and more popular. Everyone can directly edit articles and every edit is recorded. The version history of all articles is freely available and allows a multitude of examinations. This paper gives an overview on Wikipedia research. Wikipedia's fundamental components, i.e. articles, authors, edits, and links, as well as content and quality are analysed. Possibilities of research are explored including examples and first results. Several characteristics that are found in Wikipedia, such as exponential growth and scale-free networks are already known in other context. However the Wiki architecture also possesses some intrinsic specialties. General trends are measured that are typical for all Wikipedias but vary between languages in detail. 12 16
MetaLab: Supporting social grounding and group task management in CSCL environments through social translucence Morrison D.
Dennis B.
Computer-supported collaborative learning
Group regulation
Social awareness
Wiki
TAPIA'05 - 2005 Richard Tapia Celebration of Diversity in Computing Conference English Computer supported collaborative learning (CSCL) environments promote and enhance the ability of learners to participate in knowledge building communities through synchronous and asynchronous collaborative communication and interaction. The MetaLab project seeks to address the support for social grounding, the establishment of shared understanding, and mutual regulation, the task of constructing and monitoring group roles, responsibilities, and progress, in CSCL environments. The current prototype of the MetaLab will also be described. Copyright 2005 ACM. 0 0
Network Analysis for Wikipedia Bellomi
Francesco
Roberto Bonato
Link-mining
Wikipedia
Proceedings of Wikimania 2005, Frankfurt, Germany. Network analysis is concerned with properties related to connectivity and distances in graphs, with diverse applications like citation indexing and information retrieval on the Web. HITS (Hyperlink-Induced Topic Search) is a network analysis algorithm that has been successfully used for ranking web pages related to a common topic according to their potential relevance. HITS is based on the notions of hub and authority: a good hub is a page that points to several good authorities; a good authority is a page that is pointed at by several good hubs. HITS exclusively relies on the hyperlink relations existing among the pages, to define the two mutually reinforcing measures of hub and authority. It can be proved that for each page these two weights converge to fixed points, the actual hub and authority values for the page. Authority is used to rank pages resulting from a given query (and thus potentially related to a given topic) in order of relevance. The hyperlinked structure of Wikipedia and the ongoing, incremental editing process behind it make it an interesting and unexplored target domain for network analysis techniques. In particular, we explored the relevance of the notion of HITS's authority on this encyclopedic corpus. We've developed a crawler that extensively scans through the structure of English language Wikipedia articles, and that keeps track for each entry of all other Wikipedia articles pointed at in its definition. The result is a directed graph (roughly 500000 nodes, and more than 8 millions links), which consists for the most part of a big loosely connected component. Then we applied the HITS algorithm to the latter, thus getting a hub and authority weight associated to every entry. First results seem to be meaningful in characterizing the notion of authority in this peculiar domain. Highest-rank authorities seem to be for the most part lexical elements that denote particular and concrete rather than universal and abstract entities. More precisely, at the very top of the authority scale there are concepts used to structure space and time like country names, city names and other geopolitical entities (such as United States and many European countries), historical periods and landmark events (World War II, 1960s). "Television", "scientifc classification" and "animal" are the first three most authoritative common nouns. We will also present the first results issued from the application of well-known PageRank algorithm (Google's popular ranking metrics detailed in 2) to the Wikipedia entries collected by our crawler. 0 3
Once upon a time McElligott T. Telephony English The revolution in IT sectors in 2019 was visualized. It was stated that Western region ILEC Yahoo will have a face off against the big RBOC from the east, IOL. It was determined that no carrier could provide electroholographic video outside of its region, but that info-bots were allowed to control the flow of and access to the world's information source, the World Wide Wikipedia. Moreover, the debate over how to characterize voice service will be shelved to give vendors time to meet the requirements for teleporting injured callers to the correct Telecom Teleportation Trauma Center. 0 0
Organização conversacional: inspeção das representações na WikiPedia Ade Malta Pontes
Clarisse Sieckenius de Souza
Simone Diniz Junqueira Barbosa
WikiPedia
Engenharia semiotica
Organizaçao conversacional
Sistema de significaçao
CLIHC English 0 0
Organizing English reading materials for vocabulary learning Utiyama M.
Tanimura M.
Isahara H.
ACL-05 - 43rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference English We propose a method of organizing reading materials for vocabulary learning. It enables us to select a concise set of reading texts (from a target corpus) that contains all the target vocabulary to be learned. We used a specialized vocabulary for an English certification test as the target vocabulary and used English Wikipedia, a free-content encyclopedia, as the target corpus. The organized reading materials would enable learners not only to study the target vocabulary efficiently but also to gain a variety of knowledge through reading. The reading materials are available on our web site. 0 0
Power to the people: the case for Wikipedia Sonya Lipczynska English 0 1
Professional Applications of Wikis and Weblogs Justin Edington
Joseph Funk
Rick Thorpe
Jacob Warrington
English Wikis and weblogs are both emerging technologies that started as tools for informal social settings. Use in professional contexts is growing, including both corporate and academic environments. This report details the next generation uses of wikis and weblogs, offering current examples and early research in support. The two web-based tools have new benefits for professional teams; the included examples, including notable supporters Disney and Microsoft, should prompt decision-makers to investigate their adoption into workplaces. Their functionality can provide short-term benefits, and their adaptability can lead to continued innovation in the long-term. 11 0
Project oriented immersion learning: Method and results Icaza J.I.
Heredia Y.
Borch O.
Learning by immersion
Online courses
Project Oriented Learning
Wiki servers
ITHET 2005: 6th International Conference on Information Technology Based Higher Education and Training, 2005 English A pedagogical approach called "project oriented immersion learning" is presented and tested on a graduate online course. The approach combines the Project Oriented Learning method with immersion learning in a virtual enterprise. Students assumed the role of authors hired by a fictitious publishing house that develops digital products including e-books, tutorials, web sites and so on. The students defined the problem that their product was to solve; choose the type of product and the content; and built the product following a strict project methodology. A wiki server was used as a platform to hold the intranet of the editorial company and to keep process documentation, reflections and end products. The publishing house was itself structured as a learning organization that also implements knowledge management. We describe the pedagogical principles of the approach and the design, processes and results of the course in which both Danish and Mexican students took part. 0 0
Question answering with QED at TREC-2005 Ahn K.
Bos J.
Curran J.R.
Kor D.
Nissim M.
Webber B.
NIST Special Publication English This report describes the system developed by the University of Edinburgh and the University of Sydney for the TREC-2005 question answering evaluation exercise. The backbone of our question-answering platform is QED, a linguistically-principled QA system. We experimented with external sources of knowledge, such as Google and Wikipedia, to enhance the performance of QED, especially for reranking and off-line processing of the corpus. For factoid and list questions we performed significantly above the median accuracy score of all participating systems at TREC 2005. 0 0
QwikWeb - Integrating mailing list and WikiWikiWeb for group communication Kouichirou Eto
Satoru Takabayashi
Toshiyuki Masui
WikiWikiWeb
Mailing list
Groupware
QuickML
QwikWeb
WikiSym English We have developed a new powerful group communication system qwikWeb, which is an integration of a WikiWikiWeb (wiki) and a mailing list system. Mailing lists are useful for exchanging dynamic information among people, but not useful for sharing static information. Wikis are useful for storing and editing static information on the Web, but sometimes people want to restrict the users or want to know who is responsible for the edited wiki page. Also, casual users cannot create a wiki site or a mailing list easily.We solved these problems by combining wiki and mailing list. Users of qwikWeb can create a wiki site and a mailing list simply by sending an e-mail message to the qwikWeb server, and start exchanging information by using the mailing list. All the messages sent to the mailing list are stored as newly created wiki pages, and they can be edited as standard wiki pages.In this paper, we describe the basic ideas, implementation details, and user experiences of the system. 4 0
Representation of Medical Informatics in the Wikipedia and its Perspectives Altmann U Wiki
Wikipedia
Encyclopaedia
Medical Informatics
Stud Health Technol Inform 116: 755-760 A wiki is a technique for collaborative development of documents on the web. The Wikipedia is a comprehensive free online encyclopaedia based on this technique which has gained increasing popularity and quality. This paper's work explored the representation of Medical Informatics in the Wikipedia by a search of specific and less specific terms used in Medical Informatics and shows the potential uses of wikis and the Wikipedia for the specialty. Test entries into the Wikipedia showed that the practical use of the so-called WikiMedia software is convenient. Yet Medical Informatics is not represented sufficiently since a number of important topics is missing. The Medical Informatics communities should consider a more systematic use of these techniques for disseminating knowledge about the specialty for the public as well as for internal and educational purposes. 0 5
Representation of medical informatics in the Wikipedia and its perspectives Udo Altmann Wiki
Wikipedia
Encyclopaedia
Medical Informatics
Connecting Medical Informatics and Bio-Informatics: Proceedings of MIE2005 - The XIXth International Congress of the European Federation for Medical Informatics English A wiki is a technique for collaborative development of documents on the web. The Wikipedia is a comprehensive free online encyclopaedia based on this technique which has gained increasing popularity and quality. This paper's work explored the representation of Medical Informatics in the Wikipedia by a search of specific and less specific terms used in Medical Informatics and shows the potential uses of wikis and the Wikipedia for the specialty. Test entries into the Wikipedia showed that the practical use of the so-called WikiMedia software is convenient. Yet Medical Informatics is not represented sufficiently since a number of important topics is missing. The Medical Informatics communities should consider a more systematic use of these techniques for disseminating knowledge about the specialty for the public as well as for internal and educational purposes. 0 5
RikWik: An extensible XML based Wiki Richard Mason
Paul Roe
Collaborative system
Web services
Wiki
XML
Proceedings - 2005 International Symposium on Collaborative Technologies and Systems English Wiki Wiki Webs provide a simple form of collaboration between multiple users using standard web browsers. Their popularity stems from their easy access and straightforward editing manner. Wikis are often used to support collaboration in research. We present a Wiki Wiki Clone, RikWik, which uses XML to provide a simple, secure platform for collaboration. In addition to supporting standard Wiki features, RikWik also provides a robust security system, provides a Web Service front-end and allows custom page types to better suit specific collaborative endeavors. RikWik has a plug-in architecture to easily allow end users to extend the platform. Thus RikWik provides an extensible collaboration platform. It is in day to day use at QUT. 0 0
RikWik: an extensible XML based Wiki Richard Mason
Paul Roe
XML
Collaborative system
Web services
Wiki
CTS English 0 0
Saying "I do" to podcasting another "next big thing" for librarians? Gordan-Murane L. Searcher:Magazine for Database Professionals English The technological advancement of podcasting phenomena, which can be received by using an MP3 player, is discussed. Podcasting can range from home-grown audio dairies between family, friends, and colleagues to professionally produced radio shows. Online Programming for All Librariea (OPAL), a collaborative effort by libraries to provide cooperative Web-based programming and training for library users and library staff members, has made its audio content available as a podcast. The interesting work with tagging, folksonomies, metadata, and classification should be applied to podcasting as well. 0 0
SemperWiki: A semantic personal Wiki Eyal Oren CEUR Workshop Proceedings English Wikis are collaborative authoring environments, and are very popular. The original concept has recently been extended in two directions: semantic Wikis and personal Wikis. Semantic Wikis focus on better retrieval and querying facilities, by using semantic annotations of pages. Personal Wikis focus on improving usability and on providing an easy-to-use personal information space. We combine these two developments and present a semantic personal Wiki. Our application SemperWiki offers the usability of personal Wikis and the improved retrieval and querying of semantic Wikis. Users can annotate pages with RDF together with their normal text. The system is extremely easy-to-use, provides intelligent navigation based on semantic annotations, and responds instantly to all changes. 0 0
SmallWiki - A Meta-Described Collaborative Content Management System Stephane Ducasse
Lukas Renggli
Roel Wuyts
Object-Oriented Programming
Meta-modeling
Design and Implementation
Seaside
Smalltalk
WikiSym English Wikis are often implemented using string-based approaches to parse and generate their pages. While such approaches work well for simple wikis, they hamper the customization and adaptability of wikis to the variety of end-users when more sophisticated needs are required (i.e., different output formats, user-interfaces, wiki management, security policies, ...). In this paper we present SmallWiki, the second version of a fully object-oriented implementation of a wiki. SmallWiki is implemented with objects from the top to the bottom and it can be customized easily to accommodate new needs. In addition, SmallWiki is based on a powerful meta-description called Magritte that allows one to create user-interface elements declaratively. 1 0
Static Ranking of Web Pages, and Related Ideas Wray Buntine Link-based analysis Open Source Web Information Retrieval 0 0
Stimulating collaborative development in operations research with labor Ven K.
Sorensen K.
Verelst J.
Sevaux M.
OSS 2005 - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Open Source Systems English In this paper we describe the development of libOR, an on-line library for the operations research (OR) community. The design and operation of this website is inspired by the Open Source movement and recent developments such as Wikipedia. In operations research, data sets are exchanged between researchers in order to test the performance of newly developed algorithms. Currently, the exchange of these data sets suffers from many problems. One of the main problems is that data sets are currently exchanged through a centrally maintained website, which makes it slow to respond to new developments. By applying an Open Source approach to content creation, we hope to spur the diffusion of information within the operations research community. 0 0
Story-lines: A case study of online learning using narrative analysis Yukawa J. Action research
Affective domain
Co-construction of knowledge
Co-reflection
Distance learning
Narrative analysis
Wiki
Computer Supported Collaborative Learning 2005: The Next 10 Years - Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning 2005, CSCL 2005 English Narrative analysis has both research and pedagogical advantages for use in CSCL. Narrative theory provides multidisciplinary perspectives and methods from diverse fields. Stories are a way of thinking, making meaning, and showing constructivism in action. This paper discusses the advantages of narrative analysis for interpreting online discourse; presents features, methodological challenges, and procedures; and presents some findings from a case study of online learning. Narrative analysis uses both text and online "talk" to construct a holistic view of the learning experience involving cognition, affect, and interaction. 0 0
Surviving Wikipedia. Doug Achterman Knowledge Quest Discusses the issue of information literary in school library media programs in the United States. Impact of information literacy and teacher collaboration on student search habits; Criticism of information literacy; Reason why information literacy is actually harmful. 0 0
TWiki-based facilitation in a newly formed academic community of practice Elizabeth Da Lio
Lucia Fraboni
Tommaso Leo
Wiki-based case study
TWiki
Wiki-based community of practice
Collaboration
WikiSym English This paper reports on the first results of an on-going project whose aim is to evaluate whether a wiki-based knowledge sharing tool like TWiki facilitates effective processes of knowledge building, sharing and transfer and fosters collaboration in a community of practice made up of Italian teachers. The project started in October 2004 and first data were collected five months later. The project was an attempt to provide them the opportunity to build more productive working relationships, stimulate new ideas, take advantage from the sharing of the broad range of professional knowledge and expertise that resides within the school. We chose TWiki as collaborative environment because its features met our needs quite well: it is open, free, easy to customize, has a versioning system and does not use proprietary technology. 1 0
Team working D. Winder Information World Review Wikipedia is the perfect example of how social networking and online collaboration can combine to produce the perfect content creation and communication tool. And a lot of people are using Wikipedia - the popular buzz on it is akin to how the world embraced Google a few years ago. The word wiki" derives from the Hawaiian for quick ("wiki wiki") and perfectly describes the way that anyone can edit create or delete content within a wiki site. It sounds like a recipe for disaster but in practise works amazingly well because mistakes can be corrected immediately without having to jump through hoops to get someone else to do it. In this paper the authors deals with wiki services and social computing and casts his eye over what these powerful collaborative working tools namely Confluence {SocialText.org} {EditHe}" 0 0
The Democratization of Information? Wikipedia as a Reference Resource D. P. Wallace Reference & User Services Quarterly 0 2
The Social, Cultural, Economical Implications of the Wikipedia Cathy Ma Paper submitted to Computers and Writing Online 2005 Wikipedia is a non-profit online project that aims at building an encyclopedia for everyone. It has attracted thousands of users to contribute and collaborate on a voluntary base. In this paper I argue that Wikipedia poses a new model of collaboration founded on three assumptions trust, openness and reduced barrier of participation as opposed to more conventional models of collaboration based on authority and hierarchy. With this new-found social structure in mind, the cultural implications of the Wikipedia will be discussed in relation to the notion of Commons-Based Peer Production (CBPP) as proposed by Benkler in 2002, concluded with an analysis of the challenges that are facing the Wikipedia project, the problem of credibility building and vandalism control. 0 0
The Wiki and the digital library Jeremy Frumkin English 0 0
The design for a collaborative system of english as foreign language composition writing of senior high school students in Taiwan Chang Y.-F.
Schauert D.L.
ICALT English The authors will propose system integrated mechanisms, a Wiki platform for peer-reviewing, Link Grammar for automatically checking the students' papers, and a RSS reader to periodically retrieve these articles from the platform that is published in the BLOC system. The authors claim that using such a system will have two major advantages. First, the students have a chance to exchange their skills and opinions when writing the article. Second, by the assistance of Link Grammar, the teacher can concentrate on students' higher level skills instead of correcting mechanical problems. 0 0
The design of the Mirage Spatial Wiki Anderson N.
Bender A.
Hartung C.
Kulkarni G.
Kumar A.
Sanders I.
Grunwald D.
Sanders B.
Internet systems
Location based systems
Ubiquitous computing
Wiki
WEBIST 2005 - 1st International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies, Proceedings English Location based services can simplify information access but despite the numerous efforts and prototypes that attempt to provide location based services, there are very few such systems in wide spread use. There are three common problems that face the designers of location based systems - the basic location technology, the complexity of establishing a service for a particular location and the complexity of maintaining and presenting information to users of the systems. This paper outlines the software architecture of and experience with the Mirage Spatial Wiki. We describe the design decisions that have led to a system that is easy to deploy and use. 0 0
The end of print: Digitization and its consequence - Revolutionary changes in scholarly and social communication and in scientific research Davidson L.A. Benefits
Blogs
Drawbacks
Ebooks
Epaper
Intellectual Property
Internet
On-Demand Printing
Open Access
Open Computing
Open source
Prediction
Social Computing
Wiki
International Journal of Toxicology English The transformation from print to digital media for scientific communication, driven in part by the growth of the Internet and the tremendous explosion in the amount of information now available to everybody, is creating fundamental changes in institutions such as publishers, libraries, and universities that primarily exist for the creation, management, and distribution of information and knowledge. Scientific, technological, and medical journals are the first publications to be completely transformed from print to digital format but monographs are beginning to appear in digital format as well and soon all communication and publishing of scientific information will be entirely electronic. In fact, this change is affecting all components of the scientific enterprise, from personal correspondence and laboratory methods to peer reviewing and the quality assessment of scientific research. Along with these radical and rapid changes in information presentation and distribution are coincident changes in the expectations of both the public and other scientists, with both groups demanding ever more rapid, open, and global access to scientific information than has been available in the past. The consequence of this revolution in the mechanics of communications technology is threatening the very existence of a number of highly regarded institutions such as intellectual property, commercial publishers, scientific societies, and academic libraries and might soon begin to threaten even the traditional university. Copyright 0 0
The future of rational-critical debate in online public spheres Barton M D Habermas; Wikis; Blogs; Forums; Public spheres Computers and Composition 22 (2): 177-190 The paper discusses it as one of the main examples. Despite not mentioning Wikipedia in title or abstract This paper discusses the role of blogs, wikis, and online discussion boards in enabling rationalcritical debate. I will use the work of Jurgen Habermas to explain why wikis, blogs, and online bulletin boards are all potentially valuable tools for the creation and maintenance of a critical public sphere. Habermas’ story ends on a sad note; the public writing environments he argues were so essential to the formation of a critical public sphere failed as commercialism and mass media diminished the role of the community and private persons. Unfortunately, the Internet will likely suffer a similar fate if we do not take action to preserve its inherently democratic and decentralized architecture. Here, I describe the integral role that blogs, wikis, and discussion boards play in fostering public discussion and ways they can be incorporated into college composition courses. 0 0
The many forms of E-collaboration: Blogs, wikis, portals, groupware, discussion boards, and instant messaging Fichter D. Online (Wilton, Connecticut) English The issues related to functioning of online collaboration tools in web based communication are discussed. The online collaboration tools helps to collectively author, edit, and review materials in a group work space. It also supports easy management of projects and exchange of other workflow. Communication, sharing, and management are the three requirements that are necessary to be considered before choosing right collaboration tool. The issues related to functioning of Instant Messaging (IM) tool, groupwares, and portals, and their suitability to synchronous collaboration process are also discussed. 0 0
The mirror labyrinth: reflections on bodies and consciousness at cybertimes Lucia
Leão
Technoetic Arts: a journal of speculative research Discusses references to the body in cyber artworks, and how new technologies such as the World Wide Web are changing perceptions of the body. The author defines the body" for the purpose of the article as encompassing consciousness and involved in the process of all actions and outlines theoretical relations between body and cyberspace. She discusses concepts of multiple bodies in belief systems including Ancient India Theosophy and {Afro-Brazilian} religions and discusses instances of the Egyptian concept of "ka" in the arts. The author analyses avatars as representations of the double body in the digital world which are capable of interacting with others from all over the earth and discusses their design by artist Rebecca Allen. She discusses multiple body-related cyber artworks by Mark Napier Natalie Bookchin Tina {LaPorta} the Critical Art Ensemble Diana Domingues and the Tsunami group and describes the collaborative {'Wikipedia'} encyclopaedia as an example of a cyberactivism project." 0 0
The oddmuse wiki engine Brian Tanaka Linux J. English 0 0
The power of collective intelligence Aaron Weiss NetWorker - Beyond file-sharing: collective intelligence Though the overall health of the tech sector may have looked bleak a few years back---at least in the eyes of financial analysts---a blend of old and new ideas, evolving technologies, and changing cultural values have recently given the online world new vigor. With content derived primarily by community contribution, popular and influential services like Flickr and Wikipedia represent the emergence of collective intelligence" as the new driving force behind the evolution of the Internet." 0 1
The wikipedia phenomenon M. Austin Information World Review Wikipedia is a rapidly expanding encyclopaedia of communally assembled information, but can information professionals really trust the knowledge that is being put together here? Or is the world now embracing a new form of knowledge repository that undermines many of our sacred principles? The author gets deep inside the wiki concept of collective wisdom. Wikipedia is an online collaborative encyclopaedia created by nerds and geeks and often - if not always - inaccurate in some way. It uses as its base a wiki to control the version management and handle the database and user information 0 0
Towards a semantic wiki experience - Desktop integration and interactivity in WikSAR Aumueller D.
Sören Auer
CEUR Workshop Proceedings English Common Wiki systems such as MediaWiki lack semantic annotations. WikSAR (Semantic Authoring and Retrieval within a Wiki), a prototype of a semantic Wiki, offers effortless semantic authoring. Instant gratification of users is achieved by context aware means of navigation, interactive graph visualisation of the emerging ontology, as well as semantic retrieval possibilities. Embedding queries into Wiki pages creates views (as dependant collections) on the information space. Desktop integration includes accessing dates (e.g. reminders) entered in the Wiki via local calendar applications, maintaining bookmarks, and collecting web quotes within the Wiki. Approaches to reference documents on the local file system are sketched out, as well as an enhancement of the Wiki interface to suggest appropriate semantic annotations to the user. 0 1
User-centered consultation by a society of agents Georg Buscher
Joachim Baumeister
Frank Puppe
Seipel D.
Agents
Consultation system
Diagnosis
Distributed knowledge acquisition
Knowledge-based systems
Wiki-systems
Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Knowledge Capture, K-CAP'05 English User-centered consultation systems can be viewed as systems with trust in the competence of the user, whereas conventional knowledge systems are often based on some mistrust. By offering a variety of formal and informal diagnostic services mediated by flexible agents, the user solves his or her problem by asking the agents for specific information complementary to his or her knowledge. The development process is flexible enough to build minimalist Wiki-like informal systems very quickly, which can be incrementally refined and formalized in a distributed manner. The approach is demonstrated with two case studies. Copyright 2005 ACM. 0 0
Using Wikipedia at the TREC QA Track Ahn
David
Jijkoun
Valentin
Mishne
Gilad
Muller
Karin
De Rijke
Maarten
Schlobach
Stefan
Question-answering
Semantic text-mining
Wikipedia
The Thirteenth Text Retrieval Conference (TREC 2004) We describe our participation in the TREC 2004 Question Answering track. We provide a detailed account of the ideas underlying our approach to the QA task, especially to the so-called "other" questions. This year we made essential use of Wikipedia, the free online encyclopedia, both as a source of answers to factoid questions and as an importance model to help us identify material to be returned in response to "other" questions. 0 0
Using weblogs for knowledge sharing and learning in information spaces Eric Ras
Avram G.
Waterson P.
Weibelzahl S.
Experience-based Information System
Information space
Micro-didactical learning arrangement
Pedagogical information agent
Weblog
Wiki
Journal of Universal Computer Science English There are various Knowledge Management Systems available currently and designed to support knowledge sharing and learning. An example of these are "Experience-based Information Systems" in the domain of Software Engineering, i.e., Information Systems designed to support experience management. Lately, these have become more and more sophisticated from a technical point of view. However, there are several shortcomings that appear to limit the input, the content of these systems and their usage. The problems identified in this paper relate to knowledge acquisition, learning issues, as well as to the users' motivation and trust. We introduce an approach meant to enhance the content of the experience base and improve learning from experiences within information spaces, namely weblogs that are maintained during daily work and serve as input for both an experience base and for an information element base. In order to enhance learning, a pedagogical information agent is envisaged for retrieving suitable experiences to be further enriched with additional information elements and produce micro-didactical learning arrangements. In addition we consider the relevance of motivation and trust issues. An empirical study demonstrates that using weblogs for such an approach is feasible. © J.UCS. 0 0
WICSA Wiki WAN Party: capturing experience in software architecture best practices Shang-Wen Cheng
Robert L. Nord
Judith A. Stafford
SIGSOFT English 0 0
Web Watch Anonymous Quality Progress Wikis are new forms of social software, designed to promote information sharing. They are Web pages that can be edited by the user. Everyone can share information in real time and with little trouble. Wikis remove the bureaucracy and promote the community of people with like interests. Information on a wiki site does not start out as authoritative. The software makes no attempt to check the accuracy and stature of the person who shares information. Information presented is corrected and refined by peers. This is peer review on a grand scale in that the community can be worldwide. The most successful wiki today is the Wikipedia Project, a huge encyclopedia generated by the citizens of the world at http://en.wikipedia.org. Wikis can be used to promote the understanding of quality and how it's practiced. 0 0
Why and how to contribute to libre software when you integrate them into an in-house application ? Bac C.
Berger O.
Deborde V.
Hamet B.
Collaborative work
Efficient contribution to open source software
Free/libre software
In-house applications
Maintainability
Phpgroupware
Software engineering
Tools for researchers
Web interface
Wiki
OSS 2005 - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Open Source Systems English Free or open source software are common tools that everybody can use and customise at its convenience to create in-house applications. Using and customising free software is not sufficient to ensure that this in-house application will be maintainable at mid or long term. This paper draws lessons from our in-house project, the development of a groupware Web platform for researchers, to help defining a policy through which efficient contributions can be made to open source soft- ware so that the in-house projects may remain viable. 0 0
Wiki Communities in the Context of Work Processes Frank Fuchs-Kittowski
Andre Köhler
Ontology
Wiki
Community
Cooperative knowledge generation
Knowledge work
Work processes
Knowledge process
Process-oriented knowledge structures
WikiSym English In this article we examine the integration of communities of practice supported by a wiki into work processes. Linear structures are often inappropriate for the execution of knowledge-intensive tasks and work processes. The latter are characterized by non-linear sequences and dynamic social interaction. Communities of practice, however, often lack the „guiding light” needed to structure their work. We discuss the primary requirements for the integration of formally described knowledge-intensive processes into the dynamic social processes of knowledge generation in communities of practice and use the wiki approach for their support. We present our approach for an appropriate interface to integrate wiki communities into process structures and an information retrieval algorithm based on it to connect the process-oriented structures with community-oriented wiki structures. We show the prototypical realization of the concept by a brief example. 0 1
Wiki Templates - Adding Structure Support to Wikis on Demand Anja Haake
Stephan Lukosch
Till Schümmer
Wiki
Template
Tailoring
Structural editing and viewing
WikiSym English This paper introduces the concept of wiki templates that allows end-users to determine the structure and appearance of a wiki page. In particular, this better supports editing of structured wiki pages. Wiki templates may be adapted (defined and redefined) by end-users. They may be applied if found helpful, but need not to be used, thus maintaining the simple wiki editing way. In addition, we introduce a methodology to reuse wiki templates among different wiki instances. We show how wiki templates have been successfully used in real-world applications in our CURE wiki engine. 1 0
Wiki wars Greenfield D. Network Magazine English An open, group-editable Web format, Wiki, new Internet tool that helps the workers to collaborate on content and adapt that content to specific industries is discussed. Wikis have long been used for niche applications such as posting and documenting software changes by developers and engineers. Wiki takes the editable Web page and transforms it into a simple application development platform. The platform includes applets for functions such as calendaring and threaded discussions, which the users can use to customize the Wiki and build basic applications. 0 0
Wiki's wild world Nature English 0 0
Wiki-templates adding structure support to wikis on demand Anja Haake
Stephan Lukosch
Schummer T.
Structural editing and viewing
Tailoring
Template
Wiki
WikiSym 2005 - Conference Proceedings of the 2005 International Symposium on Wikis English This paper introduces the concept of wiki templates that allows end-users to determine the structure and appearance of a wiki page. In particular, this better supports editing of structured wiki pages. Wiki templates may be adapted (defined and redefined) by end-users. They may be applied if found helpful, but need not to be used, thus maintaining the simple wiki editing way. In addition, we introduce a methodology to reuse wiki templates among different wiki instances. We show how wiki templates have been successfully used in real-world applications in our CURE wiki engine. Copyright 2005 ACM. 0 0
Wiki: Don't Lose That Number. Jennifer Dorroh American Journalism Review This article explores the advantages provided by wikis to news organizations. Some online media experts say news sites should not give up on the wiki form too quickly. According to Nora Paul, director of the Institute for Media Studies at the University of Minnesota, news outlets that ignore wikis may miss a rich opportunity to expand their influence and their brand. Furthermore, wikis let readers do something they have never done with the newspaper before: They can edit, on the fly, text that has already been put out there, and then track the kinds of changes or contributions that others have made. The focus of Wikipedia and Wikinews on reporting, rather than on the opinion writing that the Times attempted, provides a useful model for news sites that aim to draw more reader input. A group of investigators could also use a wiki as a collection point for the information they unearth. 0 0
WikiGateway - A Library for Interoperability and Accelerated Wiki Development Bayle Shanks Wiki
Interwiki
Interoperability
WikiGateway
Client-side wiki
WikiClient
Middleware
Atom
WebDAV
WikiRPCInterface
Wiki XMLRPC
WikiSym English WikiGateway is an open-source suite of tools for automated interaction with wikis: * Python and Perl modules with functions like getPage, putPage, getRecentChanges, and more. * A mechanism to add DAV, Atom, or XMLRPC capabilities to any supported wiki server. * A command-line tool with functionality similar to the Perl and Python modules. * Demo applications built on top of these tools include a wiki copy command, a spam-cleaning bot, and a tool to recursively upload text files inside a directory structure as wiki pages. All WikiGateway tools are compatible with a number of different wiki engines. Developers can use WikiGateway to hide the differences between wiki engines and build applications which interoperate with many different wiki engines. 0 0
WikiGateway: A library for interoperability and accelerated wiki development Bayle Shanks Atom
Client-side wiki
Interoperability
Interwiki
Middleware
WebDAV
Wiki
Wiki XMLRPC
WikiClient
WikiGateway
WikiRPCInterface
WikiSym 2005 - Conference Proceedings of the 2005 International Symposium on Wikis English WikiGateway is an open-source suite of tools for automated interaction with wikis: Python and Perl modules with functions like getPage, putPage, getRecentChanges, and more. A mechanism to add DAV, Atom, or XMLRPC capabilities to any supported wiki server. A command-line tool with functionality similar to the Perl and Python modules. Demo applications built on top of these tools include a wiki copy command, a spam-cleaning bot, and a tool to recursively upload text files inside a directory structure as wiki pages. All WikiGateway tools are compatible with a number of different wild engines. Developers can use WikiGateway to hide the differences between wiki engines and build applications which interoperate with many different wiki engines. Copyright 2005 ACM. 0 0
WikiSym 2005 - Conference Proceedings of the 2005 International Symposium on Wikis No author name available WikiSym 2005 - Conference Proceedings of the 2005 International Symposium on Wikis English The proceedings contain 10 papers. The topics discussed include: Wikis in teaching and assessment: the M/cyclopedia project; Wiki communities in the context of work processes; Wiki templates: adding structure support to Wikis on demand; WikiGateway: a library for interoperability and accelerated Wiki development; smallWiki - a meta-described collaborative content management system; TWiki-based facilitation in a newly formed academic community of practice; Wikis: a rapidly growing phenomenon in the German-speaking school community; quickWeb: integrating mailing list and WikiWikiWeb for group communication; and WikiWiki weaving heterogeneous software artifacts. 0 0
WikiWiki Weaving Heterogeneous Software Artifacts Ademar Aguiar
Gabriel David
Software documentation
Web-based documentation
Wiki
WikiSym English Good documentation benefits every software development project, especially large ones, but it can be hard, costly, and tiresome to produce when not supported by appropriate tools and methods. The documentation of a software system uses different artifacts, namely source code, for low-level internal documentation, and specific-purpose models and documents, for higher-level external documentation (e.g. requirements documents, use-case specifications, design notebooks, and reference manuals). All these artifacts require continual review and modification throughout the life-cycle to preserve their consistency and value. Good software documents are often heterogeneous, i.e., they combine different kinds of contents (text, code, models, images) gathered from separate software artifacts, a combination usually difficult to maintain as the system evolves over time, considering that source code, models and documents are typically produced and maintained separately in multiple sources using different environments and editors. This paper presents a wiki that helps on quickly weaving different kinds of contents into a single heterogeneous document, whilst preserving its semantic consistency. The fundamental goal of this wiki (XSDoc Wiki) is to reduce the development–documentation gap by making documentation more convenient and attractive to developers. An example taken from the JUnit framework documentation helps to illustrate the features more relevant to do such weaving. 1 0
WikiWiki weaving heterogeneous software artifacts Ademar Aguiar
Gabriel David
Software documentation
Web-based documentation
Wiki
WikiSym 2005 - Conference Proceedings of the 2005 International Symposium on Wikis English Good documentation benefits every software development project, especially large ones, but it can be hard, costly, and tiresome to produce when not supported by appropriate tools and methods. The documentation of a software system uses different artifacts, namely source code, for low-level internal documentation, and specific-purpose models and documents, for higher-level external documentation (e.g. requirements documents, use-case specifications, design notebooks, and reference manuals). All these artifacts require continual review and modification throughout the life-cycle to preserve their consistency and value. Good software documents are often heterogeneous, i.e., they combine different kinds of contents (text, code, models, images) gathered from separate software artifacts, a combination usually difficult to maintain as the system evolves over time, considering that source code, models and documents are typically produced and maintained separately in multiple sources using different environments and editors. This paper presents a wiki that helps on quickly weaving different kinds of contents into a single heterogeneous document, whilst preserving its semantic consistency. The fundamental goal of this wiki (XSDoc Wiki) is to reduce the development-documentation gap by making documentation more convenient and attractive to developers. An example taken from the JUnit framework documentation helps to illustrate the features more relevant to do such weaving. Copyright 2005 ACM. 0 0
WikimediaWorlds Part I: Wikipedia Gerry McKiernan Communication technologies; Computer applications; Computer software Library Hi Tech News. 22 (8) November 2005 This article of part 1 of a two part series on wikis. Part 1 focuses on wikipedia. The article is prepared by a library professional and provides a summary of the main features. A wiki is a piece of server software that allows users to freely create and edit web page content using any web browser. Wiki supports hyperlinks and has a simple text syntax for creating new pages and crosslinks between internal pages on the fly. This article is a useful summary of a development of interest to library and information management professionals. 0 0
Wikipedia Participants and "Ba": Knowledge Building and Motivations. Rafaeli
Sheizaf
Hayat
Tsahi
Ariel
Yaron
Paper Presented at Cyberculture 3rd Global Conference. Prague, Czech Republic English 0 0
Wikipedia and The Disappearing "Author" Nora Miller ETC: A Review of General Semantics English 0 2
Wikipedia and the Disappearing "Author" Nora Miller Wiki
Wikipedia
Collaboration
ETC.: A Review of General Semantics, , 2005 In this article, Nora Miller examines wikis in the light of authorship theories. She examines authoring a text has meant over the course of history. Miller explains that wikis (and other forms of digital spaces) are redefining the notion of textual ownership through means of collaboration. She mentions copyright laws and the resultant belief that there exists "self-evident" rights for authors to control and own their texts. As Miller shows with her own contributions to an entry in Wikipedia, wikis disrupt these notions of authorial rights. Much of the discussion about wikis and theory is limited to collaboration; I was happy to find one discussing wikis through the lens of authorship theory. 0 2
Wikipedia and the Semantic Web The Missing Links Krotzsch
Markus
Denny Vrandečić
Max Völkel
Semantic web
Wikipedia
Wikimania'05 Wikipedia is the biggest collaboratively created source of encyclopaedic knowledge. Growing beyond the borders of any traditional encyclopaedia, it is facing new problems of knowledge management: The current excessive usage of article lists and categories witnesses the fact that 19th century content organization technologies like inter-article references and indices are no longer su#cient for today's needs. Rather, it is necessary to allow knowledge processing in a computer assisted way, for example to intelligently query the knowledge base. To this end, we propose the introduction of typed links as an extremely simple and unintrusive way for rendering large parts of Wikipedia machine readable. We provide a detailed plan on how to achieve this goal in a way that hardly impacts usability and performance, propose an implementation plan, and discuss possible difficulties on Wikipedia's way to the semantic future of the World Wide Web. The possible gains of thisendeavor are huge; we sketch them by considering some immediate applications that semantic technologies can provide to enhance browsing, searching, and editing Wikipedia. 0 1
Wikipedia and the Semantic Web: the Missing Links M. Krötzsch
D. Vrande i
M. Völkel
Wikimania English 0 1
Wikipedia en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia Doughty
Howard A (REVIEWER)
College Quarterly 0 0
Wikipedia in the free culture revolution Jimmy Wales OOPSLA English 0 0
Wikipedia risks Peter Denning
Jim Horning
David Parnas
Lauren Weinstein
Commun. ACM English Several risks related to Wikipedia, a venerable form of knowledge organization and dissemination are presented. Wikipedia does not confirm the accuracy of the information presented by them, and is unable to tell the motives of the contributors to an article. It is difficult to determine how qualified an article's contributors are, the revision histories often identify them by pseudonyms, making it difficult to check credentials and sources. Many articles in the Wikipedia do not cite independent sources. Wikipedia contains no formal peer review process for fact-checking, and the editors themselves might not be well versed in the topics they write about. The Wikipedia cannot attain the status of a true encyclopedia without more formal content-inclusion and expert review procedures. 0 8
Wikipedia woes Farid Hamjavar DB2 Magazine No abstract available 0 0
Wikipedia's heritage: vision, pragmatics, and happenstance Joseph M. Reagle English This essay explores development of globally available digital reference works from their first imaginings to contemporary cases. My hope in undertaking such a project is to identify technical and social aspects of digital reference work production that can contribute to an understanding of a prominent contemporary exemplar, the Wikipedia, a free online encyclopedia. Why did it take over 50 years for the vision of "[w]holly new forms of encyclopedias" (Bush 1945: §8) to be realized? The answer, presented in this essay, was that it required an alignment of a coherent goal, technical practicality, and serendipity: vision, pragmatics, and happenstance. 0 0
Wikipedians' sense of community, motivations, and knowledge building. Rafaeli
Sheizaf
Hayat
Tsahi
Ariel
Yaron
Proceedings of Wikimania 2005 - The First International Wikimedia Conference, Frankfurt, Germany English In this paper, we examine the discursive situation of Wikipedia. The primary goal is to explore principle ways of analyzing and characterizing the various forms of communicative user interaction using Foucault"s discourse theory. First, the communicative situation of Wikipedia is addressed and a list of possible forms of communication is compiled. Second, the current research on the linguistic features of Wikis, especially Wikipedia, is reviewed. Third, some key issues of Foucault"s theory are explored: the notion of "discourse", the discursive formation, and the methods of archaeology and genealogy, respectively. Finally, first steps towards a qualitative discourse analysis of the English Wikipedia are elaborated. The paper argues, that Wikipedia can be understood as a discursive formation that regulates and structures the production of statements. Most of the discursive regularities named by Foucault are established in the collaborative writing processes of Wikipedia, too. Moreover, the editing processes can be described in Foucault"s terms as discursive knowledge production. 0 0
Wikis - A Rapidly Growing Phenomenon in the German-Speaking School Community Beat Doebeli Honegger Wiki
Education
WikiSym English In the first part we describe the dissemination of wikis in the German-speaking school community with a special focus on Switzerland, the most active German-speaking country using wikis in schools. In the second part we examine what foundations have to be laid for a further propagation of wikis in the German-speaking school community as an example of a non English-speaking community. 3 0
Wikis - A rapidly growing phenomenon in the German-speaking school community Beat Doebeli Honegger Education
Wiki
WikiSym 2005 - Conference Proceedings of the 2005 International Symposium on Wikis English In the first part we describe the dissemination of wilds in the German-speaking school community with a special focus on Switzerland, the most active German-speaking country using wilds in schools. In the second part we examine what foundations have to be laid for a further propagation of wikis in the German-speaking school community as an example of a non English-speaking community. 0 0
Wikis in Teaching and Assessment - The M/Cyclopedia Project Axel Bruns
Sal Humphreys
Wiki
Tertiary education
Pedagogy
Social constructivism
Assessment
WikiSym English In a knowledge-based, networked economy, students leaving university need to have attained skills in collaborative and creative project-based work and to have developed critical, reflective practices. This paper outlines how a wiki can been used as part of social constructivist pedagogical practice which aims to develop advanced ICT literacies in university students. The paper describes the implementation of a wiki-based project as part of a subject in New Media Technologies at Queensland University of Technology. We discuss the strengths and challenges involved in using networked, collaborative learning strategies in institutional environments that still operate in traditional paradigms. 3 0
Wikis in teaching and assessment: The M/Cyclopedia project Axel Bruns
Sal Humphreys
Assessment
Pedagogy
Social constructivism
Tertiary education
Wiki
WikiSym 2005 - Conference Proceedings of the 2005 International Symposium on Wikis English In a knowledge-based, networked economy, students leaving university need to have attained skills in collaborative and creative project-based work and to have developed critical, reflective practices. This paper outlines how a wiki can been used as part of social constructivist pedagogical practice which aims to develop advanced ICT literacies in university students. The paper describes the implementation of a wiki-based project as part of a subject in New Media Technologies at Queensland University of Technology. We discuss the strengths and challenges involved in using networked, collaborative learning strategies in institutional environments that still operate in traditional paradigms. Copyright 2005 ACM. 0 8
Wikis in tuple spaces Worley III G.G. Concurrency
Deadlock
Hypertext
Tuple space
Wiki
WMSCI 2005 - The 9th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, Proceedings English We consider storing the pages of a wiki in a tuple space and the effects this might have on the wiki experience. In particular, wiki pages are stored in tuples with a few identifying values such as title, author, revision date, content, etc. and pages are retrieved by sending the tuple space templates, such as one that gives the title but nothing else, leaving the tuple space to resolve to a single tuple. We use a tuple space wiki to avoid deadlocks, infinite loops, and wasted efforts when page edit contention arises and examine how a tuple space wiki changes the wiki experience. 0 0
Wild wiki Joyce J. Scientific Computing and Instrumentation English The features of Wiki Wiki software, a name given to either a hypertext document collection or a Web site, which allows the generation of a composite base of information involving multiple users, are discussed. The ability of a wiki to allow many people to contribute to its content makes it a valuable tool for many purposes where a repository of information is required. The online activities of this software included the production of encyclopedias, dictionaries, and books. They have been successfully used to document software projects on RubyForge. The markup of a wiki article is simple, but generally follows its own specialized format. As all the versions of a wiki page are generally backed up, it is easy to restore the vandalized page. 0 0
Your Role in Music History G. F Litterst American Music Teacher 0 0